Fw: [SOAN] SPARC Open Access Newsletter, 7/2/07
- The SPARC Open Access Newsletter, issue #111
by Peter Suber
Read this issue online
SOAN is published and sponsored by the Scholarly
Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC).
Additional support is provided by Data Conversion
Laboratory (DCL), experts in converting research documents to XML.
Problems and opportunities (blizzards and beauty)
What makes you interrupt important work? We all
have our provocations and temptations. For me,
very bad weather and very good weather are
recurring types. A blizzard will make me drop
everything and shovel snow. A beautiful moment
of late-afternoon sunlight will make me drop
everything and take pictures. Your answers may
fall into roughly the same two categories, which
we could call solving problems and seizing opportunities.
I think about OA in the same terms, perhaps
because it's interrupting my work in
philosophy. There are two deep reasons to pursue
OA, even to interrupt important work to pursue
it: to solve problems and to seize
opportunities. They're not the same thing. One
is duress and one is pleasure. One is a push
from behind and the other a pull from the
front. We work on problems with dutiful
determination and on opportunities with creative
unconstraint. Even when they stress us, there's
a difference between worry that a nagging problem
will persist and worry that a beautiful
opportunity will slip through our fingers.
I'd like to think that we'd pursue OA even if
historical circumstances gave us only one of
these motivations rather than both at once --that
is, if we suffered from access problems and had
no new technology to exploit, or if we had a
spectacular new technology to exploit but no particular problem to solve.
But we have both and we should acknowledge it
more often. Too much of our conversation is
problem-oriented. Let's complement it with a
conversation that is opportunity-oriented.
Yes, OA solves problems. There's the
access-to-authors or knowledge problem for
readers. There's the access-to-readers or impact
problem for authors. There's the affordability
problem for libraries. There's the unfairness
problem of making taxpayers pay a second time for
access to research they funded. There's the
inefficiency problem of funding useful research
that isn't accessible to everyone who can make
use of it. There's the perversity problem of
making a public commitment to use public money to
expand knowledge and then hand control over the
results to businesses who believe, correctly or
incorrectly, that their revenue and survival
depend on limiting access to that knowledge.
Then there are the problems arising from the
subscription business model itself. The chief
problem is not that subscriptions cost money,
because the alternatives also cost money. It's
not even that subscriptions in the sciences cost
a *lot* of money. The subscription model has
problems even if we assume that the OA
alternative will cost exactly the same (which I
don't think is true). The subscription model
makes a publisher's method of cost recovery
function as an access barrier. It requires
artificial scarcity for information when digital
technologies can abolish information scarcity
altogether. It makes publishers insist on
controlling access to research they didn't
perform, write up, or fund. It makes them act
(to use the wonderful PLoS analogy) like midwives
who insist on keeping the baby rather than
midwives who deliver the baby, hand it back to
its parents, and take payment for services
rendered. It means that after publishers add
value through peer review and copy editing they
feel financial pressure to subtract value by
imposing password barriers, locking files to
prevent copying or cutting/pasting, freezing data
into images, cutting good articles solely for
length, and turning gifts into commodities which
may not be further shared. Because journals
don't publish the same articles, they don't
compete for readers or subscribers (even if they
compete for authors), removing market pressures
for publishers to keep subscription prices low or
even correlated with their size, costs, impact, or quality.
The subscription model doesn't scale with the
explosive growth in the volume of published
research, and it wouldn't scale even if prices
were low. It entails that as the volume of
published research grows, the accessible
percentage of it for the average library shrinks,
and that the faster the literature grows, the
faster the accessible percentage shrinks. It
means that despite their growing access gaps,
libraries end up paying for bundles of journals
when local patrons only use a subset, and whole
journals when they only use certain articles. It
means that when they pay for electronic journals,
which are increasingly replacing print journals,
they license rather than own copies and suffer
under licensing terms and software locks that
limit usage much more than they were ever limited
in using paper journals. It means that
subscribers pay for more than they need and get
less than they need, a problem severely
aggravated by hyperinflationary price
increases. Finally, it means that different
universities pay redundantly for access to the
same literature, instead of sharing the costs so
that each pays for part and together all pay for all.
