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1933THE ESTABLISHMENT OF ISLAAM DURING THE PERIOD OF RISAALAH (PROPHETHOOD) AND ITS METHOD--A renowned elder and orator of the Tableegh Jamaat

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  • Iqbal Shaikh
    Jan 3, 2014
    1
    THE ESTABLISHMENT OF ISLAAM DURING THE PERIOD OF RISAALAH
    (PROPHETHOOD) AND ITS METHOD.......................................................................... 3
    FOREWORD.................................................................................................................. 3
    The secret behind the strength and victories of the early Muslims: The Ijtimaa’ee
    Nizaam (Collective system) of Da’wat........................................................................... 7
    A letter of Sayyidinaa Umar t. ....................................................................................... 7
    Sababut Ta’leef (Reason for Compilation of this Kitaab) .............................................. 7
    Tasdeerul Kitaab (Preface) ............................................................................................. 8
    The first Marhalah (stage) in the establishment of Deen ................................................. 10
    Continuous sacrifices for the spreading of Islaam and perseverance in the face of
    hardships. .......................................................................................................................... 10
    The hardships borne by the first Muslims................................................................. 11
    The practices of the Sahaabah t:....................................................................................... 14
    Khusoosi (special/specific) Da’wat. ......................................................................... 14
    Umoomi (general) Da’wat ........................................................................................ 16
    Sahaabah t’s enthusiasm for Da’wat: ....................................................................... 20
    The Rooh (soul) of the effort of Da’wat ........................................................................... 23
    The Making of Imaan................................................................................................ 24
    Naqal wa Harkat (movement) for the sake of Da’wat in the time of Rasulullaah r......... 25
    ‘Ghusht’ (going door to door/person to person) and its method............................... 27
    Ghusht in the suburbs of Makkah ............................................................................. 27
    The Amal of Ghusht in detail: .................................................................................. 29
    Ghusht during the season of Hajj: Ghusht in Mina................................................... 30
    Ghusht in the trade fairs of Dhul Majaaz.................................................................. 31
    Ghusht to the tribe of Bani Shaybaan. ...................................................................... 32
    The opening of a new avenue - by the Grace of Allaah - after ten full years of sacrifice. 34
    The effort of these six people in Madeenah.............................................................. 35
    The twelfth year ........................................................................................................ 35
    Mashwarah to do Ghusht in the suburbs of Madeenah............................................. 35
    Istiqaamat (steadfastness) on Da’wat and Allaah’a assistance. ................................ 36
    Continuation of efforts in and around Madeenah. .................................................... 37
    Mashwarah of Umoomi Ghusht in Madeenah. ......................................................... 38
    Da’wat of Imaan and Salaah. .................................................................................... 38
    The Jamaat from Madeenah goes out. ...................................................................... 39
    Forming of Jamaats (Tashkeel) after the acceptance of Da’wat................................... 42
    Hijrat: a new chapter in the history of Islaam................................................................... 42
    Mashq (training) in movement (Naql wa Harkat)..................................................... 42
    The beginning of Naql wa Harkat (movement) for Deen – Hijrat to Abysinnia. ..... 43
    An environment of Hijrat in the locality. (Makkah) ................................................. 44
    Sacrificing of Business and Family for the sake of Deen. ........................................ 45
    The Hijrat of Abu Bakr t. ............................................................................................. 47
    Remaining content on Ibaadat alone with no concern of Da’wat is contrary to the
    Mizaaj (temperament) of Islaam. .............................................................................. 47
    Sabr, Hardships and the promise of Allaah. ..................................................................... 48
    Opposing the people of Da’wat and the punishment of unrest and
    uncertainty................................................................................................................. 49
    2
    The promise of Nusrat in the face of opposition....................................................... 49
    The Barkat (blessings) of Harkat and a Jamaat from Habshah goes out. ................. 50
    The promise of Nusrat on Hijrat. .............................................................................. 51
    The Hijrat of a few Sahabah t........................................................................................... 51
    The Hijrat of Abu Salamah t: leaving ones wife and children behind-.................... 51
    The Hijrat of Abdullah ibn Jahsh t: leaving one’s home behind- ............................ 53
    The Hijrat of Suhaib t: leaving one’s wealth and earnings behind- ......................... 54
    The Hijrat of Umar t: trials before Hijrat and after as well - Umar’s encouragement
    on steadfastness......................................................................................................... 55
    The Hijrat of Abu Bakr t: leaving one’s old parents and young children behind with
    nothing- ..................................................................................................................... 56
    The Hijrat of Rasulullaah r: the completion of Hijrat and Manifestation of Allaah’s
    assistance- ................................................................................................................. 57
    Victory of the Ashaabe Da’wat is due to the Help of Allaah. .................................. 58
    The incident of Thoor: protection by means of a spider’s web. ............................... 60
    Suraaqa ibn Maalik’s attempt to capture them. ........................................................ 62
    Conclusion: The system of Da’wat in the time of the Sahaabah t. .................................. 64
    About the author: ...................................................................................................... 65
    3
    ‘Ahde Risaalat me Iqaamate Deen aur uska Tareeqa e Kaar
    THE ESTABLISHMENT OF ISLAAM DURING THE
    PERIOD OF RISAALAH (PROPHETHOOD) AND ITS
    METHOD
    FOREWORD
    All praise is due only to Allaah. We laud Him and beseech His aid and beg forgiveness
    only from Him and believe in Him and rely solely on Him. We seek salvation in Him
    from the evils of our inner selves and the vices of our actions. There is none to misguide
    one whom Allaah intends to guide. I bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship
    but Allaah, the One who has no partner. I also testify that Hadhrat Muhammad r is the
    faithful servant and the Last Rasul of Allaah. May Allaah Ta’ala’s mercy be on him, his
    family and his Sahabaah t and may He bless them and raise their status.
    The work and effort of the Tabligh and Dawat is the noble duty and responsibility of the
    Ambiyaa u. The closer we practice on the method and way of Nabi r the more effective
    that system will be.
    Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Ahmad Ansaari Bahawalpuri has proved that method used
    by the current Jamaat known as “Tabligh Jamaat” is in conformity to Shariat, this will
    earn the aid, help, support and blessing of Allaah Jala Majdahu.
    However, he highlights many other important principles, facts and guidelines which may
    be overlooked by cursory reader.
