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How the US help put #Assad in power in #Syria

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  • Cort Greene
    Now I know the anti-anti imperialists will say its not true but read it and weep and how can they support a government that was installed by the CIA? Cort MON
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 15, 2013
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      Now I know the anti-anti imperialists will say its not true but read it and
      weep and how can they support a government that was installed by the CIA?

      Cort


      MON JAN 14, 2013 AT 01:51 PM PST
      How the US help put #Assad in power in
      #Syria<http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/01/14/1178686/-How-the-US-help-put-Assad-in-power-in-Syria>

      byClay Claiborne
      <http://www.dailykos.com/user/Clay%20Claiborne>Follow<http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/01/14/1178686/-How-the-US-help-put-Assad-in-power-in-Syria?showAll=yes#?friend_id=125110&is_stream=1>

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      [image: Follow clayclai on Twitter] <http://twitter.com/clayclai>
      My nomination for the most prophetic statement of
      1949<http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/adamcurtis/2011/06/the_baby_and_the_baath_water.html>
      goes
      to Deane Hinton, the CIA agent that was part of the CIA *"Political Action
      Committee"* carrying out a coup in Syria that was suppose to replace the
      government elected in 1947 with one that would recognize the new state of
      Israel. The US and US corporations tried hard to influence Syrian
      elections. Still the *"wrong"* people got elected, hence the need to
      implement what would soon become their favorite fall-back strategy, the
      military coup.

      Hinton was kicked out of the group after he told a planning meeting in
      Damascus:

      *"I want to go on record as saying that this is the stupidest, most
      irresponsible action a diplomatic mission like ours could get itself
      involved in, and that we've started a series of these things that will
      never end."*

      They may end one day, but today the Syrian people are still suffering
      mightily from the reverberations of that insult to Syrian democracy carried
      out by the United States 63 years ago.

      The CIA *"made friends"* with the head of the Syrian army, Husni al-Za'im.
      In 1968 a CIA agent, Miles Copeland who was involved wrote all about
      it in *"The
      Game of Nations."* The *"Game"*referred to a game-playing exercise the CIA
      did in the 1950s for planning interventions. [The Hollywood movie *
      "Scorpio," <http://www.dailykos.com/comments/1178686/49075010#c2>* starring
      Burt Lancaster is roughly about this stuff.] Copeland was part of the
      *"Political
      Action Team"* set up to carry out regime change in Syria:

      *"The political action team suggested to Za'im the idea of a coup d'etat,
      advised him how to go about it, guided him through the intricate
      preparations in laying the groundwork for it...Za'im was 'the American
      boy'."*

      The 1949 Syrian regime change was the first of many US inspired military
      coups in the Middle East in the wake of WWII. It was considered a great
      success; the US was *"opening the door to Peace and Progress."*

      Za'im promised to recognize the new state of Israel but he turned out to be
      a violent tyrant and only lasted five months before he was overthrown in
      another violent coup. Just as Hinton had predicted, the US had *"opened the
      door to the Dark Ages"* in Syria.

      Syria continued to be plagued by military coups throughout the 1950's until
      a parliamentary system was restore in 1954. By that time, the Syrian people
      were tired of US meddling and the new government turned to the Soviet Union
      for support.

      In 1957, another CIA plot to change the Syrian government was uncovered and
      three CIA agents were expelled from the country. This military coup was
      code-named Operation Wappen, and the CIA man in change was Howard *"Rocky"*
      Stone.

      That coup failed. Then in 1958, Syria and Egypt merged to form the United
      Arab Republic, led by President Nasser. By 1961 the UAR was falling apart.

      In opposition to Nasser's version of pan-Arabism, the Baath party had been
      growing in both Iraq and Syria. In 1963 the Baath Party came to power in
      Iraq in a coup that was largely organized and funded by the CIA. A young
      party member, age 25, named Saddam Hussein was a CIA*"asset"* at the time,
      the CIA gave him a list of 600 communists and democrats to eliminate.

