Re: US/Canada Printed Telephone Directories
- Replying on Yahoo:local-calling-guide and Yahoo:TENproject,
Gwillim Law <rlaw at nc at rr dot com wrote:
> My information about those telephone book code numbers pertainsRemember that the US got ownership and possesion of the Philippines
> mostly to my telephone-book-collecting days in the 1960s. I've
> got a webpage (http://www.oldtelephonebooks.com/pblistne.html)
> that lists all of those codes that I could find for the
> northeastern U.S. They are indeed sequential. The first two
> digits indicate the state, from 01 for Alabama to 83 for Wyoming
> (some states have more than one range; for example, Pennsylvania
> is 62-64). Then came 84 for the Philippine Islands (!),
following the Spanish-American War, circa 1899/1900. The US gave
the Philippines their independence shortly after WW-II, sometime
in the mid/late 1940s. From the mid-1950s thru circa 1967, the
dominant local/toll telephone company there, PLDT, the Philippine
Long Distance Telephone Company, which was rebuilt following WW-II
by a major influx of US dollars, was controlled/owned by General
Telephone. GT&E's Automatic Electric installed a large amount of
"AE SXS" equipment in Manilla and other parts of the Philippines
served by PLDT.
Circa 1967, Fernando and Imelda Marcos and their friends and agents,
mostly took control of PLDT away from GT&E.
I have seen a 1967 Manilla telephone directory, which the main branch
of the New Orleans Public Library had even as late as the mid-1990s,
and the "fonts" and "sketch-art" pictures in the Yellow Pages, etc.
is all VERY MUCH "US/Canada looking".
I don't remember seeing the 1950s/60s General Telephone System logo
anywhere displayed on the cover or inside the directory, but maybe
that 1967 -- or was it 1968? -- directory was published AFTER GT&E
lost ownership and control of PLDT? But if PLDT was no longer part
of GT&E at the time this directory was printed, it would still take
some time for the now "independent from GT&E" PLDT to "de-Americanize"
the "overall look" of their directories.
I doubt that PLDT directories since the 1970s-era would have that
"US/Canada look and feel" about them anymore, and I would DOUBT that
PLDT continues to identify their directories with the (0)84XXX code
> 85 for Alberta up to 95 for Quebec, 98 for Puerto Rico, and 99 forSee list below for Canada; I wasn't sure about PR and USVI, but I
> the Virgin Islands. I don't have info about Saskatchewan, Yukon,
> and the rest of the Caribbean at hand, might be able to find
would assume that since those are US possesions at the time that the
directory codes would have been introduced, as you mention below
circa 1965, and since the 809 Area Code for PR and USVI was around
at that time, I would have expected them to be included in this
directory numbering/coding scheme.
I don't know if the "non-US yet still NANP-Caribbean", i.e., those
Caribbean/Bermuda/Bahama locations not part of the US, yet still
part of Country Code +1 and at one-time all part of 809, although
the Dominican Republic still maintains 809 as well as now being
overlaid with 829, would have been part of this standardized
directory coding scheme. If you have 1970s-era directories for these
islands, it would be interesting to know if they used these codes.
Continental Telephone did have a working arrangmenet with the UK's
Cable & Wireless, to provide the telephone service in Jamaica,
Grand Bahama Island - i.e., Freeport & Lucaya and vicinity - yet NOT
the rest of the Bahamas, Barbados, Grenada, Trinidad & Tobago, from
the late 1960s through the early/mid 1980s era. The far-left Marxist
governments of Grenada and Trinidad/Tobago seized Contel's interests
in the telcos in those locations rather early though, in the early
1970s, effectively kicking-out Contel.
But I think that Contel slowly withdrew "on their own" from Barbados,
Jamaica, and Grand Bahama Island of the Bahamas.
I wonder if those Contel areas ever had directories identified with
those standardized codes?
The OTHER "British" Caribbean Islands & Bermuda, i.e., the British
West Indies, etc., which have been part of Country Code +1 and were
one-time part of area code 809, have mostly been run by Cable &
Wireless and/or the local islands' government for provision of basic
voice telephone services.
