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Editor, The Konformist
Hamas is a Creation of Mossad
by Hassane Zerouky
Global Outlook, No 2, Summer 2002
23 March 2004
Thanks to the Mossad, Israel's "Institute for Intelligence and
Special Tasks", the Hamas was allowed to reinforce its presence in
the occupied territories. Meanwhile, Arafat's Fatah Movement for
National Liberation as well as the Palestinian Left were subjected to
the most brutal form of repression and intimidation
Let us not forget that it was Israel, which in fact created Hamas.
According to Zeev Sternell, historian at the Hebrew University of
Jerusalem, "Israel thought that it was a smart ploy to push the
Islamists against the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO)".
Ahmed Yassin, the spiritual leader of the Islamist movement in
Palestine, returning from Cairo in the seventies, established an
Islamic charity association. Prime Minister Golda Meir, saw this as a
an opportunity to counterbalance the rise of Arafat's Fatah
movement. .According to the Israeli weekly Koteret Rashit (October
1987), "The Islamic associations as well as the university had been
supported and encouraged by the Israeli military authority" in charge
of the (civilian) administration of the West Bank and Gaza. "They
[the Islamic associations and the university] were authorized to
receive money payments from abroad."
The Islamists set up orphanages and health clinics, as well as a
network of schools, workshops which created employment for women as
well as system of financial aid to the poor. And in 1978, they
created an "Islamic University" in Gaza. "The military authority was
convinced that these activities would weaken both the PLO and the
leftist organizations in Gaza." At the end of 1992, there were six
hundred mosques in Gaza. Thanks to Israel's intelligence agency
Mossad (Israel's Institute for Intelligence and Special Tasks) , the
Islamists were allowed to reinforce their presence in the occupied
territories. Meanwhile, the members of Fatah (Movement for the
National Liberation of Palestine) and the Palestinian Left were
subjected to the most brutal form of repression.
In 1984, Ahmed Yassin was arrested and condemned to twelve years in
prison, after the discovery of a hidden arms cache. But one year
later, he was set free and resumed his activities. And when the
Intifada (`uprising') began, in October 1987, which took the
Islamists by surprise, Sheik Yassin responded by creating the Hamas
(The Islamic Resistance Movement): "God is our beginning, the prophet
our model, the Koran our constitution", proclaims article 7 of the
charter of the organization.
Ahmed Yassin was in prison when, the Oslo accords (Declaration of
Principles on Interim Self-Government) were signed in September 1993.
The Hamas had rejected Oslo outright. But at that time, 70% of
Palestinians had condemned the attacks on Israeli civilians. Yassin
did everything in his power to undermine the Oslo accords. Even prior
to Prime Minister Rabin's death, he had the support of the Israeli
government. The latter was very reluctant to implement the peace
The Hamas then launched a carefully timed campaign of attacks against
civilians, one day before the meeting between Palestinian and Israeli
negotiators, regarding the formal recognition of Israel by the
National Palestinian Council. These events were largely instrumental
in the formation of a Right wing Israeli government following the May
Quite unexpectedly, Prime Minister Netanyahu ordered Sheik Ahmed
Yassin to be released from prison ("on humanitarian grounds") where
he was serving a life sentence. Meanwhile, Netanyahu, together with
President Bill Clinton, was putting pressure on Arafat to control the
Hamas. In fact, Netanyahu knew that he could rely, once more, on the
Islamists to sabotage the Oslo accords. Worse still: after having
expelled Yassin to Jordan, Prime Minister Netanyahu allowed him to
return to Gaza, where he was welcomed triumphantly as a hero in
Arafat was helpless in the face of these events. Moreover, because he
had supported Saddam Hussein during the1991 Gulf war, (while the
Hamas had cautiously abstained from taking sides), the Gulf states
decided to cut off their financing of the Palestinian Authority.
Meanwhile, between February and April 1998, Sheik Ahmad Yassin was
able to raise several hundred million dollars, from those same
countries. The the budget of The Hamas was said to be greater than
that of the Palestinian Authority. These new sources of funding
enabled the Islamists to effectively pursue their various charitable
activities. It is estimated that one Palestinian out of three is the
recipient of financial aid from the Hamas. And in this regard, Israel
has done nothing to curb the inflow of money into the occupied
The Hamas had built its strength through its various acts of sabotage
of the peace process, in a way which was compatible with the
interests of the Israeli government. In turn, the latter sought in a
number of ways, to prevent the application of the Oslo accords. In
other words, Hamas was fulfilling the functions for which it was
originally created: to prevent the creation of a Palestinian State.
