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Earthquake and Mt. Merapi Volcano OCHA Situation Report No. 21

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  • John MacDougall
    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Ref: OCHA/GVA - 2006/0151 OCHA Situation Report No. 21 INDONESIA (Central Java and Yogyakarta)
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 10, 2006
      Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

      Ref: OCHA/GVA - 2006/0151
      OCHA Situation Report No. 21
      INDONESIA (Central Java and Yogyakarta) EARTHQUAKE and Mt. MERAPI Volcano

      This report is based on information received from the UN
      Resident/Humanitarian Coordinator's Office in Jakarta, Indonesia, and the
      UN team in Yogyakarta.


      1. In order to ensure that affected families are in possession of basic
      shelter, there is an urgent need to plan for a transitional shelter
      solution. Failure to provide basic shelter before the monsoon season in
      October will have a serious impact especially on vulnerable groups.

      2. The Provincial Governments of Yogyakarta and Central Java are
      policies on housing recovery packages with the support of the
      Emergency/Transitional Shelter Cluster.

      3. Local authorities estimate that approximately US$3.5 million will be
      needed for the rehabilitation of key health facilities in Bantul and US$1
      million in Klaten. As 70% of rehabilitation costs in Bantul have been
      covered, attention needs to be directed to cover costs in Klaten.

      4. Preliminary results of the livelihood assessment show that there are
      many farmers that have lost capital and will not be able to regain
      sustainable livelihoods without external assistance. If immediate
      assistance is not provided, the larger part of the farming based
      population, more than 350,000 households (1,750,000 people) will be forced
      into poverty.


      5. The Provincial Governments of Yogyakarta and Central Java are in the
      process of finalizing their housing recovery assistance packages for
      households whose homes were destroyed. Approximately 206,000 houses in
      Yogyakarta and 100,000 houses in Central Java were destroyed. The proposed
      policies are:

      - Yogyakarta Province: provision of IDR 15 million per affected family for
      30% of the households with destroyed homes.

      - Central Java Province: provision of IDR 4.5 million to all affected

      6. The Central Government, National Technical Team, the Provincial
      Governments of Yogyakarta and Central Java, the Shelter and Reconstruction
      Working Group (WG) under the Early Recovery Cluster and OCHA continue to
      discuss how best to integrate their activities within the Government
      framework for post-earthquake recovery.


      Gunung Kidul

      7. 90% of schools in Gunung Kidul have been damaged or destroyed. Classes
      are now taking place in tents and tarpaulins. The concern is that schools
      will not be able to continue classes during the rainy season.

      8. Gedang Sari in Gunung Kidul has not received any emergency shelter
      assistance from the Government or NGOs. The main priority of Gunung Kidul
      District is the reconstruction of public infrastructure including schools,
      health services, centers of trade, transportation, the mental recovery of
      affected population, and earthquake-resistant housing reconstruction.

      9. Oxfam is providing tool kits in 11 villages of Gunung Kidul, in
      particular Patak and Gedang Sari sub-districts, to construct latrines
      through their partners: LPTP and Dian Desa. The communities will be
      involved in the process of latrine construction.

      10. Dian Desa will build 350 toilets in Patuk Village. The water
      sources in
      Ngoro Oro Village were rendered unusable after the earthquake. People have
      to purchase water at IDR 90,000 per tank. LPTP plans to build a reservoir,
      which will provide water for 300 households in the community.

      11. CHF plans to build transitional shelters in Salam, Patuk sub-district
      and Ngalang in Gedang Sari sub-district. CRS distributed NFIs including
      tarpaulins, kitchen sets, toolkits, blankets, sarongs and hygiene kits in
      Patuk, Gedan Sari, and Nglipar Sub-Districts, to 6,630 beneficiaries.


      12. Sengir, Klero and Sembir villages in Sumber Harjo and Madurejo village
      in Sleman have not received any temporary school shelters. The
      villages are
      building school shelters by themselves, and intend to establish groups to
      help children deal with the trauma.

