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Baseball Roid Rage

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  • Robert Sterling
    Please send as far and wide as possible. Thanks, Robert Sterling Editor, The Konformist http://www.konformist.com http://robalini.blogspot.com
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 11, 2009
      Please send as far and wide as possible.

      Thanks,
      Robert Sterling
      Editor, The Konformist
      http://www.konformist.com
      http://robalini.blogspot.com
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/konformist

      http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2009/baseball/mlb/02/07/alex-
      rodriguez-steroids/index.html

      Sources tell SI Alex Rodriguez tested positive for steroids in 2003
      Story Highlights
      Rodriguez tested positive for Primobolan and testosterone while with
      the Rangers
      Under the 2003 survey testing, there were no penalties for a positive
      test
      Rodriguez was one of 104 players who tested positive that year
      Saturday February 7, 2009
      By Selena Roberts and David Epstein

      In 2003, when he won the American League home run title and the AL
      Most Valuable Player award as a shortstop for the Texas Rangers, Alex
      Rodriguez tested positive for two anabolic steroids, four sources
      have independently told Sports Illustrated.

      Rodriguez's name appears on a list of 104 players who tested positive
      for performance-enhancing drugs in Major League Baseball's '03 survey
      testing, SI's sources say. As part of a joint agreement with the MLB
      Players Association, the testing was conducted to determine if it was
      necessary to impose mandatory random drug testing across the major
      leagues in 2004.

      When approached by an SI reporter on Thursday at a gym in Miami,
      Rodriguez declined to discuss his 2003 test results. "You'll have to
      talk to the union," said Rodriguez, the Yankees' third baseman since
      his trade to New York in February 2004. When asked if there was an
      explanation for his positive test, he said, "I'm not saying anything."

      The MLBPA issued a statement on Saturday, saying "Information and
      documents relating to the results of the 2003 MLB testing program are
      both confidential and under seal by court orders. We are prohibited
      from confirming or denying any allegation about the test results of
      any particular player[s] by the collective bargaining agreement and
      by court orders. Anyone with knowledge of such documents who
      discloses their contents may be in violation of those court orders."

      Rob Manfred, MLB's Executive Vice President of Labor Relations, also
      released a statement on Saturday, saying, "We are disturbed by the
      allegations contained in the Sports Illustrated news story which was
      posted online this morning. Because the survey testing that took
      place in 2003 was intended to be non-disciplinary and anonymous, we
      can not make any comment on the accuracy of this report as it
      pertains to the player named."

      Though MLB's drug policy has expressly prohibited the use of steroids
      without a valid prescription since 1991, there were no penalties for
      a positive test in 2003. The results of that year's survey testing of
      1,198 players were meant to be anonymous under the agreement between
      the commissioner's office and the players association. Rodriguez's
      testing information was found, however, after federal agents, armed
      with search warrants, seized the '03 test results from Comprehensive
      Drug Testing, Inc., of Long Beach, Calif., one of two labs used by
      MLB in connection with that year's survey testing. The seizure took
      place in April 2004 as part of the government's investigation into 10
      major league players linked to the BALCO scandal -- though Rodriguez
      himself has never been connected to BALCO.

      The list of the 104 players whose urine samples tested positive is
      under seal in California. However, two sources familiar with the
      evidence that the government has gathered in its investigation of
      steroid use in baseball and two other sources with knowledge of the
      testing results have told Sports Illustrated that Rodriguez is one of
      the 104 players identified as having tested positive, in his case for
      testosterone and an anabolic steroid known by the brand name
      Primobolan. All four sources spoke on the condition of anonymity due
      to the sensitive nature of the evidence.

      Primobolan, which is also known by the chemical name methenolone, is
      an injected or orally administered drug that is more expensive than
      most steroids. (A 12-week cycle can cost $500.) It improves strength
      and maintains lean muscle with minimal bulk development, according to
      steroid experts, and has relatively few side effects. Kirk Radomski,
      the former New York Mets clubhouse employee who in 2007 pleaded
      guilty to illegal distribution of steroids to numerous major league
      players, described in his recent book, Bases Loaded: The Inside Story
      of the Steroid Era in Baseballby the Central Figure in the Mitchell
      Report, how players increasingly turned to drugs such as Primobolan
      in 2003, in part to avoid detection in testing. Primobolan is
      detectable for a shorter period of time than the steroid previously
      favored by players, Deca-Durabolin. According to a search of FDA
      records, Primobolan is not an approved prescription drug in the
      United States, nor was it in 2003. (Testosterone can be taken legally
      with an appropriate medical prescription.)