    We enumerate some of these in point form :
    1.) Success does not depend upon numbers and weaponry ;
    2.) Keep the gaze of Allaah’s all encompassing Mercy for His open and hidden aid to
    descend ;
    3.) Give up the comfort and luxury with readiness of effort, striving and sacrifice to
    witness the victory from Allaah ;
    4.) Be prepared for trials and tribulations like how the Ambiyaa u bore ;
    5.) Hardship forbearance is the first step in establishment of Islaam ;
    6.) Movement for Deen becomes part and parcel of life for the Pleasure of Allaah ;
    7.) Sahabah t did not learn the details of Deen yet immediately began inviting
    towards Islaam ;
    8.) The work of Dawat is not dependant on wealth, power, might, numbers and
    scheming ;
    9.) Develop selfless dedication and sincerity of purpose ;
    10.) The concern of the Da’ee should be perpetual ;
    11.) The real objective is the work of Nabi r and its primary objective is
    Hidaayat and pleasure of Alllaah ;
    4
    12.) Rasulullaah r arranged Taleem and Tarbiyat (education and spiritual
    nurturing) of his companions through the work of Da’wat ;
    13.) Through Qurbaani (sacrifice) a close bond (Ma’iyyat) with Allaah is
    created, while through Mujaahadah (spiritual sacrifice), Tazkiyaun Nafz
    (purification of the inner self) is achieved ;
    14.) The real matter is to carry out (do) the work on the pattern shown by the
    Ambiyaa u ;
    15.) On sacrifices Allaah will soon open a way of ease and blessing and change
    the conditions of the world ;
    16.) Dawat has a long road of patience, fortitude and stead – fastness ;
    17.) The Daee must work on the basis of Allaah’s assistance while the people
    of Baatil work on the basis of material things ;
    18.) Deen can never be established on the strength of our efforts, speeches,
    writings and planning alone ;
    19.) All the wealth and governments of the world cannot make this happen ;
    20.) All the promises of Allaah of Nusrah, Barakah, success etc, are based on
    the continuation of the work of the Ambiyaa u ;
    21.) To spread Islaam in the world, homes have to be left, to move in every
    condition, any time, any where, every where to sacrifice, when the need arises ;
    22.) The nation that discards the way and object of life as expounded by the
    Ambiyaa u are not worthy of the honour of establishing the Deen ;
    23.) The Daee’s concern has to be universal ;
    24.) In the face of opposition display exemplary character ;
    25.) In the case of opposition to Islaam and Dawaat, the Ambiyaa u increased
    their Qurbaani, Sabr and Duaa.
    26.) It is futile to revive the Deen using the ways of the Disbelievers ;
    27.) In the matter of Deen, the basis of work is Ikhlaas (sincerity) ;
    28.) No person in the best era of Islaam was satisfied on his ‘own’ Islaam ;
    29.) Arranging conferences are in vogue, printing and spreading leaflets,
    orating etc, are easy and the Nafs get satisfaction from it ;
    30.) The path of the Ambiyaa u is Ibaadat and Daawat ;
    31.) In the time of the Sahabah t, no one was satisfied withn a private Deeni
    life of Ibaadat alone. Everyone played apart in the field of Daawat ;
    32.) General Ghust is the foundation of universal movement for the sake of
    Islaam ;
    33.) Deen is not established by force of aims, political victory without Imaani
    movement of enjoining what is right and forbidding what is evil is not victory ;
    34.) Dawaat and sacrifice opens the doors of Hidaayat ;
    35.) Daee should be more calm and honourable and dignified and not to
    become angry with people ;
    36.) Speak with dignity and if necessary address a gathering ;
    37.) Establish centers for Dawah activities on the lines of the Nabuwaat ;
    38.) There is a need of a Shurah (consultative body) to co-ordinate the effort ;
    39.) Any work which takes place collectively is also more firmly rooted,
    compared to individual efforts where there is the possibility of the work fizzling
    away ;
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    40.) We have confused Khilaafah with world politics and Jihaad with warcraft;
    41.) The Sunant of Allaah is, first Dawat and Qurbani, when this the required
    level is reached then the Nusrat of Allaah descends. Thus the Deen is established ;
    42.) The real objective and the lifeline of the Ummat is moving in the path of
    Allaah and nothing should prevent one from it ;
    43.) We have :
    a. Hijrat for protection of Imaan and Islaam.
    b. Then Dawaat for progress of Islaam ;
    c. Resulting in a Markaz (center) for Dawaat and Taleem ;
    d. All the time Harkat (movement) is maintained leading to Jihaad ;
    44.) By Hijrat Imaan is refreshed and strengthened. This is the first step of
    Deen ;
    45.) Hijrat is for the spiritual nurturing of the Daee without which a person
    cannot last the demands and taxings of Dawaat ;
    46.) Qurbaani attracts the Mercy and Help of Allaah ;
    47.) The essence of life of Islaam is Dawaat, a life of private worship is not
    sufficient ;
    48.) It is contrary to the honour of a believer to suffice himself on his own
    “Deendaari”. Even the concern of one’s family or city alone is not sufficient
    because we have been given the responsibility of the entire world ;
    49.) Duaa is the weapon of the Ambiyaa u and their Duaa was combined with
    sacrifices and Dawaat ;
    50.) On Sabr and Istiqaamat (steadfastness) Allaah’s ‘nusrat’ descends and
    contrary to expectation and logic, Allaah turns the conditions around ;
    51.) We have made Deen subject to our whims while these people (the
    Sahabah t) subjected themselves to the order of Allaah ;
    52.) For the establishment of Deen it is the Sunnat of the Ambiyaa u to leave
    the home ;
    53.) The exercise (maskah) of Khurooj (going out in the path of Allaah) was
    completed through Hijrat ;
    54.) When people assist the Deen of Allaah, Allaah’s Nusrat descends ;
    55.) The root of gaining the pleasure of Allaah is selfless sacrifice with no
    ulterior motive other than to assist and uplift the Deen of Allaah ;
    56.) Rasulullaah r’s method was of Hijraat, Dawaat and Jihaad while we are
    contented on speeches and philosophies ;
    57.) The rule taught by the Nabi r is turn to Allaah and to benefit from His
    Qudrat (resources) ;
    58.) A great principle in the work is that the Daee takes no remuneration or
    reward for his work ;
    59.) Ambiyaa would come with the work of Da’wat. (Wujoode Da’wat) ;
    60.) They, together with their followers would remain steadfast in the face of
    the hardships, which are certain to come. (Waqfae Tarbiyat –the period of
    nurturing and learning Imaan) ;
    61.) When the sacrifices reach the required level, Allaah manifests His promise
    of Nusrat- gradually at first. (Izhaare Nusrat) ;
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    62.) Then Allaah makes the final decision where, by His Qudrat, He destroys
    falsehood despite its wealth and power bases and takes the Deen to its perfection.
    (Faislae Qudrat) ;
    63.) This is the system of Allaah since the inception of the creation. This is
    how it is and there is no short cut in trying to get around it ;
    64.) The other thing is that the Ummat of Da’wat are a group who are wholly
    Allaah’s. They have entered totally into His Deen and they remain steadfast on it,
    as a result of which Allaah is with them. They have not entered partially into
    Islaam while embracing other systems into their lives at the same time. This is a
    trait of Nifaaq (hypocrisy) ;
    65.) Without following this method while incorporating the Sunnah lifestyle,
    there is no hope of success.
    Much more can be written. If practice on the above is done with sincerity and devotion
    then success in all worlds is promised by Allaah Jala Majdahu.
    Make duaa Allaah grants us the ability to become amongst the helpers of His Deen.
    A. H. Elias (Mufti)
    1427 / 2006
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    The secret behind the strength and victories of the early
    Muslims: The Ijtimaa’ee Nizaam (Collective system) of Da’wat.
    A letter of Sayyidinaa Umar t.
    At no time should you be affected by the numbers of the Iranian Army and their
    weaponry. Keep seeking the Nusrah (assistance) of Allaah and keep your gaze on His all
    Encompassing Mercy. There is no need to despair. Send a delegation of your best men to
    their king to invite him to Islaam. I am certain that this Da’wat will weaken his resolve,
    resulting in his ultimate defeat. (Saif ibn Amr Tabari vol.4 pg. 29)
    Sababut Ta’leef (Reason for Compilation of this Kitaab)
    During our ‘Tableeghi’ travels in the Arab and Islaamic countries, we found the need to
    gather the proofs for the A’maal of Da’wat from the Qur’aan and Sunnah.
