Re: Dutch Urban Archaeology exhibition: some pics
- I think the three long iron pointy pieces of iron in
are supossed to be the awls.
I went looking on the webspace of the Dordrecht Archeoligal Centre and
The 'deskundige' (expert), which is the community archeologist Johan
Hendriks, says this (translated by me):
Our object is of natural stone. One side is flat with round sides, the
other side has two small holes on both sides of a small flat surface
with in front of that nine recesses. The two holes are indeed there to
fasten a counter-mould to. The measurements are 13,5 cm length, 7 cm
width and 2,5 cm height.
Contradictory to what the gentleman Verboom (owner of a tool store)
thinks the ridges are not there to give give shape/structure/texture
to another material. They are nine independent ridges that have
nothing to do with each other. Well, other than the fact that the same
objects come out of them. If we look closely at the ridges then it
becomes clear that they really are some V-shaped recesses. If this was
the case with the counter-mould (which we assume) then they will
produce longitudinal rhomboidal cavities which can be filled from one
side. With liquid metal or some such. Possibly liquid iron. Luckily
for us we found at our dig/research (1997) on the Statenplein (=
Statensquare), because this is where it originates from, a number of
these small iron rhomboidal rods. These are leatherneedles or awls,
which were used by leather workers to prick holes in leather. Round
holes are useless because the leather will then close again. So it is
a mould to cast nine awls per time with. From the archeological
context it can be dated to the 14th c.
So there's you answer.
I think they are a bit too large to be awls but who am I ;)
By the way, there are some more interesting things on that website of
what they excavated in Dordrecht.
What do you think of this one for example:
Conservator/restorator Mirjam van Oeveren (translated by me):
The shoe from the dig at the Head of the Winestreet shows a unique
painting. Often these kind of paintings are, regrettably, less visible
when the conservation measures have been applied. In the phase prior
to the conserving of archeological leather the leather is still
submerged in water. Only in this phase are the red en golden yellow
lines, dots and the french lillies of the shoe visible. Of course the
fragment was extensively photographed during this 'wet' phase. Next to
the painting also a impressed pattern of rhomboids was applied as
decoration. The diagonally crossing lines only became visible in the
It is rare to find painted objects in the ground, even more so when
the colours of the paint are still really present. Especially red
(ironoxide) is a much used colour that lasts longest. In the
Netherlands a total of five painted shoes where found, of which four
in Dordrecht and one in Huissen. These shoes all date from the 14th c.
To give an impression of the model and the applied decoration a
reconstruction from new leather was made by leatherspecialist Olaf
Goubitz. After the reconstruction was sewn it became clear why the
leather of the original had split above the upper foot. Even though it
has been made of supple goat leather and even with the laces untied
the opening of the shoe appears to be much too narrow. The splitting /
tearing of the leather became unavoidable when putting on the shoe.
For more finds look here:
--- In firstname.lastname@example.org, "Marc Carlson"
> --- In email@example.com, "Bertus Brokamp"
> <bertbrok@d...> wrote:
> > 40
> > Knife for cutting leather
> > P: Dordrecht, Statenplein
> > D: 14th c.
> > 41
> > Three awls
> > P: Dordrecht, Statenplein
> > D: 14th c.
> > Awls are meant to make holes in leather.
> I saw the knife - beautiful; I didn't see any awls though. Did you
> get pictures of them?
- --- In firstname.lastname@example.org, "Bertus Brokamp"
> I think the three long iron pointy pieces of iron inI was afraid you might say that :)
> are supossed to be the awls.
> ...Statensquare), because this is where it originates from, a numberThank you for the translation (if forced to i can translate most
> of these small iron rhomboidal rods. These are leatherneedles or
> awls, which were used by leather workers to prick holes in leather.
> Round holes are useless because the leather will then close again.
> So it is a mould to cast nine awls per time with. From the
> archeological context it can be dated to the 14th c.
> So there's you answer.
> I think they are a bit too large to be awls but who am I ;)
languges using Roman characters, but I'd rather not if I don't have
to). Mmm, large... maybe. They might be awl blades - although I
have some other questions for the expert before I'd just dive in and
say they are awl blades (like are there local 14th century examples of
leather with a triangular holes? (And who told him that a round awl
blade is useless? 'cause they wrong).
Don't ever be reluctant to question interpretations. Skepticism is a
good thing. It's only unwillingness to be convinced that is a problem :)
> By the way, there are some more interesting things on that websiteVery pretty. The narrowness might be a problem, but judging from the
> of what they excavated in Dordrecht.
> What do you think of this one for example:
fact that it looks like we're missing a good sized wedge out of the
one side, I'm not positive (copy the picture, cut it out and try
taping the side seams together and you'll see what I mean. The bend
to the left in the shoe may be there, or it may be missing even more
of the side, but at the very least there is a roughly triangular piece
from the upper half of the side seam to the vamp throat that isn't
there. I'll need to take a look at Goubitz's stuff since I think this
one may be depicted there (or it's one that looks something like it).