page 2 of JACKSON COUNTY CHRONICLES, dated October 2009: involving passports to travel through, visit, or work in the Cherokee Nation
- For those of you interested in the early settlement of the northeast
corner of Alabama prior to Jackson County's formation in December 1819,
I am sharing 3 pages I wrote and published in the JACKSON COUNTY
CHRONICLES dated October 2009. King's Cove, Doran's Cove, and Old
Bolivar were contiguous communities in the northeastern corner of the
original boundaries of Jackson County (prior to the land east of the
Tennessee River being added to Jackson County after the Cherokees signed
the Treaty of New Echota in December 1835.)
EARLY SETTLERS OF KING'S COVE, DORAN'S COVE, AND OLD BOLIVAR:
WHO WERE THEY? WHEN DID THEY ARRIVE AND FROM WHENCE?
By Ann B. Chambless
A great deal of the history of King's Cove, Doran's Cove, and Old
Bolivar has been written based on traditional stories. History without
documentation is little more than legends. Legends open the door for
errors in dates, years, names, and generations. This is true for many
landmarks, events, and people indigenous to King's Cove, Doran's Cove,
and Old Bolivar. Therefore, a current study of the early settlers in
these areas is long past due.
Who were they? When did they arrive and from whence?
Bureau of Indian Affairs records are a must-read for studying when and
by whom King's Cove, Doran's Cove, and Old Bolivar were settled. White
men who came into this area before late-1819 were intruders in the
Cherokee Nation UNLESS they had obtained a passport, and several
instances of their removal is documented by Bureau of Indian Affairs
NOTE: The 1791 Treaty of Holston between the Cherokees and the Federal
Government ceded land in Eastern Tennessee in exchange for President
Washington's guarantee that the Cherokee Nation would never again be
invaded by white settlers. This treaty forced Americans to obtain
passports to enter Cherokee lands and granted the Cherokees the right to
Passports to travel through, visit, or work in the Cherokee Nation were
signed by Return J. Meigs, the Indian Agent to the Cherokees from
1801-1823. The Agency was first located at Southwest Point near
Kingston, TN. Then it moved to Hiwassee Garrison near Dayton, TN.
Following a dispute over the title to the Garrison land, it was moved to
Some white men who had special skills, such as blacksmiths, were invited
onto the land by the tribe. In copying the following passes, I have
omitted portions that were repeated on every pass. On those for passage
through the Nation, the phrase "they conducting themselves in conformity
to the Laws for regulating intercourse with the Indian Tribes & for
preserving peace on the frontier" appears. In those passes granting
permission to remain in the Cherokee Nation, the phrase "provided there
shall be no objections made by the Indians" is used.
Work passports specified the amount of time (usually limited to no more
than four months) that a white man's "green card" allowed him to
remain in the Cherokee Nation. For example:
"James Ore Junior, William _Wark_, Robert _Hugens_, William _Willson_ &
James _Woolsey _are permitted to pass into the Cherokee Nation to work
at Salt _Petre_ Works . . they may remain in the nation four months. . .
22 Nov 1803" page 2
Researched and written by Ann B. Chambless in October 2009.
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