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Re: [linux-dell-laptops] Digest Number 347 - Part 3

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  • linux-dell-laptops@yahoogroups.com
    in rc.local) automatically add the s2d option and rerun lilo. Q: StudyWeb: Science:Life Sciences:Agriculture:Alternative Agriculture:General Resources Si su
    Message 1 of 1 , Apr 2, 2001
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      in rc.local) automatically add the s2d option and rerun
      lilo.

      Q: StudyWeb: Science:Life Sciences:Agriculture:Alternative Agriculture:General Resources
      Si su pregunta no ha sido contesta, por favor pulse aqu� para enviar la pregunta a un experto

      At shutdown time remove the s2d partition (fdisk can handle this) and
      remove the s2d option from lilo.

      Q: IDEAL DIALYSIS
      Si su pregunta no ha sido contesta, por favor pulse aqu� para enviar la pregunta a un experto

      The problem is what do you do if the system crashes in between ?
      Q: StudyWeb: Family:Business & Finance:Marketing:Advertising
      Q: Killer Dream
      Q: StudyWeb: Health & PE:Nutrition & Diseases/Disorders:Alcohol & Your Health
      Q: CON MANO AJENA
      Q: StudyWeb: Technology:Engineering:Aeronautical Engineering
      Si su pregunta no ha sido contesta, por favor pulse aqu� para enviar la pregunta a un experto

      (yes it happens even to the best of us :-)

