Neutral Feeling And Neutral Treatment: Two Kinds Of Upekkha
- Dear Engaged Buddhism Friends,
Yesterday, I posted a message on Two Kinds Of Upekkha.
But, it contains MS Word 2000 fonts for Pali which show
sign distortions in the Group message. So I posted a
plain text version of the message below.
Apologies For Any Inconvenience
Neutral Feeling And Neutral Treatment:
Two Kinds Of Upekkha
Desmond Chiong recently posted a message (Triplegem 1240) with a
question which of the Four Appamaññaa can happen naturally or not.
My reply (Triplegem 1263) was that all the four happen naturally.
Desmond returned my reply with a message (Triplegem 1264) that
upekkhaa in the four could happen only by meditative practice.
In response (Triplegem 1265), I asked Desmond to go to Sections 150,
156, 157, and 159 in Dhammasanganii and see for himself how the
sensuous healthy minds contain upekkha without meditative practice.
HISTORY ENDS HERE.
My latest response was somewhat misleading because I should also have
included Sections 1, 146, 147, amd 149 in Dhammasanganii. When I was
making that response, I was very sleepy staying very late at night,
and was focusing only on Dhammasanganii, which does not show another
kind of upekkha, namely, tatramajjhattataa in the first kaamaavacara
healthy mind. So I failed to read and consider this kind of upekkhaa.
However, the next morning, upekkha as tatramajjhattataa began to
occupy my mind and forced me to read Atthasalinii and Visuddhimagga.
When I began to read the fine prints in Atthasalinii, I realized that
upekkhaa in the Four Appamaññaa referred to tatramajjhattataa.
Section 1 in Dhammasanganii lists mental components occurring in the
first sensuous healthy mind. But near the end of the list, it uses
the phrase ` and other components also' (ye vaa pana).
When Atthasalinii elaborates on this phrase, it lists nine additional
psychological phenomena as other mental components (yevaapanakaa).
One of them is tatramajjhattataa. And the most interesting terms
found in the discussion are mettapubbabhaago, karunapubbabhaago,
muditāpubbabhaago, and <surprise, surprise> upekkhaapubbabhaago. So
some of the missing items in the first sensuous healthy mind are
described as pre-developmental love, pre-developmental compassion,
pre-developmental joy, and pre-developmental equipoise
And then, Atthasalinii explains that if tatramajjhattataa is taken,
it amounts to taking upekkhaapubbabhaago (so pana tatramajjhattataaya
gahitaaya gahitova hoti). In plain English, the first sensuous
healthy mind contains the tatramajjhattataa kind of upekkhaa (i.e,
tatramajjhattataa and upekkha for meditative cultivation are the
Upekkhaain the phrase `upekkhaasahagatam' in Section 150 of
Dhammasanganii refers to neutral feeling.
Upekkha in the missing item `upekkhaapubbabhaago' in the phrase `ye
vaa pana' in the same section 150 refers to neutral treatment which
is what tatramajjhattataa does in dealing with things and beings.
Thus, it amounts to saying that the sensuous healthy minds in
Sections 150, 156, 157, amd 159 contain both kinds of upekkha while
the sensuous healthy minds in Sections 1, 146, 147, and 149 contain
pre-developmental upekkha with the meaning of neutral treatment.
The final verdict based on findings in Dhammasanganii and
Atthasalinii is that all eight sensuous healthy minds (kaamaavacara
kusala cittaani) contain pre-developmental upekkhaa or neutral
treatment while the last four of them contain both kinds of upekkhaa
(neutral feeling as well as pre-developmental neutral treatment).
Suan Lu Zaw