      Hafez al-Assad was one of five Syrian army officers that formed a secret
      committee plotting to bring the Baathist to power in Syria. A month after
      the Baath came to power in Iraq, the coup in Syria succeeded without the
      direct aid of the CIA. The Baathist in Iraq and Syria portrayed themselves
      as socialist and pan-Arabists but Nasser called them fascist.
      BBC *"That Was The Week That Was"* comedy sketch done 2 days after the 1963
      couphttp://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=l4nQEVca6N8

      While Syria was still a colony, the French practiced a program of divide
      and rule which deliberately exaggerated the sectarian divisions in the
      country. These coup leaders followed this practice in establishing their
      rule. Of the five, three, including Assad were Alawite and the other two
      were Ismailis, two Shia sects, in this majority Sunni country. Hafez
      al-Assad quickly captured the leadership by ruthlessly removing, often
      killing, established Sunni functionaries and replacing them with Syrians
      from his sect that were loyal to him. By 1969, Assad had eliminated the
      last of his original co-conspirators.

      *Adam Curtis, BBC*
      wrote<http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/adamcurtis/2011/06/the_baby_and_the_baath_water.html>
      :

      Assad believed that this ruthless exercise of power was necessary because
      of the deep sectarian divisions. It was a strange echo of the American
      diplomat in 1949 who believed that a military coup was needed to *
      "quarantine"* the Syrian people...

      Many people think that the United States has no colonial or imperialist
      responsibility for the current state of affairs in Syria but the history
      tells another tale.

      True enough, the Assad regime is much more of a Russia client, and was a
      Soviet client before that, and so on the other side of the cold war, in the
      *"anti-imperialist"* camp. While it is true that Syria fell out of the
      US *"sphere
      of influence"* after it escaped from the badly bungled repeated coups of
      the '50s, the practice of rule by sectarian divisions and the sword
      remained.

      While it can not be said that the US had a direct role in putting the
      regime in power, unlike in Iraq, Iran and so many Latin American countries,
      it must at least be admitted that US interference in Syrian internal
      affairs and US attempts to put a strongman in power, prepared a fertile
      field for this 40 year dictatorship to take root.

      While Assad or Son may have never been *'the American boy'*, they did not
      represent a type of 3rd world *"leadership"* the US has traditionally
      opposed, i.e. brutal military dictatorships in civilian clothes.

      The Assad regime has proven to be one that could be bargained with; one
      that had a price.

      Hafez Assad gave up the Golan Heights himself when he was only Defense
      Minister at the beginning of the 1967 war with Israel and it has been
      occupied by Israel for as long as the Assads have remained in power.

      After the 1973 war, Nixon visited Assad in Damascus and ties got strengthen
      when many expected Syria to be slapped with sanction.

      For a long time they *"took"* Lebanon off everybody's hands by occupying it
      between 1976 and 2005. Many observers saw the lack of US as a *"green light"
      * to the occupation. As the Middle East Forum Lebanon Study Group put
      it in their
      2000 report: <http://www.meforum.org/research/lsg.php>

      "[The US] seemed tacitly to acquiesce to continued Syrian ascendancy in
      Lebanon."

      In 1989 the US brokered the Tai'f Agreement between France, Saudi Arabia,
      Egypt and Syriathat
      called<http://www.gmu.edu/programs/icar/ijps/vol14_2/SALAMEY%20-%2014n2%20IJPS.pdf>
      for *"prompting international support for Syrian--guardianship over
      Lebanon."*

      The Assad regime may not have been the CIA's first choice for running
      Syria, they would rather bring Syria into their fold, but at least he was
      one of them, corrupt, expensive tastes, fondness for torture and endless
      detention. He could be guaranteed to not fight *too* hard for the Golan
      Heights and to ride herd on the Palestinians, and the Syrians too, for that
      matter.

      In 1991 Hafez al-Assad made common cause with George Bush in attacking
      Saddam Hussein. Syria supported US imperialism in Operation Desert Storm to
      the tune of 14,500 soldiers and support personnel.

