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Fwd: Water_Scarcity_Effects_Year_2070.pps

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  • Rotary Chandigarh
    ... Dear Rotarians, World Water Day, designated as Wednesday, 22 March this year is an ideal time to raise awareness of a serious problem faced by more than 1
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 27, 2007
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      --- In Rotary3080@yahoogroups.com, RVEPL <rvepl@...> wrote:





      Dear Rotarians,
      World Water Day, designated as Wednesday, 22 March this year is an
      ideal time to raise awareness of a serious problem faced by more
      than 1 billion people (or 20 percent of the world's population): the
      lack of access to safe water for drinking. An easy way to bring
      attention to this critical issue is by participating in Walks for
      Water, which is held in conjunction with World Water Day.

      Water for Life
      Water is a basic necessity for all life on earth. Access to fresh
      water affects the very existence of human beings and their inherent
      dignity. In addition, water is crucial for sustainable development,
      including the preservation of our natural environment and the
      alleviation of poverty and hunger. Water is indispensable for human
      health and well-being.
      Background
      While 70% of the Earth's surface is covered by water, 97.5% of the
      world's water is salt water. And m ore than 2 percent of the rest of
      the water is frozen in icebergs and glaciers, leaving less than 1
      percent of all water available for human use.
      1.2 billion people - or almost 1 out of 5 people in the world - are
      without access to safe drinking water and half of the world's
      population lacks adequate water purification systems. In addition,
      2.4 billion people, or 40% of the world's population, do not have
      access to adequate sanitation. In developing nations, 80% of
      diseases stem from consumption of and exposure to unsafe water,
      killing more than 25,000 people each day.

      a.. Nearly one in five people have no access to clean water
      b.. 25,000 people die each day from a lack of water, or because it
      is contaminated
      c.. 4 Million children die every year from water-borne diseases,
      one child every 8 seconds!
      d.. Lack of water forces over 100 million children to miss out on
      an education!
      "Access to safe water is a fundamental human need and, therefore, a
      basic human right. Contaminated water jeopardizes both the physical
      and social health of all people. It is an affront to human dignity.
      Yet even today, clean water is a luxury that remains out of the
      reach of many. Worldwide, more than a billion people have no access
      to improved water sources, while nearly two and a half billion live
      without basic sanitation. These people rank among the poorest in the
      world - as well as the least healthy. In fact, the absence of a safe
      water supply contributes to an estimated 80 per cent of disease and
      death in the developing world."
      The Challenge
      The poor are the ones who suffer most. Water shortages can mean long
      walks to fetch water, high prices to buy it, food insecurity and
      disease. But the very thing needed to tackle water problems in poor
      countries - economic development - requires yet more water to supply
      the agriculture and industries that drive it.

      In Africa the challenge is formidable:
      Ethiopia 78% lack safe water
      Somalia 71%
      Chad 66%
      Mozambique 58%
      Guinea 56%
      Congo 54%


      The Solution
      This situation provides many openings for Rotary service. Rotarians
      can provide
      a.. The drilling and rehabilitation of wells
      b.. Rainwater harvesting
      c.. Purifying water, i.e. bio-sand filters
      d.. Solar disinfecting (SODIS)
      e.. Mini-pipelines and mini-dams
      f.. Organizing local community in self-help projects
      g.. Local sanitation
      h.. Water conservation, and
      i.. Education on water.
      Think on this matter seriously.Think what will be happen in future
      if we will not care and safe the water.The attachment is a must
      see/read.

      Waiting for your comments?

      Madhukar Malhotra

      --- End forwarded message ---
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