Contel was completely "out" of the Caribbean by the time that GTE
bought out what existed of Contel circa 1991/92.
General Telephone also has owned CODETEL, the incumbent telco in the
Dominican Republic. The traditional telco there has been known as
VeriZon since 2000, since GTE and Bell Atlantic/NYNEX merged to form
VeriZon at that time. However, VZ wants to "exit" the Dominican
Republic, as well as Puerto Rico.
I wonder if GTE-Codetel's Dominican Republic ever used those standard
I also wonder if parts of Mexico, such as the northwestern Mexican
border towns in Baja California N and in Sonora, bordering California
and Arizona, respectively, ever had directories identified with those
standardized codes? Telefonica Fronteriza was the telco for such places
as Tijuana, Mexicali, Rosarito, Ensenada, Tecate, and border towns in
the Mexican State of Sonora, through 1980 when the Mexican Federal
Government nationalized them and seized the operations, renaming them
Telefonos de Norte (spelling?), aka "Telnor", now a subsidiary of
Telefonos de Mexico, aka "Telmex".
But back in the 1960s/70s, the border towns of Telefonica Fronteriza
were dialable as part of the NANP/DDD Network with Area Code 903,
NOT as part of Mexico's +52 Country Code. And AT&T/Pacific-Telephone
executives owned the stock of Telefonica Fronteriza!
As mentioned, the Mexican Federal Government seized the operations of
Telefonica Fronteriza, and today, Telnor is a subsidiary of Telmex.
Numbering/Dialing for the northwest Mexican border towns migrated to
Country Code +52 during the 1980s, and the use of NANP Area Code 903
was discontinued in 1980, replaced with temporary use as +1-70-6.
This itself was discontinued in 1991, along with the use of +1-90-5
for Mexico City and vicinity. Area Code 903 was re-assigned for use
starting in 1990 for northeastern Texas, and Area Codes 706 and 905
have been reassigned, respectively, to Georgia in 1992 and Ontario
But it would be interesting to note if Tijuana and such had their
directories identified with these standard codes back in the 1970s
I don't know if +1-671 Guam, +1-670 Mariana Islands, +1-684 American
Samoa now have their directories identified by these standard
directory codes though.
> Within each state/province, the numbers follow the alphabeticalThe telcos have "re-grouped" towns, renamed directory names, done
> order of the city names. This may have changed since the 1960s,
> of course.
a great deal of consolidation in some places with their directories
and coverage areas thus eliminating smaller single-town directories
and the like, as well as splitting up White and Yellow Pages,
introducing "Business-to-Business" specialty type directories,
"mini" Yellow Pages intended to be stored in the "pockets" of the
inside of a car door, and then there are those private/neighberhood
as well as competitive directories being published, which also use
these standardized codes now.
> I think they were introduced about 1965. I can check on that, too.That year does "sound about right"! Next time I'm at the Louisiana
State Library in Baton Rouge to do further research in their historic
collection of Louisiana telephone directories, I'll try to see when
Southern Bell first introduced the code-number on the spine of their
directories. I would suspect that the independent telco directories
might not have first started printing this code until much later,
especially small rural independent telcos!
> I have the National Yellow Pages Service Rate and Data Book for MayNo rush...
> 1969. It has 162 pages of information of interest to Yellow Page
> advertisers, including the codes, which it calls "Directory Codes".
> I've been thinking about scanning it in and putting the basic
> information on my website, but that will take a good deal of time,
> which is a commodity I'm short on right now.
> If it would help to list the exact number ranges for each state orBy using various sources I found on the Internet, such as the Verizon
> province, I can do that in another post.
> Gwillim Law
Directory Orders website, Qwest/DEX' directory ordering and price list,
the list that Hugh Hamilton referenced, BellSouth's directories page,
etc., and what you mention about the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and
the USVI, I have put togather the following list. Note that I have
referenced the previously existing five-digit codes as SIX-digit codes
with a LEADING ZERO tacked on. I am noticing more directories printing
SIX-digit codes on their spine. And there is the 10XXXX range of
directory codes, six-digits beginning with '1'. Many "private" and
"neighberhood" as well as competitive directories are being identified
as six-digit 10XXXX codes, but even Bell and incumbnet independent
telco directories are also using 10XXXX codes. I assume that these
might be "new" directories that the incumbent telcos are starting up,
such as those specialty "business-to-business" directories, the "mini"
Yellow Pages directories, Spanish language directories, bi-lingual
editions of directories, etc.