      Central Java

      13. The Provincial Government closed the Posko Aju SATKORLAK (Provincial
      Coordinating Body for Disaster Management) in the sugar factory, Gondang
      Klaten on 27 July. Responsibility for health facilities has been given to
      district authorities.

      14. The World Bank agreed to build 2,000 houses for Central Java and 1,050
      for Klaten.


      15. SATKORLAK organized a cash-for-work programme in Klaten to speed up
      debris clearing.

      16. As informed in the Klaten shelter coordination meeting, the District
      Government will present its policy on shelter to the community and the
      provincial government. The main message is that those receiving temporary
      shelters from NGOs are still entitled to the government's housing support.

      Mount Merapi

      17. A workshop on Mount Merapi Management Strategy (3-4 August) was
      organized by Oxfam, the Government and the UN. This was to encourage
      collaboration amongst the provincial and district authorities, the UN,
      international and national NGOs and the community, and to establish a
      better coordination mechanism between these actors. Other activities
      include the creation of action plans by sub-districts, the
      establishment of
      a unified information centre, and follow-up meetings between local
      NGOs and
      the community.



      18. The major concerns of the Cluster are:

      a. Treatment for disabled;

      b. Rehabilitation of the health facilities;

      c. Disposal of unusable medical supplies; and

      d. Monitoring of communicable diseases.

      19. Local authorities estimate that approximately US$3.5 million will be
      needed for the rehabilitation of key health facilities in Bantul and US$1
      million in Klaten. 70% of Puskesmas rehabilitation needs in Bantul have
      been covered by Government, the private sector and foreign agencies. More
      attention should be directed to cover reconstruction costs in Klaten.

      20. Coordination amongst key hospitals, puskesmas (community health
      centers), IOM, Handicap International and Yakkum Rehabilitation Center has
      been improved in providing better care and physical rehabilitation to
      post-operative patients.

      21. There have been a few cases of patients going untreated in Bantul and
      Klaten. Reasons cited include limited access to health facilities and
      concerns about medical fees. These problems can be solved through the
      rehabilitation of health facilities; the operation of mobile clinics; the
      access to medical services; and enhanced capacity of Puskesmas.
      about free medical services should also be widely disseminated.

      22. Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is still the main reason for
      patients' visits to Puskesmas. This can be possibly attributed to dust
      inhalation during debris-clearing activities. The situation with
      regards to
      measles, dengue fever, malaria, and tetanus is under control.

      23. IOM has returned 4,928 people from 14 different hospitals in
      Yogyakarta, Bantul and Klaten to their homes. IOM has also helped 422
      patients who had returned home go back to hospitals for follow-up medical

      Water and Sanitation (Watsan):

      24. The results of the AusAID Assessment and the Watsan Progress Report
      have been integrated. The combined report revealed the need to pay equal
      attention to water-well rehabilitation and sanitation and hygiene. UNICEF
      has provided mud-pumps to the Public Works in Bantul and Klaten, YDD, YKY
      and CARDI/IRC. Well-cleaning activities are continuing. 2,312 wells
      out of
      38,274 have been cleaned. To expand and accelerate rehabilitation, it is
      necessary for additional international and local NGOs to start activities
      in neglected districts.

      25. The water trucking by UNICEF/PDAM in Klaten and Bantul is being
      gradually reduced. Communities in Klaten and Bantul have started to
      rehabilitate or reconstruct wells by themselves. However, other districts
      still have some rehabilitation difficulties and will continue to need this

      26. Hygiene promotion and capacity building programmes have been conducted
      by John Hopkins University. A community workshop was organized with more
      than 680 participants from 68 villages to find out about the perception of
      hygiene messages and strategies for community mobilization being promoted.

      27. As of 10 August, YKY has built 190 new latrines in Bantul, Klaten and
      Sleman Districts.

      28. IRD shared its plan and design for school latrines with the '100
      programme schools'. The construction of school latrine facilities will
      start from this week.

