[lxx] Berit & Syntheke & Diatheke
- Dear Arkadi,
The original meaning of Berit in Hebrew according to the Theol.
Dictionary of the OT, vol. 2, p.255 (transl. by John T. Willis) "is not
'agreement or settlement between two parties,' as is commnly argued.
berith implies first and foremost the notion of 'imposition,'
'liability,' or 'obligation,'..." It was something that could be
commanded as in Ps.111:9 and Jgs. 2:20. Hence, there was, like diatheke,
a dimension of a "testator" as One divine rather than deceased, in
contrast to the idea of "syntheke."
Larry N. Baker