    During these travels, we found two things indispensable:
    1. To present this work to the people with Ikraam and Akhlaaq (honour and good
    character) coupled with Sabr (patience and fortitude) ;
    2. To explain this effort in the light of the Seerat of Rasulullaah r and the lives of
    the Noble Sahaabah t.
    I found ‘Al Bidaayah wan Nihaayah’ of Haafiz Ibn Katheer and ‘Rahmatul lil Aalameen’
    of Qaadhi Sulaimaan Mansoorpuri most useful in outlining the Nahj (methodology) of
    the Da’wat of Rasulullaah r and the Sahaabah t. These two books are the source of this
    compilation.
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    Tasdeerul Kitaab (Preface)
    Islaam is a universal religion. It is the final message of the Creator of the worlds to His
    creation. Only those people will be able to establish and spread Islaam who are imbibed
    with the qualities of sacrifice and selflessness like that of the great Ambiyaa and
    Messengers of Allaah u.
    The establishment of Islaam in the world is among the foremost Faraaidh (fundamentals)
    of this Ummah. This responsibility has been given to us in the Niyaabah (vicegerency) of
    the Ambiyaa u. It is a matter of great honour that on the completion of Nabuwwah,
    Allaah has placed the collective responsibility of the work of Nabuwwah on the shoulders
    of the followers of Hadhrat Muhammad r.
    The Noble Companions of Rasulullaah r are the Saabiqeenal Awwaleen (vanguard) of
    Islaam and they are the highest and most complete example for the Muslims. Through
    their unparalleled sacrifices in this field, they protected the work taught to them by
    Rasulullaah r and secured the Nusrah (assistance) of Allaah Ta’aala for themselves and
    subjugated the powers of creation thereby. They then went on to remove mankind from
    the darkness of oppression and falsehood and open onto them the wonderful system of
    life called Islaam.
    It is for us to understand that, just as the Sharee’at of Islaam and the commandments of
    Allaah are divinely ordained and cannot be tampered with, the system of Da’wat in
    Islaam and the effort to establish Deen is also divinely ordained and cannot be changed. It
    is of utmost importance to preserve this ‘Tarz’ (methodology) of Dawat if we hope to
    achieve any success in this field.
    The attempt to run the Dawat of Islaam on the lines and principles of prevalent worldly
    systems and organizations is in fact an attempt to build Islaam on the foundations of
    falsehood.
    This is our primary error, which we are committing over and over and for this reason
    Islaamic movements very quickly meet with failure and attempts towards reform more
    often than not end up in differences and infighting.
    The Dawat of Sahaabah t to the Romans and Persians needs careful contemplation:
    >
    >
    > Pg 11 and 12 (no. 1)
    >
    >
    “Allaah has sent us to remove mankind from the slavery of slaves into the slavery of the
    Rabb of slaves, and from the narrowness of the world to its vastness, and from the
    oppression of every false system to the justice and equality of Islaam. He has sent us with
    9
    His Deen to His creation so that we call them to it. Whoever will accept it from us, we
    will accept it from them and leave them in peace and whoever opposes it, we will fight
    them until the decree of Allaah comes to pass that our Shuhadaa (martyrs) will enter
    Jannah and those who remain are certain of victory” (Bidaayah vol. 6)
    This work has been given to us by the Ambiyaa u and Sahaba t. It is thus imperative that
    we keep their example before us while doing the work. Their way is tried and tested. The
    Nusrah of Allah only descends on the way shown by them. Our work is dependant on the
    assistance of Allaah. It was by virtue of this that our predecessors were able to overcome
    great powers and obstacles and gain success in their endeavors. Fulfilling this
    responsibility in the way shown by Rasulullaah r guarantees the success and honor of
    both worlds.
    In the following pages we intend to present this method of Dawat only. We have not
    taken any of the present day religious movements and their methodology into account.
    10
    Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem
    The first Marhalah (stage) in the establishment of Deen
    When Rasulullaah r started his responsibility, there was no one who recognized Allaah.
    There was no Islaam, nor Imaan, nor any of the A’maal of Islaam like Salaat, Zakaat or
    Hajj. There was no Hijrat and no Jihaad. There was no sign of Khilaafat or any Muslim
    government, nor did the initial Muslims have any army or power of any sort. There was
    nothing but ignorance, darkness and evil. Yet within a short period, a nation of Ibaadat
    and A’maal (good deeds) and exemplary Akhlaaq (character) who were blessed with
    Khilaafat (vicegerency/government) of the earth came into existence. It is also an
    established fact that, in the establishment of Islaam, there was no interference from any
    government or army. Islaam was not established by force of arms or by the bribe of
    wealth. All that was achieved was nothing but the fruit of the effort of Rasulullaah r and
    his companions in the field of Da’wat.
    The very first task and responsibility entrusted to this Ummat by the Rasul of Allaah r
    was this effort. Even the commandments regarding A’maal and Ibaadat came later. The
    effort of Dawat brings in its wake great blessings and goodness. It draws the mercy of
    Allaah towards the creation and changes the direction of nations. Through it people are
    beautified with angelic qualities. When this work is done in the way shown by the
    Ambiyaa u, it draws the assistance of Allaah and once this Nusrah and Ma’iyyah
    (assistance) is secured, then success in every condition and against any odds are certain.
    The first step then would be for the workers to learn that method (Tareeqah) and for them
    to inculcate those qualities with which Allaah becomes pleased, for these two things in
    turn attract His Nusrah. In the following pages these things will be outlined from the
    practices of Rasulullaah r and the lives of the Sahaabah t. Allaah Ta’aala has selected the
    Muslims for the work of the Ambiyaa u, it is thus only logical that the work should be
    done in the way shown by them.
    Continuous sacrifices for the spreading of Islaam and
    perseverance in the face of hardships.
    >
    > PG 15 (no.2)
    >
    1) O you wrapped in a shawl. 2) Stand up (among people) and warn (them about
    Allaah’s punishment for rejecting Imaan). 3) And announce the greatness of your
    Rabb (which is a most important element of your message). (when preaching Towheed,
    mind your appearance and ensure that you) 4) Keep your clothing clean. (and in
    addition to this). 5) Stay away from filth (idols and sin as you have been doing). 6) And
    do not give with the intention of receiving more in return (as a token of thanks). 7)
    11
    And be patient (endure all that they throw at you) for the sake (pleasure) of your Rabb
    (for He will reward you fully for it). (Surah Muddathir)
    These verses expound the Usool (principles) of Da’wat. People used to luxury and soft
    beds cannot do this work. First you will have to leave the soft comforts of life. And the
    first proclamation is of the greatness of Allaah and his sifat (quality) of Rabb (Creator
    and Sustainer). And until the heart of a person is totally affected by the power and
    greatness of Allaah and completely unaffected by the creation, a person can never be a
    Da’ee (inviter). And the Da’ee is prepared to sacrifice. Through this he shows that ‘I am
    prepared to sacrifice anything for the sake of Allaah’s pleasure, but I cannot sacrifice the
    pleasure of Allaah for anything, because the pleasure and assistance of Allaah is the
    Da’ees ultimate goal. Further he keeps both his body and soul pure and free from every
    type of filth. By way of Mujaahadah and Riyaadhah (spiritual sacrifices and excercises),
    he purifies his Nafs (inner self).