      A: Directory Index : : High School An exclusive site maintaining alumni listings for every high school in the USA. Visit the site and check out the best way to connect with old high school friends. http://www.alumniconnection.org/home.html [Visual Content: N/A Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Explore this site and check out the alumni e-mail registry and bulletin board system for colleges and high schools. http://www.alumni.net/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Topics covered include reunions, photographs, endowment fund. A bulletin board for posting messages is provided for guests. Links to online classmates that date back to 1950. http://www.bpaa.org/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] Topics covered include history, pictures of basketball team from 1941-1981, schools publications provided. http://pw1.netcom.com/~tabatto/Brunnerd! ale.html [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] An exclusive site featuring lists of students from 1955. Click on the name to find out the information about that person. http://www.belmont.gov/orgs/alumni/carlmont/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Class of 1969 30th Reunion providing information concerning CUHS Alumni Spartans of El Centro, California. http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Thebes/1599/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] A non-commercial, volunteer project hosted and maintained by class of 1963 features band, auxilary, and chorus. http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Hills/3238/chiefs/63.htm [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Visit this site and learn about upcoming reunions and posting messages to former classmates. http://www.vhtown.com/Main.cfm?AssocID=2 [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributo! r: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Topics covered include reunions, online school newsletter, sports. Several text links provided. Comment page is also provided. http://www.lionspride.com/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] A homepage of class of 80 of Clinton high school featuring email directory, contact information, photo albums, and reunion details. http://members.tripod.com/Class_of_80/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] "An independent, non-profit, private organization maintained by volunteers to help locate former students, assist in reunion plans, and help classes maintain current class rosters." http://www.geocities.com/~chsalumni/mainpage.htm [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] A chance to get in touch with old classmates. Bulletin board provided for posting messages. http://dchs1981.hypermart.net/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 12+ Contributor: Natasha Qu! ick] Dedicated to the 1963 and 1964 graduating classes. Visit this site to check out the preparation for a year 2000 Reunion. http://www.dorseyhigh.org/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] This school is located in Dreux, France. Topics covered include history, reunions, newsletter and directory. http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/VKey/ [Visual Content: N/A Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] Take a virtual tour of the school. Links provided to photos of old classmates. Contact information by class year dating back to the '40's. http://www.speerlaw.com/druid.htm [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] This school is located in El Mirage, Arizona. Link to old classmates, school news online. Guest book provided http://home.earthlink.net/~gbf/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] Learn about the history of this high school located in Ohio. Topics co! vered include sports, news, calendar of events http://www.elhsaa.com/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] A place for a East Union graduate to find his fellow classmates and friends. http://www.sjcoe.k12.ca.us/EastUnion/alumni.html [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Explore this site to check out the information on the upcoming events with an update on festivities. http://www.ehs72.com/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] A great way for former students to contact each other, as well as a way to remember the school. http://www.frpsalumni.net/ [Visual Content: N/A Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Explore this site to for the class of '69 at Fort Smith, Arkansas. http://www.aristotle.net/~chyoung/nhs69/ [Visual Content: N/A Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Official Website of FPCHS class of 1991 featuring photo! graphs, news, email directory, information, message boards, find your old friends, and also check out news on other alumni from different classes as well. http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Atlantis/7335/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Located at the Naval Station Subic Bay, Philippines. You will find an online message board for conversing with other alumni, online yearbook, photos, and guest book provided. Links from Philippine Islands provided. http://www.gdhs.org/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] Topics covered include news & events. Links provided to search by name or class. http://gealum.interkinetic.com/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] Locate old classmates by year. Links provided from class of 1950-1999. Guestbook provided. http://www.gjtigers.com/javindex.htm [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] An interactive Web page! for all graduating classes of Gunn High School and alumni. http://www.gunn.palo-alto.ca.us/alumni/gunn/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] "Dedicated to all the early 60's stuff that happened in and around Hawthorne and Hawthorne High School." http://www.cougartown.com/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Check out the information of Hayward high school's 20 year class reunion. With photos and an email list. http://www.jps.net/mkermgard/ReunionHome.html [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Located in Tampa Florida. Topics covered include upcoming reunions, and bulletin board for posting messages. http://www.brucemorehead.com/hb_plant/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] Located in Flossmoor, Ill. Topics covered include photos, memories of old classmates of past events, message board. http://www.hfhs.s-cook.k12.il.us/ [Vis! ual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] A place for Hot Springs High School students to update their personal information with various related links. http://users.ipa.net/~jshort/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Located in Ellicott City, Maryland. Links to classes dating from 1955 to the present. Online chat room and message boards provided for each class. Upcoming reunion events provided. http://www.howardhigh.com/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] Located in Nashville, Tennessee. Topics covered include history, faculty information, class information from 93-present. http://www.telalink.net/~hfaao/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] A guide to this school's alumni with contact information for former classmates. http://www.d91.k12.id.us/www/ifhs/alumni/alumni.html [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalcha! ndani] Photos of academy provided. Links dating back to class of 92 -97. http://bsuvc.bsu.edu/~D000INDACAD/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] Located in Jacksonville, North Carolina. Topic covered: alumni listings by year. http://jhsalumni.net/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] Explore this site and check out a list of graduate students with email addresses and year of graduation. http://www-acc.scu.edu/~jebencken/jhs/ [Visual Content: N/A Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Update your personal information through interactive bulletin board and also check out the reunion news. http://www.angelfire.com/ga/jonesboro89/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Read