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Re: [jyotish-news] Fw: Jyotish News - December Issue

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  • balaji
    Dandavat! Please note that our e-mail address (balaji@rt66.com) has been changed to (balaji@newmexico.com). Mail going to the former e-mail address will be
    Message 1 of 2 , Jan 25, 2001
      Dandavat! Please note that our e-mail address (balaji@...) has been
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      Vedic Cultural Fellowship
    • J Sarat Chander
      ... From: J Sarat Chander To: Varahamihira Date: Friday, December 20, 2013 11:38 AM Subject: Jyotish News -
      Message 2 of 2 , Dec 21, 2013
        -----Original Message-----
        From: J Sarat Chander <saratchander@...>
        To: Varahamihira <varahamihira@egroups.com>
        Date: Friday, December 20, 2013 11:38 AM
        Subject: Jyotish News - December Issue

        Jai Jai Sri Jagannath         Vakratundaya Hum    Om Namah Shivaya                                           


        DECEMBER 1999

        A monthly news letter from Sri Jagannath Vedic Centre

        152-B, Pocket-C, Mayur Vihar Phase-2

        Delhi - 110 092

        Tel.No.0091 - 11 - 248 9531

        Email: jyotish-news@egroups.com

        Editor: Pandit Shri Sanjay Rath

        Managing Editor: J. Sarat Chander

        Email: saratchander@...






        Mantra Shastra

        Sri Sanjay Rath


        Makara Sankramana Chakra of 1999

        Sri P.V.R. Narasimha Rao


        Hayagree Stotram - 2

        Sri C.S. Ramanujam


        'Krsna' is the Source of all Incarnations

        Sri Gauranga Das


        Asterisms/Nakshatras (contd.)

        Sri J. Sarat Chander



        Sanjay Rath


        Mantra Shastra is the science of Mantra. The word Mantra is derived [1] from two words "Mana" or the mind that thinks and "Trai" or to protect. Thus mantra is the science of training the mind to protect the self. As indicated earlier, the human being is composed of three entities viz. (a) Atma (Soul) represented by the Sun and Atmakaraka, (b) Mana (Mind including the conscious, sub-conscious and other levels) represented by the Moon and Amatyakaraka and (c) Sareera (Physical Body) represented by the Lagna Lord [2] or Devatakaraka. The selection of the deity for these purposes has already been explained earlier. The scope of the science is very vast having three major divisions called Kerala (or Misra), Kashmira (or Satwika) and Ganda (or Vama Marga). It covers all religions [3] and cuts across all castes and creeds. A mantra is a mystical formula composed of letters (or phonemes) and words that is meaningful to the initiated [4]. The creation of vac or speech has its origin in the Muladhara Chakra[5], which is the seat of all creation and is lorded by Ganesha. The desire is from a primal impulse called para-vac or transcendental speech. This desire has to cross the Svadhisthana Chakra (Navel), Manipura Chakra (Solar plexus) and Anahata Chakra (heart) wherein it transforms into Pasyanti and Madhyama to finally reach the Visuddha Chakra (Throat) wherein it takes the form of audible sound called vaikhari which has been categorized into 50 alphabets [6] of Sanskrit starting from "a"(A) and ending with "ksh"(xa). Hence the alphabet is called "Akshara".



        The mantra is thus a collection of "akshara" meant to raise the Kundalini Shakti from the Muladhara Chakra to the Visuddha Chakra in the first stage (Bhu Loka) and either with or without a material objective in view. In this stage the mantra is recited verbally in a rhythm called Chhanda. It gives success in the material world and fulfills material desires as well as all desires related to the Physical Plane of consciousness. In the second stage (Bhuva Loka), the Mantra is meant to raise the Kundalini shakti from the Muladhara Chakra to the Ajna Chakra (Center of forehead called the third eye) and is repeated silently in a rhythm in the conscious mind. This opens the third eye to super-consciousness whereby the knowledge of the past-present and future are revealed as well as the manifestation of desires of the Mental Plane involved in the mantra. In the third stage (Svah or Swarga Loka), the mantra is meant to raise the Kundalini shakti from the Muladhara Chakra to the Sahasrara Chakra (Situated in the cranium called Brahmarandhra in the form of a white thousand petal lotus). Here the repetition is more of a subconscious habit of the mind and continues in Transcendental state of meditation or while sleeping in the form of Ajapa Japa. The individual loses the consciousness of the self and is completely unconscious of time and space, yet the mantra continues to lead him towards the penultimate goal (Narayana). These three have been explained by Brihaspati to Indra in the mantra "OM BHUR BHUVA SVAH".



