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820Forgotten Words of Elvish: _Axantur_

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  • Patrick H. Wynne
    Sep 16, 2005
      In Lambengolmor post #799 I mentioned the "forgotten words" of
      Elvish, attested forms that are generally "excluded from the
      idiosyncratic canons of the neo-Elvish practitioners". Not all of
      these words are early forms; personal names and place names
      from Tolkien's later writings are also prone to being overlooked
      or ignored. For example, Helge K. Fauskanger's Quenya-English
      wordlist excludes many of the unique personal names found
      on the chart of "The earlier generations of the Line of Elros" that
      accompanies "Aldarion and Erendis" (UT:210) -- despite the fact
      that many these names are readily translatable (e.g. _Manwendil_,
      _Aulendil_, _Oromendil_) and present unique linguistic information
      (e.g. the name _Vardilmë_ (Tar-Amandil's sister) evidently provides
      the feminine form of the common masculine ending _-(n)dil)_,
      and means *'Devoted to Varda').

      One name on this chart that particularly caught my eye was _Axantur_.
      This name (not in Fauskanger's list and never discussed on Elfling)
      apparently consists of Q. _axan_ 'law, rule, commandment' (XI:399)
      + _tur_ 'lord, master' (cf. _Falastur_ 'Lord of the Coasts', LR:1020,
      and _Turambar_ 'Master of Doom', S:217). Since _axani_ were not
      simply human laws or rules but rather "laws, rules, as primarily
      proceeding from Eru" (VT39:30) -- the Ten Commandments might
      thus properly be termed _axani_ -- _Axantur_, lit. *'Law-lord', was
      probably intended as *'Lord who acts in accordance with the
      laws/commandments of Eru'.

      There is much food for thought to be found in the other names on
      this chart. It's a shame that there has been so little interest in
      analysing them.

      -- Patrick H. Wynne
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