Re: Uttarakhand disaster information
- From: Abha Mishra
Moderators Note: Dear Members, following is the response from Abha Mishra who responds to the current For Comments query on AIDMIs Floods in Uttarakhand: A New Deal Relief. Agreeing to the usefulness of cash transfers/ vouchers for assistance, she raises concerns about delivery mechanism and intra and inter family conflict situations. She shares a document by ODI on Cash transfer programming in emergencies. We request members to share their views, suggestions and comments on this crucial issue. Many thanks.
Till recently relief was all about providing aid in the form of food, seeds, tools, medicines, shelter materials and household Goods and provision of cash or vouchers as alternatives or complements to in-kind assistance was only taken up for restoration activities. But experiences have shown that cash transfer or vouchers can play an important role in assisting people after emergencies across a range of sector as access to food ( beyond that is provided), help to rebuild or protect livelihoods, help to meet peoples need for shelter and non-food items. The issue is not about its appropriateness but the mechanism that is used to transfer it as cash transfer will depend on the needs of the people, market and other social factors which would be different for different contexts. It is very important to ensure that it is done in a very systematic and thought out manner because cash in hand could lead to situations of conflict between gender or families due to priority differences.
A very good resource book Cash transfer programming in emergencies by Paul Harvey and Sarah Bailey, ODI Number 11, June 2011, commissioned by HPN provides some guidance of when and where cash-based responses to emergencies are appropriate.
It talks about the basics of cash transfer programming, When is cash appropriate? , Planning and designing cash interventions, Implementing cash interventions, Monitoring and evaluation cash interventions and provided specifics for Vouchers and Cash for Work.
Hope this is useful.
Abha Mishra, UNDP, India
Commissioned and published by the Humanitarian Practice Network at ODI
From: Mihir Bhatt [mailto:mihir@...]
Moderators Note: Dear Members, We urgently request you to provide Suggestions, Ideas and Comments on AIDMIs Experience Learning Series No. 60 on Floods in Uttarakhand: A New Deal Relief. We are initiating a Discussion inviting suggestions and comments from the members of DM Community of Practice. Please note, the query poser has requested inputs urgently for presenting it to the State Government on 16th July 2013. However, considering the importance DM CoP would continue the Discussion till 19th July. We are looking forward to active contributions. Many thanks.
The Uttarakhand floods is an opportunity for Relief to be a starting point for new ways of development, protected from climate and disaster risk. To explore this and other options, AIDMI has put together a draft document Floods in Uttarakhand: A New Deal Relief as a part of its Experience Learning Series. Please access the document at ftp://ftp.solutionexchange.net.in/public/drm/resource/AIDMI_ELS_Floods_Uttarakhand.pdf (PDF; Size: 331 KB).
Let us draw from India's own experience and discuss;
· Is it possible to think of a new relief agenda?
· What can be the key features of such a new deal relief?
I would like to request members to go through the document and provide suggestions and comments as well as provide fresh ideas on the issue in question urgently. All responses (suggestions and comments) will be suitably acknowledged.
All India Disaster Mitigation Institute
Uttarakhand: Debris forces river to change courseDC | Rashme Sehgal | 22nd Aug 2013
New Delhi: Experts believe that one of the key reasons why rivers in Uttarakhand are changing course is due to the accumulation of debris from largescale construction and mining going on along their banks.
Prof Shekhar Pathak, historian and expert on the Himalayan region, pointed out that the construction boom fuelled illegal sand and boulder mining from riverbeds across the Himalayan belt. This largescale extraction changed the slope of the riverbed forcing it to change its course.
Prof Pathak cited the example of Alaknanda river changing its course abruptly in June which saw it flowing through the Srinagar city. The huge quantity of silt and boulders that it was carrying saw its banks being raised by 40 feet.
The environment ministry and the PMO had been repeatedly warned against muck being allowed to accumulate along the river banks often because of the construction of huge tunnels to build the run-of-the- river dams thereby forcing the river to flow at higher levels.
Each of these projects generates millions of tonnes of muck. Scientists have calculated that one hydro project requires several lakhs truckloads to remove this muck. The cheapest way out is to dump this waste material into a river, he added.
This was confirmed by geologist Dr Naveen Junyal with the Physical Research Laboaratory, in Ahmedabad who pointed out that the massive 1893 and the 1970 floods in the Alaknanda did not rec-ord such high levels. The situation remains same with other rivers including the Mandakini, the Bhagirathi and the Dhauli Ganga.