Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.


Expand Messages
  • herman silochan
    No, no, Smokey, I certainly wasn t ticked off; I am sure all us in our school days -elementary and secondary - with different teachers were given rather broad
    Message 1 of 7 , May 17, 2012
      No, no, Smokey, I certainly wasn't ticked off; I am sure all us in our school days -elementary and secondary - with different teachers were given rather broad perspectives on aspects of slavery. One of the first questions that should be asked, which group was the first to be enslaved? History tells us that the natives [broadly called Amerindians] encountered by Columbus and his immediate successors were put to work against their wishes, especially to find gold; and there were revolts. Ultimately they were decimated in the islands, but mainly because of European diseases from which they had no immunity. 
      It is known that on Columbus' first voyage in 1492, an important navigator with his three caravels was an African named, Pedro Alonso Nino. What was his legal status? Will we ever find out his original African name?
      Go back a bit. The Portuguese from the 14th century onwards in their push down the coast of West Africa, and eventually into the Indian ocean might have been a great European naval accomplishment. It is recorded that many of their guides were sea fearing Africans who knew their parts of the coast. Anyway, the economic "byproduct" from ancillary trading included the buying of slaves [the is a really vast subject for this letter] however with the Spaniards now involved, purchased slaves too.
      The government of Portugal put on an exhibition here in Toronto about ten years ago, called "The Age of Exploration". The matter of slavery was tackled squarely, and in one of the panels, it said that by the mid 16th century, ten percent of the population of Lisbon was African. How many were slaves and how many were "free men"  we do not know. What percentage came across the Atlantic and in what state - slaves or "free men"- we do not know. These Africans would have gone on to that vast Portuguese possession called Brazil. So, say the mid 16th century to the mid 19th century is 300 years. But you are also right in saying 400 years, because of records of Africans imported to the "new world" one hundred years earlier.
      Well, we can meet and discuss further this whenever you wish.

      From: SMOKEY BURKE <smokeyburke2003@...>
      To: "limers@yahoogroups.com" <limers@yahoogroups.com>
      Sent: Thursday, May 17, 2012 1:20:18 PM
      Subject: Re: [Limers] ERROR IN MY ARTICLE

      Herman, I hope that my query didn't tick you off as it wasn't meant to! I was merely querying the 300 year period that comes up often and the fact that it should be closer to 400 by now. No offence meant and I sincerely hope none was taken.
      Now in the B'dos National Anthem (lyrics by Irving Burgie), in the second verse it says "The Lord has been the people's guide for past 300 years...." I have been asking since I was a teenager, what is going to happen when it's 400 years and 500 years  and so on!!

      From: Lennox Borel <lennoxborel@...>
      To: limers@yahoogroups.com
      Sent: Thursday, May 17, 2012 1:13 PM
      Subject: Re: [Limers] ERROR IN MY ARTICLE

      Thanks for the article, Herman.
      ----- Original Message -----
      Sent: Thursday, May 17, 2012 10:38 AM
      Subject: [Limers] ERROR IN MY ARTICLE

      Thursday17th May 2012 10:25 am
      Hi Clevil, Oscar, Lennox, Caldwell et al.
      My article on the Calypso Celebration at Barney's Joint is attached, but there is a freaking mistake in the published version, and do forgive me. I put the event to be on Saturday, and not Sunday; if there is any redeeming factor, is that I included two telephone numbers for people to call........ I consulted Caldwell on the input, [sorry Lennox, I didn't have your number to chat you up, but there is always a next time]....so the column itself reads pretty good......I think so anyway.....in the newspaper publication, the Calypso College logo is included.....

    Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.