      The two sons had a falling out over Iraq War 2, and George Bush Jr. put
      Bashar al-Assad on his no-fly list, but this represented an abnormally for
      US-Syrian relations, there has been no consistent effort to support regime
      change in Syria.

      In 2001 Syria started cooperating with US intelligence in the *"War on
      Terror."* That's when the infamous special rendition programs first got
      going. By 2005, the CIA's special rendition relations with the Assad regime
      were such a well established fact that this notice was published in the
      Guardian <http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2005/dec/27/usa.syria>:

      The US embassy in London was forced to issue a correction yesterday to an
      interview given by the ambassador, Robert Tuttle, in which he claimed
      America would not fly suspected terrorists to Syria,

      President-elect Barack Obama moved to reverse Bush's isolationist policies
      towards Syria within days <http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2008/923/re6.htm> of
      winning the election in November 2008, and I have already documented the
      development of this relationship in great detail in Barack Obama's
      Courtship of Bashar
      al-Assad<http://www.dailykos.com/story/2012/09/14/1131569/-Barack-Obama-s-Courtship-of-Bashar-al-Assad>

      Most activist see US imperialism as having *"clean hands"* with regards to
      the conflict in Syria, as compared to say Bahrain or Egypt or Palestine,
      because the US had nothing to do with creating the current situation.

      And while it is true that it is not American made cluster bombs that are
      raining down on the Syrian people, US imperialism historically has had a
      whole lot to do with the mess they find themselves in.

      TUE JAN 15, 2013 AT 11:09 AM PST
      #Assad's systematic use of #Rape in
      #Syria<http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/01/15/1179182/--Assad-s-systematic-use-of-Rape-in-Syria>

      byClay Claiborne
      <http://www.dailykos.com/user/Clay%20Claiborne>Follow<http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/01/15/1179182/--Assad-s-systematic-use-of-Rape-in-Syria?showAll=yes#?friend_id=125110&is_stream=1>

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      [image: Follow clayclai on Twitter] <http://twitter.com/clayclai>
      The systematic use of rape as a weapon of war against his own people has
      come into somewhat sharper focus in the past few days owning to the
      publication of a report released
      Monday<http://www.rescue.org/sites/default/files/resource-file/IRCReportMidEast20130114.pdf>
      by
      the New York based International Rescue Committee that charged that rape
      has become a "*significant and disturbing feature"* of the war in Syria.

      Women Under Siege@*WomenUndrSiege* <https://twitter.com/WomenUndrSiege>

      Of these #*crowdmpa* <https://twitter.com/search/%23crowdmpa> reports, 80
      percent of them include female victims, with ages ranging from 7 to 46:
      ow.ly/gPhC3 <http://t.co/EevKtOlA> #*Syria*<https://twitter.com/search/%23Syria>
      #*rape* <https://twitter.com/search/%23rape>
      15 Jan 13 <https://twitter.com/WomenUndrSiege/statuses/291247157397315584>

      - ** <https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?in_reply_to=291247157397315584>
      - ** <https://twitter.com/intent/retweet?tweet_id=291247157397315584>
      - ** <https://twitter.com/intent/favorite?tweet_id=291247157397315584>

      It has become common for women and girls to be attacked in public, at
      roadblocks and in their homes by "armed men." Gang rape is common.

      In interviews with refugees, this was cited as one of the main reasons for
      fleeing Syria.

      Below the fold are excerpts from some of the recent MSM articles to come
      out on this and links to others. Also a very informative report done by Women
      Under Siege <http://womenundersiegesyria.crowdmap.com/reports> and finally,
      what looks like a piece of counter-propaganda from the Assad regime.
      Topicality is always suspect!