There's a lot of snow to shovel here. But...
There are also beautiful opportunities to
seize. There's the fact that the internet
emerged just as journal subscription prices were
reaching unbearable levels. There's the fact
that the internet widens distribution and reduces
costs at the same time. There's the fact that
digital computers connected to a global network
let us make perfect copies of arbitrary files and
distribute them to a worldwide audience at
virtually no cost. There's the fact that
unrestricted access to digital files supports
forms of discovery and processing impossible for
paper texts and DRM-clamped digital
files. There's the fact that for 350 years,
scholars have willingly (even eagerly) publishing
journal articles without payment, a custom that
frees them to consent to OA without losing
revenue. There's the fact that OA is already
lawful and doesn't require copyright reform, even
if it would benefit from reforms of the right
kind. There's the fact that OA is within the
reach of authors acting alone and needn't wait
for publishers, legislation, or markets. There's
the fact that, for researchers acting on their
own, the goal of OA is even easier to accomplish
than the goal of affordable journals.
Let me elaborate on one of these opportunities a
bit. The Budapest Open Access Initiative said
that "[a]n old tradition and a new technology
have converged to make possible an unprecedented
public good. The old tradition is the willingness
of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits
of their research in scholarly journals without
payment...The new technology is the
internet." OA is the name of the beautiful
opportunity created by this convergence of the
willingness of scholars to give away their work
and the existence of a medium for delivering that
work at vanishing marginal cost to a worldwide
audience. If you have the willingness of authors
but not the medium, then you have scholarship in
the age of print. If you have the medium but not
the willingness, then you have music and movies
in the age of the internet (so far). The
beautiful opportunity for researchers is that we now have both.
Here's a less obvious but even more fundamental
opportunity. Knowledge is "non-rivalrous" (to
use a term from the economics of property). That
means we can share it without dividing it, and
consume it without diminishing it. My possession
and use of some knowledge doesn't exclude your
possession and use of the same knowledge. By
contrast, familiar physical goods like land,
food, and machines are all rivalrous. To share
them, we must take turns or settle for portions.
We're very fortunate that knowledge is
non-rivalrous. We can all know the same facts or
ideas without my knowledge blocking yours or
yours blocking mine. We're even more fortunate
that speech is non-rivalrous, since this allows
us to articulate and share our knowledge without
reducing it to a rivalrous commodity. We can all
hear the same spoken words without my listening
blocking yours or yours blocking mine.
But for all of human history before the digital
age, writing has been rivalrous. Written or
recorded knowledge became a material object like
stone, clay, skin, or paper, which was
necessarily rivalrous. Even when we had the
printing press and photocopying machines, and
could make many copies at comparatively low cost,
each copy was a rivalrous material
object. Despite its revolutionary impact,
writing was hobbled from birth by this tragic
limitation. We could only record non-rivalrous
knowledge in a rivalrous form, much as we could
only translate one poem into a different poem.
Digital texts, however, are non-rivalrous. If we
all have the equipment to support them, then we
can all have copies of the same digital text
without excluding one another, without
multiplying our costs, and without depleting our
resources. Digital writing is the first kind of
writing that does not reduce recorded knowledge to a rivalrous object.
I've heard physicists refer to the prospect of
room-temperature superconductivity as a "gift of
nature". Unfortunately, it's not quite within
reach. But the non-rivalrous property of digital
information is a gift of nature that we've
already grasped and put to work. We only have to
stand back a moment to appreciate it. To our
ancestors, the prospect of recording knowledge in
precise language, symbols, sounds, or images
without reducing the record to a rivalrous object
would have been magical or miraculous. But we do
it every day now and it's losing its magic.
The danger is not that we already take it for
granted but that might stop short and fail to
take full advantage of it. The point is not to
marvel at its potential but to seize the
opportunities it creates. It can transform knowledge-sharing if we let it.
