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Re: << lovingpurelove >> Message Stick Dreaming

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  • Rongomatane
    Thank you, thank you, thank you, this is wonderful. The message stick I speak of is the modern day message stick, that plugs into a USB port, on this message
    Message 1 of 3 , Aug 1, 2008
      Thank you, thank you, thank you, this is wonderful.

      The message stick I speak of is the modern day message stick, that plugs into a USB port, on this message stick, is the means to connect and free the Black Fulla and all peoples of our Mother. One of the elders from down Woolongong way had a dream 11 years ago about a woman from overseas coming with the truth, and when I was at Hill 60 for the NADOC celebrations I was having a yarn with this elder and she said that our conversation was her dream from 11 years ago, so for me a very exciting moment, because she had seen me in the dreamtime 11 years ago, she said that when she had the dream, she could not make sense of it, till we'd spoken on the phone the day before I went down to Hill 60. So my friend  the dreaming is a reality not long to freedom now.

      heaps and heaps of love

      Rongomatane

      --- On Fri, 8/1/08, nicolai73 <nicolai73@...> wrote:
      From: nicolai73 <nicolai73@...>
      Subject: << lovingpurelove >> Message Stick Dreaming
      To: lovingpurelove@yahoogroups.com
      Date: Friday, August 1, 2008, 3:13 AM

       

      Artist unknown(Liverpool River, northern Arnhem Land)

      Aboriginal painting

      Hammerhead sharks 1948

      The "X-ray" animals and Mimi and other spirit figures of western Arnhem land are some of the best-known images of traditional Aboriginal art.

       

      Welcome to Diwurruwurru!

      http://www.deakin.edu.au/arts-ed/diwurruwurru

      In our languages, Diwurruwurru means MESSAGE STICK.

      We send out message sticks far and wide when we want to invite people to visit us, to celebrate with us, or to settle matters that trouble us.

      This website is our message stick to the world. We warmly invite you to come and experience our cultures with us. We intend this website to educate not only our own children but people everywhere.

      We choose to use web-technology (rather than print or CD-Rom) because we can change it as our culture and concerns change. This site is intended to show us as both a traditional and a dynamic contemporary society.

      Who are we?

      We are Aboriginal Australians living in the 'top end' of Australia, on the southern shores of the Gulf of Carpentaria in the small Northern Territory town of Borroloola and the areas around it. Our homelands are in the Edward Pellew Group of Islands towards the south of the Gulf of Carpentaria in northern Australia.

      We belong to four different cultures: the Yanyuwa (the senior Law people of the area), the Garrwa, Mara and Gudanji. We are closely linked through culture and marriage to other Aboriginal peoples of Borroloola,the Garrwa, the Mara and the Gudanji. This website shows mainly the Yanyuwa culture, but many Garrwa and Mara people and customs will be seen here too. Eventually, there may be sites for these cultures too

      This website shows a small part of Yanyuwa culture in ways that the people of that culture have chosen to show it. At the moment this site features Yanyuwa culture, but you will find out about the other cultures too, as we are more intermarried now than we used to be before European contact. Eventually, we hope to have separate websites for the Garrwa, Mara and Gudanji, but that depends on resources and skills being available within our communities.

      This site is just a fragment of our culture, just what we are prepared to share with the outside world. The site changes continually as we rethink what should be here and what is missing, and also what does not quite say what we want it to.

      Please enjoy your visit to this site, and if you like what you see, come again!

      For more information about this site, email

      frang@...

      Welcome to the Yanyuwa Website!

      If you have the Diwurruwurru CD, click here to listen to the official welcome from the Yanyuwa elders.

      The website will tell you things about who we are, what we believe, how we use the land, the sea and the islands that we call country. It will also tell of our language, our songs and stories, and our history, and the institutions and problems we face as a people. It will tell you where to go for more information. The website is being constructed in close collaboration with the elders of the Yanyuwa community. We want this website to educate our own people, especially our children, as well as people who live distantly from Yanyuwa Country. We hope you enjoy what you see of us and our culture, and our country.

      MISSION STATEMENT

      Li-Wirdiwalangu Li-Yanyuwa, the committee of elders who run this site, unanimously agree that this is our vision for the site:

      To promote cross-cultural understanding and reconciliation between indigenous culture and the wider Australian and world communities by way of a website based on the Aboriginal cultures of the Borroloola area by the following means:

      1. To respect the diversity of cultures - Yanyuwa, Garrwa, Mara and Gudanji - in the Borroloola area, and to at all times recognise the existence of indigenous law, and the information held by the jungkayi and ngimarringki.

