Re: Water symbolism in Jn: was: The Mrs. and the Burial
- Dear Mary,
> In my work on Temple symbolism I argued that both Jn 4 and 7:37-39draw > their imagery from Ezekiel's vision of the eschatological
Temple in Ezekiel > 47 and the Johannine Christology that presents
Jesus as the Temple - Jn 1:14; 2:19, 21.>
I think you are quite correct to link John's references to `living
water' to Ezekiel's vision of the river in ch. 47, but this does not
deny the connection of the water with the Holy Spirit. While I agree
with you, I think that you have missed a step in the connection you
have drawn. That step becomes clear if we see that the Revelation
preceded the gospel of John. In the Revelation the `river of life'
(22:1-2) is obviously based upon Ezekiel's vision. For John, then,
the development was/is:
Ezekiel's water/river that flows from the threshold / altar (47:1) /
which leads to:
the Revelation's `river of the water of life' (22:1) which flowed
from `the throne of God and of the Lamb' (a trinitarian picture when
the water indicates the Spirit)
which leads to:
John's `living water' (4:10) which `will become in him a spring of
water welling up to eternal life' (4:14) and the thirst quencher that
Jesus offered which, for those who received it, `Out of his heart
shall flow rivers of living water' (7:37-39).
What ever else we may think about the `living water' in John, it is
(at very least) a reference to the Holy Spirit.
Incidentally, I have argued for the priority of the Revelation in my
book, `Redating the Revelation and ' (Sherwood Publications, 2001).