Quenya suffix _-nde_
- In VT44:8 a suffix _-nde_ that forms nouns from verbs or verbal stems is
mentioned. _arcande_ 'petition' < _arca-_ 'pray' (VT44:8), _ulunde_ 'flood'
< ULU- 'pour, flow' (V:396) and _qiqirinde_ 'murmuring' < _qiri-_ 'murmur'
(PE12:78 s.v. QISI & QIRI) are given as examples.
Looking through the publised corpus that I have for nouns formed with
_-nde_, I found these:
_arcande_ 'petition' < _arca_ 'pray' (VT44:8)
_merende_ 'feast, festival' < MBER- (V:372)
_Therinde_ 'Needlewoman' (XII:333) < ? *_theri-_
_tingilinde_ 'a twinkling star' < TIN, GIL (V:393)
_ulunde_ 'flood' < ULU- 'pour, flow' (V:396)
I am not sure if all of these are formed with this suffix, but I hope I
didn't leave out anything major that I have access to.
What is the origin and purpose of this ending? How does it differ in usage
from other noun forming suffices? Can anything be found out from these
or other examples?
Petri Tikka Helsinki, Finland
- Petri Tikka listed a number of nouns in _-nde_; see:
Would _loende_ also fit in?
- On Monday, October 7, 2002, at 01:00 AM, Lukas Novak wrote:
> Petri Tikka listed a number of nouns in _-nde_; see:I think that is rather _loa_ + _ende_ "middle of the (solar) year".
> Would _loende_ also fit in?
Cf. LR:(part 3)486 "The first day [of the year "_loa_"] was called
_yestare_, the middle day (183rd) _loende_, and the last day _mettare_".
Two _enderi_ "middle days" were substituted at regular intervals. I
think that makes it clear that we have words containing _ende_ "middle"
[Petri's list of nouns in _-nde_ also includes _Therinde_ 'Needlewoman'
(XII:333), in which _-inde_ is perhaps more likely a feminine counter-
part of the masculine agentive _-indo_, as in _Cormacolindor_ 'Ring-
bearers' (LR:932). If this is the case, then _*ther-_ would be a verbal
stem, probably meaning 'sew, embroider'. This in turn could be related
to the root TER- (extended form TERES-) 'pierce', whence Q. _tere_,
_ter_ 'through', so that THER- literally = *'pierce through with a needle'.
The _Etymologies_ gives an example of related roots in T- and TH-:
THIN- (whence Q. _sinde_ 'grey') and TIN- 'sparkle, emit slender (silver,
pale) beams', the latter said to be a "variant of (?) and in any case af-
fected by THIN". -- Patrick Wynne]