      2. To communicate the living (contemporary and diverse) and historical cultures of the Yanyuwa and their links to Garawa, Mara and Gudanji cultures in relation to

      a. land

      b. ceremony

      c. kujika

      d. everyday life (eg., social issues, health, education, landrights etc.)

      3. To further the employment and training prospects of Aboriginal people of Borroloola through the development of skills in

      a. research

      b. administration

      c. computer literacy

      d. multi-media production

      e. cross-cultural programs at Deakin University, University of Queensland, and the Australian National University.

      CREDITS

      This website could never have happened without the generosity and open-heartedness and the high-order teaching skills of the Yanyuwa community. Annie Isaac (Karrakayn), Dinah Norman, Jemima Miller, Jeannette Charlie and her sister Miriam, Nancy and Rachel McDinny and Dinny McDinny, and Thelma Douglas, and from Darwin, Barbara McCarthy, have been energetic forces propelling the project forward. We thank them and acknowledge their powerful sense of their culture. The hope is that this website can take a part in strengthening Yanyuwa culture and language into the next millennium. It is a matter of great pride that, against the odds,Yanyuwa and Garrwa languages are among the twenty or so (originally there were hundreds) that survive.

      There are many others who have over the years told Yanyuwa stories and talked about their country to earlier researchers, who are also part of the Diwurruwurru and Li-Wirdiwalangu Li-Yanyuwa team. In particular, John Bradley, ethnobiologist and linguist, has spent many years in Borroloola and is a fluent speaker of local languages. He continues to serve the community as Senior Anthropologist in the Landclaims of 1992 and 2000, and as a teacher and writer, building bridges of understanding between cultures. Richard Baker's oral histories have allowed a wider world to hear the Yanyuwa version of contact history. Elizabeth Mackinlay has worked with Yanyuwa women and helped to demonstrate the richness of Yanyuwa musical culture and fun songs. The film-makers who have worked with the Yanyuwa also deserve our thanks for helping to build bridges between cultures: Carolyn Strachan and Alessandrou Cavadini, Debbie Sonnenberg and Jan Wositzki and Trevor Graham. There are many others too.

      The handmaidens of the project are Adrienne Campbell, web-designer from the Deakin Centre for Academic Development and Frances Devlin Glass, from the School of Literary and Communication Studies, Deakin University. They bring the parts together and take advice from Yanyuwa people about what needs to be on the site, what must not be on the site, and how it might work better. They are keen for their students, mainly but not exclusively whitefellas, to learn directly from Aboriginal people what they should know about the land they share. The aim of these web-authors/designers is to have Yanyuwa people taking full control of the authorship (technical as well as cultural ownership) of the site, and plans are afoot to realise that ambition.

      One day we hope the site will be hosted on Yanyuwa country and that Yanyuwa people will be authors in addition to being, as at present, consultants and owners.

      This site is being developed with the assistance of a Commonwealth Universities Teaching Staff Development Grant, supplemented by Deakin University.

       

      _________________________________________

      BOUNUH WONGEE

      "MESSAGE STICK"


      "We would get a strong sign if we were approaching an area which we should not enter.
      This sign would mainly be a certain animal, bird or land formation which we had strong affiliation with, a sign to 'go back'. A warning."
      Noongah Elder

       

      JANGGA MEENYA BOMUNGGUR"
      (THE SMELL OF THE WHITE MAN IS KILLING US)

      We the Custodial Owners of Nyoongah Culture Respectfully representing our Traditional Elders, Spiritual Leaders, and Grass Roots Advocates of the Nyoongah people declare a Stand of belligerent Confrontation on All People who for their own interests with no RESPECT, DIGNITY or INTEGRITY continually exploit Our Culture and Spirituality.

      Where as on multiple fronts varying interest have infiltrated the Sacredness of our Culture for the purpose of Desecration and control. These interests reflect Anthropological Studies, Scientific Research, White Consultants, Eco Tourism, Student Studies, Medical Interests, Herbalists, Alternative Religious Practitioners, Humanitarians, Self Proclaimed Healers, Spiritual ans Psychological Refugees, New Age Shamans, Cultists and Their Followers.

