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Re: [jacksongenealogy] Cherokees

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    Hi Nell,my grandmother Lu Huff was very dark complected.Her grandfather William Huff is said to have married a full blood Cherokee woman in Sevier County,TN in
    Message 1 of 8 , Sep 29, 2010
      Hi Nell,my grandmother Lu Huff was very dark complected.Her grandfather William Huff is said to have married a full blood Cherokee woman in Sevier County,TN in the early 1800's.Where could I look to verify this.Maybe I will have to just rely on the family oral history. Ron Akins

      --- On Wed, 9/29/10, Nell Roberts <faylen3@...> wrote:

      > From: Nell Roberts <faylen3@...>
      > Subject: [jacksongenealogy] Cherokees
      > To: jacksongenealogy@yahoogroups.com
      > Date: Wednesday, September 29, 2010, 10:32 AM
      >   Clay, where does the Melungeon come into the picture
      > of Native American? or do they?
      >    I have really enjoyed your email
      > describing  the Cherokees and the Cherokee nation, it
      > does make the picture I have of them somewhat clearer.
      > I  think the only way we are really going to know is
      > DNA.
      >   Thanks!!! and keep giving us the  real history
      > on the  Native American.
      >   Some marriage licenses in Jackson County of persons
      > of known Indian descent are marked as (c), an example is
      > F.M.(Frances Marion) Boothe m. R. A. (Rebecca Alice) Keys 28
      > Dec 1884.. Rebecca Alice Keys was a granddaughter of Samuel
      > Keys and Mary Polly Riley who  was one of Doublehead's
      > granddaughters. Rebecca Alice and her children were enrolled
      > in the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma.
      >   This is not always the case.  None of the
      > Gullatts who were of Indian descent were marked (c) on their
      > marriage license or the census. It is rare to find someone
      > listed as Indian on the Jackson Co. Census of any year even
      > those who were full blood, an example Jemima (Welsh) Clark
      > wife of Isaac Clark, she was a full blood Cherokee, 
      > two of her daughters Jerusha Juliett and Martha Elizabeth
      > married the Gullatt twins James M. and Thomas J. Niether she
      > or of her children  or grandchildren were ever listed
      > as Indian. Some of her grandchildren applied for membership
      > in the Cherokee Nation but were denied.
      >   I did a study of Jackson County's census several
      > years ago and found less that a dozen who were listed as
      > Indian or Native American.  Isaac Clark on the 1840
      > Census is listed with on Free Colored Person a male age
      > 10-23. I have never figured out who this is, one of Jemima's
      > relatives I suppose. Jemima was always listed as a white
      > female on all the census. From what I have been told it was
      > whispered at family gatherings that the Gullatts and Clarks
      > were Indian but no one talked about it openly. I don't
      > descend from Jerusha Juliett Clark but from James M.'s
      > second wife Malissa Payne Harper, but all the Gullatts from
      > Jackson Co. have Indian blood from the early 1700s in VA
      > through Manerva Catherine Yancy (Mitchell) Gullatt's
      > grandmother Sebacah (Bridwell) Botts.
      >   It was in Virginia and Eastern North Carolina that
      > Indians/Native Americans were most frequently listed as
      > Black or Colored Persons on the Census. It was not really
      > legal to be an Indian is the Southeastern US until the Civil
      > Rights laws in the mid 1960s and it was not legal for
      > Indians to marry whites until the Supreme Court's "Loving v.
      > VA" decision in 1967.
      >   The state of Virginia had an active policy denying
      > that there were any Indians left in the state. They had an
      > idiot named Walter Plecker as Register of Virginia's 
      > Bureau of Vital Statistics from 1912 to 1946 who rigidly
      > enforced the 1924 Racial Integrity Law, know as the "one
      > drop law" which said there were "pure" white and everybody
      > else. Virginia later changed the law to allow people with no
      > more than one sixteenth Native American/Indian blood to
      > still be considered white due to uproar of the descendants
      > of John Rolfe and Pocahontas. Plecker changed birth
      > certificates and marriages records of Native Americans to
      > Negro, Colored or Mulatto.  He was a leader in
      > America's Eugenics, purging the records of anyone who he
      > thought had "one drop" of blood from any other race other
      > than Anglo-Saxon. Plecker boasted in 1943 "Hitler's
      > genealogical study of the Jews is not more complete".
      >   It has only been during the last 30 years that the
      > Governor of Virginia has apologized for what Plecker did and
      > Virginia now allows changing of the records to show
      > Indian/Native American on the records and at state expense.
      >   You can find a lot of info on the Cherokees and what
      > lands they had as well as the other tribes of the
      > Southeastern US at  tngenweb, click on the First People
      > of Tennessee and the American Southeast.
      >   Clay
      >   [Non-text portions of this message have been
      > removed]
      > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      > ------------------------------------
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