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29[jyotish-news] JYOTISH NEWS - APRIL 2000 - PART - II

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  • Sarat Chander
    Mar 16, 2000
       

      2)  Naradiya Purana - 25,000 verses.

          This purana contains a synopsis of everything;

          It describes Jagannatha Puri, Dwaraka, Badrinatha, etc.

      3)  Padma Purana - 55,000 verses.

          Contains the glory of Srimad Bhagavatam;

          The stories of Rama, Jagannatha, Matsya, Ekadasi, Bhrgu, etc.

      4)  Garuda Purana - 19,000.

          Subject of Bhagavad-gita;

          Reincarnation;

          Visnusahasranam;

          It describes the Tarsya Kalpa.

      5)  Varaha Purana - 24,000 verses.

          Describes different Vrata;

          Lord Visnu's glories.

      6)  Bhagavata Purana - 18,000 verses.

          (Included by some in the mode of goodness).

         

      LORD BRAHMA (Predominating Deity)

      7)  Brahmanda Purana - 12,000 verses.

          Describes the Vedangas;

          Describes the Adi Kalpa.

      8)  Brahmavaivarta Purana - 18,000 verses.

          Contains the glories and pastimes of Radha and Krsna.

      9)  Markendeya Purana - 9,000 verses.

          Stories of Rama and Krsna.

      10) Bhavisya Purana - 14,500 verses.

          Contains the glories of devotional service;

          Prediction of Lord Caitanya.

      11) Vamana Purana - 10,000 verses.

          Contains the story of Lord Trivikrama.

      12) Brahma Purana - 10,000 verses.

       

      LORD SIVA (Predominating Deity)

      13) Matsya Purana - 14,000 verses.

          Temple construction;

          Describes Vamana and Varaha Kalpas.

      14) Kurma Purana - 17,000 verses.

          Contains the conversation between Krsna and the Sun-god;

          Danvantari;

          Describes the Laksmi Kalpa.

      15) Linga Purana - 10,000 verses.

          Contains the glory of Lord Nrsmhadeva;

          Janardhana;

          The story of Ambarisha;

          The glories of Gayatri.

      16) Siva Purana - 24,000 verses.

      17) Skanda Purana - 81,000 verses.

      18) Agni Purana - 15,400 verses.

          Contains the description of Salagrama;

          Describes the Isana kalpa.

      All these Puranas describe five subjects. The Amarkhasa describes the Puranas as follows:

      (Ref. Chapter 12, Puranic Literatures)

          sargas ca pratisarga ca

           vamsa manvantarani ca

          vamsanu caritam capi

           puranam panca laksanam

       

      A Purana describes;

      1)  SARGA (Creation)

      2)  PRATISARGA (Recreation)

      3)  VAMSA (History of the sages)

      4)  MANVANTARA (Periods of Manu)

      5)  VAMSANUCARITA (Geneology of Kings)

       

      THE GREATNESS OF SRIMAD BHAGAVATAM

      After compiling the Vedic Literatures, Puranas, etc., Vyasadeva was still feeling unsatisfied. While thinking in this way Narada Muni reached the cottage of Vyasadeva and was asked about the cause of dissatisfaction. Narada Muni explained that because he (Vyasadeva) did not directly describe Krsna's pastimes, and instead gave a license to enjoy sense gratification under religious principles, he was remaining unsatisfied. Narada then instructed Vyasadeva in the (Catur Sloka – Srimad Bhagavatam) the essence of the Veda. Vyasadeva took these four verses and expanded them to compile the Srimad Bhagavatam, which is known as the ripened fruit of Vedic literature because it directly describes Krsna's transcendental pastimes. (Ref. S.B. 1, chapter 5)

       

      Krsna instructed

      Catur sloka to

       

                  BRAHMA

       

       

      Veda                                   Narada

       

      Samhitas - Verses              Vyasa

                                              

      Brahmanas - City life        Expanded the four verses and compiled Srimad

      Aranyakas - Forest life      Bhagavatam which is the ripened fruit of Vedic knowledge.