We take advantage of this gift when we post
information online and permit free access and
unrestricted use for every user with an internet
connection. But if we charge for access, enforce
exclusion, create artificial scarcity, or
prohibit essential uses, then we treat the
non-rivalrous digital file like a rivalrous
physical object, dismiss the opportunity, and spurn the gift.
I don't want to create an artificial distinction
between solving problems and seizing
opportunities, which are intimately
connected. In our case, we're solving access
problems by seizing the opportunities created by
digital computers connected by digital networks
exchanging non-rivalrous digital information. So
if you're working on solving a problem, don't
stop. But if you find yourself thinking that the
task of promoting OA is just a battle against
problems, take a step back. It's a lot more than
that. It's also the creative and open-ended
process of seizing a beautiful opportunity.
This dual perspective matters for morale. It
also matters for strategy, since it affects our
conception of the goal and our conception of who
our natural allies are in the larger cause of
taking advantage of the opportunities created by
digital information and digital technology. It affects our horizons.
When publishers argue that there are no access
problems, and that we shouldn't fix what isn't
broken, there are two answers. First, that's
mistaken; there are deep and serious access
problems; publishers who really don't know this
should should talk more to the libraries who
subscribe to their journals, and even more to the
libraries who don't. But second, leaving that
quarrel entirely to one side, there are good
reasons to pursue OA anyway, even reasons urgent
enough to interrupt important work.
Here's what happened, or what I noticed, since
the last issue, emphasizing action and policy
over scholarship and opinion. I put the most
important items first, with double asterisks, and
otherwise cluster them loosely by topic. Most of
the time, I link to my blog postings, not to the
sources themselves, because I only want to
include one link and my blog postings usually
bring many relevant links together.
** The Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)
announced its long-anticipated OA mandate for
research publications by HHMI employees. HHMI
will also pay publishers, starting with Elsevier
and Wiley, to allow deposits of the HHMI-authors'
peer-reviewed manuscripts (not the published editions) into PubMed Central.
** The UK Medical Research Council added a data
access policy to its larger open access policy.
** Spain's Consejo Superior de Investigaciones
Científicas (or Spanish National Research
Council, CSIC) converted 12 of its 32 journals to
OA and plans to convert the rest.
** A bill introduced in the Brazilian Parliament
would mandate public universities to mandate OA
to their research output. Brazilian OA advocates
are circulating a petition to support the bill.
** The Senate Appropriations Committee approved
an appropriations bill that would strengthen the
NIH public access policy from a request to a
requirement. We still need approval from the
full Senate, similar action from the House, and a signature from the
** The US Department of Energy launched
WorldWideScience.org (previously called
Science.World), an OA portal and federated search
engine for scientific research in 15 countries.
** Sweden launched a project to improve the
infrastructure for the nation's research output
and at the same time to increase the OA portion of that output.
** Lund University launched Journal Info, an
online tool to help scholars evaluate journals
where they might submit their work. It covers OA
and non-OA journals, and shows the journal's
publisher, ISSN, for- or non-profit status, and
how it rates on some quality and impact
metrics. For non-OA journals, it recommends some
OA alternatives and indicates the journal's
self-archiving policy, subscription price per
article, and subscription price per citation.
** In April, the American Geophysical Union
launched a hybrid OA program for most of its 19 journals.
** In January 2007, the University of Amsterdam
launched an Open Access fund to help cover
publication fees charged by fee-based OA journals.
** The University of Nottingham also set up an OA publishing fund.
* WIPO unexpectedly agreed to revise its mandate
to include "access to knowledge" (A2K)
issues. This improves the prospects for the
draft A2K Treaty (May 2005), which includes a
provision (Article 5-2) mandating OA for publicly-funded research.
* The German government is using public money to
fund scientific articles for the German Wikipedia.
* The Ethics Committee (Comité d'éthique or
COMETS) of France's Centre National de la
Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) issued an opinion
recommending the broadest possible dissemination
of research publications and data.
