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REPORT: "Marriage" - 5th meeting of Eilat Interfaith Encounter

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  • Yehuda Stolov
    Tuesday 11.5.04 - 5th meeting: Marriage Marriage in Christianity - the Latin Church Marriage in Christianity is according to Jesus instruction that was
    Message 1 of 1 , Jul 1, 2004
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      Tuesday 11.5.04 - 5th meeting: "Marriage"

      Marriage in Christianity - the Latin Church

      Marriage in Christianity is according to Jesus' instruction that was
      derived from the Bible. In Genesis 1: human was created in the image of
      God - one human who is both male and female with the same self-dignity and
      shared being.
      Monogamy came later: in the 4th century B.C. in the time of Ezra and
      Nehemiah and in Tuviah book in the second century B.C. Monogamy came to
      protect women's rights and Paul in his letter wrote: "Men love your wives
      like the Messiah".
      In the marriage ceremony man and woman are treated the same. The role of
      the Priest is to be a witness of the church. The ceremony can take place
      in the beginning of a mass or with no mass. Both religious and civil
      marriages can not be divorced.
      Catholic priests don't marry as the idea is that priests should be monks
      who use little from the world.

      Marriage in Islam - in Israel

      The Kaddi marries - he is the representative of the Ministry of Religious
      Affairs. The title of the person who has the authority to make a marriage
      agreement is Mazun.
      The ceremony takes place in the bride's home. The Mazun comes with two
      witnesses from the two sides and separately asks each of the witnesses, as
      well as the groom and bride, a few questions. The bride will marry only if
      she agreed and then each of them signs the marriage agreement. During the
      signing they put rings on each other's right hand. On the day of the
      celebration they move the ring to the left hand. The bride's price was
      mandatory in the past but now it is only symbolic.
      Divorce: it is enough that the man will say three times to his wife "You
      are divorced" and she is divorced. It is possible for her first husband to
      marry her again only if she was married to another man in the mean time
      and was divorced from him. According to Islam a man can marry up to four
      wives and additional marriage does not require the agreement of the
      existing wife.

      Marriage in Judaism

      It is commanded by the Torah to live together: man should leave his father
      and mother and go to live with his wife.
      A woman is bought to her husband by money, a contract or sexual relations.
      The groom covers the bride's face in order to prevent what happened to
      Jacob when Leah and Rachel were exchanged. The bride and the groom are
      queen and king for the day of their marriage and the canopy (Huppah) is
      their royal first home.
      The ceremony developed throughout the years. A marriage needs two
      witnesses but a Rabbi's presence is not mandatory. What counts is the
      putting of the ring by the man on the woman's finger and his saying "You
      are hereby sanctified to me" - such marriages can be released only by the
      man himself.
      Polygamy was originally allowed in Judaism. Still, towards the end of the
      second Temple period the Jewish society was monogenic. Our Rabbi Gershom
      issued excommunication on polygamy for a thousand years. In 1996 the
      thousand years ended and all streams of Judaism instructed for it to
      continue.
      During the ceremony the marriage agreement (the Kettubah) is read in
      Aramaic and a glass is broken to remember the destruction of Jerusalem.
      There are seven blessings said in the ceremony and in the following seven
      days of celebration. This is a due to the fact that the woman bleeds
      during the first sexual relations and therefore the couple can not come
      close for the seven days - so celebration is performed for seven days to
      allow her to relax and heal.
      Divorce is not recommended and efforts should be made to prevent it. But
      if there is no other choice it is accepted and if the court reaches this
      conclusion they will also hit the husband until he agrees to give the
      divorce.

      (Reported by Mazal Katzir, Malca Levin and Tawfiq Zougbi)

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      Mr. Shlomo Alon, Vice-chair
      Sheikh Ali Birani
      Rabbi Dov Maimon
      Ms. Ibtisam Mahamid
      Deacon Eng. Jirias Mansour
      Sheikh Tawfiq Salama

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      E-mail: msyuda@...

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