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  • Shaik Sadek
    (SIYAM (FASTING) THE MONTH OF RAMDHAN) 1) DEFINITION OF FASTING: § LINGUISTICALLY: TO ABSTAIN FROM SOMEHTING § JURIDICALLY: SIYAM (FASTING) IS A WAY
    Message 1 of 1 , Jun 30, 2013

    (SIYAM (FASTING) THE MONTH OF RAMDHAN)

     

    1) DEFINITION OF FASTING:

     

    §  LINGUISTICALLY: TO ABSTAIN FROM SOMEHTING

    §  JURIDICALLY:      SIYAM (FASTING) IS A WAY OF WORSHIPING ALLAH BY INTENTIONALY ABSTAINING FROM FOOD, DRINK, SEXUAL INTERCOURSE AND OTHER THINGS THAT BREAK ONES FAST; FROM DAWN TO SUNDOWN

     

    2) ISLAMIC RULING ON FASTING THE MONTH OF RAMADAN:

     

    1)      FOURTH PILLAR OF ISLAM (OBLIGATORY / MANDATORY)

     

    2)      ALLAH (SWT) SAYS IN THE QURAN”

     

    “O YOU WHO BELIEVE! FASTING IS PRESCRIBED TO YOU AS IT WAS PRESCRIBED TO THOSE BEFORE YOU THAT YOU MAY ACHIEVE TAQWA” (AL-BAQARAH (2) : 183)

     

    3)      ALLAH (SWT) SAYS IN THE QURAN:

               

    “THE MONTH OF RAMADAN IN WHICH WAS SENT DOWN THE QURAN A GUIDANCE TO MANKIND AND CLEAR PROOF OF THAT GUIDANCE AND THE STANDARD (FOR DISTINGUISHING BETWEEN RIGHT AND WRONG) WHOSOEVER OF YOU WITNESS THE MONHT SHOULD FAST IT (AL-BAQARAH (2) : 182)

     

    4)      IBN-OMAR (RA) REPORTED THAT THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH (SAAS) SAID:

     

    “ISLAM HAS BEEN BUILT ON FIVE (PILLARS).. “AND HE (SAAS) MENTIONED “FASTING THE MONTH OF RAMADAN.” (COLLECTED BY BUKHARI & MUSLIM)

     

    §  NOTE: IF SOMEONE DENIES THE OBLIGATION OF FASTING THE MONTH OF RAMADAN, THEN HE / SHE IS OUT OF ISLAM

    §  IF SOMEONE DOES NOT FAST THE MONTH OF RAMADAN KNOWING ITS OBLIGATION, THEN HE IS GUILTY OF COMMITTING A MAJOR SIN.

     

     

     

     

    3) MERITS OF SIYAM:

     

     

    1.      ABU-HURAYRAH REPORTED THAT THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH (SAAS) SAID: “EVERY GOOD DEED OF THE SON OF ADAM IS MULTIPLIED IN REWARD 10 TO 700 TIMES (DEPENDING ON ONE’S INTENTION AND SINCERITY) ALLAH (SWT) PROCLAIMS: “EXCEPT FOR FASTING, FOR IT IS FOR ME AND I WILL GRANT THE REWARD FOR IT. HE LEAVES HIS PASSIONS AND HIS FOOD FOR MY SAKE.! THE FASTING PERSON HAS TWO MOMENTS OF JOY; ONE WHEN HE BREAKS HIS FAST AND THE OTHER WHEN HE MEETS HIS LORD. AND THE SMELL THAT COMES FROM THE MOUTH OF THE FASTING PERSON IS MORE PLEASANT TO ALLAH THAN THE SMELL OF MUSK. “ (COLLECTED BY BUKHARI & MUSLIM)

     

    2.      ABU – HURAYRAH REPORTED THAT THE PROPHET (SAAS) SAID:

     

