New Chilean Indigenous People Portal
- New Chilean Indigenous People Portal
We invite you to visit and experience the new Chilean Indigenous
The main goal is to promote the cultural Indigenous customs and
showing the spiritual, artistic and cultural production, through
and features. This project is supported by Chilean Indigenous People
Department under The Ministry of Culture of Chile - MINEDUC.
In our Portal, available in English and Spanish, we have include
information, like historical and cultural information about Aymara's,
Kolla's, Rapa Nui's, Diaguitas's, Mapuche's, Selknam's etc., Native
Languages Dictionaries, Digital Books, Music, Video and a interesting
directory of web linkse. It's our special interest to give you any
about Chilean Indigenous People Issues, so do not hesitate to contact
We have news every month and if you want to stay up dated we suggest
subscribe to our monthly Newsletter in
Thank you for your time and let us send you an hello in different
languages: "Kamisaraki" in Aymara, "Iorana" in Rapa Nui, "Mari Mari"
Your Beingindigenous.org Team
For any comments or questions write to info@...
Upon arriving the Incas to Chile, in the XV century, almost all
native groups were farmers, ceramists, weavers, with certain social
organization and they were at the beginning of metal work.
Exception were Selk'nam, Yagán and Kawésqar. They were descending of
the first paleolithic residents come from the north, probably some
15,000 years ago.
The Incas introduced new ethnic and cultural roots in the conquered
zones. They mixed themselves with native population, mainly in the
north, and with the Pikunche-mapuche until the Maule river, because
they extended their dominance until that natural border.
This altiplanica civilization introduced notable changes in the ways
of life, in the economy and in the indigenous technology.
Some of these groups, that we know for their archaeological remains,
had already disappeared or were in roads of extinction, such like
ariqueños and molles; or by the crossbreeding had lost their identity.
These Extinct Cultures constitute an important patrimony and their
features can be watch at current indigenous towns. Other people were
culturally in higher position or in transition toward a complex
society, how it is the case of Atacameños, Diaguitas and Pikunches.
Another, like the Mapuche, called Araucanian for the Spaniards, they
had not entered to the regime imposed by the Incas and they
constituted separated tribes. The rest were in the paleolithic period
and constituted nomadic bands.
Hundred years later, in the north, at the arrival of European
conquerors, they were only few Changos at the coast and diverse
Atacamenos groups, culturally related with people of the highland
perú-Bolivian. In Chile are eight national indigenous communities
recognize, and have been located small communities descending from
Diaguitas and Changos, which have been considered extinguished
The spiritual world of native cultures are an experience of permanent
life. From the childhood the members of these cultures receive
ancestral teachings, based on the harmony with nature and in the
respect for their gifts.
However through the interaction with European society imposed by
conquerors have suffered the loss of their spiritual traditions.
At the moment, there are conserved beliefs and rituals, but their
main manifestations are religious parties, where original vision and
Western Christian mixes giving origin to a spiritual sincretism.
However the cult to the "Mother earth" is permanent on time and in
Before the arrival from the Spaniards in the XV century, the natives
of the current national territory spoke their own language,
designating to animals, to forces of the nature and to spirits in a
The Inca empire didn't cause the extinction of original languages,
although it was dominating great part of the current Chilean
territory. Northern people learned the quechua in order to
communicate and trade with the Incas, practicing bilingualism.
With the Hispanic conquest, the Castilian language displaced to a
second plane the great majority of indigenous languages.
At the moment, four original languages are spoken in Chile: Aymara,
Mapudungun, Rapanui and Kawésqar. All belong to the family andino-
ecuatorial of the indoamerican linguistic group; Rapa Nui is an
exception, classified as a Polynesian language.
Indigenous extinct languages are: Kunza (atacamenan language),
Kakán (diaguita language), Aonikaish (Aonikenk language), Selk'nam
and Yámana or Yagán.
Acculturation process influenced in an important manner in the loss
of the language of original cultures.
Many mapuche parents prohibited their children speak mapudungun, so
these were not discriminated by Chilean population. So many men and
women forgot their original language. If we want that these languages
don't extinguish, as long as cultural patrimony of the humanity, the
education is fundamental.
Today exists initiatives to rescue the identity and talks about
original languages, much from the local communities as like the
government politicians. The Bilingual Intercultural Education
program, of the Ministry of Education responds to this objective.
Creation of the Mapuche World (Creation Story)
The Snake and the Sea and the Earth