messages posted by others about Kalani High School or post your own message. http://www.coolboard.com/boardshow.cfm?mb=676771788212142 [Visual Content: N/A Approx. Grade Level: 12+ Cont! ributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] "A place to savor high school years and share them with classmates." Check out reunion photographs, class list, email addressess, trivia, reunion info, and school photographs. http://www.geocities.com/TheTropics/Shores/6850/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] An interactive page keeping alumni of KS "up to date on issues affecting the organization, activities, and creating opportunities for alumni involvement." http://www.ksbealumni.org/aloha.html [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Explore this site to read out the profiles of alumni with reunion information. http://www.opihi.com/kauaihs/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Visit this site to find out the "latest information on classmates, future and past reunions, classmate email addresses, miscellaneous photos from the past, the school & campus, teachers and adminstrators a! nd other alumni of Leland." http://www.lelandhigh69.org/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] An interactive page providing information for upcoming events and contact information. http://www.geocities.com/MotorCity/Speedway/9219/reunion.html [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Explore this site to find out the email addressess of alumni and faculty with information on past, present, and future reunions. http://www.lghs.net/alumni/ [Visual Content: N/A Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Official web site of Lowell Alumni Association�s featuring information about the 25,225 alumni of the "oldest public high school in the west." http://www.lowellalumni.org/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Homepage of Morro Bay High School Class of 1978 students to stay in touch with each other through Internet technology. http://members.xoom.com/_! XOOM/MBHS1978/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Visit this site to find your former classmates and let them know of your e-mail address and web address. http://www.pulver.com/~krave/mc/alumain.htm [Visual Content: N/A Approx. Grade Level: 12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] A homepage featuring a list of students who graduated in 1978 from the Mobile high school with school history and related links. http://www.geocities.com/MadisonAvenue/6141/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Featuring information about the 30th reunion of the class of 1969 at this Escondido high school with school directory and schedules of upcoming events. http://home.san.rr.com/grangers/activities/oghs69.htm [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] An interactive Website featuring contact information, upcoming events, photo album, and a variety of links. http://members.tripod.com/PSH! S1990/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Semi-official homepage of Pasadena high school featuring current information, e-mail addresses for classmates, and reunion planning information. http://www.gemneye.com/phs62/phs62.html [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] This link page has text links to the year of a person's graduation. It has a link to download the file for the school song if your computer has sound capability and the proper browser. http://home.sprynet.com/~ekb/phs-link.htm [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Natasha Quick] Visit the Reunion Time database to find your High School reunion. http://www.reuniontime.com/reunions/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] An interactive Web page to to stay in touch with classmates, families from reunion to reunion and throughout the years. http://www.reunited.com/homeroom.htm [Visual Con! tent: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Holding its 20 year class reunion for the graduating class of 1979. With contact information and a schedule of upcoming events. http://www.access1.net/quemo/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Official Website of San Gabriel high school's class of 1978 includes pictures and email addressess from reunion. http://members.tripod.com/~SGHS1978/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Serves the alumni and current students through its quarterly newsletter, viking news, the annual all-class picnic, and the awards banquet for outstanding alumni. http://www.webcom.com/samohi/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] SHSAA serves both Sequoia and San Carlos high schools. Includes a schedule of upcoming events and information on how to become a member. http://www.belmont.gov/orgs/alumni/shsaa/ [Visual Content! : N/A Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Visit this site and follow links to alumni organizations in the district. http://www.belmont.gov/orgs/alumni/index.html [Visual Content: N/A Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Explore this site to find out contact information, search for and network with other alumni, donate online, email directly, and find out about upcoming events. http://alumni.shorecrest.org/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] An interactive Web site featuring e-mail addresses and other contact information of graduates of Skyline high school. http://www.skatecity.com/skyline/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Register yourself to browse the entire database sorted by last name or graduating year. Browse your class. Search the database. With news, photos, bulletin boards, chat rooms, and FAQ's. http://saturn.med.nyu.edu/~stein/staples/! home.cgi [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Visit this site and find out the information about a 30 year class 69 reunion with photos and related links. http://www.mho.net/ernie/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Explore this site to learn about reunions for the 1974, 1975, and 1990 classes of this Wilmington high school http://www.mckeanhs.com/alumni.html [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Visit this site to tell your classmates about your past or future events such as birthdays, new jobs, weddings, new homes, parties, or comments about anything you like. http://www.quikstart.com/ths78/main.html [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] An exclusive page providing resources for graduate students to find each other with planned reunions and school history. http://www.geocities.com/CollegePark/5854/ [Visual Content: Ap! prox. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] "Virtual Hometown is a system designed with one goal in mind: to keep us all connected. VHTown is the easiest way to keep in touch with your friends, teachers, and classmates from virtually anywhere in the world." http://www.vhtown.com/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] A place where you can find all the information about the Warsaw, Indiana class of 1956 including dates, places, history, plans, people, reunions, and projects. http://www.azstarnet.com/~warsaw56/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] A database of graduates, sorted by date of graduation. Visit this site and find your old classmates. http://members.xoom.com/_XOOM/coventri/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] "Your Homeroom with links to Wilson classmates (from all years), trivia and memories." http://members.aol.com/_ht_a/janetdw381/r! eunion78.html [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Check out the directories of alumni association web sites, reunion information, and other alumni related resources. http://www.yearbookhigh.com/ [Visual Content: Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] Explore this site to find out the contact information, class websites, and reunion information for Yuma High School. http://www.yumahigh.com/reunion.html [Visual Content: N/A Approx. Grade Level: 9-12+ Contributor: Prem.J.Lalchandani] [ ] [ ] (c) Copyright 1996 - 2000, All rights reserved. Send Comments to
         
