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  • Fred Cohen
    Pentagon planners gird for cyber assault In a large windowless room of a nondescript office building a few miles from the Pentagon, the war of the future is
    Message 1 of 29 , Dec 1, 1999
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      Pentagon planners gird for cyber assault
      In a large windowless room of a nondescript office building
      a few miles from the Pentagon, the war of the future is being
      waged. The field of battle is several dozen flat-screen
      computer monitors that show Department of Defense communications.
      Six screens display selected computer traffic, though one during
      a recent visit was tuned to the Weather Channel. If fears of a
      concerted cyber attack on the U.S. military are realized - what
      Deputy Defense Secretary John Hamre has called an "electronic
      Pearl Harbor" - this room, the Global Network Operations and
      Security Center, is where the battle will be won. Or lost.
      http://www.phillynews.com/inquirer/99/Dec/01/front_page/CYBER01.htm

      Asia urged to stop crime via Internet
      Asian nations should take action to prevent criminals using
      the Internet to launder their ill-gotten money, a leading
      Thai research institute said yesterday. The Thailand
      Development Research Institute (TDRI) warned that quick
      action was needed to prevent Internet money laundering,
      as e-commerce gains popularity throughout the region.
      http://straitstimes.asia1.com.sg/biz/regb4_1201.html

      FC
    • Fred Cohen
      29 November 1999 NSA Surveillance Faces New Technology Digital communications equipment, fiber optic cables, and good, strong encryption software are making
      Message 2 of 29 , Dec 2, 1999
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        29 November 1999 NSA Surveillance Faces New Technology
        Digital communications equipment, fiber optic cables, and good, strong
        encryption software are making eavesdropping increasingly difficult for
        the National Security Agency (NSA).
        http://www.wired.com/news/politics/0,1283,32770,00.html

        29 November 1999 Pakistan Not Well Prepared for Y2K
        Pakistan's critical infrastructure could suffer considerably with the
        arrival of January 1, 2000, according to the head of the country's Y2K
        team. When the military deposed the premier in October, Y2K efforts
        ceased. Now that they have resumed, there is not enough time to make
        everything compliant.
        http://www.techserver.com/noframes/story/0,2294,500062952-500104078-500458764-0,00.html

        26 November 1999 Experts Warn of Internet Spying Tools
        Online greeting cards and screen savers could contain embedded code
        which will switch on a computer's microphone, make a recording and send
        it off to a designated address. The same thing could be done with a
        web camera.
        http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/sci/tech/newsid_537000/537520.stm

        (See also http://all.net/ under "New Security Database"
        => Attack Methods => audio/video viewing)

        23 November 1999 Government Web Sites Defaced
        A cracker claiming to have the government's best interests at heart
        defaced three government web sites, including one at NASA. The cracker
        used a well-known hole to infiltrate the sites.
        http://www.wired.com/news/politics/0,1283,32729,00.html

        23 November 1999 Buffer Overflows are Common and Unnecessary
        Buffer overflows are a serious security threat because they allow
        executable code to run without normal security measures and potentially
        take control of a system. Buffer overflows occur frequently, and are
        usually the result of sloppy programming. Defenses against buffer
        overflows include debugging tools, and devices that prevent excess code
        from moving out of or executing in the address space.
        http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/cn/19991123/tc/19991123021.html

        22 November 1999 DOD May Ban JavaScript
        The Department of Defense (DOD) is considering banning all mobile code,
        including JavaScript, from its sites because such code poses a security
        risk. As a result, the DOD sites would be less interactive
        http://www.zdnet.com/intweek/stories/news/0,4164,2398925,00.html
      • Fred Cohen
        Malicious programs lie in wait, FBI warns The FBI s nerve center for cyberspace crimes has warned that outlaw hackers may use a new class of malicious software
        Message 3 of 29 , Dec 15, 1999
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          Malicious programs lie in wait, FBI warns
          The FBI's nerve center for cyberspace crimes has warned
          that outlaw hackers may use a new class of malicious
          software to cripple Internet operations and other computer
          networks on New Year's Eve. Under a "worst-case but clearly
          possible scenario," the National Infrastructure Protection
          Center says the destructive new programs could be used to
          wreak havoc during the Y2K period. The center issued its
          alert last week to computer-security professionals throughout
          the United States.
          http://www.uniontrib.com/news/computing/991215-0010_1b15fbi.html

