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Hajj and Umrah

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  • Nizamulislam .com
    As Salaamu Alaikum
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 8, 2008
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      As Salaamu Alaikum Warahmatullahi�Wabarkaatuhu���������������������������������������������������www.Nizamulislam.com�������������������������������������������������������������

      All Praise and thanks is due to Allah, Rabb of the Universe, Peace and Blessings upon His beloved Habeeb, the Intercessor of Sinners, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam, his family, companions and all the Pious Servants of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta�ala.

      Here you find some information about Hajj and Umrah.

      What is Hajj?

      The literal meaning of "Hajj" is to intend or plan for and according to Shar'ee terminology it means to halt at 'Arafaat (the vast expense near Makkah where major Hajj rite is performed on 9th Zilhij after having adopted "Ehraam"(unstitched cloths) and to perform circumambulation of "Ka'bah" (the House of Allah). Performance of some rites, ceremonies and worships at various sacred sites in Makkah also come under Hajj. A particular time is fixed for the observance and performance of these rites and worships. If done on time, the Hajj is valid otherwise not.

      When was Hajj made compulsory and how many times it is due in whole life?

      Hajj was declared compulsory in 9 A.H. It is an absolutely mandatory obligation. Whoever denies its obligatory nature is out of Islamic fold. Hajj is compulsory only once in a lifetime.

      What is the significance of Hajj in Islam?

      The importance and significance of Hajj (the holy pilgrimage) can be guaged from the facts that: 1. It is the fifth pillar of Islam. 2. It erases the past sins of the pilgrim. 3. It is a "Jehaad" (holy crusade, supreme effort) of the weak and women. 4. It removes poverty as the blacksmith's furnace separates dross from iron. 5. The reward of Hajj (accepted by Allah Almighty) is nothing but paradise. 6. Allah Almighty forgives "Haaji" (the pilgrim) and those too for whom he prays. 7. Haaji will intercede for four hundred of his family members on the Day of Judgement. 8. "Haajis" (the pilgrims) are delegates,guests of Allah. Allah summoned them and they presented themselves to His service. They supplicated Him and He granted them. 9. There is peace for Haaji in this world and absolution in the hereafter. 10. The one who leaves his home for Hajj and dies in the way will keep gaining the reward of every year's Hajj till the Doomsday. He will not be made to
      account for his doings on the Judgement Day and will be entered into heavens without reckoning. 11. Haaji (whether he performs Hajj or 'Umrah [lesser Hajj]) is in the security of Allah. If he dies in the process, he will be entered into paradise and if returns home after completion of Hajj or 'Umrah as the case may be then he will carry with him forgiveness and divine favours. In addition to these above-mentioned significances and excellences, the Hajj: 12. is the best means to strengthen religious communication and coordination among the Mulsims of the whole world hailing from different countries with their separate nationality, race, language and colour and to collect them on a single plateform thereby making them rally round the banner of "Kalimah Tauheed" (the Code of Oneness of Allah) which is the pivot of Islaam. 13. The simple unstitched white clothing which Prophet Adam wore, is proposed for Haajis so that the Muslims who all believe in One
      Allah, one Messenger, one Book and one Ka'bah look alike sans any social ranking and status thereby to demonstrate outward religious harmony and cohesion too. 14. It envisages projection of the glory and truthfulness of Islaam besides earning believers the benefits and gains of the air, land and sea travels. 15. It also embraces the aims and objectives which kings and rulers achieve by holding grand courts, an association or organisation achieve by holding annual meetings and chanmber of commerce achieve by holding international fairs. 16. Hajj also satisfies the inquisition of anthropologists, archeologits, geologits, historians and geographers. 17. Most of Hajj's sites are either prominent symbols of Allah or have attachement with the Messengers and Prophets which refresh the memory of the sacred traditions and remind of the events of Divine blessings and mercy attached with these signs. In short, the Divine Law which the Holy Prophet brought with him
      is so comprehensive and practical that it covers all temporal and spiritual affairs. Its each and every word abounds with wisdom and reasons which is evident from the fact that the worldly and spiritual benefits and objctives of Islamic commands and worships are before the whole world and will continue coming to the fore untill the Doomsday. There is in a Hadees (Prophetic saying) that the one who performs Hajj for the sake of Allah avoiding carnal desires and sins, becomes as free from sins as on the day when his mother gave birth to him. Briefly, the Haaji embarks on a new phase of his life which carries temporal as well as spiritual gains and successes. So Hajj is not only a pillar of Islamic faith but it also influences every aspect and sector of moral, social, economic, political and national life of the Muslims besides being a towering symbol of the position they enjoy in the comity of nations.