        [1] Source Yaska: Nirukta 7.12
        [2] Some opine that the Lagna represents the Body, but this is incorrect as the Lagna is only a point in the zodiac without a physical body. The lord of Lagna represents the physical body. Parasara has clearly stated that the Graha (Planets) represent people (animate objects) as they are living and moving around. The signs represent inanimate objects.
        [3] Some authors have tried to restrict this to the most advanced Hinduism, while others have added Buddhism and Jainism, but this is not correct, as there are fine Mantra in Islam and Christianity as well.
        [4] Gurupadesatoh Mantra i.e. when the mantra is given by a guru it becomes meaningful. Initiation into a mantra is very beneficial. Ekalavya the unsung warrior in the Mahabharata did not receive the mantra directly from the Guru Dronacharya, yet became proficient in the same. When mantra cannot be taken from the Guru, then prepare an idol of the Rishi (Guru/Sage) of the mantra and worship it. After that the mantra becomes very effective. If the person is alive, then making his idol is prohibited. Ekalavya made this mistake and ended on the wrong side (Adharma) in the Mahabharata war. Thus, people who cannot find a Guru should worship Sage VedaVyasa with the Mantra "Vyam Vyaasadevaaya nama:"
        [5] One of the Kundalini Chakras at the base of the spine in the form of a Lotus.
        [6] These are 49 Akshara from "A" to "Ha" and "Ksha".

        [7] Govardhana Parikrama refers to the pilgrimage of going around the Govardhan hill near Vrindavan whereby the pilgrims extol the virtues of Vasudeva Krishna in protecting the devotees from the power of Indra who had sent problems and dangers in the form of thunder showers on the shepherds and devotees. Krishna lifted the entire Govardhana hill with His little finger and all men and animals rushed under it for shelter. Indra was incensed with rage and hurled the Vajra (thunderbolt) at Krishna. The Vajra was dissolved in the body of the Lord of the three worlds (Bhu, Bhuva & Svah) Who then lifted his gaze at Indra . Indra was struck with fear and his body started to ache and break apart. He cried out for the grace of His teacher Brihaspati. Sri Guru Brihaspati chided Indra for this foolish act and for not being able to recognize Narayana in the physical form of Krishna and gave the remedy "OM BHUR-BHUVA SVAH" i.e. the recitation of the Ekakshara Mantra (!) in all the there Loka. Indra was cured. Pleased with his devotion, Krishna promised support to his son (Arjuna).. Indra symbolizes the intelligence of a person that is often misled by the Indriya’s (Senses) to start believing in ones immortality. Thus, OM BHUR-BHUVA SVAH refers to the penultimate rulership of God (OM) in the three worlds/ states of existence and the ultimate reality i.e. OM.


        Om Sree Vaache Namaha Om Sree Brihaspataye Namaha Om Sree Gurubhyo Namaha


        P.V.R. Narasimha Rao


        Sun and Moon are the eyes of Maha Vishnu. They represent Time. Time is measured in terms of their motion. Solar calendar is based on Sun’s motion. One solar day corresponds to Sun’s motion by one degree, one solar month corresponds to 30 degree motion of Sun and one solar year corresponds to 360 degree motion of Sun.

        Sun’s entry into different rasis starts the natural solar months. Sun’s entry into Aries is said to start a new solar year, but some scholars consider his entry into Capricorn to start the new solar year in Kali yuga.

        Let us consider Sun’s Capricorn ingress of January 14, 1999 to explain some events that happened in India in 1999.


        Rasi chart

        Ingress Data: 14th January 1999, 4:52 pm (IST), New Delhi

        Rasi chart cast at this time at New Delhi is shown below.

