Names of countries, peoples and languages
- Names of countries are written with a capital letter and are close to
how they sound in the official language of the country:
In case the country has two names or two official languages, it may
have also an alternative name, especially if those names are not
similar to each other:
Suomi / Finlanda Finland
Bharat / India India.
But: Belgie Belgium (based on Dutch, the country's name in the two
other official languages, German and French, sounds similar).
As with other LdP nouns, if country's name ends in two consonants, 'a'
is added for euphony:
Composite names are translated into LdP:
Uniti-ney Statas de Amerika (USA) The United States of America.
A compound word from country's name and 'jen' (man) denotes an
inhabitant/subject of the country (written with a hyphen):
Suomi-jen a Finland's inhabitant
Rusia-jen a Russia's inhabitant
Jungwo-jen a China's inhabitant
USA-jen a person living in the USA.
These compound words should not be mixed with words for etnicity (a
Russian, a Finn).
For etnicity and the corresponding language a special word is used. It
is close to how people refer to themselves. It plays the role of noun
as well as adjective. "jen" and "lingwa" may be used for precision.
ruski Russian; a Russian; the Russian language
me es ruski (jen) I am Russian
me shwo ruski (lingwa) I speak Russian
ruski fabula a Russian fairy tale
inglish English; an English; the English language
me bu shwo inglish I don't speak English
doiche German; a German; the German language
doiche exaktitaa the German punctuality
amerikan American (expressing the culture and national values of the
USA); an American
famose amerikan poeta a famous American poet
ta es amerikan, ta shwo inglish he/she is American, he/she speaks
espaniol Spanish; a Spanish; the Spanish language
portuges Portuguese; a Portuguese; the Portuguese language
me shwo espaniol, yoshi me samaji portuges I speak Spanish, also I
han Chinese (ethnical); a Chinese; the Chinese language
Ta es han (jen), ta shwo han (lingwa). He/she is a Chinese, he/she
Me es Jungwo-jen, bat me bu es han (jen). I live in China but I am
not a Chinese.
hindi Hindu; a Hindu; Hindi
suomen Finnish; a Finn; the Finnish language
ukrainska Ukrainian; a Ukrainian; the Ukrainian language
Ela es ukrainska jen, ela shwo ukrainska. She is a Ukrainian, she
ukrainska-ruski lexikon a Ukrainian-Russian dictionary
nihon Japanese; a Japanese; the Japanese language
romale Gipsy; a Gipsy; the Gipsy language
jamile romale songa a beautiful Gipsy song.