      What are the moral benefits of Hajj?

      The Muslims who gather round the "Baitul Laah" (the House of Allah) reaching there from the four corners of the earth facing and braving the toils of journey and vagaries of the seasons meet with and become aware of one another's condition and problems. This grand assembly not only infuses in them a spirit of joint cooperation and unity but also characterises them as the members of one nation, one race and one family. The Haaji is required to be the quintessence of virtue, peace, self-control and self-sacrifice during the Hajj days. He must eschew querrelling with and troubling others and even killing a louse (if it happens to find its way on one's person or Ehraam) and ant.. Even games of the land are unlawful for him. The Holy Qur-aan says: "Falaa Rafasa walaa Fusooqa walaa jidalaa Fil-Hajj" (there should be no expression of carnal desires before women nor any sin nor querrelling with anyone during Hajj days). How explicit and clear-cut this command is
      that there should be no expression of carnal desires directly or metaphorically. In the state of "Ehraam" lawful hobbies like games of the land are forbidden let alone sins and disobedience. Argument, altercation and scuffle that generally take place on such occasions are also forbidden even rebuking one's own servant. This standard of inward and outward purification set by Islaam for worship is so lofty that it has not only impressed and won over the hearts of the believers but also the disbelievers.

      How many things,acts are compulsory for Hajj?

      There are ten "Faraa-id" (obligatory,compulsory acts) in Hajj: (1)."Ehraam". It is a "Shart" (condition) for Hajj, (2) "Wuqoof-e-'Arafah" (stay at 'Arafaat), (3). "Tawaaf-e-Ziyarah" ("Tawaaf'[circumambulation of Ka'bah] of visit). One must perform at least four circuits out of seven circuits round the Ka'bah. These items (No.2 & 3) are considered to be obligatory acts. (4) Making intention for circumambulation, (5) Maintenance of serial order i.e. first to put on Ehraam then stay at 'Arafaat and thereafter Tawaaf of visit, (6). Observance of every obligatory act on the appointed time i.e. to stay at 'Arafaat during the time from meridian on the 9th Zilhij and before the dawn of the 10th of Zilhij and then to perform circuits round the Ka'bah. Its time begins after the stay at 'Arafaat till one's last age. (7) To stay within the limits of 'Arafaat, (8) Circumambulation of Ka'bah within the prcincts of "Masjidul Haraam" (the grand mosque round the Ka'bah),
      (9) To perform circumambulation of Ka'bah at its appointed time and (10) To avoid sexual intercourse before "Wuqoof (stay at 'Arafaat). If any of these obligatory acts is left out, Hajj will not be valid.

      How many "Waajibaat" are there in Hajj?

      The following are the "Waajibaat" (essential acts) of Hajj: (1). Putting on "Ehraam" (seamless clothing) at "Meeqaat" (appointed spots,places for donning Ehraam), (2). "Sa'ee" (march between two hillocks i.e. "Safaa" and "Marwah"), (3). To start Sa'ee from Safaa, (4). Performance of Sa'ee on foot if one is able-bodied, (5). the one who stays at 'Arafaat in the day should wait there till the sunset, (6). to observe Sa'ee after performing at least four circuits round the Ka'bah, (7). stay at 'Arafaat should cover some part of night, (8). to proceed with Imaam on leaving 'Arafaat, (9). Stay in "Muzdalifah", (10). To offer Maghrib and 'Ishaa prayers at the time of "Ishaa prayer in Muzdalifah, (11). To observe "Ramee" (throwing pebbles). On 10th Zilhij, pebbles are thrown on "Jamra-tul-'Uqubah" only and on 11th and 12th Zilhij are thrown on all three "Jamrahs" (symbolic Satans), (12). To observe Ramee of Jamra-tul-'Uqubah on first day before "Halaq" (shaving
      the head), (13).to observe each Ramee on its appointed day,-(14). "Halaq" (shaving the whole head) or "Taqseer" (cropping the hair), (15). To carry out Halaq or Taqseer during "Aieyaam-e-Nahr" (the days of sacrifice), (16). These acts be done on the land of "Haram" (holy Makkah), (17). The performer of "Qiraan" and "Tamattu" Hajj must sacrifice animal, (18). Animal be slaughtered on the land of Haram, (19). During Aieyaam-e-Nahr, before Halaq and after Ramee, (20). Most of circuits of Tawaaf-e-Ziyarah be performed during Aieyaam-e-Nahr, (21). Tawaaf be done outside the "Hateem" (a bow-like low wall near Ka'bah), (22). Having the Ka'bah on one's left, (23).to perform Tawaaf on foot if one is able-bodied, (24).to be free from impurity and be in the state of "Wudu" (ablution), (25). To observe "Satre-e-Aurat" (covering from navel to knee) during Tawaaf, (26). To offer two Rak'at prayer after Tawaaf, (27). To maintain serial order in the observance of
      Ramee, Jimaar, sacrifice and Halaq and in the performance of Tawaaf, (28). Haaji who lives outside the "Meeqaat" must perform farewell Tawaaf, (29). To eschew sexual intercourse till the shaving of the head after Wuqoof-e-'Arafah, and (30). To avoid the acts which are forbidden in the state of Ehraam like putting on sewn cloth(s) or covering the face or the head.

