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Venezuela: video-Jan.23rd, 1958- The " Punto Fijo” Democracy

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  • Cort Greene
    [image: BarriotvBarriotv] * [image: Hands Off Venezuela]Hands Off Venezuela @ HOVcampaign
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 22, 2013
      [image: BarriotvBarriotv] <https://twitter.com/Barrio_TV>*
      [image: Hands Off Venezuela]Hands Off Venezuela @

      Venezuela preparing huge #
      vamospal23<https://twitter.com/search?q=%23vamospal23&src=hash> march
      to defend against opposition destabilisation revolution plans

      *BarriotvBarriotv *@ *Barrio_TV* <https://twitter.com/Barrio_TV>

      historical context January 23, 1958

      Visit the blog of the January 23rd Parish in Caracas where tomorrow rally
      will end up coming from the 4 points in the city.

      [image: EL23.NET] <http://el23net.blogspot.com/>


      SONS OF 23

      Omar Pinto, Sergio Rodriguez, Cheo Pirela, Luis Matute, Ramon Antonio
      Alvarez, Carlos Vielma, Javier Arias, Jairo Emilio Diaz, Yuri Villegas,
      Carlos Hernandez Anzola, Williams Villamizar, Marisol Valera, Nelson Pacin,
      Amado Gonz�lez, Carlos Dorante, Eriberto Eguirrola Jose Vicente Ochoa, Ali
      Gomez Garcia, Alexis Gonzalez Revette, Lenni Diego Santana. All of these
      names are stamped very particular: are children of Jan. 23. Those who are
      gone, who gave their lives by going after struggles for change an unjust
      and corrupt society still embraces us. And we could name many others. Make
      a long list of martyrs, men born to be planted in these broad areas of
      commitment and solidarity for the one and the other, by all. Today, January
      23, Caracas neighborhood, neighborhood martyrs, pays honor to his children,
      who are gone, but who have joined us in the fight.
      Honor and Glory to the fallen! Jos� Roberto

      Posted by Gustavo Borges<http://www.blogger.com/profile/04562767598784149163>
      comment: <http://el23deenerogalerias.blogspot.com/2009/09/blog-post.html#comment-form>
      on January 23<http://el23deenerogalerias.blogspot.com/2009/09/el-23-de-enero.html>
      The"Punto Fijo� Democracy

      With the overthrow of Marcos P�rez Jim�nez on January 23, 1958, a new era
      in the history of Venezuela began that some have labeled �the �Punto Fijo�
      Democracy.� This term refers to the pact signed between three political
      parties � Democratic Action (AD in Spanish), the Political Electoral
      Independent Organization Committee (COPEI) and the Democratic Republican
      Union (URD) � on October 31, 1958, to guarantee �the stability of
      democracy,� through the egalitarian participation of these parties in the
      executive cabinet of the government in power. The Venezuelan Communist
      Party (PCV) was excluded from this pact, along with other leftist groups,
      despite their arduous fight against the military dictatorship. In practice,
      this pact set the basis for a bipartisan system that greatly restricted all
      economic and political power to the elites associated to the AD and COPEI

      The presidents of this era were: Wolfgang Larraz�bal (1958-1959), Edgar
      Sanabria (1959), R�mulo Betancourt (1959-1964), Ra�l Leoni (1964-1969),
      Rafael Caldera (1969-1974), Carlos Andr�s P�rez (1974-1979), Luis Herrera
      Campins (1979-1984), Jaime Lusinchi (1984-1989), Carlos Andr�s P�rez
      (1989-1993), Octavio Lepage (1993), Ram�n Jos� Vel�squez (1993-1994) and
      Rafael Caldera (1994-1999).

      The years of representative democracy in Venezuela were governed by the
      Constitution of 1961. Nevertheless, it can be said that democracy during
      those years was only intended for a certain elite sector of the population.
      Not only were serious human rights violations committed during these
      governments � such as the selective and systematic disappearance and
      torture of citizens � but they also guaranteed a policy of managing
      petroleum income for the benefit of just a few national technocratic
      sectors and transnational interests. In this fashion, in a country where
      petroleum income represented most of the national income, the Venezuelan
      population was left abandoned in basic areas such as health, nutrition and
      education, leaving a large percentage of them in poverty.
      This situation, along with overall corruption and the application of
      neoliberal policies in the late 80s and early 90s�placing the weight of the
      macroeconomic recovery measures on the weakest sectors�contributed to
      creating a state of general discontentment and dissatisfaction within the
      people. The popular uprisings of February 27-28, 1989 (the �Caracazo�); the
      military actions of February 4 and November 27, 1992; and the democratic
      election of citizen Hugo Rafael Ch�vez on December 6, 1998, were part of a
      process of upheaval and social change in the waning years of the Punto Fijo


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