Re: Q verbal intensive prefix a-
- --- In lambengolmor@y..., "Hans" <gentlebeldin@h...> wrote:
> There are traces of a-infixion in Etymologies and other sources:The excerpt from Appendix D to "Quendi and Eldar" published
> root MIL-IK with the derivation _maile_ "lust" (V:415), containing
> also the (later obviously abandoned) derivation of _Melko_
> frorm _*Mailikô_, and the etymology of _maeg_ via the 'strong
> adjective' _*maikâ_ "sharp, penetrating" from the root _mik_
> "pierce" (IX:337). In both cases, an intensification was intended,
> as the 'strong' in the latter example indicates explicitly. Maybe
> those are the stem variations Boris had in mind.
in VT 39 discusses just this process of a-infixion, which it also
calls "vocalic strengthening" (p.11 Note 7), whereby _u_ > _au_
and _i_ > _ai_. Particularly relevant to Hans's comments is the
following passage (p. 10):
"The examples of _ai_, _au_ of this origin are not very numerous.
They were mostly "intensive", as in _rauko_ "very terrible creature"
(*RUK); _taura_ "very mighty, vast, of unmeasured might or size"
(*TUR). Some were "continuative", as in _Vaire_ "Ever-weaving"
Boris's search for an intensive verbal _prefix_ puts me in mind
of _an-_ in _ancalima_ 'exceedingly bright', which Tolkien
says consisted of _an-_ "superlative or intensive prefix" +
_kalima_ 'shining brilliant' (L:278-79), though _ancalima_ is,
of course, an adjective rather than a verb.
-- Patrick Wynne
- --- In lambengolmor@y..., "pa2rick" <pwynne@g...> wrote:
> The excerpt from Appendix D to "Quendi and Eldar" publishedAh, good that VT39 is among the five back issues I ordered last
> in VT 39 discusses just this process of a-infixion, which it also
> calls "vocalic strengthening" (p.11 Note 7)
I remembered one more instance of _au_ from a-infixion: _saura_
(foul, evil-smelling, putrid) from THUS-, V:439.
And I found a more direct hint at an a-prefix: _atalante_ is derived
from TALÁT. It could be an augment, but the general idea wasn't fully
formed yet at that time, I think. Indeed, the entry in Etymologies
says specifically "Atalante (a-prefix==complete)".
Again, this doesn't seem to be limited to verbs, and "complete"
doesn't contradict the interpretation "exceedingly" of _an-_.
Maybe that's closer to what Boris was looking for.
- In Sindarin, there is _ aníra ‘(he) desires’ (IX:128–29), perhaps more
literally _a-níra_ *'(he) greatly desires' (cf. _níra_ n. ‘will, as a
potential or faculty’, VT39:30; though it is possible that it is
instead _an-íra_, with the same literal meaning; cf. the base ID- ‘heart,
desire, wish’, V:361).