And in this regard, Hamas and Ariel Sharon, see eye to eye; they are
exactly on the same wave length.
The Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG) at
www.globalresearch.ca grants permission to cross-post original Global
Research (Canada) articles in their entirety, or any portions
thereof, on community internet sites, as long as the text & title of
the article are not modified. The source must be acknowledged as
follows: Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG) at
www.globalresearch.ca . For cross-postings, kindly use the active
URL hyperlink address of the original CRG article. The author's
copyright note must be displayed. (For articles from other news
sources, check with the original copyright holder, where
applicable.). For publication of Global Research (Canada) articles in
print or other forms including commercial internet sites, contact:
© Copyright H ZEROUKY 2004. For fair use only/ pour usage équitable
seulement. This article originally appeared in French in L'Humanité.
Translation by Global Outlook, 2002.
DECEMBER 29, 2008
As if Things Weren't Bad Enough, Russian Professor Predicts End of
In Moscow, Igor Panarin's Forecasts Are All the Rage;
America 'Disintegrates' in 2010
By ANDREW OSBORN
MOSCOW -- For a decade, Russian academic Igor Panarin has been
predicting the U.S. will fall apart in 2010. For most of that time,
he admits, few took his argument -- that an economic and moral
collapse will trigger a civil war and the eventual breakup of the
U.S. -- very seriously. Now he's found an eager audience: Russian
In recent weeks, he's been interviewed as much as twice a day about
his predictions. "It's a record," says Prof. Panarin. "But I think
the attention is going to grow even stronger."
Prof. Panarin, 50 years old, is not a fringe figure. A former KGB
analyst, he is dean of the Russian Foreign Ministry's academy for
future diplomats. He is invited to Kremlin receptions, lectures
students, publishes books, and appears in the media as an expert on
But it's his bleak forecast for the U.S. that is music to the ears of
the Kremlin, which in recent years has blamed Washington for
everything from instability in the Middle East to the global
financial crisis. Mr. Panarin's views also fit neatly with the
Kremlin's narrative that Russia is returning to its rightful place on
the world stage after the weakness of the 1990s, when many feared
that the country would go economically and politically bankrupt and
break into separate territories.
A polite and cheerful man with a buzz cut, Mr. Panarin insists he
does not dislike Americans. But he warns that the outlook for them is
"There's a 55-45% chance right now that disintegration will occur,"
he says. "One could rejoice in that process," he adds, poker-
faced. "But if we're talking reasonably, it's not the best scenario --
for Russia." Though Russia would become more powerful on the global
stage, he says, its economy would suffer because it currently depends
heavily on the dollar and on trade with the U.S.
Mr. Panarin posits, in brief, that mass immigration, economic
decline, and moral degradation will trigger a civil war next fall and
the collapse of the dollar. Around the end of June 2010, or early
July, he says, the U.S. will break into six pieces -- with Alaska
reverting to Russian control.
In addition to increasing coverage in state media, which are tightly
controlled by the Kremlin, Mr. Panarin's ideas are now being widely
discussed among local experts. He presented his theory at a recent
roundtable discussion at the Foreign Ministry. The country's top
international relations school has hosted him as a keynote speaker.
During an appearance on the state TV channel Rossiya, the station cut
between his comments and TV footage of lines at soup kitchens and
crowds of homeless people in the U.S. The professor has also been
featured on the Kremlin's English-language propaganda channel, Russia
Mr. Panarin's apocalyptic vision "reflects a very pronounced degree
of anti-Americanism in Russia today," says Vladimir Pozner, a
prominent TV journalist in Russia. "It's much stronger than it was in
the Soviet Union."
Mr. Pozner and other Russian commentators and experts on the U.S.
dismiss Mr. Panarin's predictions. "Crazy ideas are not usually
discussed by serious people," says Sergei Rogov, director of the
government-run Institute for U.S. and Canadian Studies, who thinks
Mr. Panarin's theories don't hold water.
Mr. Panarin's résumé includes many years in the Soviet KGB, an
experience shared by other top Russian officials. His office, in
downtown Moscow, shows his national pride, with pennants on the wall
bearing the emblem of the FSB, the KGB's successor agency. It is also
full of statuettes of eagles; a double-headed eagle was the symbol of
The professor says he began his career in the KGB in 1976. In post-
Soviet Russia, he got a doctorate in political science, studied U.S.
economics, and worked for FAPSI, then the Russian equivalent of the
U.S. National Security Agency. He says he did strategy forecasts for
then-President Boris Yeltsin, adding that the details
In September 1998, he attended a conference in Linz, Austria, devoted
to information warfare, the use of data to get an edge over a rival.
