On Sep 26, 2005, at 8:03 PM, Bob MacDonald wrote:
> What is the relationship if any between naham (sorrow,
> repentance) and naham the root of comfort?
> It occurred to me reading Crossley about repentance that as
> there is a translation discontinuity between the repentance
> of ‘thinking again’ and ‘turning’, and a distinction of the
> re-turning of the Jews vs the change of mind of the
> Gentiles, so also there is a concept of repentance brought
> about by the presence of the Spirit (John 16:8)
Since the word "repent" is not used in 4G there is a difficulty in
associating the word 'nacham' with 'repent' in the sense of turning
from a former state of mind. Instead, John the Baptist calls for those
who would prepare to 'make straight the way of the Lord', which is in
some sense perhaps, to keep from turning about, or desist from
I had formerly written this quote from Klotz (If Klotz is not
considered a legitimate source, please disregard):
First, the word usually translated as "repent" can also mean to return,
come again, flow back, ebb. Its roots show something that turns or
returns (T), as though in a circle or spiral, to its origin or to its
original rhythm (AB). In the Hebrew-Aramaic sense, to repent means to
unite with something by affinity, because it feels like going home.
At any rate, we might consider repentance as a turning from former
ways, return to a true path.
'Repent' as turning or returning leads me to speculate about the times
that the word 'turned' is used in 4G and what the sense might have been
in the original language for the following:
1:38: Jesus turned and saw them following him ...
20:14: When she had said this she turned around and saw Jesus there...
20:16: She turned to him and said to him [in Hebrew]...
The three passages above use the word "STREPHO" 4762 for 'turned'.
21:20: Peter turned and saw the disciple following whom Jesus loved,...
In this case the word translated as 'turned' is "EPISTREPHO" 1994.
ISTM that this usage of the word 'turned' signifies something more akin
to 'turning in the wrong manner', as Peter is turning in order to cause
separation by questioning whether the beloved disciple should be among
them and is chastised by Jesus.
But, in the case of 20:14 & 20:16, the two occasion where MM turns may
be related to "Shuwb" 7725 found in the Song of Songs 7:1: Turn, turn,
O Shulammite, turn, turn, that we may look at you.
Since 4G is a book of signs I think that there is some merit in looking
at the potential connection between the types of 'turning' that are