559Addition to "The Past-Tense Verb in the Noldorin of the Etymologies"
- Dec 22, 2003I have made a small addition to my article on "The Past-Tense Verb in
the Noldorin of the Etymologies" in _Tengwesti�_
near the end among my "resultant observations":
"It can also be seen that, with the sole (and somewhat dubious)
exception of _n�dh_, there is a strict division in the Strong I and
Strong II formations according to the phonetic class of the final basic
consonant: all verbs arising from bases ending in a liquid (here, -L
and -R occur) form their strong pa.t. by root vowel strengthening or
A-infixion (Strong I), while with one possible execption all verbs
arising from bases ending in a stop or a nasal (here, -P, -T, -K, -D,
and -M occur) form their strong pa.t. by nasal infixion (Strong II).
This suggests, inter alia, that the strong pa.t. of verbs like _garo_
(< GAR-) and _melo_ (< MEL-), if in fact they ever had strong forms,
would be Strong I: i.e., *_gor_ < *_g�?r-�_ and *_m�l_ < *_m�l-�_. Note
further in this connection that nowhere do verbs arising from bases
ending in a liquid form a pa.t. by simple suffixion of _-n_ (i.e., as
though employing the weak pa.t. tense ending *_-n�_ evidenced in such
weak pa.t. Quenya verbs as _ortane_ 'uplifted', LR:368). Hence we see
no evidence whatsoever for pa.t. formations like *_garn_, *_tirn_, or
=========================================================================================Carl F. Hostetter Aelfwine@... http://www.elvish.org
ho bios brachys, he de techne makre.
Ars longa, vita brevis.
The lyf so short, the craft so long to lerne.
"I wish life was not so short," he thought. "Languages take such
a time, and so do all the things one wants to know about."