Re: [jacksongenealogy] Cherokees
- Hi Nell,my grandmother Lu Huff was very dark complected.Her grandfather William Huff is said to have married a full blood Cherokee woman in Sevier County,TN in the early 1800's.Where could I look to verify this.Maybe I will have to just rely on the family oral history. Ron Akins
--- On Wed, 9/29/10, Nell Roberts <faylen3@...> wrote:
> From: Nell Roberts <faylen3@...>
> Subject: [jacksongenealogy] Cherokees
> To: email@example.com
> Date: Wednesday, September 29, 2010, 10:32 AM
> Clay, where does the Melungeon come into the picture
> of Native American? or do they?
> I have really enjoyed your email
> describing the Cherokees and the Cherokee nation, it
> does make the picture I have of them somewhat clearer.
> I think the only way we are really going to know is
> Thanks!!! and keep giving us the real history
> on the Native American.
> Some marriage licenses in Jackson County of persons
> of known Indian descent are marked as (c), an example is
> F.M.(Frances Marion) Boothe m. R. A. (Rebecca Alice) Keys 28
> Dec 1884.. Rebecca Alice Keys was a granddaughter of Samuel
> Keys and Mary Polly Riley who was one of Doublehead's
> granddaughters. Rebecca Alice and her children were enrolled
> in the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma.
> This is not always the case. None of the
> Gullatts who were of Indian descent were marked (c) on their
> marriage license or the census. It is rare to find someone
> listed as Indian on the Jackson Co. Census of any year even
> those who were full blood, an example Jemima (Welsh) Clark
> wife of Isaac Clark, she was a full blood Cherokee,
> two of her daughters Jerusha Juliett and Martha Elizabeth
> married the Gullatt twins James M. and Thomas J. Niether she
> or of her children or grandchildren were ever listed
> as Indian. Some of her grandchildren applied for membership
> in the Cherokee Nation but were denied.
> I did a study of Jackson County's census several
> years ago and found less that a dozen who were listed as
> Indian or Native American. Isaac Clark on the 1840
> Census is listed with on Free Colored Person a male age
> 10-23. I have never figured out who this is, one of Jemima's
> relatives I suppose. Jemima was always listed as a white
> female on all the census. From what I have been told it was
> whispered at family gatherings that the Gullatts and Clarks
> were Indian but no one talked about it openly. I don't
> descend from Jerusha Juliett Clark but from James M.'s
> second wife Malissa Payne Harper, but all the Gullatts from
> Jackson Co. have Indian blood from the early 1700s in VA
> through Manerva Catherine Yancy (Mitchell) Gullatt's
> grandmother Sebacah (Bridwell) Botts.
> It was in Virginia and Eastern North Carolina that
> Indians/Native Americans were most frequently listed as
> Black or Colored Persons on the Census. It was not really
> legal to be an Indian is the Southeastern US until the Civil
> Rights laws in the mid 1960s and it was not legal for
> Indians to marry whites until the Supreme Court's "Loving v.
> VA" decision in 1967.
> The state of Virginia had an active policy denying
> that there were any Indians left in the state. They had an
> idiot named Walter Plecker as Register of Virginia's
> Bureau of Vital Statistics from 1912 to 1946 who rigidly
> enforced the 1924 Racial Integrity Law, know as the "one
> drop law" which said there were "pure" white and everybody
> else. Virginia later changed the law to allow people with no
> more than one sixteenth Native American/Indian blood to
> still be considered white due to uproar of the descendants
> of John Rolfe and Pocahontas. Plecker changed birth
> certificates and marriages records of Native Americans to
> Negro, Colored or Mulatto. He was a leader in
> America's Eugenics, purging the records of anyone who he
> thought had "one drop" of blood from any other race other
> than Anglo-Saxon. Plecker boasted in 1943 "Hitler's
> genealogical study of the Jews is not more complete".
> It has only been during the last 30 years that the
> Governor of Virginia has apologized for what Plecker did and
> Virginia now allows changing of the records to show
> Indian/Native American on the records and at state expense.
> You can find a lot of info on the Cherokees and what
> lands they had as well as the other tribes of the
> Southeastern US at tngenweb, click on the First People
> of Tennessee and the American Southeast.
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