    “WHOEVER FASTS RAMADAN OUT OF SINCERE FAITH AND HOPING FOR ITS REWARD FROM ALLAH, WILL HAVE ALL OF HIS PREVIOUS SINS FORGIVEN.” (COLLECTED BY BUKHARI & MUSLIM)

     

    3.      ABU-HURAYRAH REPORTED THAT THE MESSENGER OF  ALLAH (SAAS) SAID:      

     

    “WHEN RAMADAN BEGINS, THE GATES OF THE HEAVENS ARE OPENED AND THE GATES OF THE HELLFIRE ARE CLOSED AND THE DEVILS ARE CHIANED.” (COLLECTED BY BUKHARI & MUSLIM)

     

    4)  BENEFITS OF SIYAM:

     

    1.      SPIRITUAL / MORAL BENEFITS:

     

    §  ABOVE ALL IT IS AN ACT OF OBEDIENCE TO ALLAH

    §  TRANINS BELIEVERS IN TAQWA .. ( BEING MINDFUL OF ALLAH & FEARING HIM BY DOING ALL THAT HE ORDERED & AVOIDING ALL THAT HE (SWT) FORBADE).

    §  TEACHES PATIENCE & SINCERITY.

    §  DEVELOPS ENDURANCE & SELF-RESTRAINT.

    §  RESTRICTS THE MOVEMENT OF THE SHAITAN (DEVILS).

     

           2.     SOCIAL BENEFITS:

     

    §  STRENGTHENS UNITY & EQUALITY BETWEEN MUSLIMS.

    §  TEACHES SYMPATHY TOWARDS THE POOR & NEEDY.

     

    2.      MEDICAL BENEFITS:

     

    §  RESTS THE DIGESTIVE ORGANS AND GETS RID OF ACCUMULATED WASTE.

    §  USES UP STORED CHOLESTEROL (FATS) IN THE BLOOD SYSTEM, WHICH IS ONE OF THE CAUSES OF HEART DISEASE.

    §  TEACHES SELF-CONTROL FROM OVER-EATING, SMOKING etc..

     

    5) KNOWING THE BEGINNING OF THE MONTH OF RAMADAN:

     

    1.      SIGHTING THE NEW MOON OF RAMADAN (MONTH 9), EVEN BY JUST ONE RIGHTFUL MUSLIM

     

    ·         NOTE: TWO RIGHTFUL MUSLIM ARE REQUIRED TO SIGHT THE NEW MOON OF SHAWWAL (MONTH 10).

     

    2.      COMPLETING THE MONHT OF SHAABAN (MONTH 8) AS 30         

    DAYS.

     

    6) PILLAR OF SIYAM:

     

    1)    NEEYAH (INTENTION): FOR FASTING SHOULD BE AT NIGHT TIME BEFORE FAJR

               

    §  NOTE: INTENTION FOR OPTIONAL/DESIRABLE FASTING COULD BE AT ANY TIME, EVEN DURING THE DAY, IF ONE HAS NOT DONE ANY ACT THAT INVALIDATES SIYAM

     

    2)      ABSTENTION : FROM THINGS THAT BREAK ONES FAST         FROM DAWN TO SUNDOWN.

     

     

    7) CONDITIONS / EXEMPTIONS OF SIYAM:

     

               

    CONDITIONS

    EXEMPTIONS

    ISLAM

    NON-MUSLIM

    PUBERTY

    CHILDREN UNDER PUBERTY

    SANITY

    INSANE-OR-SENILE ELDERLY PEOPLE

    CAPABILITY

                                      UN- CAPABLE

     

                  SICK                                                   ELDERLY

     

    CURABLE                 UN-CURABLE               (FEEDS)

    (Ex. INFLUENZA)       (Ex. CANCER)

        (MAKES – UP)              (FEEDS)

    LACK OF PREVENTION

    MENSTRUATING WOMEN- OR-WOMEN WITH POST-BIRTH BLEEDING. (MAKES-UP)

    RESIDENCY

    TRAVELER (IF NOT FASTING, MAKES-UP)

     

    8) ACTS THAT INVALIDATE (BREAK) SIYAM:

     

    1)      EATING, DRINKING OR SMOKING.