    This work of Da’wat is a priceless gem. Allaah does not grant it to all and sundry. It is
    only gifted after great tests and tribulations. The Da’ee undergoes all of this and bears it
    patiently with full conviction that this is from Allaah and behind this is His help and
    pleasure. The sacrifices in this path, which were patiently borne by the Sahaabah t
    ultimately led to their success and victory.
    The entire life of Rasulullaah r is one of sacrifice and Sabr. In linking the lost and
    wayward creation to Allaah, Rasulullaah r sacrificed everything.
    The hardships borne by the first Muslims.
    Even after a detailed study of Seerat it is not possible to fully encompass this subject.
    One cannot possibly imagine what had transpired in this path.
    1.) Verbal Abuse:
    For the sake of His duty, Rasulullaah r endured the abuse of people on a daily basis.
    Many of these have been mentioned in the Qur’aan:
    > pg 16 (no. 3)
    - ‘They (Kuffaar) would say: Does he expect us to leave our gods on his word? His is
    the word of a poet and a madman!’
    > pg 16 and 17 (no. 4)
    - ‘And when they look towards you (O Muhammad) they take you as a joke saying:
    Did Allaah sent this as a Rasul?!’
    Allaah Ta’aala enjoined Sabr upon his beloved:
    > pg 16 (no. 5)
    12
    - ‘(O Muhammad) Bear whatever they say with Sabr (patience)
    These are but two examples of the insolent words used against the honour of Rasulullaah
    r, yet in a way most becoming of an honourable person, the Rasul of Allaah went about
    his responsibility without once responding in kind.
    The most Noble and Respectable Nabi r has himself said:
    >
    > pg 17 (no. 6)
    >
    “ I was abused for the sake of Allaah like no other (before or after me) and I was
    made to fear for the sake of Allaah like no other (before me or after me) And (I
    remember) having passed thirty full days and nights with Bilaal not having anything
    sufficient to sustain a living being! We had only that amount which could be
    concealed under Bilaal’s arm!” (Bidaayah vol.3 pg. 47)
    Rasulullaah r exchanged the life of ease and comfort for one of difficulty and hardship.
    He was the most noble and honoured person in all of Arabia. Now for the sake of Islaam
    he was being degraded and abused by the lowest and meanest of people! Even his house
    folk were not spared.
    Volumes have been filled with this chapter of his life. Many such stories have been
    gathered in the Kitaab Hayaatus Sahaabah.
    This was so that we could take consolation and prepare ourselves to sacrifice in this path
    as well.
    >
    >
    >
    >
    > pg 18 (no. 7)
    >
    >
    >
    >
    Urwah says that he asked Abdullaah ibn Amr ibn Aas regarding the afflictions of
    Rasulullaah r at the hands of the Quraish. He said that among others, once the
    Rasul of Allaah r entered the Masjid. He proceeded to kiss the Hajare Aswad and
    then began a Tawaaf. As he passed by the Quraish would mock at him and insult
    him. The pain of this could be seen in his Mubaarak countenance, but he passed by
    13
    silently. Finally he said to them: “Listen O gathering of Quraish! By the Qasam of
    Allaah! I have been sent to you with slaughter!” (Bidaayah vol.3 pg. 46)
    On another occasion a group of the Quraish came to Rasulullaah r. They were extremely
    rude and insolent. One of them said: “O Muhammad! If you are really Allaah’s
    messenger then move these mountains surrounding Makkah away so that we may have
    ease of passage. If you cannot do this, then raise our ancestors from the dead so that we
    may consult with them regarding you! How is it that you claim Nabuwwaat yet we see no
    angels with you. How is it that you do not have any gardens and wealth? Did Allaah not
    give you any treasure? Why do you not ask for a stairway to the skies so that we may
    climb up and speak to your Allaah? Or why do you not ask Him to make the sky fall on
    our heads?” They continued to harass him in this way for a long while. In reply,
    Rasulullaah r would only say: “My Allaah has deputed me to convey His message to His
    creation. I call you only to this way.” At the end they said: “We do not believe what you
    are saying. We will oppose your work in every possible way. We will never allow you to
    succeed and we will never leave you in peace.” (Rahmatul lil Aalameen pg. 25)
    Rasulullaah r encountered these types of conditions every day of his life after
    Nabuwwaat. Notwithstanding all of this, he patiently persevered in his duty. This is his
    Sunnah and the Da’ee must be prepared to face similar conditions. Today we are unable
    to tolerate even this much! On the slightest pretext and difficulty we leave the work. How
    then will we ever be able to devote our entire lives for this effort?
    2.) Physical persecutions in the path of Allaah.
    Even the great Ambiyaa were not spared by people when they stood up in this field. Their
    bodies were targets of abuse and persecution. Some were cut into two and many were
    killed for the establishment of Deen.
    >
    >
    > pg 20 no 8
    >
    >
    Urwah ibn Zubair t said that he asked Abdullaah ibn Amr t regarding the sacrifices
    of Rasulullaah r. He said: “Once Rasulullaah r was performing Salaat near the
    Hajare Aswad. Uqbah ibn Mu’eert came and placed a sheet around his neck and
    began to strangle him until Abu Bakr t rushed to him and pushed Uqbah away
    saying to them ‘Will you kill a man simply because he says that my Rabb is Allaah,
    even though he has come to you with clear proofs from your Rabb?’” (Bidaayah vol. 3
    pg. 46)
    The Kuffaar of Quraish would regularly place thorns on the road of Rasulullaah r to
    cause harm to him. They used to place dirt and rubbish on his doorstep just to cause
    14
    difficulty to him. On this he would say “O you children of Abde Manaaf, is this how you
    behave towards your neighbours?” (Rahmatul lil Aalameen pg 42)
    Once when Rasulullaah r was performing Salaah in the Haram, Abu Jahal said to the
    Quraish that a camel had just been slaughtered so someone should go and fetch its
    entrails. Uqbah volunteered himself for this. When Rasulullaah r was in Sajdah, the
    wretched man came and placed it on his back. The Nabi of Allaah r remained in Sajdah
    for a long while. The Quraish were rolling over with laughter. Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood t
    was nearby. He says that he was unable to come to the assistance of Rasulullaah r for
    fear of the Quraish until Faatimah t the daughter of Muhammad r came and lifted it off
    her fathers back. She then turned to the Quraish and spoke harshly to them. Not one
    of them had the courage to say anything back to her! (Rahmatul lil Aalameen pg 43)
    Look! The beloved of Allaah r underwent all of these trials and more. All of this is a
    lesson to the Ummah that this is my work, which you will have to do. We have
    unfortunately turned away from this work and abandoned this great Sunnah.
    The Sahaabah t also underwent these hardships for the sake of Deen. This is the first step
    in the establishment of Islaam. By way of example we have only touched very briefly on
    this chapter. This is part and parcel of the Da’wat of Rasulullaah r. We will have to
    prepare ourselves for it as well and the very least is to leave one’s comfort and luxuries
    for the sake of Deen.
    The practices of the Sahaabah t:
    Khusoosi (special/specific) Da’wat.