      What are the Sunun (Sunnat acts) of Hajj?

      The following are the Sunnat acts of Hajj: (1). "Tawaaf-ul-Qudoom" (an optional "Tawaaf" which pilgrims perform immediately after arriving in Makkah), (2). To commence Tawaaf from "Hajar-e-Aswad" (black stone embedded in the wall of Ka'bah), (3). To observe "Ramal" (brisk marching) in Tawaaf-ul-Qudoom or Tawaaf-ul-Fard, (4).. To march quickly between two green spots during observance of "Sa'ee" (march between Safaa and Marwah), (5). Imaam is required to deliver sermon in Makkah on 7th Zilhij, (6). in 'Arafaat on 9th and (7). in Minaa on 11th, (8).to proceed from Makkah to Minaa after Fajr prayer of 8th Zilhij so that five obligatory prayers could be offered there, (9). Spend the whole night of 9th Zilhij in Minaa, (10). to proceed from Minaa to Arafaat after the sunrise, (11).take bath for Wuqoof-e-'Arafah, (12). To stay in Muzdalifa at night on return from 'Arafaat, (13). Leave Muzdalifa for Minaa before the sunrise, (14). to spend the remaining two
      nights which follow the nights of 10th and 11th in Minaa and (15). "Ibtah" i.e. to dismount and halt even for a short while in the valley of Muhassab on way to Makkah from Minaa.

      How many conditions are there for Hajj's being due?

      A. There are eight conditions for Hajj's being due. Hajj will not become "Fard" (obligatory) on one to perform unless these conditions are found: (1). To be Muslim, (2). if one is the subject of "Daarul Harb" (non-Muslim country), he must know of Hajj's being one of the pillars of Islaam, (3). to be mature. If a minor performs Hajj it will be "Nafil" Hajj not "Fard" one, (4). to be sane. Hajj is not incumbent on insane person, (5). to be free. Slave and girl-slave are not required to perform Hajj, (6). to be physically fit and sighted. Hajj is not due on a cripple, paralysed and an old who can not mount the riding-beast or conveyance himself, (7). to be in possession of sufficient provision for journey and riding-beast or conveyance. If he does not have his own conveyance then he should have sufficient money to meet the conveyance/travel expenses and (8). all the conditions are found in the months of Hajj.

      What are the conditions of performing Hajj?

      A. The conditions which, if found all, bind one to perform Hajj by himself otherwise he is not bound to go himself for Hajj, but can send someone else to perform Hajj on his behalf are: (1).The way (on to Makkah) should be safe and secure i.e. not infested with robbers and gangsters, (2). if the holy Makkah is situated at a distance of three or more days' journey (meaning normal walking on foot) from the residence of a woman who intends to perform Hajj then she must, irrespective of being young or old, accompany her husband or "Mahram" (those relatives to whom she can not be married like son, brother, father-in-law, son-in-law etc), (3).she should not be in "Iddat" (probationary period for a widow or divorcee), (4). He should not be in prison. If it is so because of some claim,due and he is able to pay off it then it is no excuse. But in case, the king,ruler withholds from proceeding for Hajj then it is an excuse in reality.

      How many conditions are there which make Hajj due?

