246Re: Q verbal intensive prefix a-
- Sep 16, 2002--- In lambengolmor@y..., Boris Shapiro <elenhil@p...> wrote:
> Do you have any ideas for a Quenya verbal intensive prefix? ThereThere are traces of a-infixion in Etymologies and other sources: root
> used to be _a-_ in QL, but I do not remember whether it occurs in
> later sources. Perhaps it could be reasonable enough even in later
> stages, because of the possible connection with the PE intensive
> stem variations. Any ideas?
MIL-IK with the derivation _maile_ "lust" (V:415), containing also the
(later obviously abandoned) derivation of _Melko_ frorm _*Mailikô_,
and the etymology of _maeg_ via the 'strong adjective' _*maikâ_
"sharp, penetrating" from the root _mik_ "pierce" (IX:337).
In both cases, an intensification was intended, as the 'strong' in the
latter example indicates explicitly. Maybe those are the stem
variations Boris had in mind.
There's at least one example pointing at _a_ as a verbal prefix: under
root SUK- in Etymologies, we find the Sindarin verb _sogo_ "drink",
and a past tense form _asogant_ is given (V:434).
However, it seems that JRRT in Etymologies was inclined towards the
augment, i.e. the reduplication of the stem vowel, already: the entry
I- says "intensive prefix where i is base vowel" (V:401).
In later sources, examples abound. Of course, this gives the same
result when the _sundóma_ is _a_, and that's frequent.
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