      AFP is reporting<http://uk.news.yahoo.com/rape-significant-factor-syria-conflict-watchdog-104444136.html>
      :

      Rape 'significant' factor in Syria conflict: watchdog

      Rape has been a "significant" weapon of war in the conflict raging in Syria
      since March 2011 and is the "primary" factor in the exodus of women and
      children refugees to neighbouring Jordan and Lebanon, an aid group said on
      Monday.

      In its report, "Syria: A Regional Crisis," the US-based International
      Rescue Committee (IRC) described rape "as a significant and disturbing
      feature of the Syrian civil war".

      "In the course of three IRC assessments in Lebanon and Jordan, Syrians
      identified rape as a primary reason their families fled the country," the
      report said, calling for urgent attention to the issue.

      "Many women and girls relayed accounts of being attacked in public or in
      their homes, primarily by armed men. These rapes, sometimes by multiple
      perpetrators, often occur in front of family members."

      The IRC said it was also told of attacks in which women and girls were
      kidnapped, raped, tortured and killed.

      Syrian survivors rarely report sexual violence due to "the stigma and
      social norms around the dishonour that rape brings to women and girls and
      their families," the IRC said.

      Many interviewed by the IRC said survivors fear retribution by their
      assailants, being killed by "shamed" family members, or in the case of
      girls, being married off at an early age "to safeguard their honour," the
      report said.

      The IRC said survivors who flee face a shortage of medical and counselling
      services, in addition to "unsafe conditions in refugee camps as well as
      elevated levels of domestic violence."
      More...<http://uk.news.yahoo.com/rape-significant-factor-syria-conflict-watchdog-104444136.html>

      The Telegraph is
      reporting:<http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/syria/9800528/Rape-being-used-as-widespread-weapon-of-war-in-Syrian-conflict.html>

      Rape *'being used as widespread weapon of war in Syrian conflict'*
      *Rape is being used as a weapon of war in the Syrian conflict to such an
      extent that many refugee families are citing it a as a primary reason to
      flee, according to a new report.*
      By Richard Spencer, Middle East Correspondent
      2:17PM GMT 14 Jan 2013
      The study of the nearly 600,000 people who have fled the country since the
      start of the civil war stated it was a "staggering humanitarian disaster".

      On top of those in neighbouring countries, mainly Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey
      and Iraq, 2.5 million had fled their homes but remained in Syria, while 4
      million people were in need of help.

      "The extent of the bloodshed, devastation, displacement and suffering
      inside Syria cannot be easily or precisely measured, but it is certainly
      extraordinary in its magnitude, and it is steadily worsening," the report
      for the US-based International Rescue Committee said. "Millions of Syrians
      are in desperate need and have little if any access to humanitarian relief."

      Their overall comments reflect widespread feelings that despite promises
      from across the world not enough assistance is reaching the often bleak and
      frozen refugee camps on the country's borders.

      However, while there had been allegations of rape and sexual abuse before,
      the scale suggested by the refugees was shocking.

      The study of the nearly 600,000 people who have fled the country since the
      start of the civil war stated it was a "staggering humanitarian disaster".

      On top of those in neighbouring countries, mainly Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey
      and Iraq, 2.5 million had fled their homes but remained in Syria, while 4
      million people were in need of help.

      "The extent of the bloodshed, devastation, displacement and suffering
      inside Syria cannot be easily or precisely measured, but it is certainly
      extraordinary in its magnitude, and it is steadily worsening," the report
      for the US-based International Rescue Committee said. "Millions of Syrians
      are in desperate need and have little if any access to humanitarian relief."

      Their overall comments reflect widespread feelings that despite promises
      from across the world not enough assistance is reaching the often bleak and
      frozen refugee camps on the country's borders.

      However, while there had been allegations of rape and sexual abuse before,
      the scale suggested by the refugees was shocking.
      More...<http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/syria/9800528/Rape-being-used-as-widespread-weapon-of-war-in-Syrian-conflict.html>

      Naturally the Washington
      Post<http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/rape-has-become-significant-part-of-syrian-war-says-humanitarian-group/2013/01/14/2d94d3dc-5e69-11e2-90a0-73c8343c6d61_story.html?Post+generic=%3Ftid%3Dsm_twitter_washingtonpost>
      and The Guardian<http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/2013/jan/14/syrian-women-girls-sexual-violence>
      have
      useful articles.