      Rodriguez finished the 2003 season by winning his third straight
      league home run title (with 47) and the first of his three MVP awards.

      Because more than 5% of big leaguers had tested positive in 2003,
      baseball instituted a mandatory random-testing program, with
      penalties, in '04. According to the 2007 Mitchell Report on steroid
      use in baseball, in September 2004, Gene Orza, the chief operating
      officer of the players' union, violated an agreement with MLB by
      tipping off a player (not named in the report) about an upcoming,
      supposedly unannounced drug test. Three major league players who
      spoke to SI said that Rodriguez was also tipped by Orza in early
      September 2004 that he would be tested later that month. Rodriguez
      declined to respond on Thursday when asked about the warning Orza
      provided him.

      When Orza was asked on Friday in the union's New York City office
      about the tipping allegations, he told a reporter, "I'm not
      interested in discussing this information with you."

      In its statement on Saturday, the MLBPA said, "As we have explained
      previously, in detail and in public, there was no improper tipping of
      players in 2004 about the timing of drug tests. As set forth in our
      letter to Chairman Waxman of the House Government Reform Committee,
      in September 2004 MLBPA attorneys met with certain players, but we
      are not able to confirm or deny the names of any of the players with
      whom we met."

      Anticipating that the 33-year-old Rodriguez, who has 553 career home
      runs, could become the game's alltime home run king, the Yankees
      signed him in November 2007 to a 10-year, incentive-laden deal that
      could be worth as much as $305 million. Rodriguez is reportedly
      guaranteed $275 million and could receive a $6 million bonus each
      time he ties one of the four players at the top of the list: Willie
      Mays (660), Babe Ruth (714), Hank Aaron (755) and Barry Bonds (762),
      and an additional $6 million for passing Bonds. In order to receive
      the incentive money, the contract reportedly requires Rodriguez to
      make extra promotional appearances and sign memorabilia for the
      Yankees as part of a marketing plan surrounding his pursuit of
      Bonds's record. Two sources familiar with Rodriguez's contract told
      SI that there is no language about steroids in the contract that
      would put Rodriguez at risk of losing money.

      Arguments before an 11-judge panel in the U.S. Court of Appeals for
      the Ninth Circuit in Pasadena are ongoing between government
      prosecutors and the players' association over the government's
      seizure of the test results from the Long Beach lab. The agents who
      collected the material had a search warrant only for the results for
      the 10 BALCO-linked players. Attorneys from the union argue that the
      government is entitled only to the results for those players, not the
      entire list. If the court sides with the union, federal authorities
      may be barred from using the positive survey test results of non-
      BALCO players such as Rodriguez in their ongoing investigations.

      ***

      http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/05/sports/baseball/05bonds.html

      February 5, 2009
      Positive Drug Tests in Bonds Case
      By MICHAEL S. SCHMIDT

      The government's perjury case against Barry Bonds gained vivid detail
      on Wednesday when more than 200 pages of evidence were unsealed. The
      pages included documents tying Bonds to four positive tests for
      steroids, calendars that prosecutors described as doping schedules,
      and a transcript of a recorded conversation in which Bonds's former
      trainer is quoted as saying that he injected Bonds with performance-
      enhancing drugs.

      Three urine samples that were sent for testing in 2000 and 2001 by
      the Bay Area Laboratory Co-operative showed the presence of anabolic
      steroids, according to the documents. A fourth test from a 2003
      sample collected by Major League Baseball showed the presence of the
      designer steroid THG, the fertility drug clomid and a form of
      testosterone not naturally produced by the body.

      When tested under Major League Baseball's program, that sample came
      back negative for performance-enhancing drugs. But after the sample
      was seized in a 2004 raid by federal agents, it was retested by the
      U.C.L.A. Olympic Analytical Laboratory, with a different and, for
      Bonds, potentially troublesome result.

