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[ineb] Fw: Urgent Appeal (2): India

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  • INEB Secretariat
    Dear friends, Please find below a request for urgent appeal from Asian Center for the Progress of Peoples based in Hong Kong In peace, Panadda International
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 1, 2000
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      Dear friends,

      Please find below a request for urgent appeal from Asian Center for the
      Progress of Peoples based in Hong Kong

      In peace,

      Panadda

      International Network of Engaged Buddhists (INEB)
      P.O.Box 19, Mahadthai Post Office
      Bangkok 10206, THAILAND
      Tel./Fax: [66-2] 433-7169
      INEB Website: www.bpf.org/ineb.html
      INEB e-mail list: http://www.egroups.com/group/ineb/

      ----------

      > From: acpp <acpp@...>
      > To: Hotline Asia - ACPP <acpp@...>
      > Subject: Urgent Appeal (2): India
      > Date: 31 Á¡ÃÒ¤Á 2543 17:08
      >
      > HOTLINE ASIA
      > URGENT APPEALS
      > UA 000131(2)
      >
      > STOP KOODANKULAM NUCLEAR POWER PROJECT IN TAMIL NADU STATE
      > INDIA
      > January 31, 2000
      >
      > SUMMARY OF ISSUE
      >
      > The Indian Government decided to commission two Russian designed
      > (VVER-1000/392) nuclear plants on the east coast of Southern India at
      > Koodankulam in Tamil Nadu State. Both local people and the
      > international community expressed their deep concern on the safety of
      > the nuclear plants as well as their effects on livelihood, health and
      > environment. Starting early this year, hundred of organisations and
      > individuals have been collecting signatures for a petition letter on the
      > Koodankulam nuclear power project and they will shortly send it to the
      > Indian Government to seek their cancellation of the project.
      >
      > ACTION REQUESTED
      >
      > Write to express your support for the local and international
      > communities' concern about the Koodankulam Nuclear Power Project and the
      > damages it might cause, asking the government to cancel the entire
      > project.
      >
      > Address:
      > The Honourable Prime Minister, A.B. Vajpayee,
      > 150 South Block, New Delhi, 110-004, India
      > Fax: 91-11-301-6857 / 91-11-301-9545 / 91-11-301-8906
      >
      > Please send copies to:
      >
      > 1. The Honourable Minister for Power and Non-Conventional Energy Sources
      >
      > 20 Shram Shakti Bhavan, Rafi Marg, New Delhi 110-001
      > Fax: 91-11-371-7519
      >
      > 2. The Honourable Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Government Secretariat,
      > St. George Fort, Madras 600-005 Fax 91-44-235-0570
      >
      > 3. Diplomatic representatives of India in your country
      >
      > Sample Letter:
      >
      > We write with deep concern about the Koodankulam Nuclear Power Project
      > that is going ahead despite public sentiment against it. We write to
      > express our support for local people and the international community who
      > have called for an end to the project due to the damage it may cause to
      > the entire Indian sub-continent. We humbly suggest that the government
      > should accept the public opinion to cancel the entire project.
      >
      > BACKGROUND
      >
      > In November 1988, then Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and then India
      > Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi signed the Koodankulam Nuclear Power Project
      > deal in Delhi. It is important to note that this agreement came within
      > just two years of the nightmarish Chernobyl accident that occurred on
      > April 26, 1986 with disastrous consequences. Several opponents organised
      > a massive rally against this project. The Koodankulam project was
      > shelved during 1989-1991 due to the collapse of the Soviet Union and the
      > death of Rajiv Gandhi.
      >
      > In March 1997, Indian Prime Minister H.D. Deve Gowda and Russian
      > President Boris Yeltsin signed an agreement, a supplement to the 1988
      > agreement, to commission a detailed project report on Koodankulam
      > project. According to the deal, Russia would deliver two Russian
      > designed standard high-pressure VVER-1000 water-cooled and
      > water-moderated reactors that would produce 1,000 Megawatt of power per
      > unit.
      >
      > Since November 1998, Russian and Indian nuclear engineers have started
      > working on a $57 million Detailed Project Report. The reactors are
      > expected to be ready by 2006 and the cost would be roughly $3.1 billion.
      >
      > In November 1999, opponents of the Koodankulam project decided to revive
      > the local struggle against it. Since the beginning of January 2000,
      > several hundred organisations and individuals around the world have been
      > sending pettition to the Indian and Russian authorities to scrap the
      > Koodankulam nuclear power project. The followings are reasons for the
      > petition:
      >
      > (1) Unresolved technical and safety questions:
      > The Russian VVER-1000/392 design will be the first of its type anywhere
      > in the world. Therefore, India and Koodankulam will be the testing