There doesn't seem to be any "rhyme or reason" to the use of the
six-digit 10XXXX codes as to geographic location or alphabetical order.
It seems that the codes were assigned sequentially, numerically,
I would assume that if Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa,
or the non-US-yet-still-NANP-Caribbean would need to be assigned
standard directory codes, then the assignment body, whoever that might
be, NECA? Bellcore/Telcordia? someone else?, would simply assign the
next 10XXXX code.
000xxx (unassigned ??)
006xxx California (continuing)
007xxx California (continuing)
014xxx Georgia (continuing)
015xxx Georgia (continuing)
019xxx Illinois (continuing)
020xxx Illinois (continuing)
021xxx Illinois (continuing)
023xxx Indiana (continuing)
024xxx Indiana (continuing)
026xxx Iowa (continuing)
028xxx Kansas (continuing)
035xxx Michigan (continuing)
036xxx Michigan (continuing)
037xxx Michigan (continuing)
041xxx Missouri (continuing)
043xxx Montana (continuing)
046xxx New Hampshire
047xxx New Jersey
048xxx New Mexico
049xxx New York
050xxx New York (continuing)
051xxx New York (continuing)
052xxx New York (continuing)
053xxx North Carolina
054xxx North Carolina (continuing)
055xxx North Dakota
057xxx Ohio (continuing)
058xxx Ohio (continuing)
060xxx Oklahoma (continuing)
063xxx Pennsylvania (continuing)
064xxx Pennsylvania (continuing)
065xxx Rhode Island
066xxx South Carolina
067xxx South Dakota
070xxx Texas (continuing)
071xxx Texas (continuing)
072xxx Texas (continuing)
073xxx Texas (continuing)
078xxx West Virginia
080xxx Wisconsin (continuing)
081xxx Wisconsin (continuing)
082xxx Wisconsin (continuing)
084xxx Philippines -- is this still being used?
086xxx British Columbia; also Northwest Territories
088xxx New Brunswick
090xxx Northwest Territories; also Yukon
091xxx Nova Scotia
093xxx Ontario (continuing)
094xxx Prince Edward Island
097xxx future Yukon ??
098xxx Puerto Rico
099xxx U.S. Virgin Islands
10Xxxx additional directories throughout US/Canada
Mark J. Cuccia
markjcuccia at yahoo dot com
Lafayette LA, formerly of New Orleans LA, pre-Katrina
- Gwillim Law <rlaw at nc dot rr dot com> replied to Yahoo:TENproject:
> markjcuccia at yahoo dot com wrote:Yes, and also note that it was the 4th of July as well!
>> The US gave the Philippines their independence shortly after WW-II,
>> sometime in the mid/late 1940s.
> July 4, 1946.
I also seem to remember that the "official" date for new states to
enter the "Union", when the new flag with the added star was raised
on official US Government/Military flagpoles, is supposed to be on
the 4th of July, although I don't think that this custom was
necessarily held to in the earliest days of the late 1700s and possibly
earliest years of the 1800s. But it did become standard practice later
on during the 19th Century.
>> I have seen a 1967 Manilla telephone directory, which the mainI've seen those pics at your website before -- it's a shame that the
>> branch of the New Orleans Public Library had even as late as the
>> mid-1990s, and the "fonts" and "sketch-art" pictures in the Yellow
>> Pages, etc. is all VERY MUCH "US/Canada looking".
>> I don't remember seeing the 1950s/60s General Telephone System logo
>> anywhere displayed on the cover or inside the directory, but maybe
>> that 1967 -- or was it 1968? -- directory was published AFTER GT&E
>> lost ownership and control of PLDT?
> I have somewhat shoddy pictures of three Manila phone books from the
> 1960s at http://www.oldtelephonebooks.com/phph.html
> None of them has a GTE logo.