* The EC released minutes of the April meeting of
its High Level Expert Group on Digital
Libraries. One of the main agenda items was "how
to ensure more open access to scientific research...."
* The Australian Research Quality Framework
(RQF), despite earlier expectations and relevant
national policy, will discourage rather than
encourage OA archiving by Australian researchers.
* Norway's State Secretary for the Ministry of
Education and Research, Lisbet Rugtvedt, publicly endorsed OA.
* The Rector of the University of Oslo, Geir Ellingsrud, publicly endorsed
* Cases in Public Health Communication and
Marketing is a new peer-reviewed OA journal from
the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health
* COnTEXTES: Revue de sociologie de la
littérature is a new peer-reviewed OA journal
from Revues.org and the Department of Languages
and Romance Literature at the University of Liege.
* The Tehran University of Medical Sciences
publishes 22 journals, all of them OA. (Not new but new to me.)
* The Canadian Library Association will convert
most of its publications to OA and encourage its members to self-archive.
* Canada's Atlantic Provinces Library Association
will convert the APLA Bulletin to OA.
* The European Respiratory Society is converting
its journal, European Respiratory Review, to OA.
* Charles Ellwood Jones reported that three more
journals have converted to OA: AIGIS: Elektronisk
tidsskrift for klassiske studier i Norden;
Geochronometria; and the Middle East Technical
University Journal of the Faculty of Architecture.
* OpenDemocracy.net has converted its publications to OA.
* Five researchers asked the executive committee
of the Association for Computational Linguistics
to convert its journal, Computational Linguistics, to OA.
* ETH Zurich is digitizing and providing OA to
the backfiles of the technical journals of the
Schweizerischer Ingenieur- und Architektenverein
(SIA, Swiss Engineers and Architects Society).
* The Canadian Anthropology Society provided OA
to the back issues (2002-2005) of its journal, Anthropologica.
* Libertas Academica added five new titles to its
list of OA journals: Bioinformatics and Biology
Insights; Clinical Medicine: Arthritis; Clinical
Medicine: Cardiology; Clinical Medicine:
Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine; and Clinical
Medicine: Arthritis and Musculoskeletal
Disorders. Two have editors but all five are
still recruiting members for their editorial boards.
* The Journal of Medical Sciences Research (JMSR)
is a forthcoming OA journal now calling for
papers and recruiting members of its editorial board.
* The Canadian Games Study Association
(apparently no web site yet) is launching a new
peer-reviewed OA journal, "Loading...". It's
looking an editor, an editorial board, and referees.
* Eric Mockensturm launched a wiki, Open Source
Publishing 2.0, outlining a proposal on which he is inviting collaboration.
* The Royal Society announced new, lower
publication fees for its EXiS Open Choice (hybrid OA) journals.
* The Journal of Experimental Botany (one of the
50 Oxford hybrid journals) now waives its
publication fee for authors from institutions that pay for a subscription.
* Springer and the Dutch library consortium UKB
(Universiteitsbibliotheken en de Koninklijke
Bibliotheek) announced a joint OA
initiative. Springer's OA hybrid journals will
waive their publication fees for authors from UKB
institutions, and these OA articles may appear
immediately in the institutional repositories of UKB institutions.
* The Public Library of Science announced a price
increase for next year and annual price reviews.
* The Public Library of Science announced a new
crop of high impact factors for its OA journals.
* BioMed Central announced that its Malaria
Journal now has the highest impact factor of any
journal in the category of Tropical Medicine.
* Thomson Scientific agreed to track five more
independent OA journals published by BioMed Central for impact factors.
* INASP and the Lund University Library announced
a partnership to increase the visibility of OA
journals published by developing countries.
* In May, JSTOR's Bruce Heterick gave an
interview in which he said that JSTOR was
considering open access. But in June Heterick
clarified that he meant broadening access, not open access.
* SciTalks is a new portal for OA videos about science.
* The Wellcome Trust launched a collection of OA
images from the history of medicine.
