Differences between LXX and MT?
- 2 questions:
1. How many LXX MSS's are there and is there a comprehensive list
somewhere of all of the different LXX MSS's and how to obtain them?
2. Does anyone have any explanation for the differences between 'the LXX'
and the MT, particularly Psalm 40:6?
From: "Ashley Crane" <acrane@...>
Date: Sun, 13 Jul 2003 12:39:01 +0800
Subject: RE: [lxx] Septuagint Versions
> Dear Becky
> Actually, and unfortunately, it gets more complex than this - to do
> MT x LXX comparison, you will need to get the various LXX MSS that
> refer to
> the text you are reviewing. There is no one 'Septuagint'.
- on 8/14/03 2:45 AM, Philip Engmann at phil-eng@... wrote:
I have Brenton¹s LXX and Kholenberger¹s LXX, (MT and English), so I can
confirm the codices which they follow. However, I do not have Rahlf¹s LXX so
I cannot confirm that Rahlf¹s LXX follow the Codex Alexandrinus and
Another post from the LXX groups suggests that Rahlf¹s LXX ³is a diplomatic
text, relying on Vaticancus in the main and supplying Alexandrinus or
Sinaiticus, and occasionally other texts in lacunae (and apparatus)².
A few definitions are in order to start.
Autograph-the original version of the text as written by the biblical author
or editor. None of these exist physically now. Determining this text is
the goal of Text Criticism.
Text type-a collection of existing manuscripts that demonstrate agreement
among themselves for the most part. Nothing is identical with anything, but
there are groups of major agreement.
Critical Text-The editor(s) select the best reading from those manuscripts
used to produce the volume and place this in the main text of the work. The
main text then represents what the editor(s) feel is the autograph. In most
cases, they will not emend a reading (take a reading that has no manuscript
support but may have been the autograph and explains the existing readings)
but some editors will.
Diplomatic Text-A transcription of a certain existing manuscript with the
variants from a selection of other manuscripts noted.
Handbook-a text that contain variants from representatives of all the major
know text types, but acknowledges that the apparatus is not complete. One
can not assume that these represent ALL variations of the text. They are
meant as quick reference editions to show the major known variants, not the
extensive list of all variations. They also ignore spelling errors and
minor orthographic differences in texts.
Now to your question, Rahlf is a critical text handbook. He includes
Vaticanus, Alexandrinus and Sinacticus in all cases and a number of other
important witnesses. I've seen his text posted a few places, but not the
apparatus to date.
Swete is a diplomatic text handbook using Vaticanus as the base. A scanned
version of Swete is available from the Christian Classics Ethereal library
Both Brenton and Kohlenberger are just reading texts that have Vaticanus.
Kolenberger takes his from the transcription prepared by Tischendorf.
Tischendorf did produce a diplomatic text and several transcriptions during
the 19th century. A number of these are available as scans on-line here:
Unfortunately, Vaticanus diplomatic text is NT only at this point.
Sinacticus transcription has some of the OT posted (including the Psalms).
TC E-bind also has a few volumes of the Cambridge large edition LXX and a
number of other manuscript transcriptions.
These scanned versions take a while to navigate (especially for those of us
on a dial-up), but if you don't have access to the volumes in a library they
are better than nothing.
Both of these sites include Swete's "Introduction to the OT in Greek" as
well. Swete has a chapter on Manuscripts p 122-170 and printed editions p
171-194. These are well worth the read even though it was written in 1904.
SS Cyril & Methodius Seminary