It was there, in front of 400 fellow delegates, that he first
presented his theory about the collapse of the U.S. in 2010.
"When I pushed the button on my computer and the map of the United
States disintegrated, hundreds of people cried out in surprise," he
remembers. He says most in the audience were skeptical. "They didn't
At the end of the presentation, he says many delegates asked him to
autograph copies of the map showing a dismembered U.S.
He based the forecast on classified data supplied to him by FAPSI
analysts, he says. He predicts that economic, financial and
demographic trends will provoke a political and social crisis in the
U.S. When the going gets tough, he says, wealthier states will
withhold funds from the federal government and effectively secede
from the union. Social unrest up to and including a civil war will
follow. The U.S. will then split along ethnic lines, and foreign
powers will move in.
California will form the nucleus of what he calls "The Californian
Republic," and will be part of China or under Chinese influence.
Texas will be the heart of "The Texas Republic," a cluster of states
that will go to Mexico or fall under Mexican influence. Washington,
D.C., and New York will be part of an "Atlantic America" that may
join the European Union. Canada will grab a group of Northern states
Prof. Panarin calls "The Central North American Republic." Hawaii, he
suggests, will be a protectorate of Japan or China, and Alaska will
be subsumed into Russia.
"It would be reasonable for Russia to lay claim to Alaska; it was
part of the Russian Empire for a long time." A framed satellite image
of the Bering Strait that separates Alaska from Russia like a thread
hangs from his office wall. "It's not there for no reason," he says
with a sly grin.
Interest in his forecast revived this fall when he published an
article in Izvestia, one of Russia's biggest national dailies. In it,
he reiterated his theory, called U.S. foreign debt "a pyramid
scheme," and predicted China and Russia would usurp Washington's role
as a global financial regulator.
Americans hope President-elect Barack Obama "can work miracles," he
wrote. "But when spring comes, it will be clear that there are no
The article prompted a question about the White House's reaction to
Prof. Panarin's forecast at a December news conference. "I'll have to
decline to comment," spokeswoman Dana Perino said amid much laughter.
For Prof. Panarin, Ms. Perino's response was significant. "The way
the answer was phrased was an indication that my views are being
listened to very carefully," he says.
The professor says he's convinced that people are taking his theory
more seriously. People like him have forecast similar cataclysms
before, he says, and been right. He cites French political scientist
Emmanuel Todd. Mr. Todd is famous for having rightly forecast the
demise of the Soviet Union -- 15 years beforehand. "When he forecast
the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1976, people laughed at him,"
says Prof. Panarin.
Home prices post record 18% drop
The 20-city S&P Case-Shiller index has posted losses for a staggering
27 months in a row.
By Les Christie, CNNMoney.com staff writer
December 30, 2008
NEW YORK (CNNMoney.com) -- Home prices posted another record decline
in October, falling 18% compared with a year earlier, according to a
closely watched report released Tuesday.
The 20-city S&P Case-Shiller index has posted losses for a staggering
27 months in a row. In October, 14 of the 20 cities set fresh price
"The bear market continues; home prices are back to their March 2004
levels," says David Blitzer, Chairman of the Index Committee at
Standard & Poor's.
Sunbelt cities suffered the most, but most of the country is watching
home values fall. Home prices in Phoenix, Las Vegas and San Francisco
all fell more than 30% on a year-over-year basis. Miami, Los Angeles
and San Diego recorded year-over-year declines of 29%, 28% and 27%,
"As of October 2008, the 20-City Composite is down 23.4%," said
Blitzer. "In October, we also saw three new markets enter the 'double-
Atlanta, Seattle and Portland each reported annual rates of decline
of about 10%.
"While not yet experiencing as severe a contraction as in the
Sunbelt, it seems the Pacific Northwest and Mid-Atlantic South is not
immune to the overall demise in the housing market," Blitzer added.
Many of the factors affecting home prices turned strongly negative
this fall, according to Blitzer.
"October was really the first month to feel the full brunt of the
credit crunch," he said. "Up until the Lehman Brothers [bankruptcy
filing on September 15], everyone felt relatively optimistic."
Plus, in many of the free-falling cities the majority of real estate
sales consist of distressed properties such as foreclosed homes and
short sales. These houses tend to sell at a steep discount to the
rest of the market, and when they account for a large proportion of
all sales, they can exaggerate the depth of price declines.