          Large-scale phone invasion goes unnoticed by all but FBI
          Where have all the hackers gone?
          That's an understandable question considering the actions
          that currently pass for a news-making "hack." One might
          think that the days of Kevin Mitnick's phone hijinks or
          Robert Morris's computer worm, which disrupted the
          operations of over 6,000 computers nationwide in 1988,
          are gone.
          http://cnn.com/1999/TECH/computing/12/14/phone.hacking/index.html

          Distributed Attack
          A new way to mount a denial-of-service attack uses
          distributed computing to harness the power of more
          than 1,000 PCs. Hacker groups have frowned upon them,
          calling them a common game played by bored spammers
          and hacker wannabes. And security experts concede the
          concept is nothing new. Still, a denial-of-service (DoS)
          attack can cripple machines across even the largest
          networks, resulting in lost business, frustrated users,
          and a painstaking recovery process.
          http://www.zdnet.com/zdtv/cybercrime/features/story/0,3700,2404608,00.html

          FC
        • Fred Cohen
          The Beijing hack attack Hong Kong-based cyber warriors build anti-China techno army http://www.worldnetdaily.com/bluesky_exnews/19991216_xex_hack_planet.shtml
          Message 4 of 29 , Dec 19, 1999
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            The Beijing hack attack
            Hong Kong-based cyber warriors build anti-China techno army
            http://www.worldnetdaily.com/bluesky_exnews/19991216_xex_hack_planet.shtml

            (2) 1999 WorldNetDaily.com

            Editor's Note: Computer hacking - once the shadowy domain of misfits,
            pranksters techno-critics and spies - has taken center stage. While Y2K
            "czar" John Koskinen pleads publicly with hackers to cease and desist during
            the century date-change, reports escalate daily of cyber-terrorism threats
            and malevolent computer viruses embedded in e-mail, timed to activate on
            Jan. 1.
            But there is another side to hacking.

            WorldNetDaily's roving international correspondent, Anthony C. LoBaido,
            while enduring seven weeks of one of Hong Kong's hottest summers on record,
            was allowed into the secret realm of one of the world's leading computer
            hacking organizations.
            ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
            ----
            By Anthony C. LoBaido
            (c) 1999 WorldNetDaily.com


            HONG KONG -- What do blondes, Jack in the Box tacos and 21st century
            cyber-warfare have in common? Everything, apparently, if you're one of the
            elite and stealthy soldiers in Hong Kong Blondes' computer hacking universe.

            These committed soldiers are locked in mortal combat with the government of
            the People's Republic of China and the transnational corporations who profit
            from dealing with it.

            "Human rights are a global concern and we have no second thoughts about
            attacking the multinational corporations who profit off of the human rights
            abuses committed against our Chinese brothers and sisters by their own
            government," says Databyte Cowgirl, one of the leaders of the Hong Kong
            Blondes.

            Along with numerous other members of the Hong Kong Blondes, Databyte Cowgirl
            was interviewed by WorldNetDaily over the course of seven weeks in July and
            August of 1999, as well as during the past several weeks.

            "The Chinese government officials are just as bad as the Nazis. Only, for
            some reason, the multinational corporations find China and other communist
            regimes around the world to be more politically digestible," she added.

            "The gross human rights violations of the Chinese leadership, like the logai
            gulag system, religious persecution, forced organ harvesting, abortion and
            the crackdown on the Falong Gong Tai Chi movement are the epitome of evil.
            The only way we have to fight against them is via the high-tech realm."

            The story of the Hong Kong Blondes is a fascinating, twisted tale, stranger
            than fiction.

