Re: [Lambengolmor] Q. _Tarantar_ 'Trotter'
- "Patrick H. Wynne" wrote:
> In the typescript text "C" of the Epilogue to _The Lord of the[snip; Patrick goes on trying to find out the origin of the word,
> Rings_, "the letter of the King ... begins _Aragorn Tarantar_ (at
> which Sam explains 'that's Trotter') _Arathornsson_ &c." (IX:121).
> _Tarantar_ was subsequently altered on the typescript to the
> now-familiar _Telcontar_, and Sam's gloss changed to 'that's
> Q. _Tarantar_ 'Trotter' points to an unattested root *TARAT-. QL gives**It may be just a coincidence, but the name _Tarantar_ is similar
> TARA (2) 'batter, thud, beat' (PE12:89), and assuming that this root
> survived into the 1950s, it might have yielded an extended form
> *TARAT-, perhaps 'to beat the ground rapidly with the feet'.
to its descendant _Telcontar_. I know there were various discussions
on the origin of the latter, but I do not remember all suggestions and
My opinion is that _Telcontar_ is to be segmented to _telco_ "leg"
(see Etym s.v. TELEK), _nta_ verbal formant, _r_ agentive suffix.
While both _telco_ and _r_ are well-known, the _nta_ element does
not seem to occur much in the corpus -- we see another verbal formant
_ta_ instead. Yet it cannot be said it is not found, because the form
_nta_ is apparently a variant of _ta_ -- or was at least in QL. This
can be nicely demonstrated on _paimeta-_ and _paimenta-_ "exact or
inflict a penalty, punish", derived from _paime_ "the vengeance taken,
the punishment, the penalty. -- an infliction" (p. 72).
[Another possible example of _nta_ as a verbal formant
was pointed out in Carl F. Hostetter's analysis of _Telcontar_ in
VT31:33: _alkantam�ren_ '[they] made it shine' (MC:216) < AKLA-
'shine' (V:362 s.v. KAL-). Cf. also the noun _alka_ 'ray of light'
(V:348). -- PHW]
Likewise, we could devide _Tarantar_ to _tar(a)_ ?, _nta_ verbal
formant, _r_ agentive suffix. However, we do not know the origin of
_tar(a)_. Patrick mentions the base TARA (2) from QL, but I think a
more likely QL base is TARA (1). The meaning of this base is not
given, but the verb _tara-_ given under the entry means "cross, go
athwart, cross rivers, etc.". Although it is not exactly the same,
the meaning is close to "to trot".
Let me note that the base THAR "across, beyond" from Etym is probably
a reflex of TARA (1) from QL. This does not, however, mean that TARA
itself is obsolete and was replaced by THAR. Cf. bases TIN and THIN
in Etym: they are suggested to be related.
Yet, this base does not have to be necessarily the origin or _tar(a)_,
Tolkien might have created another base. Just an idea.
- I have received an e-mail from Milan Rezac, who pointed out that
there is an explicit statement by Tolkien on the topic of nasal
infixion and agentives to be found in "Quendi and Eldar" (XI:317):
"An old derivative of _*aba-_ as a quasi-verbal stem was _*abaro_ >
CE _*abar_. This was an old agental formation, as seen also in
_Teler_, pl. _Teleri_, made with the suffix _-ro_, added to
_ómataina_. (Other forms of this suffix were _-rô_ added to
stem, with or without _n_-infixion; and _-rdo_ > _rd_.)"
I completely overlooked this statement when preparing my comments on
_Tarantar_, and my thanks to Milan for pointing it out. The fact that
agentive suffix _-rô_ was "added to stem, with or without
_n_-infixion" would seem to support the possibility of a stem *TARAT-
'to trot' > agentive _*tarantarô_ or _*tarantrô_ (cf.
_*kwentro_) > _Tarantar_ 'Trotter' (perhaps itself a shortening of
earlier _*Tarantaro_, with the final _-o_ dropped on analogy with
agentives such as _Avar_ 'recusant, one who refuses to act as advised
or commanded' (XI:371), _Teler_, _Envinyatar_ 'Renewer', etc.
-- Patrick H. Wynne