      Not all of the information provided in the unsealed documents is new.
      But the documents provide a more complete portrait of the evidence
      that federal prosecutors have gathered on Bonds since the
      investigation of Balco began in 2002. Bonds is scheduled to go on
      trial March 2 in San Francisco on charges that he committed perjury
      in 2003 when he told the grand jury investigating Balco that he never
      knowingly used performance-enhancing drugs.

      Bonds's lawyers filed a motion two weeks ago to have much of the
      evidence in the case excluded, arguing that it could not be
      authenticated. As part of that motion, the defense lawyers filed the
      evidence in dispute under seal, not wishing for it to be revealed.
      But United States District Judge Susan Illston ordered that it be
      made public and has scheduled a hearing for Thursday about its
      admissibility.

      "While it may seem damning now, the judge may exclude a lot of the
      evidence and it may never make it before the jury," said Carl Tobias,
      a professor of law at the University of Richmond, in assessing the
      new information about the case. "But with all the attention being
      given to the case, the judge is going to have to be extra careful
      that the jury she seats has not been prejudiced by this information."

      Among the most intriguing sections in the unsealed documents is a
      description of what authorities said was a tape-recorded
      conversation, made in 2003, between Bonds's former business manager,
      Steve Hoskins, and Bonds's longtime trainer, Greg Anderson. Anderson
      spent more than a year in prison on contempt-of-court charges for
      refusing to testify before the grand jury investigating Bonds.

      According to a summary of the tape and a partial transcript, Anderson
      told Hoskins that he had injected Bonds with performance-enhancing
      drugs and that they were not detectable under baseball's drug-testing
      program at the time. Anderson also told Hoskins that he had advance
      notice of when the drug tests would be conducted.

      "I'll know like probably a week in advance, or two weeks in advance,"
      Anderson is quoted as telling Hoskins in the transcript. According to
      the documents, Hoskins was recording the conversation, which took
      place in the Giants' clubhouse, because Bonds's father, Bobby, did
      not believe his son was using steroids.

      Hoskins and Bonds were childhood friends who became particularly
      close after Bonds returned to San Francisco to play for the Giants in
      1993. The two had a falling out in 2003 and Hoskins later cooperated
      with federal authorities, telling them that Bonds flew into "roid
      rages." In the partial transcript, Hoskins is quoted as asking
      Anderson if the drugs being given to Bonds were the same "that Marion
      Jones and them were using."

      "Yeah, same stuff, the same stuff that worked at the Olympics,"
      Anderson is quoted as saying.

      And, Anderson added for emphasis, Olympians were tested every
      week. "So that's why I know it works," Anderson is quoted as saying.
      (Jones, an Olympic gold-medal winner, pleaded guilty in 2007 to
      making false statements about her use of performance-enhancing drugs
      and received a six-month prison sentence.)

      Although the results of the three urine samples that Balco tested in
      2000 and 2001 do not have Bonds's name on them, prosecutors say they
      can be connected to handwritten notes seized at Balco and Anderson's
      home in 2003. Those notes display the names of Bonds and other
      individuals and numbers that, prosecutors say, correlate to samples
      that Balco sent for drug testing. Prosecutors contend that the three
      tests show Bonds tested positive for two steroids — methenolone and
      nandrolone — in November 2000 and February 2001.

      But in their 28-page motion to exclude evidence, Bonds's lawyers
      said: "It appears that as to every proffered test result, the
      government can attempt to link Mr. Bonds to the sample in question
      only through purported hearsay statement of Anderson."

      In all, five pages of handwritten notes are attributed to Anderson,
      and in disputing them, the defense states: "The notes are barely
      comprehensible. Their author(s) are unknown as are the time and
      purpose of their preparation."

      The defense lawyers said the notes were indicative "of the
      government's zeal to convict Mr. Bonds by any means at all." They
      also said the doping calendars, which the prosecutors say Anderson
      created so he could monitor Bonds's use of drugs, should not be
      admissible, either.

      The fourth positive steroid test cited in the documents does not
      involve Anderson or his notes. Instead, it stems from the anonymous
      drug tests that were conducted by Major League Baseball in 2003, the
      first year of steroid testing on the major league level. There were
      no penalties for positive results, and not even the players were
      supposed to know how their tests came out.

