PE17 erratum?: _Domhabar_
- Dear colleagues,
First, I want to congratulate and thank Christopher Gilson for his
enormous task editing "Words, Phrases and Passages" in _Parma_ 17. It
has been a surprise to learn that Tolkien had written so many detailed
explanations of nearly every item in his invented languages occurring in
_The Lord of the Rings_, and it is a pleasure to have all those notes
gathered in one book. It is really a gift not only for _lambengolmor_,
but also for those readers who just find the names, phrases and poems in
LR appealing and intriguing, and are willing to know something more
This being said, I must confess that it will take a lot of time for me
to read and digest it through, but in a quick overview, I think to have
found an erratum on p. 35, where D[warvish] _Khazad-dûm_ is matched to
Older S[indarin] _Domhabar_. I would expect _Dornhabar_ instead, from S.
_Dorn_, pl. _Dyrn_ 'dwarf' (PE17:181, s.v. POL, also cp. _Dornhoth_ 'The
Thrawn Folk' in XI:388), just like in XI:209 we read _Nornhabar_
connected to _Norn-folk_, _Nornwaith_ and (pl.) _Nyrn_.
[I've had a look at my (second-generation) photocopy, and to my eyes it is certainly possible for me to read the form as _Dornhabar_. Furthermore, this happens to be a case where Tolkien has written a form in nib pen over an earlier form in ballpoint, and I can see that this earlier form began with capital "N", and so probably read _Nornhabar_ as at XI:209, further supporting the reading _Dornhabar_. However, I would ask Christopher Gilson to have another look at this on his first-generation photocopy for confirmation. CFH]
- There is nothing significant that I can add here. Helios is certainly correct that the reading at PE 17, p. 35 should be _Dornhabar_. And what is visible of the letter in ball-point obscured by the "D" is shaped like an "N" so the occurrence of _Nornhabar_ = _Dwarrowdelf_ in _War of the Jewels_ makes it beyond doubt that an original _Nornhabar_ was emended to _Dornhabar_; and this is the reason for Tolkien rewriting the form, as Carl observes.
It is interesting to note the possibility that the second element of this name, also seen in _Anghabar_ 'Iron-delvings' (Silm. 138, 316), is related to Q _sap-_ 'dig' in the "Qenya Word-lists" (PE 16, 145). Is this an unusual case of a root persisting in Tolkien's conception without being listed in "The Etymologies"?
-- Christopher Gilson