      Where as Our Significant Sacred Objects that bore the Storylines of our Origins of Existence have been Stolen and stored in Collection around the world.

      Where as various Animal Life with Totemic Significance are now known to be extinct, many forms of Flora which provided Medicine for Our People no longer flourish in abundance, and ochre pits rich in Ancient Paint used for Ceremonial Purpose have been destroyed.

      Where as the Skulls and Bones of our Proud and Strong People have been dispersed throughout the World as grotesque souvenirs or have been taken into World Laboratories and Museums for supposed experimental purposes.

      Where as Non-Aboriginal people `Wadjulla' (WHITE) Academics, Intellectuals and Theorists have enforced their Images based on Their Value Belief Systems creating distorted realism of Our Traditional Values and Way of life.

      Where as Non-Aboriginal people `Wadjulla' have assigned themselves to make believe Aboriginal Names to facilitate wholesome expropriation and commercialisation of our Nyoongah Traditions by all means of extortion.

      Where as Academic Institutions supported by Statuary Bodies mimic, duplicate and exploit Significant Traditional Art Symbols and meanings for recreational School Art Programs, encouraging Non-Aboriginal expressions creating alien story concepts. Where as Media, Film Industry and non-aboriginal Art Expressionists continue to promote systematic Colonisation Grossly Distorting Nyoongah Spirituality and culture which reinforces the publics negative stereotyping of nyoongah people and gravely impairs the self esteem of our people.

      Where as Individuals and groups involved in the New Age Movement, Women's Movement and Neo-Pagan Cults and Shamanism Workshops have all exploited the Spiritual and Cultural Traditions of Nyoongah People by imitation of Ceremonial Understanding and molten Meshing this with Non-Aboriginal Occult Practice oppressive manner.

      THIS BREEDS THE IMPLICATIONS OF A FALSE IDENTITY FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS

      So Therefore we resolve as follows:

      As a result of this continued assault and misrepresentation of Nyoongah Spiritual and Cultural traditions this requires immediate action to protect Our precious Spirituality form Further desecration, contamination and abuse.

      1. We will by the Blood of Our Ancestors nurture and protect Our People, Traditions and Spiritual Practice by whatever means.

      2. We will by way of Traditional Protocol inform All Aboriginal People to actively participate to oppose Cultural and Systematic genocide of Our Traditions and Way of Life.

      3. We call for the strength of Unity of all Aboriginal People in Urban and rural Areas to identify and resist all abuses and exploitation of Our Culture utilising whatever tactics are required in accordance to Aboriginal Protocol.

      4. We condemn the Internalising of Our Own People who continue to profit from their own prostitution of Nyoongah Culture for their own gain and self acclaim with no regard to the well being of All Nyoongah People.

      5. We Oppose Stridently and Non-Aboriginal Author with accumulated Cultural Information who impress their own Imaginative Theories and fabricated Ideologies claiming any Ownership or Rights to Speak or Act on Behalf of the Nyoongah Community and Our Culture.

      6. We oppose Nyoongah Culture promotion being exploited and used to create a false illusion of Reconciliation as part of celebrating any activity regarding the Colonisation of Our People for political interests ie Australia Day, Bicentennial and Centennial Celebrations etc, etc, ...

      MAY OUR CAMPFIRES BURN FOREVER

       

      ________________________________________

       

      message stick

      ug ilpa
      ilp elan
      yuku maakan
      mo'a yakan
      in Uw Olkola
      in Uw Olkola
      in Pakanh
      in Pakanh

      Message stick, Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office, March 16 1997 [PH]. The Australian 50 cent coin, roughly 32 mm in diameter, allows for an estimation of size.

       

       

       


    • nicolai73
      True. That s kool. Sorry, what I have in mind is gonna take more than a USB port I tell ya. This tha shit going down this time proper proper way. Tha full
      Message 2 of 3 , Aug 1, 2008
        True. That's kool.

        Sorry, what I have in mind is gonna take more than a USB port I tell ya.
        This tha shit going down this time proper proper way.

        Tha full blood cuzins full circle together now.