      A: Carlos Gancedo Biomedical Research Institute, CSIC (Spanish Council for Scientific Research). The scientific legacy of Alberto Sols Alberto Sols� work marks a point of inflexion on Spanish biochemical research. This has been recognised, on several occasions, by all those who are devoted to this branch of science in this country. As such, Sols� work has been the subject matter of well-deserved homage, before and after his death. The difficulties he encountered to develop his work after his return to Spain and his efforts, at times titanic, to overcome such problems can be recalled by flicking through some pages of his biography recently published by Mar�a Jes�s Santesmases [Alberto Sols. Alicante: Instituto de Cultura Juan Gil-Albert, 1998]. After a time, Sols managed to establish a strict way of doing science that now seems natural, but was not so in the mid-fifties, when he returned from the United States from the productive labora! tory of Carl F. Cori. A decade has elapsed since his death, and we can try to draw up an impartial balance of the scientific legacy of Sols, far from the emotion of the close loss, that moment in which it is almost obligatory to use de mortuos nihil nisi bono. What a scientist leaves behind may be regarded as a compound of a material part and another immaterial part. The material part would be that part of production which, in some way, is linked to the scientist�s name: his publications, his contribution to a heap of knowledge, even at times, not frequently, with his name attached to it: the "Kerbs" cycle, the "Mitchell" chemosmotic theory, the "Jacob and Monod" operon model, etc. The immaterial part, sometimes just as important or more important than the material, is formed by a series of attitudes vis-�-vis what science is, vis-�-vis the approach to scientific problems and the transmission of knowledge. It is a part that the people who are closer to the person in question n! otice and receive more, but which also becomes known to the rest of the world. In this sense, I am going to expound some personal reflections on both aspects of Sols� work. I shall begin with the "material" part, fully aware that any judgement involves a risk for the person who offers it, and that someone else could have a different opinion, but I trust that my close relationship with Sols, and the many conversations that I have the privileged of having had with him, may have provided me with a balanced opinion. Sols� scientific activity focused on problems related to the metabolism of carbohydrates, and he dedicated himself mainly to the study of the features and systems of regulation of enzymes that participate in the way to use these compounds. Sols� scientific activity focused on problems related to the metabolism of carbohydrates, and he dedicated himself mainly to the study of the features and systems of regulation of enzymes that participate in the way to use these comp! ounds. From amongst his numerous contributions, I have chosen three, corresponding to different stages of his research life, and which have attracted my attention for different reasons. I believe that these show the ways he opened and which may be his "material" legacy. One of these is the study of the specific nature of substrata of hexoquinase, that is to say, the determination of the structural features that must possess certain molecules of sugar so that this enzyme may act over them. In these studies, he and Robert Crane described "that the enzyme, in addition to the meeting points for the substrata and the cofactor, it possessed a third point, especially for [the union] of glucose-6-phosphate, the product of the reaction, as part of an intercellular mechanism of the reaction catalysed by the hexoquinase". This was an important discovery, but it did not receive much attention when it was published. Years later, when it had then been discovered that certain molecules could! be joined to regions of the enzymes other than the active centre, and with the alosterism field well established, Sols quoted his article as the first in which a specific regulator location in an enzyme was described and he regretted not having discussed the importance of his discovery in more depth in his article, a discovery which as he himself writes, went unnoticed. It is possible that the fact the he did not realise what that result meant left a bitter taste in his mouth. But the truth is at that time when he performed the work there was no framework of knowledge in which to place the observation. It was a curious effect, which the dominant paradigm of enzymology did now allow to be interpreted. Time had to pass and the careful and intense work of Jacques Monod and other biochemists in order to initiate the field of alosteric regulation and to realise that enzymology and the physiological regulation could be joined through the properties of the enzymes. This work on the ! hexoquinase and his interest in alosterism lead him, without doubt, years later, to an important work in which he proved by way of experiments Daniel Koshland�s idea of "induced adjustment", a modification in the structure and activities of proteins provoked by the bond of a substrata or inhibitor. Another work linked to Sols� name, and which has been well quoted, was the discovery of the alosterical inhibition through triphosphate adenosine, indeed in this case, the new paradigm already existed, of another enzyme of the metabolism of carbohydrates, phosphofructoquinase of yeast. The study of phosphofructoquinase of yeast led Sols to another of his works, which he deemed very relevant: the mechanism of the Pasteur effect in yeast. Sols believed that he had definitively resolved the mechanism of this phenomenon. However, irony of fate, they were his students� work, students who demonstrated that part of his interpretation was incorrect and that, in fact, such effect was of no g! reat physiological significance in the organism and in the conditions in which he studied it. He accepted that result; his scientific honesty would not allow him to do otherwise, although he lamented the disappearance of one of his creatures. Another important contribution attributed to Sols was the discovery of hepatic glucoquinase and its induction through insulin. This study was carried out when other powerful groups were dedicated to the study of the same problem. The discovery showed that the insulin had ways of acting other then the ones already known at that time, and which could influence, as in this case, in the enzymatic content of tissue. One question that we could ask ourselves, Joshua Lederberg has labelled this type of question as virtual story, is whether Sols could have performed his work in a different way, for example by attacking certain issues very deeply, with various approaches with experiments, "cleaning up" the field. It is possible that the situation o! f the country would not permit such an attack. The lack of autonomy in order to plan organised growth of a group around this issue, a situation that unfortunately persists, probably prevented him from taking that type of approach. Apart from that important factor, his restless personality played against him in this aspect. In an autobiographic article, unfinished due to his sudden death, he describes a series of personal conditions, which, in his opinion, prevented him from leaving a more important personal legacy. He writes in that article: ". a great curiosity without strong ambition easily leads to dispersion. Throughout a long period of my scientific life I have researched more in extension rather than in depth. I now regret that, with the perspective of time. The intense pleasure of really getting to the bottom of something by far exceeds the sum of small pleasures, which results from the examination of many surfaces [.]