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Beginners in Ido (13)

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  • rich.steven@xtra.co.nz
    BEGINNERS IN IDO (13) Suffixes: These are letter groups that are placed after a word to change its meaning. These are common in English, like: -ible, -able,
    Message 1 of 1 , Mar 6 4:51 PM
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      BEGINNERS IN IDO (13)
      Suffixes:
      These are letter groups that are placed after a word to change its
      meaning. These are common in English, like:
      -ible, -able, -ness, -ism, -ist, -al, -ette, -ous, -ify.

      They are quite numerous in Ido but they do help to give exact
      meanings.
      -ach- "bad meaning" -ey- "place for"
      -ad- "repetition of action -id- "offspring"
      -aj- "thing made of" -ier- "holder of"
      -al- "relating to" -if- "to produce"
      -an- "member of" -ig- "to make"
      -ar- collection of" -il- "instrument or tool"
      -atr- "like, resembles" -in- "female"
      -ebl- "that can be done" -ind- "deserving to be"
      -eg- "to make more" -ism- "system, doctrine"
      -em- "inclined to" -ist- "professional"
      -end" "which must be" -iv- "what can do"
      -er- "amateur" -iz- "to supply or cover
      -eri "establishment" -oz- "full of"
      -es- "to be" -ul- "male
      -esk- "to begin to, become" -um- no definite meaning
      -estr- "head of" -ur- "result of action"
      -et- "diminutive" -yun- "young one"
      -uy- "receptacle for"
      Examples: dansado, "dancing; lanajo, "made of wool";
      nacionala, "national"; ekleziano, churchman;
      homaro, "mankind"; sponjatra, "spongy";
      videbla, "visible"; pluvego, "downpour";
      parolema, "talkative"; solvenda, "must be solved";
      fotografero, "photographer"; fabrikerio, "factory";
      sanesar, "to be healthy"; paleskar, "to turn pale";
      urbestro, "mayor"; rivereto, "brook";
      lojeyo, "lodging house"; Israelido, "Israelite";
      pomiero, "apple tree"; sangifar, "to bleed";
      beligar, "to beautify"; segilo, "saw";
      fratino, "sister", respektinda, "respectable";
      patriotismo, "patriotism"; ciencisto, "scientist";
      instruktiva, "instructive", orizar, "to cover with gold";
      poroza, "porous"; katulo, "tom-cat"; kolumo, "collar";
      (look up words with "-um-" in a dictionary);
      pikturo, "picture", bovyuno, "calf" (use -id for humans);
      violinuyo, "violin case".
      Note: Do not confuse "-end-" with "-ind-".
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