* Although the Depot was announced in April, it officially launched in June.
* DRIVER launched a wiki for sharing information on European repositories.
* DRIVER is working with Spain's e-ciencia
project and expects that by September all the
repositories at Madrid universities will comply with the DRIVER Guidelines.
* Dean Giustini reports that, according to
unnamed sources, the Canada Institute for
Scientific and Technical Information (CISTI) and
the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
are planning to launch a Canadian version of PubMed Central.
* AgEcon Search is an OA repository for
agriculture and applied economics at the
University of Minnesota, and now it's also a SPARC Partner.
* The Census of Antique Works of Art and
Architecture Known in the Renaissance converted to OA.
* Nature launched three OA resources at
once: Nature Reports Climate Change, Nature
Reports Stem Cells, and Nature Precedings. The
last a preprint exchange for biology, medicine,
chemistry, and geoscience, using CC licenses,
DOIs, RSS feeds, and Web 2.0 features like user tags, ratings, and
* Nature launched Scintilla, an OA news
aggregator for RSS and Atom feeds. It supports
user ratings, recommendations, and interest groups.
* Nature created another OA supplement, this time
on Glycochemistry & Glycobiology.
* Citizendium is planning major changes in
governance and scope. Founder Larry Sanger
thinks they are large enough to warrant the label Citizendium 2.0.
* The Internet Archive will harvest, manage,
search, and preserve the OA content of the
E-Print Network from the US Department of
Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical
Information. The network currently embraces more
than one million full-text OA research papers.
* The US Education Resources Information Center
(ERIC) reported the first wave of OA documents
from its Microfiche Digitization Project.
* OMB Watch launched an action alert to prevent
the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from
gutting its OA database on toxic pollution in the United States.
* Starting in August, New Zealand will make
public statistics OA, reversing a long-standing to charge for access.
* Google announced a Public Sector Initiative to
improve its crawling of OA databases hosted by
federal, state, and local government agencies in the US.
Two new UK government reports support wider
access to UK public sector information but without endorsing full OA.
* The UK Department of Trade and Industry issued
the Government Response to the Office of Fair
Trading Study on removing access barriers to
public sector information. On OA to research
literature, the government response
inconsistently supports both the RCUK policy (an
OA mandate) and cost-recovery access fees.
* A new JISC report by Liz Lyon recommends OA for
research data. It also summarizes the public
statements supporting OA policies and the data
access policies for major research funders, data
centers, and repositories in the UK.
* JISC released the final report on project
SPECTRa project (Submission, Preservation and
Exposure of Chemistry Teaching and Research
Data), which ended its work in March.
* EDINA announced the DataShare project to
enhance institutional repositories for handling OA datasets.
* DataLibre is a new "group blog, inspired by
CivicAccess.ca, which believes all levels of
Canadian governments should make civic
information and data accessible at no cost in open formats to their
* Akamai opened up its real-time web monitor,
formerly restricted to paying customers. The
monitor shows real-time traffic volume, latency
times, and attack frequencies around the world.
* Two projects began offering OA to carbon
emissions data gleaned from their online carbon
footprint calculators: (1) Zerofootprint, in
collaboration with BusinessObjects, and (2) the
UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).
* The Open Knowledge Foundation released its Guide to Open Data Licensing.
* The Open Knowledge Foundation launched its Open Textbook Project.
* A new book digitization project from Kirtas
Technologies, maker of a book-scanning machine,
and BookSurge, a subsidiary of Amazon
specializing in print-on-demand (POD), will
digitize rare public-domain books and sell POD
versions through Amazon. The libraries at Emory
University and the University of Maine are two of
the first to open their rare book collections to
the project and both say that they will provide
OA to their copies of the resulting ebooks.
* All 12 universities in the Committee on
Institutional Cooperation (CIC) joined the Google Library project.
* McGraw-Hill added a Google Book Search box to
its web site even though it's still suing Google
to halt the Google Library Project.
