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Korean Adoption and Inheritance: Case St

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  • sunny_jo888
    KOREAN STUDIES REVIEW 1998.01 http://www.dur.ac.uk/~dmu0rcp/ksrmain.htm
    Message 1 of 240 , Mar 30, 2000
      1998.01<br><a href=http://www.dur.ac.uk/~dmu0rcp/ksrmain.htm target=new>http://www.dur.ac.uk/~dmu0rcp/ksrmain.htm</a><br><a href=http://www.mailbase.ac.uk/lists-k-o/korean-studies/1998-03/0015.html target=new>http://www.mailbase.ac.uk/lists-k-o/korean-studies/1998-03/0015.html</a><br><br>Peterson, Mark A.<br><br>Korean Adoption and Inheritance:
      Case Studies in the Creation of a Classic Confucian
      Society<br><br>Cornell East Asia Series,<br>80. Ithaca, New York: East
      Asia Program, Cornell University, 1996. pp.<br>xii,
      267. Map. Tables. Glossary of Terms. Chinese Character
      Glossary of<br>Names. Appendices. Bibliography. Index.
      (ISBN 1-885445-70-9 cloth;<br>1-885445-80-6
      paper)<br><br>Reviewed by James H. Grayson<br>Centre for Korean
      Studies<br>University of Sheffield, U.K<br><br>This book is a gold mine
      of information as well as being "a jolly good read."
      In this book Dr. Peterson examines in detail the
      changing nature<br>of Chos�n period social structure
      through a case study analysis of inheritance, adoption
      and marriage. In so doing, it continues in a
      more<br>detailed way to the discussion of this complex issue which
      was elaborated by Prof. Martina Deuchler in her _The
      Confucian Transformation of Korea: A Study of Society and
      Ideology_ (Harvard <br>Univ.<br><br>Press, 1992). However
      important this book is for its contribution to the academic
      understanding of the structural changes which were taking place
      in mid-Chos�n society, the author also intends that
      the work should contribute to the contemporary issues
      of women's role in a "traditional" society
      undergoing extraordinarily rapid social change.<br><br>Dr.
      Peterson's work is in the tradition of historical
      anthropological analysis and has been strongly influenced by the
      work of Jack Goody, a<br>major contemporary figure in
      the anthropological study of kinship and related
      issues. Peterson's starting point would appear to be from
      Goody's observation that when heirs are not born into a
      household, potential for obtaining an heir may be had
      through one of two methods, by adding wives (polygamy,
      concubinage, or divorce and e-marriage) or by adding sons
      (marrying-in of sons-in-law, or adoption). Peterson points out
      that at some point in Chos�n history all of these
      options had been used or tried, but for ideological
      reasons some methods were disdained, and others practiced
      but seldomly. One of the principal foci of this work
      is to examine the reasons why the solution to the
      problem of heirship changed from the marrying-in of the
      son-in-law in the early Chos�n period to agnatic adoption in
      the late Chos�n period.<br><br>In analysing this
      change, Peterson picks up on one other point of Goody
      that in order to confine the numbers of potential
      heirs, certain societies practice a policy of the
      "subtraction of children". Peterson relates this general
      observation to the later practice in the Chos�n<br>period of
      the effective elimination of women as heirs, and the
      emphasis on primogeniture amongst male descendants.
      Peterson's use of a final<br>observation by Goody is a
      premonition that his analysis of the dramatic changes of the
      mid-Chos�n period will not be confined to looking solely at
      the ideological aspects of the issue, but will be
      multi-faceted and multi-layered. Peterson quotes with concern
      Goody's remark that the ravages of war and the dramatic
      loss of male progeny may create conditions which lead
      to permanent changes in the structure of society,
      and in particular the system of inheritance and
      heirship. This point <br>the author relates to the
      devastation wrought upon Chos�n society by the Japanese
      invasions of the 1590s and successive invasions by the
      Manchus<br>during the first third of the seventeenth century.
      Peterson suggests that the reasons for the changes of the
      mid-Chos�n period are to be found not simply in the
      increasing "ideologisation" of the society, but in certain
      demographic, political and economic factors arising out of a
      period of historical cri
    • sunny_jo888
      For Orphans of the Forgotten War, the Past Is Shrouded in Questions By BETTIJANE LEVINE, LA Times Staff Writer
      Message 240 of 240 , Jun 24, 2000
        For Orphans of the Forgotten War, the Past Is Shrouded in Questions<br><br>By BETTIJANE LEVINE, LA Times Staff Writer<br><br><a href=http://www.latimes.com/news/nation/reports/koreanwar/lat_orphans000621.htm target=new>http://www.latimes.com/news/nation/reports/koreanwar/lat_orphans000621.htm</a>
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