Re: Etymology of _Asfaloth_
- --- In firstname.lastname@example.org, BertrandBellet75@... wrote:
> Now, let us explain _As-faloth_ . I just found in TI:120 (this is inAnother example of -ST + F- > -SF- in a Noldorin compound is cited
> fact what made me write this message) the name _Osforod_ translated
> 'the Northburg'? - a predecessor to LR's _Fornost Erain_, visibly. This
> is transparently made of the well-known elements _ost_ 'city,
> fortress'+ _forod_ 'north'? and reveals that in compounds -_st_ +
> _f_- > -_sf_-.
in the Etymologies s.v. IS-, where Tolkien notes that _Isfin_ (the early
name of Turgon's sister) = _Istfin_. The first element is N. _ist_ 'lore,
knowledge', cited in the same entry, and the second element is explicitly
said to be _phinya_ 'skilled' or _-fine_ (_-phini_) 'skill' s.v. PHIN-
'nimbleness, skill'. So N. _Is(t)fin_ at this time meant *'Lore-skill' --
cp. the gloss of Goldogrin _Isfin_ in NFG as 'snow-locks' or 'exceeding-
cunning' (II:244) -- the "Official Name List" to _The Fall of Gondolin_
gives the etymological form of Gn. _Isfin_ as _Isifinde-_ (PE13:103).
A computer search of the texts of the Etymologies (and their Addenda &
Corrigenda) yields no further examples of -SF- in compounds.
-- Patrick H. Wynne