      A. There are nine conditions which, if found, make Hajj due otherwise not: (1). Islaam (to be Muslim), (2). Ehraam, (3). the due time of Hajj, (4). "Makaan" (appointed place,station) i.e. Masjidul Haraam for Tawaaf, 'Arafaat and Muzdalifa for Wuqoof, Minaa for Ramee, Haram for sacrifice meaning each and every rite and ceremony of Hajj is to be observed at the place,station appointed for it, (5). Sense of distinction, (6) sanity. A child who does not possess sense of distinction and mad man who is bereft of sanity can not perform the rites for which "Niyat" (intention) is must like "Ehraam" or "Tawaaf. So somebody else should make intention on their behalf and as for the rites which do not need "Niyat" like Wuqoof-e-'Arafah they can observe themselves, (7). fulfillment of obligatory act of Hajj unless there is any disability or excuse, (8). non-occurance of sexual intercourse after putting on Ehraam and prior to Wuqoof. If done, Hajj will be invalidated
      and (9). performance of Hajj in the same year one adopted Ehraam.

      How many conditions of performing obligatory Hajj are there?

      A. There are nine conditions for one to perform "Hajj-e-Fard" (obligatory Hajj): (1). Islaam, (2). to remain adhered to the Islamic faith till death, (3). To be sane, (4). mature, (5). free, (6). to perform Hajj by oneself, if physically fit, (7). not to form "Niyat" of Nafil Hajj, (8).not to make intention of performing Hajj on someone else's behalf and (9). Not to spoil it (one's Hajj). For details, voluminous books on the subject or religious scholars may be consulted.

      How many modes of performing Hajj are there?

      A. There are three kinds of Hajj: (1). If one performs Hajj only and does not join "Umrah" (lesser Hajj) with it, it is called "Ifraad". The pilgrim who performs it is called "Mufarid", (2). If one puts on Ehraam with the intention of 'Umrah alone at "Meeqaat" and after having observed rites and ceremonies of 'Umrah puts it off and redons it for the second time in Makkah for Hajj, it is called "Tamattu". The pilgrim who performs it is called "Mutamata'a" and (3). If one adopts Ehraam with the intention of Hajj and 'Umrah at his homeland during the Hajj time and performs Hajj and 'Umrah in the same state of Ehraam, it is called "Qiraan". This is the best kind,mode of Hajj. The pilgrim who performs it is called "Qaarin".

      What is 'Umrah?

      A. The combination of the observance of Tawaaf of the House of Allah(Holy Ka'bah) and Sa'ee between Safaa and Marwah is called 'Umrah (lesser Hajj). There is no time fixed for 'Umrah. It can be performed any time round the year unlike Hajj.

      What is Ash-hur-e-Hajj?

      The months of Shawwaal and Zee-qa'd and the first ten days of Zilhij are called "Ash-hur-e-Hajj".

      What is the mode of performing Hajj and 'Umrah?

      The following is the mode and are etiquettes of performing Hajj and 'Umrah:

      1. At the time of departure the intending pilgrim should see his family members, relatives and friends and request them to forgive him if he ever oppressed or offended them intentionally or unintentionally and also seek Du'aa. He should also entrust the welfare and security of his children, family members and property to Allah Almighty thereby to earn blessings for himself and for his family as well.

      2. Reaching "Meeqaat" he should offer two Rak'at prayer with the intention of "Ehraam" and after "Salaam" (completing the prayer) form "Niyat" of, expressing the word of Hajj or 'Umrah as the case may be and then utter "Labbaiek" (Talbeeh). In "Qiraan" he should say "Labbaieka Bil 'Umrati wal-Hajj", in "Tamattu" say "Labbaieka Bil 'Umrah and in "Ifraad" say "Labbaieka Bil Hajj".

      3. He must eschew all those things,acts which are forbidden or Makrooh (odious) in the state of Ehraam otherwise the penalty prescribed by the Shari'ah will become due whether it is done (or happens) deliberately or by mistake or under duress or during sleep.

      4. Reaching within the premises of the grand mosque round the Ka'bah, he should, at the first glance of holy Ka'bah, make Du'aa with all heart and proceed to "Baabus Salaam" praising and glorifying Allah Almighty and the Holy Prophet. He should kiss it and entering into "Mutaaf' immediately busy himself in performing "Tawaaf' provided that the congregational prayer is not being held at the moment or the time of "Witr" or "Sunnat-e-Muakkadah" is not running out.

      5. He should do "Iztibaa" before the start of/joining congregational prayer and stand towards "Rukn-e-Yamaanee" near "Hajar-e-Aswad" (the black-stone) facing the holy Ka'bah in such a manner as to have the whole Hajar-e-Aswad on his right.