* Richard Charkin, CEO of Macmillan, took two
laptop computers from the Google booth at
BookExpo America because the owners "had not
specifically told us not to steal" them. He
returned the machines and proudly confessed on
his blog, arguing that the laptop theft was
analogous to the Google Library Project.
* Tim O'Reilly published a detailed case study of
how the OA edition of an O'Reilly title affected
the sales of the print edition.
* Project Gutenberg Canada officially launched yesterday (Canada Day).
* The German UNESCO Commission (Deutschen
UNESCO-Kommission or DUK) published an OA
handbook, Open Access: Chancen und
Herausforderungen - ein Handbuch, with separate sections by 38 authors.
* Polimetrica's 2006 book, Open Access, Open
Problems (edited by Giandomenico Sica) was OA
from birth, and in June the publisher self-archived it in E-LIS.
* Washington's Center for Hellenic Studies is
making an ultra-high-res digital and OA copy of
the world's oldest edition of Homer's Iliad.
* Starting yesterday (July 1, 2007), all
scientific publications of the Hamburg University
Press will be OA. The press will also sell
print-on-demand editions from its own web site
and through traditional booksellers.
* Austria's International Institute for Applied
Systems Analysis signed the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge.
* The University of Minnesota Libraries created a
page of Q & A on Author's Rights. Six of the
questions cover the CIC Author Addendum, which UMN adopted on May 3.
* A new DINI report says (without detail) that
the University of Oldenburg has committed itself to OA.
* Canada's University of Victoria streamlined its
process for the electronic submission for
electronic theses and dissertations. (In most
cases, when theses and dissertations are
submitted electronically, they become OA.)
* Roger Schonfeld presented, and then posted,
some of the results of an Ithaka study of author attitudes toward OA
* Susanna Powers reported the results of her
online survey of how and whether libraries catalog OA journals.
* The Research Information Network (RIN)
announced a new study of the data access
practices in different fields. The study will be
funded by JISC and the Natural Environment
Research Council, and performed by Key Perspectives.
* The Primary Research Group is planning a survey
of institutional "depositories" and posted a call
for help in framing the questions.
* The UKSG released its final report on the
feasibility of developing a Usage Factor for
journals and journal articles. (I've argued that
usage measurements will systematically undercount
the usage of OA articles, a problem the UKSG
acknowledges but says is "not...insurmountable".)
* SPARC named Ted and Carl Bergstrom the SPARC Innovators for 2007.
* SPARC announced the SPARC Discovery Awards, a
video contest for videos on information
sharing. Winners will receive a cash award and a
Sparky, and have their videos screened at the
American Library Association Midwinter Conference.
* Reportlinker, the search engine specializing on
OA market research, won a Best Hope 2007 award from France's IE Club.
* PMC now hosts more than 1,000,000 free online full-text research articles.
* SHERPA's RoMEO database now contains more than
300 publisher policies on self-archiving,
doubling the number of entries since last year.
* BMC Bioinformatics received 105 manuscript
submissions in May 2007, the first time the
submissions tally for any BMC journal reached triple digits in a single
* Submissions to Hindawi OA journals topped 500
in May 2007, up 70% from May 2006.
* Elsevier and FAST announced a joint project to
offer free online "topic pages" on scientific topics.
* Two UK universities, a UK hospital, and an
anonymous US donor have launched an OA research
project to restore sight to those blinded by Age-Related Macular
* The Abbey Library of St. Gallen --the oldest
library in Switzerland-- created a free online
digital library, Codices Electronici
Sangallenses, containing high-res digital copies
of 144 manuscripts (57,500+ pages). It plans to
add many more from its collection dating back to the 8th century.
* ProQuest will complete the migration of its
dissertation database to its new platform on July
22, 2007. The new platform includes an option
for OA theses and dissertations called PQDT Open.
* Public Resource has set up web interface to
help citizens buy public domain documents sold by
US federal government agencies. It asks buyers
to donate a copy to Public Resource, which will
then provide OA to it from its own web site.