        --- In lovingpurelove@yahoogroups.com, Rongomatane <peacefulrongo@...>
        wrote:
        >
        > Thank you, thank you, thank you, this is wonderful.
        >
        > The message stick I speak of is the modern day message stick, that
        plugs into a USB port, on this message stick, is the means to connect
        and free the Black Fulla and all peoples of our Mother. One of the
        elders from down Woolongong way had a dream 11 years ago about a woman
        from overseas coming with the truth, and when I was at Hill 60 for the
        NADOC celebrations I was having a yarn with this elder and she said that
        our conversation was her dream from 11 years ago, so for me a very
        exciting moment, because she had seen me in the dreamtime 11 years ago,
        she said that when she had the dream, she could not make sense of it,
        till we'd spoken on the phone the day before I went down to Hill 60. So
        my friend the dreaming is a reality not long to freedom now.
        >
        > heaps and heaps of love
        >
        > Rongomatane
        >
        > --- On Fri, 8/1/08, nicolai73 nicolai73@... wrote:
        > From: nicolai73 nicolai73@...
        > Subject: << lovingpurelove >> Message Stick Dreaming
        > To: lovingpurelove@yahoogroups.com
        > Date: Friday, August 1, 2008, 3:13 AM
        >
        >
        >
        >
        >
        >
        >
        >
        >
        >
        >
        > Artist unknown(Liverpool River, northern Arnhem Land)
        > Aboriginal painting
        > Hammerhead sharks 1948
        > The "X-ray" animals and Mimi and other spirit figures of western
        Arnhem land are some of the best-known images of traditional Aboriginal
        art.
        >
        > Welcome to Diwurruwurru!
        > http://www.deakin.edu.au/arts-ed/diwurruwurru
        > In our languages, Diwurruwurru means MESSAGE STICK.
        > We send out message sticks far and wide when we want to invite people
        to visit us, to celebrate with us, or to settle matters that trouble us.
        > This website is our message stick to the world. We warmly invite you
        to come and experience our cultures with us. We intend this website to
        educate not only our own children but people everywhere.
        > We choose to use web-technology (rather than print or CD-Rom) because
        we can change it as our culture and concerns change. This site is
        intended to show us as both a traditional and a dynamic contemporary
        society.
        > Who are we?
        > We are Aboriginal Australians living in the 'top end' of Australia, on
        the southern shores of the Gulf of Carpentaria in the small Northern
        Territory town of Borroloola and the areas around it. Our homelands are
        in the Edward Pellew Group of Islands towards the south of the Gulf of
        Carpentaria in northern Australia.
        > We belong to four different cultures: the Yanyuwa (the senior Law
        people of the area), the Garrwa, Mara and Gudanji. We are closely linked
        through culture and marriage to other Aboriginal peoples of
        Borroloola,the Garrwa, the Mara and the Gudanji. This website shows
        mainly the Yanyuwa culture, but many Garrwa and Mara people and customs
        will be seen here too. Eventually, there may be sites for these cultures
        too
        > This website shows a small part of Yanyuwa culture in ways that the
        people of that culture have chosen to show it. At the moment this site
        features Yanyuwa culture, but you will find out about the other cultures
        too, as we are more intermarried now than we used to be before European
        contact. Eventually, we hope to have separate websites for the Garrwa,
        Mara and Gudanji, but that depends on resources and skills being
        available within our communities.
        > This site is just a fragment of our culture, just what we are prepared
        to share with the outside world. The site changes continually as we
        rethink what should be here and what is missing, and also what does not
        quite say what we want it to.
        > Please enjoy your visit to this site, and if you like what you see,
        come again!
        > For more information about this site, email
        > frang@...
        > Welcome to the Yanyuwa Website!
        > If you have the Diwurruwurru CD, click here to listen to the official
        welcome from the Yanyuwa elders.
        > The website will tell you things about who we are, what we believe,
        how we use the land, the sea and the islands that we call country. It
        will also tell of our language, our songs and stories, and our history,
        and the institutions and problems we face as a people. It will tell you
        where to go for more information. The website is being constructed in
        close collaboration with the elders of the Yanyuwa community. We want
        this website to educate our own people, especially our children, as well
        as people who live distantly from Yanyuwa Country. We hope you enjoy
        what you see of us and our culture, and our country.
        > MISSION STATEMENT
        > Li-Wirdiwalangu Li-Yanyuwa, the committee of elders who run this site,
