This is such insightful information.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Richard Matthews" <prm@...>
Sent: Wednesday, October 01, 2003 8:33 AM
> The War Between the States was a terrible time for Jackson County,
> as it was in many other places, but even more so here. There were very
> feelings about secession in the Tennessee Valley, even to the point of
> trying to make an independent state of this region that would not secede,
> but much of that feeling changed early in the war.
> By April 1862, Union forces were already occupying northern Alabama.
> Gen'l O. M. Mitchell occupied Huntsville on April 11th, 1862. A few weeks
> later Union Col. John Basil Turchin lead raids into northern Alabama and
> lead his troops to burn and loot widely. He was a Russian, "The Russian
> Thunderbolt" he was called, who had little regard for American civility.
> encouraged and then turned his back while his troops committed many
> atrocities in north Alabama. Many area residents gave their support to the
> Confederates after seeing and hearing of his actions. Our county seat,
> with most of its records, were burned during these raids. That is why few
> genealogy records exist for the years prior to the war.
> In Jackson County, the dividing line was the Tennessee River, Throughout
> most of the war, north of the river was held by the Union and south of the
> river was Confederate, with each side making raids into the others
> territory. Many southern men camped on Sand Mountain while their families
> and homes were across the river in enemy hands . . .hard times indeed for
> all concerned. There was a huge build up of Federal troops in Jackson
> County, in the Stevenson/Bridgeport area, prior to the Battle of
> and most of the county was razed by the troops for timber, food, and other
> needed supplies. General Sherman himself spent some time in this area
> burning his way through Atlanta and to the sea. Hardly anything remained
> standing in our county by wars end . . We were completely ravaged. I have
> always thought that is why so many families moved on after the war.
> but bad memories and bad times held Jackson County for years after 1865.
> There were renegades, blacks as well as whites, from both sides that
> make life more miserable during those years. Many local families had loved
> ones killed by the hostilities of those years. Scottsboro's founder,
> Scott, lost his life during those times just a short time after founding
> rail stop at Scottsboro.
> Check out http://www.tarleton.edu/~kjones/altimeline.html#1860 for some
> information about the war in Alabama.
> Richard (Proud to be the GGgrandson of Jackson Countian Lt. James Matthews
> CSA who fought and lived through the WBTS, while his family was in Union
> territory in Big Coon Valley, Matthews Cove)
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Arvinell [mailto:arvinell@...]
> Sent: Friday, January 30, 2004 9:40 PM
> To: email@example.com
> Subject: Re: [jacksongenealogy] Maynard's cove
> I appreciate Mr. Matthews taking the time to write about Maynard's Cove in
> the 1800s.
> Another question that I have concerns Maynard's Cove, Jackson Co. during
> Civil War. Family stories told by Isaac Newton Foster (1852-1929) told
> about seeing his father Anthony Wayne Foster gunned down by criminal
> renegades who were neither Confederate nor Union soldiers. This
> on April 4, 1862. These ruffians traveled in front of an approaching army
> and plundered. Anthony had gone to the front door and opened it when he
> was shot. Does any one have a source for Jackson County events
> the war?
> Soon afterward General Upchurch (Union Army) arrived and heard about
> Anthony's death, he offered safe passage for young Isaac and his mother to
> White Co., Illinois. They did go to Illinois at some point. I have
> that John Franklin Tinney and his family also went. John Franklin had
> believed that Alabama should not succede, nor go to war over slavery. I
> can imagine that life was not easy for those people in Jackson Co., who
> not support the Confederacy and succession.
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