      Bonds's urine sample did not produce a positive test under baseball's
      guidelines. But in a raid in 2004, authorities seized the samples and
      test results of Bonds and the nine other players who had testified
      before the Balco grand jury. Two years later, the U.C.L.A. laboratory
      that retested Bonds's sample concluded that it contained the designer
      steroid THG, known as "the clear"; clomid, an anti-estrogen drug used
      to stimulate natural testosterone levels; and the presence of
      testosterone not naturally made by the body.

      Baseball did not test for THG in 2003 and did not begin testing for
      clomid until the 2007 season. Why Bonds did not test positive for
      testosterone in 2003 is not clear.

      When Bonds testified before the Balco grand jury in 2003, he said
      that he had used the "clear" and the "cream," a lotion with
      epitestosterone and testosterone, but did not believe they were
      performance-enhancing drugs. He said he believed the "clear" was
      flaxseed oil and that the "cream" was a balm for arthritis. He said
      he used the "cream" sparingly.

      The New York Times reported last week that federal authorities had
      detected a steroid other than the "clear" and the "cream" in a urine
      sample from Bonds. The documents unsealed Wednesday said that
      testosterone had been detected in Bonds's 2003 sample, but did not
      say whether the source was the "cream" or another anabolic steroid.

      "You cannot tell from a urine analysis whether a person has used the
      cream or has been using other sources of testosterone, like gels,
      patches or injectables," said Dr. Gary I. Wadler, an antidoping
      expert and member of the World Anti-Doping Agency.

      The documents also included a 2006 letter from Commissioner Bud Selig
      to Bonds notifying him of a first-time positive test for
      amphetamines, which does not result in a suspension. The test result
      does not appear to be directly related to the perjury case.

      ***

      http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/16/sports/baseball/16drugs.html

      January 16, 2009
      Steroids Dealer Testifies Before Clemens Grand Jury in Perjury
      Investigation
      By MICHAEL S. SCHMIDT

      WASHINGTON — Two blocks from the steps of the Capitol, where Barack
      Obama will be sworn in as president Tuesday, and four blocks from
      where Roger Clemens testified at a Congressional hearing last
      February, a federal grand jury met Thursday to hear evidence that
      could help lead to Clemens's indictment.

      The grand jury, in United States District Court, is investigating
      whether Clemens committed perjury when he told the House Committee on
      Oversight and Government Reform last Feb. 13 that he never used
      performance-enhancing drugs.

      When Clemens and his chief accuser, Brian McNamee, testified that
      day, the proceedings were broadcast on national television and
      attended by reporters from around the country.

      The scene was far different Thursday morning, with only a handful of
      reporters present in the courthouse when Daniel P. Butler, the deputy
      United States attorney overseeing the Clemens case, pushed himself in
      a wheelchair through the lobby. His destination was an elevator that
      took him to the third-floor room where the grand jury was meeting
      behind closed doors.

      "I can't say anything," Butler told reporters.

      Minutes later, Kirk Radomski, the convicted steroids dealer who led
      prosecutors to McNamee, arrived at the courthouse to testify before
      the grand jury. He wore a shiny black jacket with a gold zipper. He
      departed several hours later, escorted by a United States marshal and
      declining to answer questions. He did not appear to have a lawyer
      with him.

      How much Radomski can contribute to the investigation is unclear,
      because he does not appear to have direct ties to Clemens. But Butler
      will be crucial to the proceedings.

      Like the deputy United States attorneys in San Francisco who have
      presided over the major steroid cases in the last six years, Butler
      is not a political appointee. As such, he will presumably remain on
      the Clemens case regardless of whom the new administration selects to
      become the next United States attorney for the District of Columbia
      office.

      Butler, who has been a prosecutor for more than 25 years, lost the
      use of his legs in 1977, when he was hit by a car while racing a
      bicycle. He later participated in the Paralympics as a swimmer and
      won a gold medal in the 50-meter butterfly at the 1996 Paralympic
      Games in Atlanta.