        Compressed Narayana dasa

        Compressed Narayana dasa is an excellent dasa to use with solar ingress charts. Because Makara sankramana chakra (Capricorn ingress chart of Sun) shows a nation’s fortune for one solar year, we can compressed Narayana dasa to 365.2425 years. Compressing 120 years to 365 days (or 360 days of one-degree motion of Sun), we find that each year gets compressed to 3 solar days. Because the 7th house is stronger than lagna, dasas start from Sg and go as Sg, Le, Ar, Pi, Sc etc. Exact calculations are shown in the table below.

        First Cycle:

        Sg 3 1999-01-14 to 1999-01-23

        Le 7 1999-01-23 to 1999-02-14

        Ar 6 1999-02-14 to 1999-03-04

        Pi 12 1999-03-04 to 1999-04-05

        Sc 2 1999-04-05 to 1999-04-12

        Cn 7 1999-04-12 to 1999-05-04

        Ge 6 1999-05-04 to 1999-05-25

        Aq 7 1999-05-25 to 1999-06-15

        Li 3 1999-06-15 to 1999-06-24

        Vi 9 1999-06-24 to 1999-07-22

        Ta 8 1999-07-22 to 1999-08-15

        Cp 8 1999-08-15 to 1999-09-08

        Second Cycle:

        Sg 9 1999-09-08 to 1999-10-06

        Le 5 1999-10-06 to 1999-10-21

        Ar 6 1999-10-21 to 1999-11-07

        Pi 0 —

        Sc 10 1999-11-07 to 1999-12-07

        Cn 5 1999-12-07 to 1999-12-24

        Ge 6 1999-12-24 to 2000-01-11

        Aq 5 2000-01-11 to 2000-01-15



        Pisces has Jupiter in it and Mercury aspects it. So Pisces dasa was favorable. The month of March brought a sense of peace and relations with Pakistan seemed to be improving. Scorpio dasa (April 5-12) brought the confrontation between the AIADMK party and the BJP government. With Scorpio containing debilitated Moon and Rahu aspecting it, an uncertain and unstable state of mind gripped the nation. This dasa also saw a lot of political machinations — Scorpio stands for shady deals.

        Cancer has Rahu in it, its lord is debilitated and the 10th from Cancer has debilitated Saturn. These factors suggest turmoil in the nation and troubles for the ruler (10th) in Cancer dasa (April 12-May 4). Debilitated Saturn in the 10th from Cancer brought the confidence vote defeat for the central government. Rahu in Cancer brought the political turmoil.

        After the uncertainty in Cancer dasa, Gemini dasa brought some stability and clarity due to Jupiter’s presence in Pisces. Vajpayee was not replaced and the parliament was dissolved.

        Aquarius is aspected by Mars, Saturn and Rahu. Lords of Aquarius, Saturn and Rahu, are in the 3rd and 6th from it. These factors can bring an armed conflict during Aquarius dasa (May 25-June 15).

        India launched air strikes on Pakistani infiltrators in Kargil exactly on May 25, 1999! With Saturn in the 3rd and Rahu in the 6th from Aquarius, this dasa made India very bold. India surprised Pakistan with its swift and aggressive action against the infiltrators and a firm stand that no talks are possible until the infiltrators leave Indian terroritory. Finally, India had victory in Virgo dasa aspected by Jupiter and Mercury. Peace returned in Virgo dasa and Vajpayee became immensely popular.

        Venus, Sun and Ketu are in taamasik Capricorn. So Capricorn dasa (Aug 15-Sept 9) saw political games, mudslinging and cheap allegations during the election campaigning (Sun and Venus – planets of public conduct and decorum – with Ketu in a tamasik sign).

        Sagittarius dasa (Sept 9-Oct 6) saw the elections. Lagna stands for construction of the nation and 4th stands for constitutional activities. Mercury, being lagna and 4th lord, brought elections.

        Leo dasa (Oct 6-21) brought electoral victory to the ruling combination. Conjunction of Venus and Sun constitutes a raja yoga w.r.t. Leo and Leo dasa brought victory to the Prime Minister.

        From Leo, Cancer with Rahu is the 12th house representing a neighbor. Cancer dasa with Rahu brought the fall of Vajpayee government and turmoil in India, while Leo dasa brought the fall of Nawaz Sharif government in neighboring Pakistan.