    Rasulullaah r had enjoined Sabr (patience) and Istiqaamat (steadfastness) on his
    Sahaabah t. He also practically taught them every aspect of the work of Deen. In reality,
    he prepared an Ummat to continue and perpetuate his work after him so that no one
    coming after him may say that this is the work of the Nabi only, we are not responsible
    for it. Every person who accepted Islaam at his hands was immediately put to work. We
    see in the Sahaabah t the same spirit of sacrifice and single-minded devotion to this
    effort. The author of Bidaayah has related the story of Sayyidinaa Abu Bakr t:
    >
    >
    >
    >
    >
    > pg 23 no 9
    >
    >
    >
    >
    >
    15
    When Abu Bakr accepted Islaam and his Islaam became known, he began calling
    towards Allaah. Abu Bakr was a person who was affectionate to people, easy-going
    and loved by all. He was the most knowledgeable regarding the lineage and ancestry
    of the Quraish as well as their history and eventful occurrences. He was also a
    Taajir (trader) of exemplary character even before (accepting) Islaam. He was an
    arbitrator and advisor of the Quraish. (In all he was a noble person of lofty
    qualities) So he began inviting towards Islaam all of his associates and friends.
    Among others, Uthmaan ibn Affaan, Zubair ibn Awwaam, and Talhah ibn
    Ubaidullaah accepted Islaam at his hands. He also suffered greatly for the cause of
    Islaam. Once Naufal ibn Khuwailid ibn Adawiyyah tied him and Talhah up together
    and began torturing them. Even Abu Bakr’s tribe, the Banu Taim could not come to
    his defence. After this incident the two of them were called ‘Al-Qareenain’ (the two
    partners) Rasulullaah r prayed to Allaah: “O Allaah! You suffice us and assist us
    against the tyrant of Banu Adawiyyah”. –Narrated by Baihaqi. (Bidaayah vol. 3 pg. 29)
    The early Muslims are the best of this Ummat. After accepting Islaam, they gave
    preference to it over their wealth, possessions, families and even their own lives. Those
    were the most trying and difficult times in the history of Islaam. With these types of
    sacrifices, they opened the way of Islaam for all to come till Qiyaamah. It is a matter of
    great sorrow that the Muslim of today have almost totally abandoned this blessed path.
    Even the more ‘religious’ minded amongst us have not maintained this Fikr (concern). It
    is as if we have completely forgotten the entire origin of our Deen. Deen began on this
    cry and fikr coupled with sacrifice. The entire life of our Nabi r and His Sahaabah t are a
    lesson for us so that this ‘Naql wa Harkat’ (movement) for the sake of Deen becomes a
    part of our lives.
    Abu Dhar’s t story:
    >
    >
    >
    > pg 24/ 25 no 10
    >
    >
    >
    Abu Dhar t accepted Islaam in his first meeting with Rasulullaah r upon which the
    Master said: “Return to your people and work among them until you are informed
    of our rise.” He said: “By Allaah who has sent you with the truth, I must proclaim
    Islaam in their midst!” So saying, he went into the Masjid and shouted the
    Shahaadah at the top of his voice. The Kuffaar fell upon him from all sides, beating
    him most savagely until Abbaas interceded saying: “Woe to you! Do you not know
    that his tribe the Ghifaar lie on our trade route to Shaam (Syria)? If you harm him
    they will waylay our caravans!” On this they held back. Abu Dhar repeated his
    16
    action the next day and again he would have been killed had it not been for
    Abbaas’s intervention. (Bidaayah vol. 3 pg. 34)
    One can only marvel at the spirit of these people. Just on accepting Islaam they
    understood their duty and were prepared to die for it. They had not yet learnt any
    details of Deen yet immediately began inviting towards it. After returning to his
    people, Abu Dhar knew no rest. He worked tirelessly until the entire tribe of Ghifaar
    accepted Islaam. The tribe of Aslam lived nearby. The message soon reached them. It
    was not long before they too entered into Islaam. By the time Rasulullaah r made Hijrat
    to Madeenah, both these tribes had accepted Islaam. All of this was by the effort of one
    person!!
    The work of Da’wat is not dependant on wealth and power. All that is required is
    dedicated effort on the pattern of these people. The outstanding quality of Sahaabah t
    was their selfless dedication and sincerity of purpose. The work of Deen takes root on
    Mujaahadah and Qurbaani (sacrifice) and is not dependant on might, numbers and
    scheming. The effort then reaches completion through the assistance of Allaah.
    Umoomi (general) Da’wat
    1) The Da’wat of Abu Bakr t
    As we have seen, these early Muslims had made Deen their priority and objective. After
    accepting Islaam, they made the responsibility of the Nabi r their only concern. Prior to
    Islaam Hadhrat Abu Bakr t was a businessman. Now his only concern was the
    establishment and upliftment of Islaam. He was at the side of Rasulullaah r day and
    night. The life of wealth and riches was long forgotten. He knew no rest or leisure. He
    went to the people of Makkah – person to person with the message of his friend
    Muhammad r. When the number of Muslims reached 38, he one day proposed to
    Rasulullaah r that they all go to the Masjidul Haraam and openly call towards Allaah.
    Rasulullaah r felt that the time was not right. Prior to this they preached only secretly.
    The restlessness of Abu Bakr t was growing day by day. He thus put this proposal to
    Rasulullaah r again, who finally acceded to his suggestion. The author of Bidaayah has
    related:
    >
    >
    >
    >
    > pg 27 no 11
    >
    >
    >
    >
    17
    Aa’ishah t has reported that when the number of Muslims reached 38, Hadhrat
    Abu Bakr t proposed to Rasulullaah r that they openly call towards Allaah.
    Rasulullaah r said: “We are still only a handful” but Hadhrat Abu Bakr t persisted
    until finally Rasulullaah r gave consent. So the Muslims went to the Masjid and
    each of them went to his family and tribesfolk, calling them to Allaah.
    Abu Bakr t stood to address the gathering of Quraish in the presence of the Rasul of
    Allaah r. This was the first sermon in the history of Islaam. The Mushrikeen would
    not have it! They sprung onto Hadhrat Abu Bakr t and the others, beating them
    most savagely. They vented most of it on Hadhrat Abu Bakr t. The Faasiq Utbah
    ibn Rabee’ah played a most active role. He climbed onto Abu Bakr t, kicking and
    punching him mercilessly until his nose could not be differentiated from his face.
    (Bidaayah vol. 3 pg. 30)
    Abu Bakr t remained unconscious the whole day. Late in he evening the showed some
    signs of consciousness. As soon as he was able to speak, he said: “How is the Rasul r?”
    The people were most disappointed with him. They said: “How is it that after almost
    losing his life for his sake, as soon as he comes to his senses he can only ask about him?”
    And so, much disgusted at his devotion to Rasulullaah r, while satisfied that he was out
    of danger, they left. His mother now began to tend to him but he would incessantly and
    impatiently ask the same question over and over again: “How is the Rasul of Allaah?”
    On her showing ignorance regarding the welfare of Rasulullaah r, Hadhrat Abu Bakr t
    entreated her to go to Umme Jameel (Umar’s sister) and find out. So she hurried to
    Umme Jameel’s place who, like other Muslims at the time, was hiding her Imaan. She
    therefore concealed her knowledge saying: “Who is Muhammad and who is Abu Bakr? I
    am however sorry to hear about your son’s condition. If you like, I can go with you to see
    him.” They both came to see Hahdrat Abu Bakr t in his condition. Umme Jameel began
    to cry and said: “Woe to these ruffians for what they have done to a man like Abu Bakr!