            To begin, the group was formed by the infamous (to the communist Chinese
            dictatorship) or renowned (to computer "hackers" the world over) Blondie
            Wong. Although his name is unfamiliar to the general public of both American
            and China, Blondie Wong is a man who is well known to the Chinese
            government, the People's Liberation Army, the National Security Agency of
            the U.S., the CIA, FBI, Interpol and numerous Fortune 500 companies.

            Although he now lives in exile in Toronto, Canada, under the protection of
            armed bodyguards, as a young boy Blondie Wong saw his beloved father stoned
            to death by Chairman Mao's Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution. Years
            later he traveled to the United Kingdom, where he entered university and
            studied to become a teacher. In the summer of 1989, after witnessing the
            Tienanmen Square massacre on television, Blondie Wong decided to form the
            Hong Kong Blondes and their sister hacking group, the Yellow Pages.

            At first, Wong started small -- organizing a close circle of friends he
            believed he could trust. Later he launched an international recruiting
            campaign aimed at some of the finest computer engineering universities in
            America and around the world.

            Ranging from Cal Tech to MIT, Blondie Wong assembled an elite army of
            sympathetic hackers. Young men and women who only a few short years before
            had been high school geeks with thick glasses and pocket protectors now
            became the front line of attack against the communist Chinese government.

            They pledged allegiance to Blondie Wong's crusade against communist China
            and turned their collective computer science and engineering skills into a
            sharp spear. Within a few months, this spear was capable of penetrating the
            internal affairs of China's military industrial complex, as well as the
            Western transnational corporations that do business with China.

            "One of the reasons that human rights in China are not further ahead is
            because they have been de-linked from American trade policy," Wong said in a
            document released through Cult of the Dead Cow, a U.S.-based hacker group
            that has advised the Blondes on technical issues.

            "When human rights considerations were associated with doing business with
            the United States, at least there was the threat of losing trade relations,
            of some form of punishment. Now this just doesn't exist. Beijing
            successfully went around Congress and straight to American business, so in
            effect, businessmen started dictating foreign policy," Wong explained.

            "By taking the side of profit over conscience, business has set our struggle
            back so far that they have become our oppressors too," Wong said.

            To deal with their oppressors, the Blondes began reading the private email
            of multinational executives and People's Liberation Army officers. They
            downloaded secure information such as satellite access codes, and even
            produced forged credentials giving Hong Kong and mainland colleagues access
            to People's Liberation Army facilities.

            Closer to home in Hong Kong, the Blondes began meeting at a local Jack in
            the Box restaurant, where they would munch on tacos while exchanging
            customized diagnostic software tools with one another. These tools were used
            to launch attacks against the PLA's computer systems through DoS or "Denial
            of Service" - in which a system is overloaded with millions of "hits" on a
            website. Other attack modes include erasing important data, altering and
            planting disinformation, and "spoofing" or attacking the processor of a
            computer network so as to gain root privileges -- the ability to execute
            commands and functions -- within the PLA network.

            As time progressed, members of the Hong Kong Blondes leadership told
            WorldNetDaily they began actually to install codes within the PLA computer
            mainframes. By using cellular modems, they were able to monitor the
            electromagnetic signals emitted by PLA computers by remote means. The
            Blondes even planted transmitters within the offices of the Chinese
            government, People's Liberation Army and foreign corporate headquarters in
            order to monitor their activities and infiltrate their computer networks.

            For those who doubt Blondie Wong's legions and capabilities, the group, as
            if to prove itself, temporarily disabled a key People's Liberation Army
            military satellite. Several PLA military officers questioned by
            WorldNetDaily in Hong Kong confirmed this intrusion.

            In fact, the Chinese government and military officially recognized the
            unauthorized attack on their hardened, restricted systems in a press
            release.

            "In 1999, there were 228 cyber-attacks launched within Hong Kong, in 1998,
            there were only 34," said Lo Yik Kee, chief superintendent of the newly
            formed Police Computer Crime Bureau, which will start operations on January
            1, 2000.

