[lxx] Re: FW: The Tetragrammaton
- Dear colleagues:
Does anyone of you know of a current consensus on:
1. when and where "Adonai" first became pronounced for the Tetragrammaton;
how they pronounced the T. before that;
3. whether this replacement was influenced by the LXX, or vice versa;
4. if the former, what influenced the LXX choice of "ho Kyrios" for the T.?
Thanks for your help.
In response to your recent inquiry on the Tetragrammaton: no direct
knowledge of the phenomena you mention, but there was an interesting
presentation at the recent SBL conference (a presentation I, unfortunately,
missed) which seems relevant to your inquiries. Here is the abstract for
"Just before his death in 1980 Patrick Skehan postulated a four-stage
process for the appearance and removal of the tetragrammaton in the LXX
textual tradition, one based largely on the various forms of the divine
name that have been found in the diverse MSS usually from Egypt or Israel:
the LXX translators did not render Yahweh as kurios but originally employed
____ (Greek word spelled iota alpha omega) for the Hebrew tetragrammaton.
The old Hebrew and Aramaic forms of the name found in other MSS represent a
middle stage in the total replacement of the name later with kurios. Albert
Pietersma has attacked the basis upon which this notion rests by calling
all the evidence save 4QLXX Levb that might appear to support the idea of
any form of the tetragrammaton in the original LXX part of the general
hebraizing recensional activity that we know occurred in the LXX's textual
"No one has completely rallied all the early non mystical evidence for the
use of the name _____ (iota alpha omega) among Jews from the third century
BCE onwards. If we are going to properly understand this word's occurrence
in 4QLXX Levb such a collection is a vital prerequisite. My research is
accomplishing just this, documenting and discussing this divine name's
surprisingly frequent appearance in Christian copies of originally Jewish
onomastica of the LXX, in definitely two and possibly up to four classical
authors, in ecclesiatical sources, and in the Mishnah. Taken together, this
evidence indicates that some Jews continued to use and indeed pronounce
this Greek form of the divine name in the Greco-Roman period, and this
helps provide a background for understanding the name's appearance in 4QLXX
Levb. It may well also cal into question notions about the divine name in
the LXX textual tradition as well as the name's gradual disuse in early
Presentation by Frank Shaw, Univ of Cincinnati at the 1999 SBL/AAR conference.
Hope this is a help to you.
At 01:20 PM 12/11/99 -0500, you wrote:
>Does anyone of you know of a current consensus on:
>1. when and where "Adonai" first became pronounced for the Tetragrammaton;
>how they pronounced the T. before that;
>3. whether this replacement was influenced by the LXX, or vice versa;
>4. if the former, what influenced the LXX choice of "ho Kyrios" for the T.?
>Thanks for your help.
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