      Upanisads - Philosophy

                                                      Essence

                    

       

       

      Bhagavad-gita        Upanisad          Purana

             padau yadiyau prathama dvitiyau

         tritiyaturyau kathitau yaduru

           nabhistatha pancama eva sasto

         bhujantaram doryugalam yathanyau

           mukharavindam dasamam praphullam

         ekadasau yasya lalatha pathakam

           siro pi yad dvadasa eva bati

         tamadidevam karuna nidhanam

           tamala varnam suhitavataram

         aparasamsara samudra setum

           bhajamehe bhagavata svarupam

       

      Translation:

      I meditate on the most merciful Sri Krsna. Whose bodily hue is like a tamala tree. He has appeared for everyone's benefit in the form of Srimad Bhagavatam. The srimad Bhagavatam is like a bridge for crossing over the unending ocean of birth and death.

      The first and second cantos are His lotus feet.

      The third and fourth cantos are His two thighs.

      The fifth canto is His navel (waist).

      The seventh and eighth are His mighty shoulders.

      The ninth canto is His throat (neck).

      The tenth canto is His face, which is like a fully bloomed lotus flower.

      The eleventh canto is His forehead.

      The twelth canto is His head.

                                     (Padma Purana).

       

           krsna sva-dhamopagate

         dharma-jnanadibhih saha  

           kalau nasta-drsam esa

         puranarko 'dhunoditah

      This Bhagavata Purana is as brilliant as the sun, and it has arisen just after the departure of Lord Krsna to His own abode, accompanied by religion, knowledge, etc. Persons who have loost their vision due to the dense darkness of ignorance in the age of Kali shall get light from this Purana. (S.B. 1:3:43)

       

      The Srimad Bhagavatam describes 10 subjects: (S.B. 2:10:1)

      1)  Creation of the universe

      2)  Subcreation

      3)  The planetary systems

      4)  Protection by Krsna

      5)  The creative impetus

      6)  The change of Manus

      7)  The science of God

      8)  Returning back to Godhead

      9)  Liberation

      10) Summum bonum

       

      KRSNA'S THREE ENERGIES

           visnu saktih para prokta

         ksetre-jnakhya titha para

           avidya-karma samjnaya

         tritiya saktir isyate

       

      The Supreme Lord has diverse and innumerable energies which are beyond our conception; however, great learned sages or liberated souls have studied these energies and have analyzed them into three parts. All of the energies are of visnu-sakti, that is to say they are different potencies of Lord Visnu. The first energy is para, transcendental. Living entities also belong to the superior energy. The other energies, or material energies, are in the mode of ignorance. (Visnu Purana 6.7.61).

       

      1)  ANTARANGA SAKTI - Internal Potency (Yoga-maya)

          sat         - samvit    - external potency

          cit         - sandhini - knowledge potency

          ananda  - hladini   - pleasure potency

      2)  BAHIRANGA SAKTI - External Energy (Maha-maya) (Bg. 7.4)

          a) bhumih    - earth

          b) apah      - water

          c) analah    - fire

          d) vayuh     - air

          e) kham      - ether

          f) manah    - mind

          g) buddhih  - intelligence

          h) ahankara - false ego

      3)  TATASTHA SAKTI - Marginal Potency (Living Entities) (Bg. 7.5; 15.7)

          Krsna is the saktimana or the source of all energy. (Bg. 7.6)

                        

          a) The spiritual energy is eternal, full of knowledge and

             bliss. It is transcendental and beyond all changes of

             material nature.

          b) The external energy is the exact opposite and is therefore

             temporary, full of ignorance and misery. It is mundane and

             always changing.

          c) The marginal energy (jiva) also belongs to the spiritual

             energy, but because he has the independence to be either       

             in the spiritual world or the material world, he is called

             marginal.

      The whole manifestation is the Lord himself by diffusion of His different energies only, namely the internal, external and marginal. Such energy is siultaneously one with and different from the Lord (acintya-bheda-abheda-tattva). (S.B. 2.9.27)

      The material world is also called Durga or jail. Just as the jail is for those people who break the laws of the government, this material world is created for those souls who do not like to accept Krsna's supremacy. Just as the pupose of the jail is to reform criminals, in the same way the purpose of creation is to reform the conditioned soul or to get rid of his criminal desire to use Krsna's property without Krsna. (S.B. 2.10.46) (S.B. 2.9.19 purport)

      OM TAT SAT