The suffix -eg/-ig
- Just my two cents:
I wrote Helge once on when he was going to revise his online
wordlist; he replied to me that he hasn't found the time to update
it. Make your own judgement (I won't).
[Clearly, I'm simply publishing new material too quickly for Helge
to keep up. ;) Carl]
Now on the suffix -eg/-ig (see _VT_ 42, p. 30 n.42):
While it was mentioned in the editorial note that _-eg/-ig_ is a
singular/diminutive suffix (as in _lotheg, nogotheg, lhewig,
gwanunig_), there is also a variant form -og as in _glamog_, one of
the Glamhoth, a kenning-word for Orc. I would surmise that the suffix
_-eg/-ig_ was descended from primitive _*iki/*ikê_, thus we have the
Q. suffix _inkë_ (with nasal infixion) as seen in _herinkë_ "*little
lady_ and Atarinkë "Little Father", the amilessë of Fëanor's son
Curufin. The S. variant -og can be surmised as being descended from
_*-uk-_ (with negative connotations) in the same way as Q. _-uñqua_
is to _-iñqua_.
- I don't know if articles on Nevbosh are accepted on this list, but here is one.
A quote from the Nevbosh entry in Ardalmbion
"Another such "primitive and arbitrary sound-law" was to replace final -ow of
native words with -oc: "how" > hoc, "row" > gyróc (but where did the gy come
and another one:
"gyróc "row" (noise) (Distortion of English word + an unanalyzable prefixed
element gy-.) [Daniel Dawson comments: "The gy- in gyróc is probably related to
the Germanic Ge-, which I know in at least Ger. and Anglo-Saxon (AS) tend(ed)
to make a noun collective, or something along those lines. This is made
plausible by the fact that one Ger. word for 'noise' is (das) Geräusch or, in a
technical sense, (das) Rauschen, which are similar to gyróc. Additionally, my
dictionary suggests that E. 'row' (in the sense of noise -- quite British,
also) might be a back-formation from rouse, which is extremely similar to
and a third:
"woc "cow". (English word reversed; cf. also Latin vacca, French vache; the
kids were well aware of this double "etymology")"
and a final, vital piece of evidence:
"roc "ask". Past tense *roct "asked"? (Latin rogo)"
My two observations:
A - since he started reversing _cow_ to _woc_, the not yet Professor made a
sound law: Engl. _ow_ > Nevbosh _oc_. This is the first cause of _woc_ as well
as of _(gy)roc_. That _woc_ has a phonetical relation to _vache_ as _gyróc_ to
_Geraeusch_ is subsidiary.
B - since _roc_ means _ask_, _row_ could not _just_ become _roc_ but one had to
add something - like something related to Ge/OE _ge_, ME _y_ MnE _a_. THey
settled for _gy_, an obvious compromise between _ge_ and _y_, if JRRT was
already familiar with OE.
I think the question is solved.
Hans Georg Lundahl
Gratis e-mail resten av livet på: www.yahoo.se/mail
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