      In addition to investigating Clemens, Butler is also considering
      whether to seek an indictment of Houston Astros shortstop Miguel
      Tejada on charges that he made false statements to investigators for
      the same House committee that heard Clemens's testimony. According to
      a person briefed on the matter, a grand jury has been convened to
      begin hearing evidence regarding Tejada. The person spoke on the
      condition of anonymity because he did not want to jeopardize his
      access to sensitive information.

      A lawyer for Tejada did not immediately return a telephone message
      seeking comment. In a telephone interview Thursday evening, Butler
      declined comment on the matter.

      Like Clemens, Tejada was referred to the Justice Department by the
      Oversight Committee on suspicion that he made false statements about
      his use of performance-enhancing drugs.

      The committee said that in 2005, Tejada told investigators that he
      had never used steroids. At the time, the target of the committee
      investigators was not Tejada but his Baltimore Oriole teammate,
      Rafael Palmeiro, who at a nationally televised hearing in March of
      that year insisted he never used performance-enhancing drugs. He
      tested positive soon afterward.

      What complicated matters for Tejada was the release of the report by
      George J. Mitchell in December of 2007. The report linked dozens of
      current and former players, including Tejada, to the use of such
      drugs.

      According to the Mitchell report, one of Tejada's former teammates
      with the Oakland A's, Adam Piatt, told investigators for Mitchell
      that he had provided steroids to Tejada in March 2003. Pictures of
      canceled checks written to Piatt from Tejada for $3,100 and $3,200
      were included in the Mitchell report.

      Tejada was the American League's most valuable player in 2002 with
      the Oakland A's and signed a six-year, $72 million contract with
      Baltimore after the 2003 season. He was traded to the Astros the day
      before the Mitchell report was released.

      As Thursday's grand jury proceedings unfolded, McNamee and his
      lawyers were preparing to travel here for a Friday meeting with
      Butler, although McNamee is not yet expected to testify.

      But McNamee was talking elsewhere, stating in a video interview with
      the Web site Sportsimproper.com that he believes Clemens will end up
      in prison for committing perjury. "I believe he'll probably be
      wearing a uniform, but it will be one of those orange jump suits with
      a serial number on it," McNamee said.

      ***

      http://voices.washingtonpost.com/baseball-
      insider/2009/01/mcgwires_brother_i_introduced.html

      McGwire's Brother: "I Introduced Mark to Steroids"
      By Cameron Smith
      January 22, 2009

      Occasionally, the blogosphere really does break the biggest news.
      That appears to be the case in the latest significant steroids
      development, where slugger Mark McGwire's younger brother, Jay, is
      now claiming that he introduced Mark to steroids in a memoir
      manuscript that he's shopping to publishers. In the details contained
      in the excerpts that have been leaked to the counter-cultural sports
      blog deadspin.com, Jay McGwire even claims that he was the first
      person to inject Mark with steroids, at least until a girlfriend took
      over the responsibility.

      There are too many juicy excerpts to get into all of them, but here's
      our choice pick among them.

      "I directed him to androstenedione testosterone booster, which is non-
      hormonal (which is why it can be sold legally and is not affected by
      the 2004 Anabolic Steroid Control Act) and works naturally with your
      body. "Andro" increases strength and aggression while promoting
      reduction of body fat and a leaner look to the physique....[U]sing
      andro allowed Mark to avoid all the potential adverse side effects
      that could occur from using anabolic steroids, such as water
      retention, hair loss, and liver, heart, or kidney stress. In
      addition, he wouldn't have cholesterol problems or testicular
      atrophy. And there were no problems with the law."

      "Who knows what might have happened if I didn't get Mark involved
      with all the training, supplements, the right foods, steroids, and
      HGH. He would not have broken any records and the Congressional
      Hearings would have gone on without him. Maybe Barry Bonds wouldn't
      have ever gotten involved with the stuff, either. Mark McGwire might
      have gone silently into the night long before breaking Roger Maris'
      home run record. But that's just not the way it went down, so we'll
      never know. But at least I feel better about setting the record
      straight."

      Also discussed: Mark McGwire's irascible 'roid rage and his pleading
      the fifth. It'll be interesting to see if anyone can drag more
      comments out of Jay McGwire, because something tells us this is the
      last we'll see of this book proposal.
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