. I have rarely dedicated myself to big game. And ev! en when I chased big prey, I frequently got distracted shooting any little bird that crossed my path". In spite of everything, Sols� production was on the same level as many prestigious enzymologists of that era, which, taking into account where it was from, is an objective testimony of his immense value. The immaterial part left by Sols is more difficult to represent objectively, since it is made up of a series of attitudes that each person perceived differently and which influenced each person differently. Everyone who knew him or worked with him would emphasise something different, but I think that the features I highlight below could be unanimously accepted by everyone. Perhaps, in the first place, I should mention his appreciation for work well done; sometimes he quoted a sentence by Abraham Flexner, the person who, with his demands for quality, changed medical education in the United States: "We have to defend the country against mediocrity: mediocrity of spirit, mediocr! ity of ideas, mediocrity of action and we must struggle against mediocrity within ourselves". It seemed then that this sentence was a model for his actions and he always attempted to follow it. Throughout a long period of my scientific life I have researched more in extension rather than in depth. I now regret that, with the perspective of time. Another important facet of his legacy is his generosity with ideas. Sols had numerous ideas, the fruit of his intelligence, of his great aforementioned curiosity and of the environment that he knew how to create around him, which allowed him to read scientific literature and reflect upon it as a fundamental activity. He was prepared to share his ideas with others without claiming anything in return in terms of possible publications that may derive from them. He insisted that if he had not significantly contributed, albeit materially or intellectually, to a work, he could not sign the same as a co-author. Even in the acknowledgements he! would only appear if he had seriously participated in the development of the work or in writing it. Sols insisted in making people become accustomed to asking questions after a scientific presentation, something which may seem obvious in this day and age, but it was not customary at that time. If we discuss a presentation today, we are taking advantage of its teachings. He comments humorously the prevalent error of the person who returned from a congress, and when asked, How did it go, did they ask you many questions?, replied with great satisfaction: It went well, they didn�t ask me anything; since this clearly showed that what was said was of no great interest or that it was so poorly presented that no-one could understand it. One of his great anxieties was precisely scientific communication. "The researcher has to communicate as well as discover. And with the current complexity in scientific material matters, it is fundamental to be successful in communication", he wrote i! n a public entrance examination paper. If a work was not well presented, there was a serious risk of it going unnoticed and that, in his opinion, was the worst thing that could happen in scientific work. As a result he made every effort, through talks and courses, to draw attention to the fact that it is essential to take care in scientific presentations, both written and spoken. And he preached as an example, wasting no time, external criticism and self-criticism of his own presentation. He always recalled when he was at the Cori laboratory, which undoubtedly marked him indelibly, the nine versions! of a summary that they prepared to send to a meeting at the American Federation of Experimental Biology Societies. On numerous occasions his recommendations on scientific communication were fruitful and have been conveyed; unfortunately, in this point his teachings have not received all of the attention they merit. Perhaps Sols� scientific legacy could be summarised as a vital att! itude that regards the profession, rather something that produces interior fulfilment and that gives meaning to life. Perhaps Sols� scientific legacy could be summarised as a vital attitude that regards the profession, in this case science, not as a form of obtaining immediate external success and material benefits, but rather something that produces interior fulfilment and that gives meaning to life, like a vocation that the person serves intensely from deep within himself. It is very probable that with the passing of time Sols� name will be diluted; the nature of scientific work means that factual contributions from researchers are rapidly included in general knowledge and the name of the author is unconnected. However, his vital attitude does not pass by, it is the inheritance that he has left to a generation of biochemists who attempt to convey it to those who come after them. All of the people who, in some way, were in Sols� orbit conveys these attitudes to their students! , modified by their own contribution, but, one way or another, his mark is alive in that message. Sols was interested in scientific progress; he wished to distance mediocrity from science; he was interested in the number of good scientists increasing in Spain and wised for them a worthy future. One final reflection. Sols was interested in scientific progress; he wished to distance mediocrity from science; he was interested in the number of good scientists increasing in Spain and wised for them a worthy future. I suppose he would not be pleased if we only recall his legacy and ignore the problems that exist around us related to science, to its place in society and to the future of our young scientists. Sols� legacy is remarkable, but fragile, like many intellectual creations; we must struggle so that it is not lost. And it will be lost, unfortunately, if we do not increase our scientific effects, if the excellence in the provision of places stops being met and in the award of g! rants for research, if we forget that the applications of science are only possible with a basic scheme to support it, if we believe that to innovate is a magic word that produces rapid results and if we forget how many years training and hard work are involved in innovation. Let�s avoid this threat, it will be the best way to maintain Sols� scientific legacy.
         