Of course, foreclosures continue to be a big problem as well. In
October alone, nearly 85,000 people lost their homes to foreclosure,
adding vacant inventory to an already overburdened market.
Home sellers should not expect prices to improve any time soon,
according to Pat Newport, a real estate analyst for IHS Global
"I expect it's going to get quite a bit worse over the next couple of
months," he said. "Existing home sales reports have really been bad."
Home sales fell 8.6% in November, much more than expected, to an
annualized rate of 4.49 million units according to the National
Association of Realtors.
And although interest rates are currently extremely low - the 30-year
fixed-rate averaged 5.14% during the week of December 24, according
to mortgage giant Freddie Mac (FRE, Fortune 500) - that's doing more
to help people refinancing existing mortgages than it is to help new
"Buyers still have to have a 20% down payment," said Newport, "and,
in this environment, it can be hard to meet that criteria."
The latest Case-Shiller numbers provide more ammunition to Washington
policy makers who want to do more to fix the housing mess, according
to Jaret Seiberg, an analyst with the Stanford Group, the policy
"These data just add to the tremendous pressure on the president-
elect and the Democrats to stimulate housing," he said. "That means
more lucrative tax incentives and broad foreclosure prevention. All
of this will likely be in the stimulus plan that Congress adopts in
Nicholas Retsinas, Director of Harvard University's Joint Center for
Housing Studies, agrees. "Housing problems are at the core of our
economic problems," he said, "yet, of the government interventions
made during 2008, few were focused on housing."
With a new administration and Congress in place next month, he
expects to see a renewed interest in stabilizing the housing market.
At 50, Cuba's revolution showing its age
From Morgan Neill
CNN Havana Bureau Chief
On anniversary of Fidel Castro's rise to power, Cuba tries to adapt
Castro's brother Raul faces challenges of poverty, political dissent
Raul's pragmatism supplants idealism of Fidel's regime
HAVANA, Cuba (CNN) -- Thursday marks the 50th anniversary of the
Cuban revolution, when Fidel Castro and a group of guerrillas toppled
a longstanding U.S.-backed dictator.
A Cuban youth passes a Havana storefront poster touting the 50th
anniversary of Fidel Castro's Cuban revolution.
But January 1, 1959, was a long time ago. In Cuba today, when people
refer to "the revolution," they often mean the country's aging,
After so many years, people's hopes for the revolution's future are
"I hope that it continues to move forward, because this country needs
development. We're really behind," said a student who did not give
"More opportunities in the economy and in transportation," another
But there was a time when the goals were much loftier.
In the first days of 1959, when Castro and his bearded rebels rolled
into Havana on tanks and other captured vehicles, they talked of
sweeping changes -- an end to corruption, justice for the poor and
independence from foreign domination.
A half-century later, their achievements are a mixed bag.
The government often points to free health care as a measure of its
"Cuba is a global medical power," said Joaquín García Salabarría, the
vice minister of public health. "Nobody can doubt that."
Also touted by the government: education. Literacy rates are among
the world's highest, and access to higher education is widespread.
But students question why they can't travel freely, and why their
access to the Internet is so limited.
Most Cubans can barely make ends meet, and while the government
blames a U.S. trade embargo imposed in 1962, critics say it's just
bad management. They say the gains of the revolution have come at too
heavy a cost.
Dissident groups say Cuba holds more than 200 political prisoners, an
accusation the government denies.
Television, radio and newspapers are all controlled by the state.
Cuba marks the 50th anniversary of the revolution with a new
president, Raul Castro, who officially took the reins in February
because of the prolonged illness of his brother, Fidel Castro.
But this year, Raul Castro faced three devastating hurricanes, rising
prices for food imports and plummeting prices for nickel, one of
Cuba's most important exports.
In a speech this week, the president warned Cubans -- who on average
earn the equivalent of less than $20 a month -- to prepare for belt-
"The accounts don't square up," Raul Castro told the National
Assembly. "You have to act with realism and adjust the dreams to the
That pragmatic approach is a far cry from the idealism in the early
days of the revolution led by his brother.
"I think that celebrations of the 50th anniversary are also marked by
a real sense that sustaining this experiment and institutionalizing
it is going to require major, major lifting in a very short term by
the people running the country today," said Julia Sweig of the
Council on Foreign Relations.
That, in turn, could mean making changes to deal with a new
environment. But, ironically, change is about the last thing people
here expect from the revolution.
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