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  • N & RJ Hanscamp
    At last the Masters thesis I completed at the end of last year (actually, last century!!) has been marked. The mark given via the Theology Consortium office
    Message 1 of 1 , May 15, 2000
      At last the Masters thesis I completed at the end of last year (actually,
      last century!!) has been marked. The mark given via the Theology
      Consortium office is A- (around 78%). Official confirmation from the
      University should arrive soon.

      So after all that, I wish to thank all those who put up with my constant
      questioning and probing. You helped me along the way in getting this work
      finished, and were properly acknowledged in the introduction.

      The final title of the essay was "The Holy Spirit (PNEUMA) in the
      Pre-Easter Ministry of Jesus in the Fourth Gospel."

      The Abstract / Synopsis is included below.

      Once again, thanks for all who contributed so thoughtfully. Now its on
      with parish life ... and on to ordination.


      Nigel Hanscamp
      Matamata Union Parish
      New Zealand


      Since the time of Clement of Alexandria, the Fourth Gospel has been
      understood as being a 'spiritual Gospel'. From the first appearance of
      Jesus at the Jordan river with John the Baptist, to the giving of the
      Spirit after the resurrection, the Pneuma is connected with Jesus
      throughout the Gospel, making the Fourth Gospel's Pneumatology a factor of
      its Christology. This thesis examines John's use of the word PNEUMA as it
      relates to the (Holy) Spirit, the Spirit of God, in Jesus' pre-Easter ministry.

      In chapter one an examination is made of the background uses of the word
      'spirit' in Greek and Hebrew understandings, and goes on to briefly look at
      how the Hebrew ideas were cast into Greek language in the
      Septuagint. Consideration is then given to the use of PNEUMA in the
      Synoptics, as well as in the Fourth Gospel, briefly highlighting the
      differences between them. Two specifically Johannine questions are then
      addressed; the relationship of the Pneuma to the Paraclete, and the Fourth
      Gospel's use of the literary devices of 'misunderstanding' and 'double
      meaning' as they relate to the Pneuma material.

      Chapter two examines the texts themselves, seeking to determine the meaning
      of PNEUMA in each passage and how that might relate to the pre-Easter
      ministry of Jesus. This exegesis is done under several general themes
      which emerge within the study; the giving of the Pneuma to Jesus, the
      antitheses to the Pneuma ('flesh' and 'the world'), the promise of Pneuma,
      Johannine concepts of giving the Pneuma through symbol or metaphor, the
      action of the Pneuma in relation to the ongoing ministry of Jesus, the
      Pneuma given to the disciples, and finally a section of the pneuma passages
      dealing with Jesus' human spirit and emotions.

      The final chapter examines all this data, drawing together the key themes
      found in the exegesis. Comparisons between the Synoptics and the Fourth
      Gospel are considered. The Spirit as a sign of Jesus' Messiahship, and as
      empowerment for his ministry, is also analysed, as are the wide variety of
      aspects of the giving of the Spirit to both Jesus and believers. Finally
      the theme of the Promise of the Spirit in the post-resurrection future of
      the Gospel is examined.

      This thesis concludes that the Spirit is a vital part of the pre-Easter
      ministry of Jesus, both as given to Jesus, and as offered to others. It is
      given for the empowerment of Jesus' ministry and to signify that he is
      God's chosen one. The Spirit is also spoken of in a future sense as Jesus
      promises the Spirit to believers after he is glorified. In this way the
      Spirit is essential to Jesus' pre-Easter ministry as both a present power
      for Jesus, and a promise for the future of believers.

      Nigel & Rebecca Hanscamp
      18 Buchanan Street
      New Zealand
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