    May Allaah punish them for their misconduct.”
    Hadhrat Abu Bakr t paid no attention to her outburst and urgently asked again: “How is
    Rasulullaah r ? I must see him!” Umme Jameel said: “He is quite well. He is at Arqam’s
    place.”
    Hadhrat Abu Bakr t said: “I must see him. By Allaah! I will not eat anything until I have
    seen him!”
    They waited until it was it was dark and then quietly went to Arqam’s place undetected
    by the Quraish. When they reached Arqam’s place, Abu Bakr t saw Rasulullaah r and
    clung to him weeping profusely. Rasulullaah r reciprocated and all those present began
    weeping as well. Rasulullaah r expressed deep concern at his friend’s condition, but Abu
    Bakr’s primary concern was for his mother. He put the Rasul of Allaah r to rest and then
    introduced his mother saying: “She is my mother, pray for her and induce her to
    18
    accept Islaam.” The Rasul of Allaah r first made dua for her, then spoke to her. She
    accepted Islaam there and then.
    Sayyidinaa Hamzaa ibn Abdul Muttalib t accepted Islaam on that very day and during
    this period Rasulullaah r prayed to Allaah to strengthen Islaam and the Muslims with
    Umar ibn Khattaab or Amr ibn Hishaam (Abu Jahal). This was on Wednesday night and
    the Du’a was accepted in favour of Umar the very next day, and that too after setting off
    with the intention of killing Rasulullaah r and beating his sister and her husband for the
    sake of their Islaam!
    From these incidents we see the steadfastness of the Sahaabah t. That even after extreme
    oppression and persecution they were not dissuaded from their task. These incidents
    seemed to strengthen their resolve instead! And we see that the fikr of the Da’ee (inviter)
    is perpetual. Abu Bakr’s concern, after all that he went through, was for the Hidaayat
    (guidance) of his mother.
    It is also Sunnat to couple one’s Da’wat with Du’a because the real turner of hearts is
    Allaah.
    The effect of Da’wat and Du’a is strengthened through sacrifice. It was the direct effect
    of this sacrifice of Rasulullaah r and Abu Bakr t and the other’s which soon afterwards
    Hamzah and Umar came into Islaam. These two went on to become a great source of
    strength for the Muslims.
    These are all lessons to be learnt. These are all the Usools (principles) of the Da’wat of
    Islaam.
    Through this effort of Da’wat, the foundation of Deen is laid. Through these sacrifices,
    Allaah creates people of capability and understanding. People of ability and expertise are
    won over through Da’wat and Du’a. After this comes strength and power and all else, but
    these are subsidiary things. The real objective is the work of the Nabi and its primary
    objective is Hidaayat and the pleasure of Allaah.
    The story of Dhimaad Azdi t.
    Without exception, every individual among the Sahaabah t understood this to be his
    work, and they fulfilled this obligation with utmost care and deep fikr. They allowed
    nothing to come between them and this work. They sacrificed their wealth, families,
    homes, and everything else for it. At no stage did they compromise this work for
    anything else.
    Dhimaad t was of the Azd clan. He accepted Islaam and pledged allegiance to
    Rasulullaah r. He also took the responsibility of his entire tribe.
    > pg 31 no 12
    19
    “So he pledged his allegiance on the hand of Rasulullaah r who said to him: “and on
    behalf of your people?” Dhimaad said: “and on their behalf as well” (Bidaayah vol. 3
    pg. 36)
    Prior to Islaam, Dhimaad was a soothsayer. The people of the Quraish called him to
    ‘cure’ Rasulullaah r. After listening to his Da’wat, he was cured instead! He accepted
    Islaam in his first meeting with Rasulullaah r. So this person, who just moments before
    was an opponent of Deen is suddenly won over. And he doesn’t only become a devout
    Muslim, but immediately understands that his responsibility is to convey the message of
    Islaam further. Being a ‘new’ Muslim, he did not even know the finer details about
    Islaam, yet he was also put to work by the Rasul of Allaah r. After this meeting,
    Rasulullaah r taught him a few things and then prayed for him and sent him back to his
    people.
    Rasulullaah r arranged the Ta’leem and Tarbiyat (education and spiritual nurturing) of
    his companions through the work of Da’wat. Through the continuous sacrifice in this
    path, they became the rightful vicegerents of the Rasul of Allaah r and they fulfilled it’s
    right until their last breaths.
    This effort is Jaami’ (all encompassing). Through Da’wat the word of Islaam reaches
    people and the Imaan of the Da’ee is strengthened. Then through Qurbaani (sacrifice)
    a close bond (Ma’iyyat) with Allaah is created, while through Mujaahadah
    (spiritual sacrifice) Tazkiyatun Nafs (purification of the inner self) is achieved. With
    this, it becomes easy to fulfill the commands of Allaah. In fact, after this, fulfilling the
    commands of Deen becomes a person’s sole objective in life!
    To do the work of Da’wat just anyhow is not difficult, but this is not our object nor has it
    got full benefit. The real matter is to carry out the work on the pattern shown by the
    Ambiyaa u. Allaah has charged us with this! If the work of Deen is not done on this
    pattern, it will remain lifeless and will never reach acceptance. It is for this reason that
    today we see that we are not affected with our own Da’wat! When we ourselves are not
    accepting our own Da’wat, and our own lives are empty of Islaam and Sunnah then how
    will our Da’wat impact on others? It is for this reason that the Muslims of our time have
    taken full effect from every aspect of the lifestyles of other nations!
    Remember well! Until you do not come onto the pattern shown by Rasulullaah r, you
    will never gain the assistance of Allaah! You and your effort will remain valueless in the
    heavens and you will have no effect or standing on the earth!
    The Da’wat of Umar t.
    The Muslims of the first century had an extraordinary zeal for serving Deen. Their only
    objective was the upliftment of Islaam.
    Umar t had set out with a naked sword to put an end to Muhammad r and his Deen, yet
    he returned a changed person altogether. He returned with the responsibility of
    20
    Muhammad r himself! He returns to the very people who sent him to destroy Islaam with
    the very message of Islaam! This was the exemplary personality of Hadhrat Umar t who
    would go on to serve the cause of Islaam till his very last breath. His story is reproduced
    hereunder:
    >
    >
    >
    >
    >
    >
    > pg 33 and 34 no
    13
    >
    >
    >
    >
    >
    >
    Soon after accepting Islaam, Umar said to Rasulullaah r: “O Rasulullaah! Why
    should we hide our Deen? Are we not on Haqq (truth) while they are on Baatil
    (falsehood)?” Rasulullaah r said: “Umar, we are still weak and few in number. Do
    you not see the treatment that is being meted out to the Muslims?”
    Hadhrat Umar t said: “By Allaah! I will not leave any gathering that I attended in
    Kufr but that I will express Imaan in its midst!”
    So saying, he went around the Ka’bah and then went to the gathering of the
    Quraishi chiefs who were awaiting him. Abu Jahal said: “News has reached us that
    you have also turned from your old religion.” Umar said: “I bear witness that there
    is no illaah but Allaah and that Muhammad r is His servant and Rasul!”