        unanimously agree that this is our vision for the site:
        > To promote cross-cultural understanding and reconciliation between
        indigenous culture and the wider Australian and world communities by way
        of a website based on the Aboriginal cultures of the Borroloola area by
        the following means:
        > 1. To respect the diversity of cultures - Yanyuwa, Garrwa, Mara and
        Gudanji - in the Borroloola area, and to at all times recognise the
        existence of indigenous law, and the information held by the jungkayi
        and ngimarringki.
        > 2. To communicate the living (contemporary and diverse) and historical
        cultures of the Yanyuwa and their links to Garawa, Mara and Gudanji
        cultures in relation to
        >
        > a. land
        > b. ceremony
        > c. kujika
        > d. everyday life (eg., social issues, health, education, landrights
        etc.)
        > 3. To further the employment and training prospects of Aboriginal
        people of Borroloola through the development of skills in
        >
        > a. research
        > b. administration
        > c. computer literacy
        > d. multi-media production
        > e. cross-cultural programs at Deakin University, University of
        Queensland, and the Australian National University.
        > CREDITS
        > This website could never have happened without the generosity and
        open-heartedness and the high-order teaching skills of the Yanyuwa
        community. Annie Isaac (Karrakayn), Dinah Norman, Jemima Miller,
        Jeannette Charlie and her sister Miriam, Nancy and Rachel McDinny and
        Dinny McDinny, and Thelma Douglas, and from Darwin, Barbara McCarthy,
        have been energetic forces propelling the project forward. We thank them
        and acknowledge their powerful sense of their culture. The hope is that
        this website can take a part in strengthening Yanyuwa culture and
        language into the next millennium. It is a matter of great pride that,
        against the odds,Yanyuwa and Garrwa languages are among the twenty or so
        (originally there were hundreds) that survive.
        > There are many others who have over the years told Yanyuwa stories and
        talked about their country to earlier researchers, who are also part of
        the Diwurruwurru and Li-Wirdiwalangu Li-Yanyuwa team. In particular,
        John Bradley, ethnobiologist and linguist, has spent many years in
        Borroloola and is a fluent speaker of local languages. He continues to
        serve the community as Senior Anthropologist in the Landclaims of 1992
        and 2000, and as a teacher and writer, building bridges of understanding
        between cultures. Richard Baker's oral histories have allowed a wider
        world to hear the Yanyuwa version of contact history. Elizabeth
        Mackinlay has worked with Yanyuwa women and helped to demonstrate the
        richness of Yanyuwa musical culture and fun songs. The film-makers who
        have worked with the Yanyuwa also deserve our thanks for helping to
        build bridges between cultures: Carolyn Strachan and Alessandrou
        Cavadini, Debbie Sonnenberg and Jan Wositzki and Trevor Graham.
        > There are many others too.
        > The handmaidens of the project are Adrienne Campbell, web-designer
        from the Deakin Centre for Academic Development and Frances Devlin
        Glass, from the School of Literary and Communication Studies, Deakin
        University. They bring the parts together and take advice from Yanyuwa
        people about what needs to be on the site, what must not be on the site,
        and how it might work better. They are keen for their students, mainly
        but not exclusively whitefellas, to learn directly from Aboriginal
        people what they should know about the land they share. The aim of these
        web-authors/designers is to have Yanyuwa people taking full control of
        the authorship (technical as well as cultural ownership) of the site,
        and plans are afoot to realise that ambition.
        > One day we hope the site will be hosted on Yanyuwa country and that
        Yanyuwa people will be authors in addition to being, as at present,
        consultants and owners.
        > This site is being developed with the assistance of a Commonwealth
        Universities Teaching Staff Development Grant, supplemented by Deakin
        University.
        >
        > _________________________________________
        > BOUNUH WONGEE
        > "MESSAGE STICK"
        >
        > "We would get a strong sign if we were approaching an area which we
        should not enter.
        > This sign would mainly be a certain animal, bird or land formation
        which we had strong affiliation with, a sign to 'go back'. A warning."
        > Noongah Elder
        >
        > JANGGA MEENYA BOMUNGGUR"
        > (THE SMELL OF THE WHITE MAN IS KILLING US)
        > We the Custodial Owners of Nyoongah Culture Respectfully representing
        our Traditional Elders, Spiritual Leaders, and Grass Roots Advocates of
        the Nyoongah people declare a Stand of belligerent Confrontation on All