        Scorpio has debilitated Moon, 9th lord from Scorpio. Rahu occupies the 9th from Scorpio. So Scorpio dasa (Nov 7-Dec 7) had the potential to bring a Papal visit to India and a debate on the controversial issue of religious conversions.

        Next dasa of Cancer (Dec 7-Dec 24) is not really good. It can bring some troubles for the government and worries for the nation. Mars in the 4th from Cancer may give aggressive policy decisions and firm legislative activity. Ruler needs to be careful about health.

        The last 3 weeks of the solar year will see Gemini dasa running. With Jupiter and Mercury aspecting Gemini, India will coast through the Y2K problem without many ramificaions. Other nations may have some troubles, but things in India will be relatively smooth. Any troubles that the BJP government may find itself in during the month of December will stop bothering it once Gemini dasa starts.


        By C.S. Ramanujam


        EaImatoinagamaant mahadoiSakaya nama:

        samaaharssaamnaama\ p/itpdmaRcaaM Qaama yajauYaama\

        laya: p/%yaUhanaama\ lahirivatitbaao

        RQajalaQao :

        kBaa hp

        RSauw\BBa%kBak kula kaolaahlaBavama\


        Rntma\ hyavadna hoYaahlahla:

        ShrimatheNigamantha MahaDeshikaya Namah

        Samaahaarassaamnaam Pratipadammricham Dhaama Yajushaam

        Layah Pratyuhaanaam Laharivitatirbodhajaladheh

        Kabah HarpashuddhabhBhatkabhaka Kula Kolaahalabhavam

        Haratvantaharvantam Hayavadana Heshahalahalah

        He may be described as the complete cluster of all Sama Veda, an exact solid equivalent of Rig Veda, a reservoir of the Yajur Veda Mantras, the sure annihilator of all obstacles that beset our studies. His neighing with "hala-hala" sound looks like the wave sequence of the ocean of "Jnana". May His neighing remove the darkness of our nescience that results from the uproar of the vain talking wranglers churned in praise of participation in fights.


        Pa/aqaIsanQyaa kaiqahntina



        R va@tIvaohana\

        Baatu mao vaaijava@~a vaagaISaarvyaa

        vaasaudovasya maUit


        Praathisandhya KaatihantanNirshayah

        Pragyahashteranjanashripoorva Vaktivehaan

        Bhaatu Me Vajivaktraa Vaageesharavyaa

        Vaasudevasya Murtihi


        May I be enabled to envision the horse faced form of ‘ParaVasudeva’ - which form is:

          • the wonderful eastern sunrise to the internal darkness of Ignorance, the matchless Anjana (kaajal – the black paste used to colour the eyes) that can enable all things to be revealed to one’s intellect –

        the competent Instructor of the Vedhas and the God of learning.


        ivaSauw iva&anaQana sva$pma\

        iva&ana ivaEaaNana bad\ddIxama\

        dyaainaiQama\ dohBaRtama\ SarNyaM

        dovahyaga/Ivamahma\ p/pVo

        Vishuddha Vignanadhana Svaroopam

        Vignana Vishranana Badaddiksham

        Dayanidhim Dehabhrtam Sharanyam

        Devahayagreevamaham Prapadhye


        I surrender myself to Lord Hayagreeva who is totally pure knowledge in solid material form who has taken the vow to grant supreme wisdom to the world and who is the sure refuge to all beings.


        ApaOruYaoyaOrip vaa@p/pHyaO:

        AVaip to BaUitmad\dYTparama\

        stuvannahma\ maugQa

        #it %vaBaOva

        karuNyatao naaBa kTaxaNaIya:

        Apourusheyarapi Vaakprapanjyeh

        Adhyapi TeBhutimaddashtapaaraam

        Stuvannaham MugdhaIti Tvabhaiva

        Kaarunyato Nabha Kataakshaneeyah

        Oh Lord! The extent of your greatness cannot be comprehended till this moment by the vedhas vast which are beginningless and which were not composed by anyone. And yet I venture to sing of this subject. You alone have to kindly show me everything for the simple reason that I am an Immature novice.

        daixaNyarmyaa igairSasya maUit


        dovaIsaraojasana Qama


        VyaasaahyaaoHip vyapdoSya vaaya:

        Sfurint saova

        R vana Sai@tlaoSaO:

        Daakshinyaramyaa Girishasya Murthihi

        DeviSarojnasana Dharmapatni

        Vyasahayoapi Vyapadeshya Vayaha

        Sfuranti Serva Vana Shaktileshaih


        Shiva’s south faced moorthi or the wife (Dakshinamoorthi) of Brahma deva borm in a lotus (Saraswati) or Vyasa of great fame praised by all – all these and others (worshipped as Gods of learning who will grant wisdom) have reached a worthy name and position only by receiving a few droplets of your great power.



        By Gauranga das


        In the second chapter of Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra, Maharishi Parashara, the father of Jyotish explains the different incarnations of the Lord who descend as divine Avatars in different Yugas of the world's history and who also expand into the Navagrahas, or the nine planets: Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu. Although technically we say that these Avatars and Grahas are the incarnations or expansions of Lord Vishnu, Sri Krishna explains in the Bhagavad-gita that He is the source of all incarnations and everything else in the worlds. In the 10th chapter of the Bhagavad-gita entitled Aisvarya-yoga Sri Krishna also stresses this point:

        Aham sarvasya prabhavo mattah sarvam pravartate

        Iti matvaa bhajante maam budhaa bhaava-samanvitaah

        "I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who perfectly know this engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts." (Bg. 10.8., transl. by. HDG. A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada).

        In the proceeding shlokas Lord Krishna elaborates on His opulences, actually enlisting all the Grahas there as well. In the 21st shloka He says: jyotishaam ravir amshumaan, "Of lights I am the radiant Sun". All writers of Jyotisha consider the Sun (Ravi) as the most powerful and important Graha amongst all. He is the source of light, and these rays of light are distributed to all the other Grahas, therefore they will represent the different colours and qualities originally manifested by the Sun.

        And the counterpart of the Sun is the Moon (nakshatraanaam aham shashi), which is the crest-jewel on the crown of the stars in the night sky. We see the Sun and the Moon mentioned elsewhere also as Krishna's manifestations: prabhaasmi shashi-suuryayoh (7.8) - "I am the light of the Sun and the Moon";or later, in the 15th chapter (Purushottama-yoga) we also read Krisnhna's description:

        yad aaditya-gatam tejo jagad bhaasayate 'khilam

        yac candramasi yac caagnau tat tejo viddhi maamakam

        " The splendor of the Sun, which dissipates the darkness of this whole world, comes from Me. And the splendor of the Moon and the splendor of fire are also from Me." (15.12.). We know perfectly well, how inportant is the role of the Sun and the Moon in Jyotish. Maharishi Parashara states that the Sun is the soul of all, and the Moon is the mind. Of course everything else arises from these two. And even this is supported by Krishna's words: indriyaanaam manash caasmi bhuutaanaam asmi cetanaa - "Of the senses I am the mind, and in living beings I am the living force (consciousness)" (10.22). Then Maharishi Parshara gives these two planets royal status, while all the others are subordinate. The basic units of time measurement in Jyotish are also based on the Sun (Aho-raatra - a day and Varhsa - a year) and on the Moon (Paksha - fortnight, Maasa - month). Of course Krishna is the controller of the months and seasons as well: maasaanam maarga-shiirsho 'ham rtuunaam kusumaakarah - "Of months I am Maargashiirsha, and of seasons I am flower-bearing spring." (10.35). The two basic divisions of the Zodiac are also based on the Sun (Rasi) and the Moon (Nakshatra). Most of the Muhurta calculations are also dependent on these two planets. The elements of Panchanga (Nakshatra, Tithi, Yoga and Karana) with the exception of Vaara are also dependent on the Sun and Moon. We usually associate the masculine energies to the Sun and the feminine to the Moon in the chart. This can be used in many ways, let alone mention the Hora (D-2) chart.

        In the same shloka mentioned before (10.22) Krishna says that of the demigods (devas) He is Indra, the king of the demigods (deevaanaam asmi vaasavah). Indra also represents Jupiter, the planet of wisdom and divine knowledge. We also call this planet Brihaspati-graha, and Krshna says: purodhasaam ca mukhyam maam viddhi paartha brhaspatim - "Of priests, O Arjuna, know Me to be the chief, Brhaspati" (10.24.) So Jupiter also represents Krishna.

