F. C. Grant saw no problem in a combination of figurative and literal
meanings in 1 Peter 5:13. In his article on Mark in the Encyclopedia Americana he
wrote: "Further, the intimate reference in 1 Peter, joining Mark's greeting
with Peter's and those of the church in 'Babylon' (Rome?), would be more natural
if the relationship was physical as well as spiritual." According to Swete,
huios does not involve a spiritual relationship which in the Pauline Epistles
is expressed by teknon.
I have argued previously that Mark was forbidden by Jesus to accompany Peter
during the Galilean ministry. This did not preclude him from being a disciple
of John the Baptist. (Mathetes means learner or pupil.) J. E. Bruns wrote
two articles about the confusion between John and John Mark. In one he quotes
a document which claims Mark was with the servants at Cana. According to Mark
6:31, the trip which ended in the feeding of the five thousand was supposed
to be for a rest and there was no reason to make Mark stay home. Mark could
have been present when his grandmother was healed, in the fishing boat, and with
Peter when he went to Jerusalem for the Passover.
Mark's limited contact with Jesus explains why we have just these relatively
few stories about Jesus. There were many other things which Jesus did. Could
John 21:24f be Mark's ending to his notes?
George Melick, Drexel University (Retired)
9 Attleboro Court
Red Bank, NJ 07701