      Food and Nutrition:

      29. The Cluster is currently consolidating information from Cluster
      on food distribution and food security. It is finalizing the
      maps to fill in geographical gaps and identify needs. A comprehensive
      picture of food assistance in the affected areas and analysis will be
      available shortly.

      30. WFP and partners distributed 1,850 MT of fortified biscuits and
      in June and July, reaching 120,000 beneficiaries. They plan to distribute
      1,200 MT of fortified biscuits and noodles in August and September,
      targeting 70,000 beneficiaries.

      31. UNICEF and HKI plan to distribute 3.9 million sachets of Vitalita,
      covering 130,000 children who are malnourished. As of 9 August, 3.8
      sachets of Vitalita have been distributed, covering 128,000 children.

      32. CARE plans to distribute 32,100 vouchers valid for 12 kg of rice, one
      liter of cooking oil, 0.85 kg of sardines, one kilogram of green
      beans, and
      100 grams of iodized salt. 10,500 vouchers were distributed in July. An
      additional 10,700 people will be covered in August and September.

      33. IRD has distributed 129 MT of biscuits and 170 MT of noodles to 7,000
      households in Klaten within the framework of the WFP programme. IRD
      continues to distribute noodles to Yogyakarta and Central Java. IRD has
      distributed 93 MT out of 96 MT of noodles to more than 394,000
      beneficiaries in Bantul, Yogyakarta, Gundun Kidul, Sleman and Klaten


      34. Summary of damaged schools data for Yogyakarta Provincial Government:

      |<br> | Kota| Bantul| Kulonprogo|
      Kidul| TOTAL|
      | | Yogyakarta| | | |

      | |
      |Damaged | 120 (86)| 364 (287)| 178 (145)| 287 (235)|
      (93)| 1,134 (846)|
      |primary | | | | |

      | |
      |schools | | | | |

      | |
      |Damaged | 13 (1)| 72 (39)| 28 (23)| 12 (5)|
      (17)| 165 (85)|
      |secondary | | | | |

      | |
      |schools | | | | |

      | |
      |Damaged senior| 16 (6)| 35 (0)| 6 (0)| 12 (2)|
      (4)| 77 (12)|
      |high schools | | | | |

      | |
      |TOTAL | 149 (93)| 471 (326)| 212 (168)| 311 (242)|
      (114)| 1,376 (943)|

      Brackets indicate the number of schools the need to be rebuilt.
      Further details can be obtained on the website:

      35. The Rapid Assessment of Learning Spaces (RALS) in 2,600 damaged
      is being carried out. The results will be available by the end of August
      and will form the basis for future planning. Some NGOs have already
      to construct temporary schools that will last for 2-3 years.
      work for temporary schools needs to be accelerated prior to the onset of
      the rainy season.

      36. Save the Children has finished psychosocial training for 764 teachers
      in Bantul and Klaten.

      37. UNICEF has completed the distribution of 20,000 backpacks and 97
      recreation kits.


      38. The consequences of longer-term issues such as loss of livelihoods and
      poor living conditions at the recovery and rehabilitation stage highlight
      protection concerns. If these conditions persist, there is an increased
      risk that levels of exploitation and abuse with regards to women and
      children will rise. A Child Protection Assessment will be conducted so
      better advocacy strategies and programme activities can be put
      together and

      39. A half-day workshop to develop a referral mechanism for identified
      registered vulnerable children was conducted on 2 August. A flow chart is
      now being finalized defining the key channels and lines of accountability
      in the referral mechanism for registered vulnerable children.

      40. To date, safe spaces for children including 87 in Bantul, 80 in
      seven in Sleman, two in Magelan and ten in Sukohargo, have been
      by international and national NGOs. 13 mobile teams are also operating in
      Bantul, with seven mobile teams in Klaten. This initiative and
      responsibility will be gradually shifted to communities with the
      involvement of local government.

      41. Gaps remain in addressing the protection needs of the elderly, as
      are no agencies within the Cluster with a specific focus on their needs.