1960 dated directory is in as bad of shape as it is...
Note that in the 1950s/60s, the logo used for the telephone operating
division of GT&E was the "General Telephone System" logo, an inverted
trapezoid with rounded corners and curved sides, sort of a
"carriacature" of an older style rounded corners-and-sides TV screen!
The word GENERAL was printed in big block letters on the top row
inside the trapezoid, then the middle row would be an "oversized
F1-looking" handset similar to those used on WECo/NECo model 302
phones or on some AE "Monophones", and then the third, bottom row,
would be the word SYSTEM printed in big block letters....
i.e., "GENERAL -- TELEPHONE (represented by the handset) -- SYSTEM"
The "perfectly proportioned" blue rectangle but with rounded corners,
with the letters 'GTE' didn't come about until circa 1970, and was
retained for the next three decades by GTE, until Bell Atlantic/NYNEX
took over GTE/Contel, and renamed the whole operation "VeriZon".
Although VZ continued GTE's practice of the 1990s, of selling off
several legacy GTE and legacy Contel operating areas, mostly to Alltel,
CenturyTel, Citizens' Tel, and others.
Regarding the National Yellow Pages Association five, now six, digit
>>> I think they were introduced about 1965. I can check on that, too.The 1965/66 time-period for introduction of those "directory codes",
> I've found the codes printed on U.S. telephone books starting from
> 1966, and 1965 telephone books without the codes. That's just a
sounds about right!
>> 097xxx future Yukon ??Well, this confirms what I later pondered and posted regarding the
> It turns out that my 1972 Freeport, Bahamas telephone book has a
> 97xxx number.
I also now wonder if 097xxx is really something "reserved for future
Yukon". I now tend to doubt it. I'm wondering if maybe "other"
Caribbean islands and maybe at one time Mexico, was ever part of the
097xxx range, especially maybe VeriZon/GTE/Codetel's Dominican Republic
in the Caribbean!
> Another post said that Canada had apparently developed a set ofI remember the uniquely Canadian set of five-digit codes, those ranges
> five-digit codes independent of the ones we've been talking about.
> Some examples in the 3xxxx range were cited. Checking my Canadian
> telephone books from the 1960s and 1970s, I find that in some
> provinces there are no five-digit codes printed on the telephone
> books at all. In others, BC, Nova Scotia, Quebec, the numbers are
> in the 8xxxx and 9xxxx range, consistent with the U.S. numbering.
separate from the 085xxx through 096xxx, being used to identify
Canadian telephone directories during the 1980s era, when I would be
researching out-of-town directories at various public and university
and specialty libraries, as well as at the "out-of-town directory
shelf" at the public lobby of a telco business office.
I also think that AT&T or the Yellow Pages industry group made the
set of codes VERY LARGE for assignment. Note that there could be a
theoretical ONE THOUSAND directory code assignments for a state,
province, or Caribbean region! And then there are several states
which "spilled over" into a second code range, even some into a third
range and even into a fourth range of 1000 potential directory codes!
That does seem like "overkill"! But then today, with competitive
and private/neighberhood, and numerous types of new "specialty"
directories being published, there does appear to be a current use of
such a large range of theoretical codes... And also the added range
of 10Xxxx, which doesn't seem to be "broken down" into any special
geographic subset ranges.
I tried calling a lady with Yellow Pages Association this afternoon,
to ask about the history of YPA and such, especially about the
directory codes -- to ask about 000xxx, the once Philippine use of
084xxx, and any further details about the 097xxx range for the non-US
parts of the NANP-Caribbean, as well as the 10Xxxx range. I'm also
wondering if the more recent US-Pacific additions to the NANP, Guam,
Mariana Islands, American Samoa, have been assigned standard five or
six-digit directory codes, as well as the other US/UN pseudo-NANP
Pacific area, Palau, Micronesia, Marshall. And also if the northwestern
Mexican border communities have ever used these codes as well.
And thanks, Gwillam, for the additional info you've been able to dig
up on these directory codes/etc!
Mark J. Cuccia
markjcuccia at yahoo dot com
Lafayette LA, formerly of New Orleans LA, pre-Katrina