      The *Women's Media Center* published
      this<http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/the-ultimate-assault-charting-syrias-use-of-rape-to-terrorize-its-people>
      in Women Under Siege <http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/> six months
      agao:

      The ultimate assault: Charting Syria's use of rape to terrorize its people
      By Lauren Wolfe/Director -- July 11, 2012
      A woman swathed in black squares her shoulders and calmly looks into a
      camera. She holds a Quran. Only a sliver of her face--her
      eyeglasses--shows. *"What
      happened to me hasn't happened to anyone, or if it has affected anyone else
      I do not know,"*she
      says<https://womenundersiegesyria.crowdmap.com/reports/view/22>
      .*"But I will speak and let all the people know what [Syrian leader] Bashar
      al-Assad and his men are doing."* Over the next four minutes, her breathing
      grows labored and her voice breaks as she describes how, in May 2011, five
      men wearing black entered her home on the outskirts of Homs and raped her.

      *"This is my message to the world,"* she says. *"Let all the world hear
      what is happening to us. And I might not be the first one nor the last who
      was treated in this way."*

      The still-unidentified woman posted the video to YouTube on February 11,
      2012. It is one of the earliest reports on our live, crowd-sourced map of
      sexualized violence in Syria <https://womenundersiegesyria.crowdmap.com/>.
      The Women's Media Center project Women Under Siege has been collecting
      reports <https://womenundersiegesyria.crowdmap.com/reports> out of Syria
      for three months, during which time we've seen many stories similar to
      this, in which multiple attackers, usually government forces, are said to
      gang rape a woman in her home. We have also mapped stories at the extreme
      edge of nightmares; of teenage girls given shots that immobilize them while
      their genitals were
      burned<https://womenundersiegesyria.crowdmap.com/reports/view/59>
      orfilled with mice<https://womenundersiegesyria.crowdmap.com/reports/view/60>.
      Government forces and others appear to be carrying out appalling sexualized
      attacks against women, men, and children in Syria as the conflict there
      continues. Although we are unable to independently confirm these
      stories--Syria is simply too dangerous, and our research staff too
      small--they are consistent both internally and within the news and NGO
      reports telling similar stories from the Syrian conflict.
      More...<http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/the-ultimate-assault-charting-syrias-use-of-rape-to-terrorize-its-people>

      Real Syria Updates
      reports<http://syria-updates.blogspot.com/2013/01/syria-syrian-rebels-rape-2-women-4.html>
      :

      Syria: Syrian Rebels Rape 2 Women, 4 Children in Reef Idlib
      Sunday, January 13, 2013
      Armed rebels committed the crimes in the Qaninas region of Reef Idlib in
      the Northwestern Syria.

      The terrorists sprayed bullets at the defenseless women and children after
      raping them.

      Terrorists have tried hard in the last few weeks to make Syrian cities
      unsafe, specially for citizens, but the army has purged them from most
      neighborhoods and districts, killed hundreds of them and arrested many more.

      Syria has been experiencing unrest since March 2011 with organized attacks
      by well-armed gangs against Syrian police forces and border guards being
      reported across the country.

      Hundreds of people, including members of the security forces, have been
      killed, when some protest rallies turned into armed clashes.

      The government blames outlaws, saboteurs, and armed terrorist groups for
      the deaths, stressing that the unrest is being orchestrated from abroad.
      More...<http://syria-updates.blogspot.com/2013/01/syria-syrian-rebels-rape-2-women-4.html>

      Based on reports like this last one, reports that *"terrorists sprayed
      bullets at the defenseless women and children after raping them."* with no
      further details, I fully expect to see claims made by Assad supporters that
      *"the rebels rape too."
      *
      That's the way the propaganda war is played these days.


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