      Early Recovery:

      42. In order to ensure that affected families are in possession of basic
      shelter before the monsoon season begins in October, there is an urgent
      need to plan and provide for a transitional shelter solution. This could
      simply be comprised of roofing components from the permanent housing

      43. Failure to provide timely and decent shelter before the monsoon season
      will have a number of negative impacts; especially on vulnerable groups,
      i.e., the elderly and those already in poor health, including increased
      incidence of ARI; and a reduced capacity to return to livelihood

      44. Approximately 306,000 (100,000 in Central Java and 206,000 in
      Yogyakarta) houses were destroyed or severely damaged. The Shelter and
      Reconstruction WG under the Early Recovery Cluster and the Emergency
      Shelter Cluster are working together to support the policies and planning
      of the Central Government and Provincial Governments of Central Java and
      Yogyakarta. However, there is currently no consensus on the kind of
      support to be provided to affected people. There are also as yet an
      unqualified number of vulnerable families with slightly damaged houses to

      45. A Livelihoods Recovery Workshop was held in Bantul on 26 July to
      discuss the strategic plan to revitalize Small and Medium Enterprises

      46. The Cluster is currently developing Who-What-Where maps to
      identify the
      geographic gaps and needs. The business categories that require the
      assistance in SME are Handicrafts, Furniture, Ceramic, Leather, Textile,
      and Silver production.

      Emergency Shelter:

      47. Distribution coverage of emergency shelter roofing materials has
      reached approximately 80% of affected households.

      48. A rapid survey of villages where 5% or more families require emergency
      shelter was conducted on 4-5 August. The targeted villages were those for
      which the Cluster has not captured any distribution data. The expected
      output is greater clarity on coping mechanisms, as these villages have
      received little or no outside assistance. The amount of damage to the
      villages will be confirmed and a subjective assessment of shelter quality
      will be carried out. Initial results will be available shortly, at which
      time it will be determined how to proceed with the remaining villages.

      49. The Emergency Shelter Cluster has transferred its transitional shelter
      functions to the Early Recovery Cluster and will close by the end of
      August. The Emergency Shelter Cluster has merged its weekly meeting with
      the Shelter and Reconstruction WG of the Early Recovery Cluster.

      50. Looking towards the closing of the Cluster, the planning in the final
      phase is currently focused on: (i) coordinated response to outstanding
      emergency shelter needs; (ii) coherence of public messaging for the
      application of technical best practices; (iii) monitoring outcome and
      impact; and, (iv) advocating to the Central and Provincial Governments on
      the implication of housing policy on transitional shelter provision.

      51. The key findings of the Shelter Security Needs and Vulnerability
      Assessment Survey include:

      - 40% of families surveyed were living in conditions below Sphere minimum

      - Over 50% of emergency shelters have inadequate flooring, and 27% have
      walling that do not provide full external protection or privacy.

      52. Electronic copies of the above assessment can be obtained by
      the Cluster Information Manager at <shelter.java@...>.


      53. An agricultural livelihoods assessment in the areas recently affected
      by Mount Merapi and the earthquake in Yogyakarta and Central Java
      was conducted. International and local NGOs, FAO, and the authorities at
      village, sub-district and district levels participated in the assessment.
      Based on this assessment, livelihoods opportunities, farming system
      diversification and enterprise development, and short, mid, and long-term
      needs for disaster-affected farming households will be identified for
      future programming of agriculture recovery.

      54. The results of the assessment were presented at the Agricultural
      Livelihoods Strategy Design Workshop on 8 August at UGM. The objectives of
      this workshop were to develop the framework for a recovery strategy to
      improve livelihoods of the disaster-affected farming households and to
      identify priority areas. Indicators will be developed after the plan is


      55. OCHA Yogyakarta holds regular Coordination Briefings at 8:30am Monday
      every fortnight. The next meeting will be on Tuesday 22 August (Monday 21
      August is a national holiday).

      56. The Shelter and Reconstruction WG is working together with the
      Emergency Shelter Cluster. The two groups have joint coordination meetings
      every Monday.

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      direct Tel. +1-917-367 3599

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      direct Tel. +41-22-917 3171

      Press contact:
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