[John_Lit] Re: Humor/Irony in the Fourth Gospel
- Dear Charles
The passage with the most irony in the FG is, of course, the passion narrative.
On books, I seem to recall a book by Duke called _Irony in the Fourth Gospel_
which I believe was written in the mid-eighties.
Exeter College, Oxford, OX1 3DP, United Kingdom
- Charles et. al.,
You raise an interesting point which I have spent a lot of time with because
I have been doing research for several years on "riddles" in FG. Both of
the episodes you mention involve the use of riddles. I am personally
doubtful, however, that these would function primarily for "humor" in FG,
because most of them highlight the ironic ignorance which various people
have of Jesus' true identity. Aside from the book by Duke that Julian
mentioned, there is also Culpepper's <<Anatomy of the Fourth Gospel>> and
Gail O'Day's <<Revelation in the Fourth Gospel>>, the latter of which has a
very long study of the Samaritan Woman. More recent studies have tended to
focus on the darker aspects of FG's irony: Stephen Moore's
<<Poststructuralism and the NT>>, Jeff Staley's <<Reading with a Passion>>,
also I (Tom Thatcher) have an article coming out early next year in JSNT on
the subject. In most cases the view would be that John's irony is "funny"
in the sense that it invites the reader to make fun of some ignorant
character in order to stress the point that "the world did not recognize
But I'm sure others have thoughts as well.
"The Truth Will Set You Free"
- Charles Starkey <CStarWrk@...> wrote:
> The story of the man who was born blind reminds me a situation comedy.I've never thought of John 9 as being "humorous" or "comic", esp. since the consequences seem so dire (9:22 - "anyone who confessed
> Do others recognize humor in other parts of the fourth gospel?
[Jesus] to be the Christ would be put out of the synagogue"; 9:34 - "they drove him out"; 9:41 - "your sin remains"; etc.). Certainly
there is lots of irony and pathos, but is it the type of thing that would make anyone laugh or even chuckle? Or how broadly do you want
to define "humor"?
Moreover, the most humorous parts of the Synoptics seem to be omitted by John (e.g. Peter's attempt at walking on water). The closest
thing in John might be the footrace between Peter and the B.D. in John 20:3-4, or Peter putting some clothes ON before jumping into the
water in John 21:7. But would even these have been considered funny by any first-century readers?
> Can someone point me to a more recent bibliography?In addition to the books already mentioned by Julian and Tom, there is also an article by Doris E. Myers, "Irony and Humor in the Gospel
of John," OPTAT 2.2 (1988) 1-13, but I don't recall what she claims there. Maybe Tom or someone else has read it more recently?
Felix Just, S.J. -- Dept. of Theological Studies
Loyola Marymount University -- 7900 Loyola Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90045-8400 -- (310) 338-5933
Website -- http://clawww.lmu.edu/~fjust