Reasons for atrocities on women similar across religious groups
- From: karmayog - tanya <info@...>
'Reasons for atrocities on women similar across religious groups'
Express news service : Fri Feb 22 2013, 05:00 hrs
The third interim report filed by the Chandrashekhar Dharmadhikari
Commission set up to suggest mearsures to curb crimes against women has
recommended a uniform civil code, observing that the causes behind
atrocities are similar in nature across religious groups.
The committee was set up by the state government in 2010. Its report, which
was sent to the government on January 16, was placed before the Bombay High
Court on Thursday.
The committee has cited Article 44 of the Constitution, which says that the
state "shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code
throughout the territory of India". The report observes, "The condition of
Muslim women should be seriously considered. It is necessary to have a
uniform civil code as per Article 44 of the Constitution." Referring to
deciding the age of a person attaining majority, the report says, "As the
law pertaining to attaining the age of majority is 'secular', it should be
applicable to every community." It has said the consent of woman for
marriage should be "clear and in written form", and that there should be a
clear provision pertaining to oral "talaaq" and other forms of divorce.
The committee has also recommended that anti-dowry laws should apply to
Muslims as well.
Also, significantly, the committee has recommended that law should be
amended so that the statement of a rape victim is recorded only once, and in
the presence of a magistrate. According to the panel, the statement should
be treated as "examination in chief" and cross- examination should be
conducted only on the basis of that statement.
Vijay Raghavan, head of Criminology department at the Tata Institute of
Social Sciences (TISS) and member of the panel, said, "This amendment will
help to prevent repeated trauma of the victim. Recalling details of a sexual
assault is difficult for a victim, and such a change in the law should
greatly reduce the difficulties that the criminal justice system poses for
Another important recommendation is that of reducing the age of juvenility
from 18 years to 15 years. The committee said this should be done in the
context of "changing social structures and lifestyles".
- Restrictions on public prosecutors and lawyers for accused from speaking
- In cases of crimes against women, passive bystanders should also be
treated as criminals and a provision should be made to this effect in the
- 'Stalking' and 'blackmailing' should be made criminal acts
- Political parties should not field candidates involved in crimes against