    He had barely finished when the entire lot of them pounced on him. Umar singled
    out Utbah who was the chief mischief-monger, threw him to the ground and began
    thrashing him. Umar poked his finger into his eye sockets causing Utbah to scream
    out in agony. The Quraish fell back in horror. Umar stood up from Utbah.
    Whenever any of them approached him he would grab one of their leaders and beat
    him up until finally all of them gave up. After this Umar went to every one of the
    gatherings of the Quraish which he attended previously and proclaimed his Imaan
    to them. Only then did he return to Rasulullaah r (after having overpowered all of
    the Quraish!) . (Bidaayah vol. 3 pg. 31)
    Sahaabah t’s enthusiasm for Da’wat:
    Every one of the Sahaabah t had to pass through this stage. This is the path whereby
    Allaah Ta’aala trains and nurtures the Da’ee (inviter). Through this sacrifice, Imaan is
    fortified, without which, the reality of Imaan cannot be understood. Because we have not
    21
    passed through this, we are easily affected by the things around us. We are quickly
    overawed by the creation. We have to overcome the effects of wealth, things, kingdom
    and power before we can become true inviters to Allaah. Until then, our Da’wat will
    remain weak and hollow. The Da’ee is a mountain of Yaqeen (conviction). The Sahaabah
    t are the true inviters to Allaah and the highest example for the Muslims.
    >
    >
    >
    > pg 35 and 36 no 14
    >
    >
    >
    … then the people of the Quraish began to persecute the Muslims. Each tribe
    singled out the weak and defenseless Muslims among them. They were held in
    captivity and tortured severely. They would take turns in beating them. They were
    deprived of food and water and made to lie on the burning desert sands. Due to the
    extreme condition, some were forced to utter words of Kufr - only to appease the
    oppressors, but despite all of this, the Muslims held firmly onto their faith until
    Allaah opened their way. (Bidaayah vol. 3 pg.57)
    When these afflictions reached unbearable proportions, the Muslims turned to
    Rasulullaah r for solace. Rasulullaah r enjoined patience upon them for this was the first
    stage in the establishment of Deen in which Allaah extracts sacrifices from his
    beloveds. There is no getting around this stage. On your sacrifice, Allaah will soon
    open a way of ease and blessings and change the conditions of the world.
    The author of Bidaayah has narrated it like this:
    >
    >
    >
    >
    > pg 36 and 37 no 15
    >
    >
    >
    >
    Imaam Bukhaari has narrated … Khabbaab t said: “When our afflictions became
    unbearable, I went to Rasulullaah r, who at the time was resting against his (rolled
    up) shawl in the shade of the Ka’bah. I said: “O Nabi of Allaah! Will you not
    supplicate to Allaah to assist us?” upon which Rasulullaah r sat up and (overcome
    with emotion) said: “People before you had their flesh torn off their bones with steel
    combs for the sake of this Deen but they never flinched! And Allaah will take this
    22
    matter to completion until you will see a lone rider who will travel from San’aa to
    Hadramaut with none to fear except Allaah – But you people are in haste.” (Bidaayah
    vol. 3 pg. 59)
    In this Hadeeth, Rasulullaah r has clearly spelt out that without this initial stage of
    sacrifice and effort, the doors of peace, blessings and conquests cannot be opened. Hence,
    if we desire the revival and upliftment of Islaam, then this is the road. When in this field,
    the sacrifices reach the required level, then Allaah by His Qudrat will change conditions.
    The human being by nature is hasty and wants immediate results. Now he wants to move
    with this temperament in the path of Da’wat but this can never be. This is a long road of
    patience, fortitude and steadfastness. We must understand this well.
    It is for this very reason that many movements in the name of Da’wat fizzle away very
    quickly. And instead of seeking the assistance of Allaah through sacrifice and Du’a we
    turn our attention towards procuring wealth and political power and ‘winning the
    confidence of the masses’ in the thought that through these means we will establish
    Islaam. Remember! These are all the foundations of Baatil. The method of establishing
    Islaam has been shown already. If we follow in this way, we will Inshaa’Allaah, sooner
    or later achieve the required result. All this is on the basis of Allaah’s unseen assistance.
    If on the contrary, we choose to follow our own path, then destiny will decide our fate.
    Deen is not the name of some political ideology or some vain theory. It is the command
    of Allaah, which runs on the system of Allaah, who has clearly announced:
    > pg
    38 no 16
    ‘And Allaah will assist those who assist His Deen – And Allaah is most mighty and
    honoured’
    The predecessors of the Muslims had established Deen through sacrifice and sincerity,
    not through wealth and material things. Today, in the name of Islaam, our primary focus
    has become materialistic. This creates the impression that like the other religions, Islaam
    is also dependant upon these things. This is totally incorrect. If we look into the lives of
    the Ambiyaa u, then we see the total opposite – that in every age, those who opposed the
    Deen had an abundance of wealth and power while the believers were always few in
    number and hard-pressed. Due to this, the attention of the believers was focused solely on
    the Qudrat of Allaah. They did the work on the basis of Allaah’s assistance while the
    people of Baatil did their work on the basis of material things.
    So the Da’wat of Islaam moves only by the will of Allaah and His assistance. The Da’ee
    is always awaiting this, and he understands the system of Allaah. He knows the Asbaab
    (things) which draw the Nusrat of Allaah – that through continuous sacrifices coupled
    with Sabr and Ikhlaas, the Help of Allaah is assured. When these sacrifices reach the
    point of acceptance then the announcement is made:
    > pg 39 no 17
    23
    “Behold! The Assistance of Allaah has drawn close”
    Now, wherever this group of Sahaabah t moved in the world, the direct assistance of
    Allaah and His Qudrat was with them!
    Without the assistance of Allaah we can never hope to gain success in this field. Deen
    can never be established on the strength of our efforts, speeches, writings and
    planning alone. All the wealth and governments of the world cannot make it happen.
    Allaah has shown a way through His Ambiyaa u. His is the only way. This is called the
    Sunnatullaah (System of Allaah).
    After this period, Allaah, by His Qudrat, subjugates the world to the people of Da’wat.
    This was witnessed in the latter part of the lives of the Sahaabah t. We look at these
    conquests and victories and fall into error. These were all the fruits of years of sacrifice,
    which clinched the Nusrat of Allaah for ages to come. The work of Deen was never based
    on these worldly things. Da’wat is not dependant on anything besides Allaah! It is by
    virtue of this that the reality of Islaam opens onto the nations of the world.
    It is for this reason that when the Muslims abandoned the work entrusted to them by
    Allaah, then all their wealth and might (which they had amassed over centuries) could not
    stem their decline and fall.
    Now that we have reached this stage of decline in our religious affairs, our only recourse
    is to implement the system of these blessed people, an approximate description of which
    is as follows:
    To establish the collective (Ijtimaa’ee) effort of Da’wat, making this the prime
    objective of one’s life, and to sacrifice anything that comes in the way of this so as to
    revive the pure way of life based on Imaan and Taqwa. To go from person to person
    explaining this message of Islaam, and to sacrifice one’s personal desires so that the
    sweetness of Imaan can become manifest. And then to move from village to village,
    town to town, city to city, country to country for the sake of Deen until the word of
    Allaah is established among the people of the world.