    2)      ANYTHING THE SAME AS EATING OR DRINKING.

    3)      INTENTIONALLY VOMITING.

    4)      TAKING OUT BLOOD IN LARGE AMOUNT.

    5)      MENSTRUATION OR POST-BIRTH BLEEDING

    6)      SEXUAL DESCHARGE.

    7)      SEXUAL INTERCOURSE

    8)      INTENDING TO BREAK YOUR FAST

     

                 .IMPORTANT RULE: THE FAST IS STILL VALID IF A PERSON WAS

     

                            1) IGONORANT OR NEW MUSLIM

                                        …. OF ISLAMIC RULING … OF THE TIME

    2)      FORGETFUL/ UN-INTENTIONAL.

    3)      UNDER-COMPULSION.

    NOTE: EXCEPT FOR MENSTRUATION OF POST-BIRTH BLEEDING.

     

    9) COMPENSATION / EXPIATION FOR BREAKING SIYAM:

     

    1)      IF ONE BREAKS HIS FAST WITHOUT A LEGITIMATE EXCUSE, HE HAS COMMITTED A SIN AND SHOULD REPENT (TAWBAH); AND MUST MAKE-UP THE MISSED DAY(S) BEFORE THE NEXT RAMADAN

    2)      IF ONE BREAKS HIS FAST WITH A LEGITIMATE EXCUSE. HE MUST MAKE-UP THE MISSED DAY(S) BEFORE THE NEXT RAMADAN.

    3)      IF ONE IS UN-CAPABLE OF FASTING DUE TO OLD AGE OR HAS AN UN-CURABLE DISEASE, HE MUST FEED ONE NEEDY MUSLIM FOR EVERY MISSED DAY (S) DURING RAMADAN.

    4)      IF ONES FAST IS BROKEN BECAUSE OF SEXUAL INTERCOURSE:

    §  HE HAS COMMITTED A SIN AND SHOULD REPENT (TAWBAH)

    §  HE MUST MAKE-UP THE MISSED DAY(S)  BEFORE THE NEXT RAMADAN.

    §  HE MUST MAKE A KAFFARAH (EXPIATION) BY EITHER.

    Ø  FREEING A SLAVE (IF NOT POSSIBLE)

    Ø  FASTING TWO CONSECUTIVE MONTH. (IF UNABLE)

    Ø  FEEDING SIXTY NEEDY PEOPLE.

     

    NOTE: THERE IS NO KAFFARAH ON THE WIFE IF SHE WAS FORCED.

     

    10) MUSTAHAB (DESIRABLE) THINGS TO DO:

     

    1.      PRE-DAWN MEAL (SUHOOR)

    2.      HASTENING IN BREAKING THE FAST.

    §  MAKING DUA’A WHEN BREAKING THE FAST

    §  EATING ODD NUMBER OF FRESH DATES.

    3.      BEING GENEROUS.

    4.      STRIVING TO DO MORE GOOD DEEDS.

    5.      READING / STUDYING THE QURAN.

    6.      NIGHT PRAYERS (TARAWEEH)

    §  ESPECIALLY DURING LAYLATUL-QADAR

    (ONE OF THE LAST TEN NIGHTS OF RAMADAN)

    7.      SECLUSION IN A MASJID (I’TIKAF):

    §  ESPECIALLY DURING THE LAST TEN DAYS OF RAMADAN. BY REMAINING IN A MASJID AND FREEING ONESELF FOR THE WORSHIP OF ALLAH.

    8.      MAKING UMRAH DURING RAMADAN.

     

    11) THINGS THAT SHOULD BE AVOIDED:

     

    1.     

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