      6. Then he should form Niyat of Tawaaf and walk a little towards his right, with the face remaining towards the Ka'bah, so as to come in front of Hajar-e-Aswad and then he should, raising his hands upto the ears with the palms facing Hajar-e-Aswad, say "Bismil Laahi wal-Hamdu Lillaahi, wal Laahu Akbaru Wassalaatu Wassalaamu ' Alaa Rasoolil Laah".

      7. Kiss the Hajar-e-Aswad, if possible, otherwise point the hands towards it and kiss them and advance towards the holy Ka'bah reciting "Al-Laahumma Eimaanam bika wat Tibaa'al-Lisunnati Nabiyeeka Sallal Laahu 'Alaiehi wa Sallam".

      8. Having passed the Hajar-e-Aswad he should begin Tawaaf keeping the sacred Ka'bah on his left in the style of "Ramal".

      9. While passing the "Multazim", "Rukn-e-'Iraaquee", "Meezaab-e-Rahmat" and "Rukn-e-Shaamee" (during the performance of Tawaaf) he should recite particular Du'aa prescribed for each spot,occasion. However, invocation of Allah's blessings on the Holy Prophet (recitation of Durood Shareef) on all the spots,occasions is much better than praying for oneself.

      10. When he reaches "Rukn-e-Yamaanee" he should touch it as a token of respet and can also kiss if wishes. But pointing of hands towards it and kissing them is not permitted.

      11. On arriving at the spot of "Mustajaab" (from Rukn-e-Yamaanee) he should make Du'aa or recite Durood Shareef which will earn him great blessings.

      12. Du'aa and Durood Shareef should not be recited very loudly but in a low pitch. Not too low to be heard by himself.

      13. On reaching the Hajar-e-Aswad again, his one round of Ka'bah is complete. He should perform seven circuits round the holy Ka'bah in the same way. However, "Ramal" has to be observed in the first three circuits and in the remaining four ones he has to walk with the normal pace.

      14. After completing Tawaaf (performance of seven circuits round the Ka'bah) he should kiss the Hajar-e-Aswad and observe "Istilaam".

      15. He should offer two Rak'at prayer (that is Waajib) at "Maqaam-e-Ibraaheem". If it is odious time let it pass and then offer the prayer and also make Du'aa.

      16. Go to "Multazim" and embrace it near "Aswad".

      17. Then he should go to "Zamzam" well and drink its consecrated water in three breaths to his fill facing the Ka'bah and also pour over himself. Make Du'aa as it is accepted this time.

      18. Proceed to observe "Sa'ee" now or after some rest. For the purpose, he should first kiss the Hajar-e-Aswad then proceed to "Safaa" through "Baabus Safaa" praising Allah Almighty and making Du'aa. When he reaches such a height, while getting on the stair, that the holy Ka'bah looks, he should turn towards it and busy himself in praising, glorifying and remembering Allah, making Du'aa and reciting Durood Shareef for quite a long time.

      19. Then proceed to "Marwah". Reaching the first "Meel" (the spot where green tube-lights are on), he should march briskly upto (beyond) the second "Meel" and then reach the Marwah with the normal walk. He should make Du'aa here facing the Ka'bah.

      20. And then he should go to Safaa similarly and keep running to and fro till the seventh perambulation ending at Marwah. NOTE: The performance of the above-mentioned rites and ceremonies i.e. Tawaaf and Sa'ee is 'Umrah. The Qaarin and Mufarrid who intended for Ifraad should stay in holy Makkah in the state of Ehraam uttering "Labbaiek". But he who intended for Tamattu or for 'Umrah alone should give up "Labbaiek" immediately after kissing the Hajar-e-Aswad at the outset of first round of Tawaaf. After completing Tawaaf and Sa'ee the pilgrim should get his head shaved off or the hair cropped and then take off Ehraam. He must wait in holy Makkah for 18th Zilhij to proceed Minaa.

      21. The pilgrim who is not in Ehraam should adopt Ehraam on "Yaumut Tarvi-yah" (8th of Zilhij is called by this name) and should depart for Minaa at dawn. He should walk Minaa, if possible, to be easy to reach the destination and also to earn great reward.

      22. He should stay at night in Minaa and offer five obligatory prayers i.e. from Zuhr (of 8th Zilhij) to Fajr (of 9th Zilhij) in Masjid-e-Kheef. He should, if possible, spend the night of 'Arafah awake worshiping and remembering Allah.

      23. Proceed to 'Arafaat at dawn after having offered Fajr prayer at Mustahab (desirable) time remembering Allah and reciting Durood Shareef.. He should utter "Labbaiek" extensively.