        Brihaspati is the Guru of the Devas (demigods). So there is the counterpart, Shukracharya, who is the Guru of the Asuras (demons). He is the lord of Venus (Sukra-graha), and we know that many times the relationship between Jupiter and Venus is somewhat antagonistic, especially from the side of Venus, let alone take the natural relationship of the planets (Naisargika Sambandha). So Krishna says: kaviinaam ushanaa kavih - "Among great thinkers I am Ushanaa (Shukracharya)" (10.37)

        Usually we take Venus as the Karaka (significator) of Shukra (semen), or potency for procreation. But at the same time Venus represents the feminine sexual potency, which is usually the cause for procreation. So Krishna also says: prajanash caasmi kandarpah - "Of causes for procreation I am Kandarpa, the god of love" (10.28)

        If Venus represents the feminine sexual potency, then Mars will represent the masculine traits, and the demigod presiding over Mars (Kuja) is Kartikeya, the son of Lord Shiva. So Krishna says: senaaniinaam aham skandah - "Of generals I am Kartikeya", therefore, Mars is also the expansion of the Supreme Lord.

        The next planet is Mercury. Usually it is said that Mercury is lorded by Vishnu. In the 21th shloka He says that of Adityas He is Vishnu (aadityaanaam aham vishnur). Elsewhere He also says that He is speech (kiirtih shriir vaak ca naariinaam, 10.34), which is the main signification (Karakatva) of Mercury.

        And the last palanet in Jyotish is Saturn. It is said that Saturn is governed by Brahma. So Krisnha says: dhaataaham vishvato-mukhah - "Of creators I am Brahma" (10.33). But usually we also say that Saturn is the planet of longevity or death, and according to the Jyotish Shastras Sani is the brother of Yamaraja. Shri Krishna enlists as His representatives both Aryamaa, the lord of the departed ancestors (Pitris) and Yamaraja, the lord of death as well: pitrnaam aryamaa caasmi yamah samyamataam aham. "Of departed ancestors I am Aryamaa, and among the dispensers of law I am Yama, the lord of death." (10.29)

        And finally, we should not forget, that the science of Jyotish is actually devoted to the study of time, as the almighty agent promoting the manifestation of karmic reactions and molding the chains of fruitive activities and the individual or collective karmas of the living entities. Time is also the representative of Lord Krishna. In this same chapter Krishna states: kaalah kalayataam aham - "Among subduers I am time" (10.30); aham evaakshayah kaalo - "I am inexhaustible time" (10.33).

        And later, in the next chapter Arjuna sees the manifestation of the Universal Form, where he is able to see the workings of the law of karma under Krishna's direction. There Krishna says: kaalo 'smi lokakshaya-krt pravrddho - "Time I am, the great destroyer of the worlds" (11.32.) There Arjuna was able to see the past, present and future of the living entities, just like a learned astrologer sees the thread of the individual's karma in the horoscope.

        And Lord Krishna even mentions the great Maharishis, who were also great Jyotishis, as His representatives: maharshiinaam bhrgur aham - "Of the great sages I am Bhrgu" (10.25); devarshiinaam ca naaradah - "Of the sages among the demigods I am Naarada" (10.26); muniinaam apy aham vyaasah - "Of the sages I am Vyaasa" (10.37).

        The purpose of this short essay was to show how we should remeber Shri Krishna while casting horoscopes or reading any individual's indications. Arjuna asked Krishna to give examples of His opulence so that we could remember Him all the time. So Lord Krishna concludes the chapter in the following way:

        yad yad vibhuutimat sattvam shriimad uurjitam eva vaa

        tat tad evaavagaccha tvam mama tejo 'msha-sambhavam

        atha vaa bahunaitena kim jnaatena tavaarjuna

        vishtabhyaaham idam krtsnam akaamshena sthito jagat

        "Know that all opulent, beautiful and glorious creations spring from but a spark of My splendor. But what need is there, Arjuna, for all this detailed knowledge? With a single fragment of Myself I pervade and support this entire universe." (10.41-42).