      > ground for it. The safety of the design is unproven. Several technical
      > problems are set out by the International Atomic Energy Agency in a
      > publication named "Issues Book" such as a possibility that the steel
      > reactor vessel may crack; the control rods (used to control the nuclear
      > reactor) may fail to insert properly during an emergency; or small tubes
      > in the plant's steam-generators may fail and lead to uncontrollable
      > leakage or radioactivity. These accidents had happened in many nuclear
      > plants in Russia, Eastern Europe and France. Anti-nuclear activists
      > believe that there is no reactor design and no reactor type that
      > presents acceptable levels of risk for the society as a whole, and the
      > consequences of any accident will last for hundreds of thousands of
      > years.
      >
      > (2) Livelihood and health impact:
      > The temperature rise of the sea at Koodankulam is bound to affect
      > fishing and the discharge of radioactive pollutants into the sea will
      > damage the health and the environment of the people there. Experience
      > shows that while the Madras Atomic Power Plant at Kalpakam near Madras
      > runs and discharges to sea at its present capacity of 350 Megawatt, the
      > sea water temperature rises from 85 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit. As a
      > result, the fishermen at Kalpakam are able to catch only dead fish.
      > Moreover, it is claimed that radiation from the nuclear waste discharge
      > has already damaged the health of the people and the environment at
      > Kalpakam cost. If 350 MW could inflict such a damage at Kalpakam, what
      > would be the fate of the fishermen and their environment at Koodankulam
      > when a 2000 Megawatt nuclear plant goes into operation?
      >
      > (3) Contaminated under-ground water:
      > The additional fuel processing needed for feeding the Koodankulam
      > nuclear plant would further pollute the already polluted under-ground
      > water belt in Hyderabad, the capital city of Andhra Pradesh. While
      > processing the fuel for the other existing nuclear plant, the Nuclear
      > Fuel Complex (NFC) is discharging daily 50,000 tons of nuclear waste
      > water and this radioactive discharge has already polluted the
      > under-ground water belt upto 10 kilometres radius around the NFC. The
      > Department of Atomic Energy itself has warned the people who live near
      > NFC to not drink well water. If the present fuel processing has already
      > polluted the underground water belt at Hyderabad, what will be the
      > situation at Hyderabad if additional fuel for Koodankulam is to be
      > processed?
      >
      > (4) Escalating cost and project delayed:
      > VVER-1000 projects in Eastern Europe suffer from unreasonable escalating
      > costs and hence have become the subject of great controversy and strong
      > opposition. The Temelin nuclear plant in the Czech Republic is currently
      > three years late in start-up, and the cost escalation is expected to be
      > over US$1billion. According to recent Czech government reports, it will
      > be delayed at least another 2 years and another US$1.2billion in cost
      > overrun. It is quite possible that the Temelin VVER project will
      > collapse. If this happened, it will be an undesirable drain of India's
      > hard-earn revenue. The cost will be an avoidable burden on future
      > generations.
      >
      > (5) Does the Indian people need the Koodankulam nuclear power plant?
      > India is blessed with rivers. The utilisation of hydro potential of
      > India is not even 25 percent. By constructing small and medium size
      > hydro-power plants, one could get not only electrical power but also,
      > irrigation, drinking water, navigation, fisheries and damage to the
      > environment will be negligible. On the other hand, nuclear power plants
      > pollute the environment with dangerous radiation, the effect of which
      > remains for thousands of years threatening all forms of life on earth.
      > By avoiding the costly Koodankulam project, India could also find funds
      > for developing alternate sources of energy such as solar, wind and tidal
      > power. Therefore, a relevant question is whether any nuclear reactor
      > development of this kind is in the interests of the Indian people?
      >
      > Yours sincerely,
      >
      > Kata Lee
      > Project Coordinator
      > Hotline Asia
      >
      > Please remember to send copies of your letters to Hotline Asia for
      > monitoring purpose. Thank You for Your Continued Support!!
      >
      > Hotline is a service for Justice and Peace irrespective of class, race,
      > religion, culture and political affiliation. We issue "Urgent appeals"
      > (UAs) on request from our network. As you receive UAs free, we welcome
      > contributions towards postage costs.
      >
      > `````````````````````````````````````````````````````
      > Asian Center for the Progress of Peoples
      > 52 Princess Margaret Road, 1/F, Kowloon, Hong Kong
      > Tel: (852) 2712 3989 / 2714 5123
      > Fax: (852) 2711 3545
      > E-mail: acpp@...
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