Eru 'the One' ... 'He that is Alone' ?
- I wondered whether the gloss "Eru : the One, He that is Alone" given
by Christopher Tolkien into the index of the _Silmarillion (1977)_
came from his own deduction or a JRR Tolkien's document. Indeed,
whereas 'the One' is often found elsewhere (cf. the very
gloss "Eru 'the One'" in XI/402), I didn't find any occurence of 'He
that is Alone' in HOME. Neither remember I having seen it in any VT.
One might relate the name of Eru to the root ER(E) in V/356 & L/384;
but this is not said openly in _Quendi & Eldar_ or elsewhere (or did
I miss something?), so is the index of the _Silmarillion_ right? I
mean: the root ER(E) clearly implies an idea of "loneliness" which
then would be assigned to Eru by saying 'He that is Alone'; knowing
whether this idea is well-founded bears on what sense can be
really infered from Eru's name.
[I haven't had much time to search, but I haven't found a source for
the particular gloss 'He that is Alone'. It may have been deduced by
Christopher, or perhaps taken from one of the various scattered notes
on nomenclature in Tolkien's papers. I don't recall seeing such a gloss,
but that doesn't mean it doesn't exist. CFH]
- On 16.02.2004, at 14:34, Jérôme Sainton wrote:
> One might relate the name of Eru to the root ER(E) in V/356 & L/384;It doesn't have to imply 'loneliness', I think. In fact, given the
> but this is not said openly in _Quendi & Eldar_ or elsewhere (or did
> I miss something?), so is the index of the _Silmarillion_ right? I
> mean: the root ER(E) clearly implies an idea of "loneliness"
account of the 'Music of the Ainur' I doubt that interpretation.
'Alone' may never have been intended by J.R.R. Tolkien. Still, it may
mean 'alone of his kind, unique, peerless'. Note that Modern English
_alone_ goes back to OE _all -âna_ "all (as) one". If J.R.R. Tolkien
actually used that word, I might well imagine it was with this
etymological background in mind. Also, One and Alone (the latter in the
sense outlined above), I think, very well conveys the idea of the
Hebrew _ehad_ 'one, only, unique'.