Neutral Feeling And Neutral Treatment: Two Kinds Of Upekkhā
- View SourceNeutral Feeling And Neutral Treatment: Two Kinds Of Upekkhā
Desmond Chiong recently posted a message (Triplegem 1240) with a
question which of the Four Appamaññā can happen naturally or not.
My reply (1263) was that all the four happen naturally.
Desmond returned my reply with a message (1264) that upekkhā in the
four could happen only by meditative practice.
In response (1265), I asked Desmond to go to Sections 150, 156, 157,
and 159 in Dhammasańgaņī and see for himself how the sensuou=
minds contain upekkhā without meditative practice.
History Ends Here.
My latest response was somewhat misleading because I should also have
included Sections 1, 146, 147, amd 149 in Dhammasańgaņī. Whe=
n I was
making that response, I was very sleepy staying very late at night,
and was focusing only on Dhammasańgaņī, which does not show =
kind of upakkhā, namely, tatramajjhattatā in the first kām=
healthy mind. So I failed to read and consider this kind of upakkhā.
However, the next morning, upekkhā as tatramajjhattatā began to
occupy my mind and forced me to read Aţţhasālinī and Vi=
When I began to read the fine prints in Aţţhasālinī, I =
upekkhā in the Four Appamaññā referred to tatramajjhattatā. =
Section 1 in Dhammasańgaņī lists mental components occurring=
first sensuous healthy mind. But near the end of the list, it uses
the phrase ` and other components also' (ye vā pana).
When Aţţhasālinī elaborates on this phrase, it lists ni=
psychological phenomena as other mental components (yevāpanakā). =
of them is tatramajjhattatā. And the most interesting terms found in
the discussion are mettāpubbabhāgo, karuņāpubbabhā=
muditāpubbabhāgo, and <surprise, surprise> upakkhāpubbabh=
57;go. So some
of the missing items in the first sensuous healthy mind are described
as pre-developmental love, pre-developmental compassion, pre-
developmental joy, and pre-developmental equipoise
And then, Aţţhasālinī explains, if tatramajjhattatā=
; is taken, it
amounts to taking upakkhāpubbabhāgo (so pana tatramajjhattatā=
gahitāya gahitova hoti). In plain English, the first sensuous healthy =
mind contains the tatramajjhattatā kind of upekkhā (i.e,
tatramajjhattatā and upekkhā for meditative cultivation are the
Upekkhā in the phrase `upekkhāsahagatam' in Section 150 of
Dhammasańgaņī refers to neutral feeling.
Upekkhā in the missing item `upekkhāpubbabhāgo' in the phras=
e `ye vā
pana' in the same section 150 refers to neutral treatment which is
what tatramajjhattatā does in dealing with things and beings.
Thus, it amounts to saying that the sensuous healthy minds in
Sections 150, 156, 157, amd 159 contain both kinds of upekkhā while
the sensuous healthy minds in Sections 1, 146, 147, and 149 contain
pre-developmental upekkhā with the meaning of neutral treatment.
The final verdict based on findings in Dhammasańgaņī and A=
is that all eight sensuous healthy minds (kāmāvacara kusala citt&=
contain pre-developmental upekkhā or neutral treatment while the last =
four of them contains both kinds of upekkhā (neutral feeling as well
as pre-developmental neutral treatment).
Suan Lu Zaw