            "We've seen a large increase in hacking incidents and due to the
            transnational nature of this kind of activity, it will only increase in the
            future."

            The Jack in the Box restaurant where the Hong Kong Blondes used to meet was
            closed down, putting an end to the group's taco fests. Yet, the space was
            renovated into an Internet cafi, from which the group first launched its PLA
            infiltrations. Since then, the cyber cafe, which stood near the TST subway
            station on Hong Kong Island, has been closed down as well. But the hacking
            unit formed by Blondie Wong continues to grow.

            According to China's Ministry of Public Security, there were 72,000
            cyber-attacks launched against the PLA on mainland Chinese soil in the first
            nine months of this year. Of those, 165 were admitted to have been
            "successful."

            A spokesman for the National Security Agency in Washington, D.C. told
            WorldNetDaily that there are "less than 1,100 recognized hacking experts
            worldwide." Blondie Wong and his followers definitely appear to be included
            in that number.

            "The PLA is about to launch a fourth division of its military," said Ashton
            Tyler Baines in a recent interview with WorldNetDaily. A London-born
            computer programmer who now lives in the New Territories north of Kowloon
            Island in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Baines has been a
            member of the Hong Kong Blondes for the past two years.

            "The PLA wants to control the cyberspace of its enemies, while at the same
            time preventing attacks on its own cyberspace," she explained.

            Baines told WorldNetDaily that the Hong Kong Blondes and the Yellow Pages
            have "already placed over 40 social engineers [computer operators who act as
            moles for the Blondes] inside the PLA's newly created cyberspace division."

            "The PLA is in for a rude awakening. We can infiltrate, alter and even crash
            several of their networks. We're putting in backdoors. We're writing bad
            code into the CD-ROMs they use as backups for their off-line servers. We
            have already infected the backup off-site copies of their CD-ROMs. We
            understand most of their security protocols because we wrote most of them
            into the software," she added.

            As one would expect, the Hong Kong Blondes are a secretive group who depend
            totally on the honor of their members. Yet their leaders told WorldNetDaily
            they "encourage other interested parties to form their own hacking groups."

            The Hong Kong Blondes won't disclose the numbers on their membership roster
            for two reasons. Primary, of course, is concern for the security of their
            members. But the Blondes also admit they aren't exactly sure just how many
            elite hackers around the world have aligned themselves with their agenda.

            "Ironically, we follow Chairman Mao's dictates of warfare. We are organized
            into small cells which are independent of one another. Cut off one head of a
            cell, and another will emerge in its place," said Baines.

            "Anyone can join our cyber army. The goals and objectives are clear and well
            known in underground hacking circles. First, infiltrate the PLA -- their
            communications satellites, space program and supercomputers, which can
            perform billions of operations in a single second. Second, the multinational
            corporations who are feeding the PLA weapons frenzy. Third, we like to go
            after COSCO (the Chinese Overseas Shipping Company) which is nothing more
            than a front for the PLA to acquire the financial muscle it needs to expand
            and threaten Free Asia and the West."


            According to Databyte Cowgirl, the Blondes and the Yellow Pages are also
            targeting the financial operations of Ted Turner's CNN and his Atlanta
            Braves Baseball team, as well as transnational companies "like Coca-Cola who
            do business with the Islamic jihad government of Sudan." She was referring
            to the Sudanese "holy war" that has resulted in the deaths of millions of
            black South Sudanese Christians since 1983.

            Additional targets include AT&T's new Lucent Technologies, which will handle
            future "cashless" transactions over the telephone, and the Hong Kong-based
            Hutchison Whampoa corporation, the latter with known ties to the People's
            Liberation Army. Hutchison Wampoa is due to take over the operation of the
            strategically vital Panama Canal in the year 2000.

            "It's high time we began attacking the money the elite has stashed away by
            arming the PLA and profiting on the suffering of the Chinese people," said
            Baines.