        By J. Sarat Chander

        (Continued from October issue)

        Based on the qualities that the Nakshatras confer on an individual, the 27 Nakshatras can be classified into 3 groups viz., the forceful and positive ones, the not so forceful or the passive ones and the moderate or the tolerant ones. The nature of the Nakshatras is to be studied to determine the compatibility and harmony in relationship between the individuals, especially in marriages where the strength of the marriage is the harmony between the couple.

        Kritika, Aslesha, Magha, Chitra, Visakha, Jeshta, Mula, Dhanishta

        and Satabhishak are Nakshatras that belong to the forceful or the positive group. Persons falling under these stars possess a bold, courageous, aggressive, daring and stubborn personality and the ability to get over obstacles by sheer force. These forceful and positive Asterisms are very passionate in nature and due to this nature, these people tend to overdo their bit a little more than necessary, which could be damaging, but if the same passion is controlled, their achievements could become awesome. The danger lies in their thought and belief that strength or force alone will win them the things in life. Such uncontrolled passion often leads to troubles – even societal troubles – like murder, war, treachery, quarrels, disputes etc., because it is the passion that breeds the fire/ambition to attain power and rule over people by brute force. Self-discipline will help in controlling the passion for people born under any of these Nakshatras.

        Ashwini, Mrigashira, Punarvasu, Pushya, Hasta, Swati, Anuradha, Shravan, Purvabadrapada

        belong to the passive or the ‘not-so-forceful’ group. These Nakshatras confer such qualities as truth, honesty (both in thought and in action), kindness, purity in motives and thoughts etc. These people will stay away from controversies and would choose to compromise certain things rather than confront and use force to bring people around to their point of view. They invariably possess the uncanny knack of bringing people to their points of view without using force or coercive methods. These people are more philosophic and philanthropic in their approach, which could sometimes border on very idealistic attitudes in life. They usually have a truthful, honest and straightforward approach to many aspects of life. Hence they succeed in winning over people by convincing them about their approach to life.

        Finally, the Nakshatras that are classified under the tolerant or the moderate group are Bharani, Rohini, Ardra, Purva Phalguni, Uttara Phalguni, Purvashada, Uttarashada, Uttarabhadrapada and Revati. People born in any of these Nakshatras rising at the time of their birth will possess qualities of tolerance, non-interference, love for arts, desire to live with wealth and luxuries etc. They generally do not breed such passions as to attain power like those of the Passive group or be altruistic and philanthropic in life and thereby trying to reform the world like those under the non-passive group. These people are of the type that "live and let others live". They are a very silent and tolerant type of people who seldom interfere in the life of others and, at the same time, despise those who interfere in theirs. The negative side of the people born under this group of stars is that due to their inherent nature of non-interference and love for wealth and luxury, they are liable to become insensitive to the needs of others. Some times, the desire for wealth and luxury could lead them to do anything, unless it affects their personal lives, to achieve their goals.

        All the Nakshatras are feminine and Moon (more precisely interpreted as Krishna) is the Lord of the Nakshatras. It is Moon (Sri Krishna) who is seen as dancing in the backdrop of the Nakshatras. Hence, it is Moon who decides the Janma Nakshatra of a person. Indirectly, one may say that it is Sri Krishna who decides the Janma (birth) of a person and thereby the 'Janma Nakshatra'. The constellation in which Moon is disposited at the time of birth is called the ‘Janma Rasi while the star/Nakshatra is called the ‘Janma Nakshatra’. Thus, ‘Janma Nakshatra’ helps one a great deal in rectifying the birth timings etc.

        Having understood the basic characteristics conferred by the different group of stars, it is very important to know the characteristics conferred by each Nakshatra and also study the planets in the Asterisms rising at the time of birth for a proper evaluation of the chart. Each of the planets has their own attributes and characteristics to be conferred on the native. While the constellations show their effect on the mental plane, the planets show their effect on the physical plane. Different planets rising under different Nakshatras, thus, modify the signification and, accordingly, confer different attributes to the person. It is, therefore, very basic and essential to understand the effects of different planets under different Asterisms, which will be attempted in the subsequent issues.

        (to be continued)


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