Fwd: FW: New article documents regional decline in Caribbean Coral Reefs due to local threats
- Thanks to former staff member and Associate Richard Volk for
reminding us that we should have noted that this article by Toby
Gardner was researched (in part) at the St. Thomas Environmental
Reference Center at Coral World.
In thanking Ed Towle for facilitating his use of the Reference
Center, Toby said something to the effect that it was one of the
largest and best organized reference libraries on small island marine
and coastal issues that he had encountered - - and Toby never did get
to see the BIG library in Tortola!
>From: "Volk, Richard" <RVolk@...>--
>To: "'Bruce Potter'" <bpotter@...>, "'Ed Towle'" <etowle@...>
>Subject: FW: New article documents regional decline in Caribbean Coral Ree
> fs due to local threats
>Date: Thu, 31 Jul 2003 08:41:50 -0400
>Bruce and Ed - You may have already seen this, but if not... thought
>you'd be interested. ÊBest regards -- Richard
>From: Best, Barbara
>Sent: Thursday, July 24, 2003 6:28 PM
>To: Alexander Dickie; Anne Dix; Anne Patterson; Barbara Best; Carl
>Gallegos; Carmen Gonzalez; Cheryl Jennings; Dan Evans; Daniel Moore;
>Heather Huppe; Holly Ferrette; Howard Batson; James Ndirangu;
>Jeffrey Brokaw; Jerry Bisson; John Wilson; Laura Cornwell; Laurie
>Freese; Mary Melnyk; Mary Rowen; Peter Hearne; Peter Weisel; Richard
>Volk; Ron Stryker; Steve Olive; Susan Scott; Tim Resch; Trigeany
>Cc: Biodiversity Working Group Mail List (USAID)
>Subject: New article documents regional decline in Caribbean Coral
>Reefs due to local threats
>FYI - To USAID Coral Reef Folks:
>A new article came out last week in Science Express that documents
>the decline in Caribbean coral reefs - an 80% decline over three
>decades. The authors suggest that even though the decline was
>region-wide, the meta-analysis of the sub-regions indicates that the
>declines were due to local human activities (and not to regional or
>global causes such as diseases or bleaching.)
>This interpretation paints a more positive picture, in that we know
>what needs to be done to address these local threats.
>I have copied the abstract below and attached a pdf of the report.
>Long-Term Region-Wide Declines in Caribbean Corals
>Toby A. Gardner 1, Isabelle M. Ct 2*, Jennifer A. Gill 3, Alastair
>Grant 4, Andrew R. Watkinson 3
>1 School of Biological Sciences, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change
>Research, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.
>2 School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich
>NR4 7TJ, UK.
>3 School of Biological Sciences, School of Environmental Sciences,
>Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East
>Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.
>4 School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia,
>Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.
>* To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail:
>We report a massive region-wide decline of corals across the entire
>Caribbean basin, with the average hard coral cover on reefs being
>reduced by 80%, from about 50% to 10% cover, in three decades. Our
>meta-analysis shows that patterns of change in coral cover are
>variable across time periods but largely consistent across
>subregions, suggesting that local causes have operated with some
>degree of synchrony on a region-wide scale. Although the rate of
>coral loss has slowed in the past decade compared to the 1980s,
>significant declines are persisting. The ability of Caribbean coral
>reefs to cope with future local and global environmental change may
>be irretrievably compromised.
>Barbara A. Best, Ph.D.
>Coastal Resources and Policy Advisor
>Office of Natural Resources Management
>Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture and Trade
>U.S. Agency for International Development Tel: 202-712-0553
>Washington D.C. 20523-3800 Fax:
Island Resources, the Virgin Islands and Washington
1718 "P" St NW # T-4, Washington, DC 20036
Fone 202/265-9712 fax 202/232-0748; E-mail: <bpotter@...>
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