        People who for their own interests with no RESPECT, DIGNITY or INTEGRITY
        continually exploit Our Culture and Spirituality.
        > Where as on multiple fronts varying interest have infiltrated the
        Sacredness of our Culture for the purpose of Desecration and control.
        These interests reflect Anthropological Studies, Scientific Research,
        White Consultants, Eco Tourism, Student Studies, Medical Interests,
        Herbalists, Alternative Religious Practitioners, Humanitarians, Self
        Proclaimed Healers, Spiritual ans Psychological Refugees, New Age
        Shamans, Cultists and Their Followers.
        > Where as Our Significant Sacred Objects that bore the Storylines of
        our Origins of Existence have been Stolen and stored in Collection
        around the world.
        > Where as various Animal Life with Totemic Significance are now known
        to be extinct, many forms of Flora which provided Medicine for Our
        People no longer flourish in abundance, and ochre pits rich in Ancient
        Paint used for Ceremonial Purpose have been destroyed.
        > Where as the Skulls and Bones of our Proud and Strong People have been
        dispersed throughout the World as grotesque souvenirs or have been taken
        into World Laboratories and Museums for supposed experimental purposes.
        > Where as Non-Aboriginal people `Wadjulla' (WHITE) Academics,
        Intellectuals and Theorists have enforced their Images based on Their
        Value Belief Systems creating distorted realism of Our Traditional
        Values and Way of life.
        > Where as Non-Aboriginal people `Wadjulla' have assigned themselves to
        make believe Aboriginal Names to facilitate wholesome expropriation and
        commercialisation of our Nyoongah Traditions by all means of extortion.
        > Where as Academic Institutions supported by Statuary Bodies mimic,
        duplicate and exploit Significant Traditional Art Symbols and meanings
        for recreational School Art Programs, encouraging Non-Aboriginal
        expressions creating alien story concepts. Where as Media, Film Industry
        and non-aboriginal Art Expressionists continue to promote systematic
        Colonisation Grossly Distorting Nyoongah Spirituality and culture which
        reinforces the publics negative stereotyping of nyoongah people and
        gravely impairs the self esteem of our people.
        > Where as Individuals and groups involved in the New Age Movement,
        Women's Movement and Neo-Pagan Cults and Shamanism Workshops have all
        exploited the Spiritual and Cultural Traditions of Nyoongah People by
        imitation of Ceremonial Understanding and molten Meshing this with
        Non-Aboriginal Occult Practice oppressive manner.
        > THIS BREEDS THE IMPLICATIONS OF A FALSE IDENTITY FOR FUTURE
        GENERATIONS
        > So Therefore we resolve as follows:
        > As a result of this continued assault and misrepresentation of
        Nyoongah Spiritual and Cultural traditions this requires immediate
        action to protect Our precious Spirituality form Further desecration,
        contamination and abuse.
        > 1. We will by the Blood of Our Ancestors nurture and protect Our
        People, Traditions and Spiritual Practice by whatever means.
        > 2. We will by way of Traditional Protocol inform All Aboriginal People
        to actively participate to oppose Cultural and Systematic genocide of
        Our Traditions and Way of Life.
        > 3. We call for the strength of Unity of all Aboriginal People in Urban
        and rural Areas to identify and resist all abuses and exploitation of
        Our Culture utilising whatever tactics are required in accordance to
        Aboriginal Protocol.
        > 4. We condemn the Internalising of Our Own People who continue to
        profit from their own prostitution of Nyoongah Culture for their own
        gain and self acclaim with no regard to the well being of All Nyoongah
        People.
        > 5. We Oppose Stridently and Non-Aboriginal Author with accumulated
        Cultural Information who impress their own Imaginative Theories and
        fabricated Ideologies claiming any Ownership or Rights to Speak or Act
        on Behalf of the Nyoongah Community and Our Culture.
        > 6. We oppose Nyoongah Culture promotion being exploited and used to
        create a false illusion of Reconciliation as part of celebrating any
        activity regarding the Colonisation of Our People for political
        interests ie Australia Day, Bicentennial and Centennial Celebrations
        etc, etc, ...
        > MAY OUR CAMPFIRES BURN FOREVER
        >
        > ________________________________________
        >
        > message stick
        >
        >
        >
        >
        > ug ilpa
        > ilp elan
        > yuku maakan
        > mo'a yakan
        > in Uw Olkola
        > in Uw Olkola
        > in Pakanh
        > in Pakanh
        > Message stick, Kowanyama Land and Natural Resources Management Office,
        March 16 1997 [PH]. The Australian 50 cent coin, roughly 32 mm in
        diameter, allows for an estimation of size.
        >
        >
        >
        >
        >
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