      Si su pregunta no ha sido contesta, por favor pulse aqu� para enviar la pregunta a un experto

      IIRC from my experiments:
      the BIOS will let you restore from s2d as many times as you wish
      but won't let you save to s2d if there is an already unused s2d.
      Q: PERFILES-PROFILES
      Si su pregunta no ha sido contesta, por favor pulse aqu� para enviar la pregunta a un experto

      (silly, it should be exactly the other way around) so the BIOS marks
      and knows if the s2d was used at least once or not.

      Esta pregunta ha sido enviada a un experto para su atenci�n

      The most elegant solution would be if we can detect the state of s2d
      partition, then we could stop the boot somewhere in rc.single before
      / is remounted rw. It certainly should be possible, question is how ?

      Esta pregunta ha sido enviada a un experto para su atenci�n

      --
      Cheers,
      Esta pregunta ha sido enviada a un experto para su atenci�n

      ______________________________________________________________________
      Ryurick M. Hristev ()..()/^\/^\ -<:-)
      R.Hristev@... \/ \#/\#/\) What opinions ?
      Q: Alcme�n - Revista Argentina de Cl�nica Neuropsiqui�trica - Los movimientos oculares en la pr�ctica neuropsiqui�trica
      Si su pregunta no ha sido contesta, por favor pulse aqu� para enviar la pregunta a un experto

      ______________________________________________________________________

      ________________________________________________________________________
      ________________________________________________________________________

      Message: 10
      Date: Thu, 29 Mar 2001 20:28:43 -0000
      From: abiastoch@...
      Subject: Re: safe Hibernation

      --- In linux-dell-laptops@y..., David Rodriguez wrote:
      >
      > The idea: Depending on the distribtion you have daemons and
      configuration
      > for those are different, so you will have to check how to configure.
      The idea
      > is to tell apmd to run lilo when going into suspend with some
      specific option.
      > You can tell it to change the default boot option just for the next
      reboot
      > cycle. Note that this will not force lilo to boot into that default
      option,
      > but will remind you that you suspended.
      >
      > I don't really see what those lines you added to the lilo.conf
      file
      > have to do with the whole hibernation problem...

      maybe I should make it more clear...
      I now have 3 choices in lilo.:
      1. boot Windows ME. Here, Windows itself regocnizes when hibernated
      because it uses a file on its own partition. No chance to mess up.
      2. boot Linux
      3. boot from the hibernation partition, where a system (I only do that
      under linux) was safed pressing Fn-A.