      24. Stay (in 'Arafaat) near "Jabal-e-Rahmat" or where-ever he finds space and spend most of his time till noon in weeping (repenting one's sins and begging forgiveness of Allah) giving alms, remembering Allah and uttering Labbaiek.

      25. The pilgrim should reach Masjid-e-Namrah soon after the noon is over and proceed to "Mauqif' immediately after offering prayer which is the especial spot of the descent of Divine mercy and blessings. He should busy himself in Zikr and Du'aa standing or sitting. He should pray to Allah Almighty raising his hands above the head with the palms facing the heavens with full concentration potently hoping absolution and also busy himself in praising and remembering Allah, Takbeer, Labbaiek, Du'aa and seeking forgiveness. This Wuqoof is the soul of and foremost pillar of Hajj.

      26. Proceed, after making sure that the sun has set, to Muzdalifah remembering Allah, reciting Durood Shareef, making Du'aa and uttering Labbaiek and stay where-ever he finds space.

      27. Arriving at Muzdalifah, he should offer Maghrib prayer during the time of 'Ishaa. After "Salaam" (completion of prayer) he should offer "Ishaa prayer instantaneously and thereafter offer Sunnat and Witr prayers of Maghrib and 'Ishaa. The pilgrim should try his utmost to offer Maghrib prayer under the leadership of Imaam.

      28. He should spend the remaining part of the night in remembering Allah, uttering Labbaiek and reciting Durood Shareef. If not possible, then he should sleep after performing "Wudu" (ablution) and get up in the early dawn. After relieving himself he should offer Fajr prayer in the early time.

      29. When there is left the time equal to what is spent in offering two Rak'at prayer, he should proceed to Minaa and pick up seven pebbles from a clean place here and wash them thrice. It is better if he takes up peblles for all the three days.

      30. Reaching Minaa, he should first of all observe "Ramee" at "Jamratul Uqubah" and return immediately after finishing it.

      31. Now the pilgrim should sacrifice animal which is an expression of gratitude to Allah Almighty for enabling him to perform Hajj. Like the Eidul Adha's sacrificial animal, the conditions of age and physical fitness of animal is the same for the animal to be sacrified on this occasion.

      32. After the sacrifice of animal he should observe "Halq" (get his head shaved off) in sitting position facing the Qiblah. Woman should get her hair trimmed about a segment of her finger.

      33. Bury the shaved-off or trimmed hair. The pilgrim should neither pare his nails nor get his beard trimmed on this occasion before Halq or Taqseer.

      34. Now all that which was forbidden (Haraam) in the state of Ehraam is "Halaal" (permitted) except for somethings concerning woman..

      35. It is very rewarding for the pilgrim to perform obligatory Tawaaf of the holy Ka'bah on 10th Zilhij as per the prescribed rules but Iztibaa' is not to be observed.

      36. If he can not perform Tawaaf on 10th then he should do it on 11th or 12th. Deferring it beyond 12th Zilhij without any valid excuse will make him liable to sacrifice an animal as penality. But in case a female pilgrim has menstruation, she should perform Tawaaf after becoming free from it.

      37. After Tawaaf offer two Rak'at prayer necessarily. Hajj is complete now as this Tawaaf is the second pillar of Hajj.

      38. It is Sunnat to spend 10th, 11th and 12th nights (of Zilhij) in Minaa.

      39. The pilgrim should again go for Ramee on 11th after Zuhr prayer. He should throw pebbles first against "Jamratul Oolaa and then against Jamratul Wustaa. After Ramee he should make Du'aa and do Istighfaar (seek forgiveness of Allah) heart and soul and thereafter throw pebbles against Jamratul Uqubah. He should not stay here but return immediately after Ramee making Du'aa.

      40. Observe Ramee on 12th against all the three Jimaars after Zawaal (decline of the sun) on the same style and leave the spot after Ramee before the sunset for holy Makkah. And when the pilgrim intends to leave for his homeland/home country he should perform Tawaaf-e-Wadaa (farewell circumambulaion of the holy Ka'bah) as his last act. Ramal, Saee and Iztibaa are not observed in this Tawaaf. After performance of Tawaaf he should offer two Rak'at prayer at Maqaam-e-Ibraaheem and then proceed to the well of Zamzam where he should drink the consecrated water and also pour over his body. Thereafter he should kiss the door of the holy Ka'bah and step out of the "Haram" backward (having the face towards the Ka'bah) as a mark of respect.


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