            "Banking, stocks, bonds, IRAs, gold bullion, money transfers, pension
            accounts and everything else you can think of. If the CIA can go after the
            bank accounts of (Serbian President) Milosevich, then we can go after the
            private bank accounts of China-lovers like Henry Kissinger and Madeleine
            Albright. Kissinger makes millions of dollars every year speaking and
            lobbying on behalf of Western multinational engagement with China. That's
            blood money on his hands and we intend to take it back -- so he'd better be
            hiding his money under his mattress."

            Tracey Kinchen, a former M1-5 agent with British Intelligence, assists the
            Hong Kong Blondes and the Yellow Pages with acquiring fake travel
            credentials and other sensitive items needed for international travel.
            Kinchen brings three qualities to the Hong Kong Blondes which its members
            claim are indispensible. First, she is the group's only natural blonde.
            Second, she is the spitting image of Hollywood actress Julie Holden. Third,
            and most importantly they say, she loves Jack in the Box tacos.

            In an interview with WorldNetDaily conducted at the World Trade Center in
            Bangkok, Thailand, Kinchen spelled out the reasons she supports the Hong
            Kong Blondes' efforts.

            "Blondie Wong and the Hong Kong Blondes would never want to hurt anyone.
            They follow Ghandi's and Martin Luther King's worldview of non-violence,"
            she told WorldNetDaily.

            "But they also understand that the nature of warfare has changed. Who could
            have known that the supercomputers the Pentagon only dreamed about a half
            century ago would one day become home appliances capable of the most
            high-tech industrial espionage?"

            Kinchen said that information technology is the "refuge of last resort" and
            the "perfect medium to conduct low intensity warfare."

            "The NSA's budget is eight times larger than the CIA's. They handle most of
            the intelligence workload. Yet, with all of their state of the art equipment
            they haven't been able to touch Blondie Wong, or any of us for that matter."

            While maintaining strict loyalty to Blondie Wong and his compatriot, the
            shadowy Lemon Li who lives in exile in St Nazare, France, the Hong Kong
            Blondes and the Yellow Pages are rapidly expanding.

            In addition to cells at Cal Tech and MIT, the group has set up new cells at
            Baylor, Texas A&M, West Point, Liberty Baptist -- and the Air Force Academy
            in Colorado.

            "Our movement is a lot like witchcraft in colonial Salem," said Michael
            Ming, a Chinese-born computer science student at Texas A&M University in
            College Station, Texas.

            "Most people assume "The Crucible" version of unjust witch hunts in Salem is
            the truth. But I believe witchcraft was real and powerful in Salem. Not
            because of the witches, but because the general population believed that it
            had real power. As long as the PLA knows we're out there, we'll be agitating
            them and taking away their comfort zone."

            Ming added, "Now that the NSA, Echelon and PLA understand that we have a
            virtually undetectable, un-infiltratable, loose-knit organization with total
            allegiance to Blondie Wong and his goals, we're going to become even more of
            a threat to them. Even if they found us and took us out, thousands would
            rise up to take our places. Even the PLA can't kill that fast."

            The Hong Kong Blondes recently presented this WorldNetDaily reporter with a
            large mahogany replica of Noah's Ark, complete with 500 animal and people
            pieces. The ark was hewn by persecuted priests who languish inside the
            boundaries of mainland China.

            This band of anarchists, snoops, humanists, Christians, Buddhists and
            blondes, both real and imagined, has united in pursuit of a common goal --
            to "fight the powers that be" by "hacking the planet."

            This reporter recently said goodbye to the Hong Kong Blondes' Thailand-based
            cell at the "Pam Pam" restaurant in Bangkok's World Trade Center. Pam Pam is
            the innocuous name given to Thailand's newest Jack in the Box franchise. The
            restaurant's menu features every item Jack in the Box lovers crave, from
            curly fries to sourdough burgers. Conspicuously absent are the tacos.

            Yet, hanging on the walls of Pam Pam's restaurant are giant pictures of the
            beloved tacos. And just below those pictures sit a neat row of state of the
            art computers, just waiting for the birth of a new Hong Kong Blondes cell.

            Hack the planet.

            FC
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