    The Rooh (soul) of the effort of Da’wat
    This is the effort of the Ambiyaa u. They were people who were closely linked to Allaah
    and totally devoted to His service and linking the creation to their creator. After
    Rasulullaah r, this effort has been entrusted to his Ummat. Rasulullaah r taught this
    work to his Ummat right to its very last detail. He has taught us how to attain proximity
    to Allaah and how to procure His assistance. From the very beginning, he taught us how
    to lead every aspect of our lives. He showed us the way of the Ambiyaa u – the way of
    sacrifice and struggle. The Sahaabah t fulfilled the right of the work and obeyed Nabi r
    24
    to the letter. As a result of this, they understood the importance of this effort and gave it
    priority over everything else. They were able to sacrifice everything for it.
    They were engulfed in the fikr and service of Deen and I’laae Kalimatullaah (uplifting
    the word of Allaah). They were not concerned in the least about the things of the world
    which today has become the focal point and epicenter of our lives.
    The Making of Imaan.
    Among the most fundamental requirements of this effort are the qualities of Sabr and
    Istiqaamat (patience and steadfastness) Rasulullaah r paid special attention to
    inculcating these qualities in his followers.
    When they reached perfection in these Sifaat (qualities), then everything became
    secondary. Comfort and luxury, wealth and riches, family and homeland, government,
    position, and life itself all meant nothing to them. They were now concerned with a task
    far superior to all of this.
    Allaah has selected this Ummat for the Niyaabah (vicegerency) of Rasulullaah r and
    continuation of the work of the Ambiyaa u! This is the basic matter that the first Muslims
    understood while we have not. All the promises of Allaah of Nusrah, and Barakaat etc.
    are based on this.
    They were then trained for Nafar (to move in the Path of Allaah) - To spread Islaam
    among the nations of the world you will have to leave your homes and move in every
    condition, and at any time, as and when the need arises. And spend of your lives and
    wealth openly and willingly; this is your road of progress. -
    This moving in the path of Allaah for the sake of Da’wat is like the Rooh (soul) of
    Deen. If this Ummat has to be so unfortunate as to abandon this great Sunnah of
    collective striving for Deen, they will be engulfed in a collective punishment. And if
    they still do not repent and make amends, they will be cast aside and replaced!
    > pg 44 no 18a
    Proceed (in the Path of Allaah) when light or heavy (happily or reluctantly, rich or
    poor, in every condition) and exert yourselves (strive for the upliftment of Deen) with
    your wealth and lives in Allaah’s way (for His pleasure). This is best for you (in both
    worlds) if you but knew.
    > pg 42 no 18b
    If you do not go forth, Allaah shall punish you severely and replace you with
    another nation (who will readily strive in Allaah’s path)
    Just look at the manner of admonishment in the Qur’aan!
    25
    It is as if the life of this Ummat and its very existence is dependant on this movement!
    This Ummat has been selected for Da’wat which cannot be separated from moving in this
    path.
    We have to re-learn the methodology (Nizaam) of the Da’wat of our Nabi r and revive
    the great Sunnah of Sacrifice and Nafar fee Sabeelillaah (moving in the path of Allaah).
    In the eyes of Allaah, the nation which discards this way of life will not remain worthy of
    the honour of establishing Deen.
    The first step then will be to re-create this consciousness and ability (Salaahiyat) in the
    Ummat to move in the path of Allaah on the pattern of Sahaabah t. Until then, as we are
    witnessing, all our efforts are sure to go in vain.
    The work presently taking place aims to revive this practice.
    Naqal wa Harkat (movement) for the sake of Da’wat in
    the time of Rasulullaah r.
    Here again, it is not possible to cover this subject completely. A few examples and proofs
    are presented hereunder:
    1.) Rasulullaah r’s journey to Taa’if.
    In the tenth year of Nabuwwah, Rasulullaah r went to Taa’if with the hope of winning
    its people over to Islaam. Zaid bin Haaritha t accompanied him on this trip. The entire
    journey was covered on foot and all the tribes between Makkah and Taa’if were met for
    the purpose of Da’wat.
    The Banu Thaqeef resided in Taa’if. They were a prosperous people with an abundance
    of orchards and fresh water. All of these things had put them into deception. The tribe
    was governed by three brothers viz. AbdeYalail, Habeeb and Mas’ood.
    On reaching Taa’if, Rasulullaah r visited the three of them separately and placed the
    message of Allaah before them but they refused to listen to him and treated him most
    rudely and contemptuously. The Rasul of Allaah r did not lose heart at this and tried to
    approach the townspeople instead but no one would listen to him. They asked him to
    clear off and go away. When Rasulullaah r realized that further efforts were in vain, he
    decided to leave the town, but the wretched people would not let him go in peace and
    turned upon him. It was a most sorry day. The beloved of Allaah r was so much pelted
    with stones and sticks that his Mubaarak body was covered in blood and his shoes were
    clogged to his feet. The Nabi of Allaah r was beaten till he fell to the ground and lost
    26
    consciousness. Zaid t carried him out of Taa’if. When they were far from the rabble,
    Rasulullaah r prayed to Allaah in a most heart-rending manner:
    “O my Allaah, to You alone do I complain of my feebleness and lack of strength and
    being unimportant in the eyes of people. O Most Merciful of those who show mercy!
    You are the Rabb of the weak and You are my own Rabb – to who would You
    entrust me? To an unsympathetic foe who look down on me or to a stranger who
    would have control over my affairs? Not in the least do I care for anything except
    that I may have Your protection for myself and I seek shelter in your light, the light
    which illuminates the heavens and earth, and by which the affairs of Dunya and
    Aakhirah are set right. May it never be that I should incur Your wrath or that You
    should ever be displeased with me. I must remove the cause of Your displeasure till
    You are pleased and there is no power or might but from You.”
    After this, Rasulullaah r was given the option of destroying Taa’if between the
    mountains surrounding it but the merciful and noble Nabi said: “I hope that their
    offspring will accept Islaam.” (Rahmatul lil Aalameen pg. 56)
    The Du’a of Rasulullaah r moved the heavens and Jibra’eel descended with the Angel in
    charge of the mountains to crush the city of Taa’if on the order of Rasulullaah r, but he
    refused. Through Da’wat we desire the Hidaayat of people and not their destruction.
    The Du’a of the Ambiyaa u when attacked by people was: “O Allaah forgive my people
    and guide them for they know not what they do.”
    There are many deep lessons to be learnt from this incident. It on this type of Sabr and
    Istiqaamat, coupled with such deep concern for people and clear intent that Allaah grants
    Hidaayat to nations.
    Some of the things that come to light are:
    1. The Da’ee has a very wide Fikr (concern) and Niyyah (intention). He cares about
    all the people of the world. He goes wherever there is hope.
    The concept of first making your own Islaah (reformation) and that of your family
    and town before moving elsewhere does not fit. Both these efforts must be done
    simultaneously.
    2. The proof for Khusoosi Da’wat (meeting individual persons specially) and
    Umoomi Da’wat (meeting people generally) are found here.
    3. One should keep one’s hopes high but it is possible that one will be met with
    opposition. In this case one should not lose heart but stay firm and keep firm hope
    in Allaah. In the case of opposition, the Da’ee does not respond in kind but shows
    t

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