* Sara Kuhn launched a new blog, OATES : Open
Access To Eye and Skin, on ophthalmology and dermatology.
* In the Technobabble list of the Top 50 analyst
bloggers, the top three positions went to James
Governor, Stephen O'Grady, and Michael Coté, all
of them open-source analysts at RedMonk. All RedMonk research is OA.
* OA champion Sharon Terry was named to the Google Health Advisory Council.
* Ismael Peña López translated the Bethesda
Statement on Open Access Publishing into Catalan and Spanish.
* Creative Commons retired its DevNations license
because it conflicted with the principles of open
access. The license provided free online access only for developing
* The People's Open Access Education Initiative
is a new OA project to improve healthcare and
health education in developing countries.
* The Indian Consortium for Educational
Transformation launched a national open education
project called Virtual Schools and Learning Home.
* The SURF Foundation annual report summarizes
(among other things) the foundations OA-related
activities from 2006, including the DARE program,
the Promise of Science site, and the HBO Knowledge Bank.
* The Open Knowledge Foundation (OKF) annual
report summarizes the many OKF projects from the
past year, including the Open Knowledge
Definition, Comprehensive Knowledge Archive
Network (CKAN), KForge, Open Shakespeare, Open
Economics, and campaigns on INSPIRE, OfCom, and WIPO.
* At the iCommons summit in Dubrovnik, Lawrence
Lessig announced that he is shifting his
scholarship and activism from copyright and
OA-related issues to the corruption of the
political process. One of his reasons (as he
elaborated in a blog post) is that "we will not
solve the IP related issues until these
'corruption' related issues are resolved."
In the round-up section of the June SOAN, I
mistakenly said that Michael Geist's inquiry
under Canada's Access to Information Act
discovered a lack of interest in OA at the
National Health and Medical Research Council
(NHMRC). I should have said that he discovered a
lack of interest in OA at the National Sciences
and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC).
The NHMRC is an Australian agency which
encourages OA archiving for the research it funds.
My erroneous newsletter sentence was summarizing
my accurate blog post of May 28, 2007. (So what
was I thinking?) My apologies to the
NHMRC. Thanks to Jim Till for his sharp eye.
Coming this month
Here are some important OA-related events coming up in July.
* July 4, 2007. Start of Second Annual World
eBook Fair, which will highlight over 680,000 OA books.
* July 31, 2007. The OpenLOCKSS project ends its
work of recruiting OA journals in the UK to be preserved in the LOCKSS
* Notable conferences this month
Caribbean Digital Libraries Workshop (sponsored
by UNESCO and NALIS) (OA is among the topics)
Port of Spain, Trinidad, July 10-13, 2007
Transitioning to Open Access: Action and Advocacy
(sponsored by CARL, SPARC, and the CLA's Task
Force on Open Access; this is a pre-conference to the PKP meeting, below)
Vancouver, July 11, 2007
Legal Framework for eResearch Conference 2007 (OA is among the topics)
Queensland, July 11-12, 2007
First International PKP Scholarly Publishing
Conference (OA is among the topics)
Vancouver, July 11-13, 2007
--Transitioning to Open Access: Action and
Advocacy, a pre-conference, July 11, 9:00 - 12:00
(sponsored by SPARC, CARL, and the Canadian
Library Association's Task Force on Open Access)
The Fifth Pan-Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning
London, July 13-17, 2007
Improving Access to Australian Publicly Funded
Research - Advancing Knowledge and the Knowledge
Economy (sponsored by Australia's National Scholarly Communications Forum)
Canberra, July 16, 2007
Institutional repositories: a workshop on
creating an information infrastructure for the
scholarly community (sponsored by eIFL)
Johannesburg, July 16-19, 2007
* Other OA-related conferences
* I've added 16 new conferences to my conference
page since the last issue. In the next few days
I'll delete the second asterisk marking them and
the new entries will blend into the rest of the collection.
This is the SPARC Open Access Newsletter (ISSN
1546-7821), written by Peter Suber and published
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