      The problem is to mess up 2. and 3.
      I would like to have a mechanism that tells lilo to use option 3
      regardless if 2. or 3. are pressed IF the hibernation partition was
      used.

      This leads to another problem....
      How do I "unactivate" the hibernation partition when linux was shut
      down and should be started from scratch.

      Maybe too many risks to mess up the system.
      But using lilo and a daemon might be a solution - for experts...

      Thanks,
      Arne

      >
      > >===== Original Message From abiastoch@u... =====
      > >Hi,
      > >
      > >using mks2d from Dell I created a Suspend-to-disk (Hibernation)
      > >partition and am now able to safe the current system using Fn-A.
      > >I created an extra entry in the lilo configuration:
      > >
      > >other = /dev/hda3
      > > table = /dev/hda
      > > label = os2
      > > loader = /boot/os2_d.b
      > >
      > >and can now the Hibernation partition to restore the system.
      > >
      > >Now, since there is the potential danger to boot linux "from
      scratch"
      > >though it was suspended to disk before. This would certainly mess
      up
      > >at least the filesystem and the open applications.
      > >
      > >Is there a way to avoid that, e.g. tell lilo that the Hibernation
      > >partition HAS to be taken when it exists?
      Are there any kind of
      flags
      > >for linux or lilo?
      > >
      > >I am using SuSE 7.1 on a Dell 4000.
      > >
      > >Thanks for any suggestions.
      > >-Arne
      > >
      > >
      > >
      > >--------------------------------------------------------------
      > >Please post your X config files in the group links or database
      > >
      > >Your use of Yahoo! Groups is subject to
      http://docs.yahoo.com/info/terms/
      >
      >
      ----------------------------------------------------------------------
      > David Rodr�guez Ibeas Undergraduate Living
      Form
      >
      ----------------------------------------------------------------------
      > University of Iowa Universidad Polit�cnica de
      Madrid
      > Electrical & Computer Engineering E.T.S.I.
      Telecomunicaci�n
      > Iowa City, IA Madrid,
      Spain
      >
      ----------------------------------------------------------------------

      ________________________________________________________________________
      ________________________________________________________________________

      Message: 11
      Date: Thu, 29 Mar 2001 15:47:06 -0600
      From: David Rodriguez
      Subject: RE: Re: safe Hibernation

      How I would do it in debian 2.2r2:

      Create a script:
      #!/bin/sh
      case "$1" in
      suspend)
      /sbin/lilo -U hibernate
      ;;
      resume)
      /sbin/lilo -U my_default_option
      ;;
      esac

      Put it in /etc/apm.d/event.d directory.
      What it does is that when the apmd daemon notices a suspend
      (either to memory or to disk) it will run lilo -U hibernate making
      hibernate the default option for the next boot. The second part is
      in case you suspended to memory. On resume apmd will call the script
      with the resume argument and the my_default_option will be used for
      next boot. This is unnecesary if you never suspend to memory, but this
      includes closing the lid...

      Apmd says that it does not support hibernation on the man page. I
      don't know whether this means that it does not differenciate from a
      normal suspend or that it does not notice that happening, so you will
      better try, but that is easy, you just suspend and if the prompt says
      boot: hibernate then it worked, if not, search for other option.

      As I told you before, configuration of the daemons is different in
      debian from redhat, so you might ask in the list for advice if you have
      RedHat. This option seemed quite more simple than the other I just read,
      but I don't know if it works.

      David

      >===== Original Message From abiastoch@... =====
      >--- In linux-dell-laptops@y..., David Rodriguez wrote:
      >>
      >> The idea: Depending on the distribtion you have daemons and
      >configuration
      >> for those are different, so you will have to check how to configure.
      >The idea
      >> is to tell apmd to run lilo when going into suspend with some
      >specific option.
      >> You can tell it to change the default boot option just for the next
      >reboot
      >> cycle.
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