Re: [John_Lit] Mary; the BD=Lazarus?
- --- In firstname.lastname@example.org, "fmmccoy"
> In this case, the mysterious and unnamed Beloved Disciple in theimmediately
> following 19:26 is most likely to be the just martyred James, the19:26, to
> brother of Jesus. Indeed, is not this BD explicitly said, in
> be a son of the mother of Jesus and, hence, to be a brother ofJesus?
In her book "A Separate God; The Origins and Teachings of
Gnosticism" (1984), Page 514, Simone Petrement suggests that the
beloved disciple might be Lazarus. The beloved disciple, she argues,
appears only after the resurrection of Lazarus. It is said and
repeated that Christ loved Lazarus; and that is said of no other
disciple. It would be very natural to think that someone raised from
the dead would die no more.
A further reason might be that his sister Mary, at least, would
apparently fit right in in Jesus' family.
F. C. Grant saw no problem in a combination of figurative and literal
meanings in 1 Peter 5:13. In his article on Mark in the Encyclopedia Americana he
wrote: "Further, the intimate reference in 1 Peter, joining Mark's greeting
with Peter's and those of the church in 'Babylon' (Rome?), would be more natural
if the relationship was physical as well as spiritual." According to Swete,
huios does not involve a spiritual relationship which in the Pauline Epistles
is expressed by teknon.
I have argued previously that Mark was forbidden by Jesus to accompany Peter
during the Galilean ministry. This did not preclude him from being a disciple
of John the Baptist. (Mathetes means learner or pupil.) J. E. Bruns wrote
two articles about the confusion between John and John Mark. In one he quotes
a document which claims Mark was with the servants at Cana. According to Mark
6:31, the trip which ended in the feeding of the five thousand was supposed
to be for a rest and there was no reason to make Mark stay home. Mark could
have been present when his grandmother was healed, in the fishing boat, and with
Peter when he went to Jerusalem for the Passover.
Mark's limited contact with Jesus explains why we have just these relatively
few stories about Jesus. There were many other things which Jesus did. Could
John 21:24f be Mark's ending to his notes?
George Melick, Drexel University (Retired)
9 Attleboro Court
Red Bank, NJ 07701